!
Welcome to PAEKUPU, words related to Te Marautanga o Aotearoa. Curriculum areas presently available on PAEKUPU: Toi Ataata, Te Reo Matatini, Puoro, Te Reo Pāngarau, Te Reo Pūtaiao, Ngā Mahi a te Rēhia, Hangarau, Tikanga ā-Iwi, Hauora
 
X
Tikanga ā-Iwi

Tikanga ā-Iwi

Māori → English

a

āhei ~nga ~ tanga

able, ability

Āhia

Asia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Āhia ki te Pitonga

South-East Asia (takenga mai: Āhia [kupu mino] - Asia; pitonga - south east)

Āhia ki te Rāwhiti

East Asia

Āhia ki te Tonga

South Asia

Āhia ki te Uru

Western Asia

Āhia Waenga

Central Asia

ahikā

continuous occupation (of land), burning fires of occupation (kupu kē atu: ahikāroa)

ahikāroa

continuous occupation (of land), burning fires of occupation (kupu kē atu: ahikā)

ahiniwha

wildfire (takenga mai: ahi - fire; niwha [niwhaniwha] - fierce, raging, ferocious)

ahitere

discord, disharmony (kupu kē atu: whakatete)

Ahitereiria

Australia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Te Whenua Moemoeā, Te Pāpaka-a-Māui)

Ahitereiria ki te Raki

Northern Australia, Northern Terrirory

Ahitereiria ki te Tonga

South Australia

Ahitereiria ki te Uru

Western Australia

ahopae

latitude (takenga mai: aho - line; pae - horizontal)

ahopou

longitude (takenga mai: aho - line; pou [poutū] - vertical)

ahu nōhanga

placemaking (takenga mai: ahu - to tend, foster, fashion; nōhanga - settlement, habitat, dwelling place)

āhuarangi

climate (takenga mai: āhua – form, appearance, character; Rangi – Sky, heavens, upper regions)

āhuarangi hātai

temperate climate

āhuarangi hurihuri

climate change

āhuarangi hurihuri take tangata

anthropogenic climate change, human caused climate change

āhuarangi pakapaka

dry climate

āhuarangi paparahi

continental climate

āhuarangi pārūrū

tropical climate

āhuarangi tōpito

polar climate

āhuatanga kaurehu

grey area, unclear circumstance (takenga mai: kaurehu - dim, gloomy)

āhuatanga kukume

pull factor

āhuatanga o nehe

historical circumstance, historical factor, historical phenomenon (kupu kē atu: āhuatanga aronehe, āhuatanga o mua)

āhuatanga o te wā

contemporary circumstance, contemporary phenomena, contemporary factor

āhuatanga tōmua

upstream factor

āhuatanga tuku

concession, compromise (takenga mai: āhuatanga - aspect; tuku - to give up, let go)

āhuatanga ue

push factor

ahukerepe

viticulture

ahumahi

industry (takenga mai: ahu - to tend, foster, fashion; mahi - work)

ahumahi hanganui

construction industry

ahumahi ika

fishing industry

ahumahi maina

mining industry (kupu kē atu: ahumahi huke rawa)

ahumahi manaaki

hospitality industry

ahumahi mātāmua

primary industry

ahumahi mātārua

secondary industry (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; rua - two)

ahumahi mātātoru

tertiary industry (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; toru - three)

ahumahi mātāwhā

quarternary industry (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; whā - four)

ahumahi tāpoi

tourism industry

ahumahi tara ā-whare

cottage industry, home industry (takenga mai: tara ā-whare - home based, domestic) (kupu kē atu: ahumahi kāinga)

ahumahi tukatuka kai

food processing industry

ahumahi whakanao

manufacturing industry

ahumāra

horticulture, horticultural industry

ahumoana

aquaculture, aquaculture industry

ahumoni

finance, financial, monetary (takenga mai: ahu – tend, foster, oriented towards; moni [kupu mino] – money)

ahurea

culture

ahurea (o te) tokoiti

minority culture

ahurea (o te) tokomaha

majority culture

ahurea ā-iwi

tribal culture

ahurea āniwaniwa

rainbow culture

ahurea arotini

popular culture (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined towards, disposed toward; tini - many)

ahurea ātete

counterculture (takenga mai: ātete - to oppose)

ahurea awenui

dominant culture (takenga mai: awe - strength, power, influence; nui - big, large) (kupu kē atu: ahurea whakatuanui)

ahurea inu inati

binge drinking culture (kupu kē atu: ahurea inuinu)

ahurea kāriki

green culture

ahurea kura

school culture

ahurea mātāiti

subculture (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua' me te 'mātāmuri'; iti - small)

ahurea o nāianei

contemporary culture

ahurea o te ao

global culture

ahurea parahako

cancel culture (takenga mai: parahako - to reject, spurn, ostracise)

ahurea rāwaho

foreign culture

ahurea taiohi

youth culture

ahurea taketake

indigenous culture

ahurea tuku iho

traditional culture

ahurewa

altar, place for sacred rituals (kupu kē atu: āta [kupu mino])

ahurewa matatika

moral high ground, moral advantage (takenga mai: ahurewa - throne, stage, platform; matatika - moral, ethical)

Ahuriri

Napier

ahutahi

monoculture (takenga mai: ahu [ahuwhenua] - agriculture; tahi - one)

ahutahi whakahara

large-scale monoculture, intensive monoculture

ahutoitū

permaculture (takenga mai: ahu [ahuwhenua, ahumāra] - agriculture, horticulture; toitū - sustainable)

ahuwhenua

agriculture, agricultural industry (takenga mai: ahuwhenua - cultivate the soil)

ai māhorahora

free love

Airani

Ireland (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Airani ki te Raki

Northern Ireland

aituā

disaster, calamity, misfortune, catastrophe (kupu kē atu: maikiroa, maiki)

aituā māori

natural disaster (kupu kē atu: maikiroa māori)

aituā taiao

environmental disaster (kupu kē atu: maikiroa taiao)

aituā take tangata

man-made disaster, anthropogenic disaster (kupu kē atu: maikiroa take tangata)

ākau

rocky shore (kupu kē atu: ākau tokatoka)

Āketina

Argentina (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ako raraupori

civic education, civics (takenga mai: ako - learn, teach; rarau [kirirarau] - citizen; pori [porihanga] - society)

ako wetehere

emancipatory learning, emancipatory education (takenga mai: ako - learn, teach; wete - to release, untie, set free; here - restriction, tie)

ākonga whakawhiti

exchange student

Āmenia

Armenia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Amerika

America (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Amerika ki te Raki

North America

Amerika ki te Tonga

South America

Amerika Waenga

Central America

āmio kati

closed loop

Anakara

Ankara (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Anakora

Angola (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Anatepe

Antwerp (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Anatōra

Andorra (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ānga mākete

market force

ānga o mua

historical force

anga pāpori

social structure

angahao herekore

neoliberalism (takenga mai: angahao [angahaorawa] - capitalism; herekore - without restraint, free)

angahaorawa

capitalism, capitalistic (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; hao - acquisitive, greedy; rawa - property, resources)

angahāruki

extremism (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; hāruki [hārukiruki] - very, extremely)

angahou

modernism (takenga mai: anga - to face or move in a certain direction; hou - new, recent, modern)

angakōpuni

collectivism, collectivist (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; kōpuni - as a group, all together)

angangarengare

totalitarianism (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; ngarengare - authoritarian, dictatorial, tyrannical)

angaparuhi

idealism (takenga mai: anga - to move or face a certain direction; paruhi - to be perfect, complete)

angapori

socialism, socialistic (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; pori [pāpori] - social)

angatakitahi

individualism, individualistic (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; tahi - single, one)

angataratahi ~tanga

isolationism, isolationist (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; taratahi - isolated, alone) (kupu kē atu: mōriroriro)

angatōpū

communism, communistic (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; tōpū - as a group, united)

angatuahou

postmodern, postmodernism (takenga mai: anga - face or move in a certain direction; tua - beyond; hou - new, recent, modern)

angawātū

presentism (takenga mai: anga - to face or move in a certain direction; wātū - present; wā - time; tū - to stop, halt)

angawhakapū

fundamentalism (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; whakapū - fundamentally, founding)

Aotea

Great Barrier Island

Aotearoa

New Zealand (kupu kē atu: Niu Tīreni [kupu mino])

aparau

bureaucracy, bureaucratic (takenga mai: apa - layer; rau - many)

Āpia

Apia (takenga mai: He kupu mino [reo Hāmoa].)

apiapi

dense, density (kupu kē atu: kiato)

apiapi taupori

population density

apiapi tuhene

overcrowding, overcrowded (takenga mai: apiapi - dense, density; tuhene - overmuch, excessive)

āpiti

gorge (kupu kē atu: tāwhārua)

apotaonga

materialistic, materialism (takenga mai: apo - greedy, acquisitive; taonga - goods, property) (kupu kē atu: haotaonga)

apū

company of labourers

āpure papī waipara

wastewater drain field, septic drain field (takenga mai: āpure - patch, circumscribed area; papī - to ooze, seep)

āputa matihiko

digital divide (takenga mai: āputa - gap)

āputa reanga

generation gap

āputa utu

pay gap, salary gap

ara hīkoi

walkway, walking trail

ara hītōria

heritage trail, history trail (kupu kē atu: ara aronehe)

ara pahikara

cycleway, cycle trail

ara tukutuku

supply chain (takenga mai: ara - pathway; tukutuku - to send)

ara waihanga

assembly line (takenga mai: ara - pathway; waihanga - to make, construct, build)

ara whiwhi mahi tautika

equal employment opportunity (takenga mai: ara - pathway; ara [arawātea] - opportunity; tautika - even, level, straight; tautika - equitable)

Arahuna Rerewhenua

Underground Railroad (takenga mai: ara - pathway; huna - to be concealed, hidden; rerewhenua - railway; rere - to flee; whenua - territory, land)

ārai hapū ~tanga

birth control, contraceptive, contraception (takenga mai: ārai - to obstruct, prevent; hapū - pregnant)

Aranga

Easter (takenga mai: ara - to rise up)

arapapa

boardwalk (takenga mai: ara - pathway; papa - board, timber)

Arapeinia

Albania (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

aratini

shared pathway (takenga mai: ara - pathway; tini - many)

Aratiria

Algeria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

arawai

waterway, water course

arawātea

opportunity (takenga mai: ara - pathway; wātea - available, clear)

arawātea ōrite

equal opportunity

arero taiaha

neutral, neutrality

ariā arohaehae

critical theory

ariā kakai

conspiracy theory (takenga mai: ariā - theory; kakai - conspire, plot, scheme)

ariā kaupapa Māori

kaupapa Māori theory

ariā tōrangapū

political theory

ariki ~tanga

paramount chief, lord, monarch, monarchy

arikitanga taparere

limited monarchy (takenga mai: taparere - restricted, limited, constrained)

arikitanga turepapa

constitutional monarchy (takenga mai: ture - law; papa [tūāpapa] - foundation, platform)

arikitanga tūroa

dynasty (takenga mai: arikitanga - monarchy; tūroa - established, of long standing, enduring)

aro raraunga

data driven (takenga mai: aro - to take heed of, consider; raraunga - data)

aroā koutangata

sense of humanity (takenga mai: aroā - to perceive, to be aware, comprehend; kou - of good quality; tangata - people, human)

aroā whaiaro

self awareness

aroherekore

liberalism (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined towards; herekore - free of restrictions)

aromatau

right wing (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined toward; matau - right)

aromatau hāruki

far-right, extreme right (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined toward; matau - the right; hāruki [hārukiruki] - very, extremely)

aromatau whakaweti

alternative-right, alt-right (takenga mai: aromatau - right wing; whakaweti - threaten, bully, intimidate)

aromauī

left wing (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined towards; mauī - left)

aromauī hāruki

far-left, extreme left (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined toward; mauī - the left; hāruki [hārukiruki] - very, extremely)

aronga hōkaka

sexual orientation

aronui

humanities

aropori

socially responsive (takenga mai: aro - to take heed, to consider; pori [pāpori] - social)

arorau

logic, logical, coherent (takenga mai: aro - to consider, take heed; rau - many)

arorautanga

multilateralism (takenga mai: aro - to consider, have regard to; rau - many)

aroruatanga

bilateralism (takenga mai: aro - to consider, have regard to; rua - two)

arotahitanga

unilateralism (takenga mai: aro - to consider, have regard to; tahi - one)

arotake mōhiotanga

evaluate knowledge

arotake rīhi

rent review, lease review

arotake tutukinga

performance review (takenga mai: arotake - evaluate, review; tutuki - achieved, completed, finished)

arotakenga mātākōrero

literature review

arotika

conscience (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined toward, take notice of; aro [whakaaro] - thought; tika - correct, just, upright, fair; tika [matatika] - moral, ethical)

arotini ~tanga

populism, populist (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined towards; tini - multitude; arotini - popular)

arotoka ~ngia

stereotype, stereotypical (takenga mai: aro - take heed of, be inclined toward; aro [whakaaro] - thought; toka - rock, be firm) (kupu kē atu: kiritoka, whakapouaka, ataata taurite)

arotorutanga

trialteral, tripartite (takenga mai: aro - to consider, have regard to; toru - three)

arowaenga

centrism, centrist (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined towards; waenga - middle, amid, between)

arowheau

conservatism, conservatist (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined toward; wheau - stay, remain)

arumoni ~tanga

commercial, commercialisation (takenga mai: aru - to pursue, follow; moni [kupu mino] - money)

arumoni-kore

non-commercial (kupu kē atu: huamoni-kore)

ata tinana

body image (takenga mai: ata - image, reflected image; tinana - body; whaiaro - person, self)

ata whaiaro

self image (takenga mai: ata - image, reflected image; whaiaro - person, self)

Ataria

Austria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Atiria)

Ātene

Athens (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Atepaihānia

Azerbaijan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ātete ~ngia ~nga

resist, oppose

ātete mārire

passive resistance (takenga mai: ātete - to oppose; mārire - peaceful) (kupu kē atu: ātete mauritau)

ātete pakanga

anti-war

atikara

article (section) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: upoko kōrero)

Atireira

Adelaide (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

atua

god, deity, supernatural being

atuakore ~tanga

atheism, atheist (takenga mai: atua - god; kore - negative, nil)

atuarau ~tanga

polytheism, polytheistic (takenga mai: atua - god; rau - many)

atuatahi ~tanga

monotheism, monotheistic (takenga mai: atua - god; tahi - one)

auheke ohaoha

economic recession (takenga mai: auheke - difficulty, failure)

aukati

to restrict, block, prevent, exclude, ban, prohibit

aukati

lockout

aukatinga

prohibition, ban (kupu kē atu: poropeihana [kupu mino], katinga, rāhui)

aumārire

harmony, harmonious, peaceful (kupu kē atu: mārie, rangimārie)

aumate ohaoha

economic depression (takenga mai: au - current; au - e whai ana i tā te 'aupiki' me te 'auheke'; mate - sick, ailing, unwell)

aupiki ohaoha

economic expansion (takenga mai: aupiki - to ascend, success)

auroatanga

continuity (takenga mai: auroa - prolonged, lengthy) (kupu kē atu: haere tonutanga)

auroatanga pāpori

social continuity (takenga mai: auroa - prolonged, extended, drawn-out) (kupu kē atu: pāpori ukiuki)

awa

river

awa kōpaka

glacier

awenga ahurea

cultural influence

awenga aropā

peer influence

awenga mātua

parental influence

awenga o mua

historical influence

awenga pāhopori

social media influence

āwhā

storm (kupu kē atu: paraawa, tūpuhi)

āwhata

scale (takenga mai: āwhata [arawhata] - ladder)

āwhata ōwehenga

ratio scale

āwhata rārangi

line scale

āwhata tauākī

statement scale

Awhekenetāna

Afghanistan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

awhenga kai

food miles (takenga mai: awhe - to travel)

Āwherika

Africa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Āwherika ki te Tonga

South Africa

e

Ehiwatini

Eswatini (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ekuatoa

Ecuador (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Eriterea

Eritrea (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Etiopia

Ethiopia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Etōnia

Estonia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

h

haepapa

responsible, responsibility, be responsibile for

haepapa hautū

leadership responsibility

haepapa kiritahi

individual responsibility (kupu kē atu: haepapa takitahi)

haepapa kiritōpū

collective responsibility (kupu kē atu: haepapa takimaha)

haepapa pāpori

social responsibility

haepapa rangatiratanga

ownership responsibility

haepapa raraupori

civic responsibility

haepapa whakapeto

consumer responsibility

haepapa whakaputa

producer responsibility

haepapa whāki

duty of disclosure (takenga mai: haepapa - responsibility; whāki - to disclose)

hahani ~tia ~tanga

stigmatise, denigrate

hāhi

religion, sect, faith, church (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hāhi puri tikanga

orthodox church (takenga mai: puri - to hold on to; tikanga - custom, convention, tradition)

hāhi-kore

secular, non-religious (takenga mai: hāhi - church, religion; kore - not, negative) (kupu kē atu: o te ao)

Haina

China (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Haipara

Cyprus (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hāiti

Haiti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

haka pōhiri

ceremonial haka or dance of welcome

Hakatere

Ashburton

hāmene ~hia

accuse, charge, sue, penalise

Hāmoa

Samoa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hāmoa-Amerika

American-Samoa (takenga mai: Hekupumino.)

Hamupēke

Hamburg (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hana Marino

San Marino (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hana Paraniko

San Francisco (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hana Piako

San Diego (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hanatiāko

Santiago (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hanekari

Hungary (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hanga māori

natural feature, natural form

Hangahai

Shanghai (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hangahou ~tia

repurpose

hāngaitanga ahurea

cultural relativism (takenga mai: hāngai - relevant to, in line with)

hanganga taipakeke

age structure

hanganuku

landform (takenga mai: hanga - shape; nuku - Earth)

hangapori

demographic, demography (takenga mai: hanga - stature, shape; pori [taupori] - population; pori - people, tribe)

hangapori kiritaki

consumer demographic

hangararo ~tia

downcycle (takenga mai: hanga [hangarua] - recycle; raro - down)

hangarau arotau

appropriate technology (kupu kē atu: hangarau tika)

hangarau toitū

sustainable technology

hangarewa ~tia

upcycle (takenga mai: hanga [hangarua] - recycle; rewa - te be elevated, high up)

hangarua ~tia

recycle (takenga mai: hanga – make, build, fashion; rua – two)

hangarua-kore

non-recyclable

hangawai

waterform (takenga mai: hanga - shape)

hangawhiti

medium of exchange (takenga mai: hanga - object, thing; whiti - to transfer, cross over) (kupu kē atu: hanga kurutete)

Hanoi

Hanoi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hao Pāoro

Sao Paulo (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hao tuhene

overfish, overfishing

hāpai ira

non-sexist (kupu kē atu: toihara ā-ira kore)

hāpaiora ~a ~nga

intervene, intervention (takenga mai: hāpai - to uplift, support; ora - wellness)

hāpaiora reremua

upstream intervention, early intervention (takenga mai: hāpaiora - intervention; rere - to flow; mua - in front, before)

hāpaitanga

affirmative action, positive discrimination (takenga mai: hāpai - to uplift, support)

Hapani

Japan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Hapana, Tiapani)

hapori

community

hapori ao whānui

global community

hapori kura

school community

hapori ohaoha

economic community

hapori tuihono

online community

hapori tūkati

gated community (takenga mai: tūkati - to be closed up, blocked)

hapū

sub-tribe

hara

crime, offence, sin, offend, violate (against law and lore), guilty

hara iti

minor crime, petty crime, misdemeanor

hara kara-mā

white collar crime

hara kara-ōrangi

blue collar crime

hara māhie

hate crime (takenga mai: māhie - hatred, evil deed)

hara pakanga

war crime

hara rangatōpū

corporate crime

hara ririhau

violent crime

hara tāware

fraud (takenga mai: tāware - dupe, deceive)

harakore ~tanga

innocent, innocence, not guilty

Hāta Whei

Santa Fe (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hau Pueno

Buenos Aires (takenga mai: hau - wind, air; Pueno - Buenos [kupu mino])

hauā

disabled, disability (kupu kē atu: whaikaha)

hauhauā

person of lower class, low born, commoner, peasant (kupu kē atu: tautauhea)

haukāinga

home people

haukiri

personality (takenga mai: hau - vitality of a person; hau - breath, wind; kiri - person, self) (kupu kē atu: āhua, whaiaro)

haukiri

autobiography (takenga mai: hau - be published abroad; kiri - person, self) (kupu kē atu: haurongo whaiaro)

haukume

bias, biased (takenga mai: haukume - to pull) (kupu kē atu: rītaha)

(whaka) haumanu ~tia

regenerate, restore, rehabilitate (takenga mai: haumanu - to restore to health)

haumaru ā-ipurangi

internet safety, cybersafety

haumaru koiora

biosecurity

haumaru taiao

environmental safety

haumaru-kore

unsafe

haumātakataka

hurricane, typhoon (kupu kē atu: huripari)

haumi ~tanga

invest, investment (takenga mai: haumi - to reserve, lay aside, lengthen by addition) (kupu kē atu: whakangao)

haumi ~tanga

ally, alliance

haumi rongomau

peace alliance

haumi tōrangapū

political alliance

haumi whakamaru

security alliance

haumitanga matatika

ethical investment, responsible investment

haumitanga wā tūmau

term investment (takenga mai: tūmau - fixed, constant)

haupatu ~a ~ nga

common assault

haurapatanga

due diligence (takenga mai: haurapa - to search for diligently, to probe, delve)

Hauri Arāpia

Saudi Arabia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

haurongo

biography (takenga mai: hau - be published abroad; rongo - report, fame)

hautaonga

goods, product (kupu kē atu: taonga, utauta, hokonga)

hautaonga kāriki

green product, green goods

hautaonga matatika

ethical product

hautaonga tautaiao

eco-product

hautū whakatauira

lead by example

hautūtanga

leadership

hautūtanga kauawhi

inclusive leadership, shared leadership

hautūtanga kaupare

exclusive leadership

hautūtanga manapori

democratic leadership

hautūtanga whakatuanui

autocratic leadership, authoritarian leadership

hāwatewate

fallacy, fallacious, untrue

Hawhāna

Havana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hāwhe-kāehe

half-caste (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

heamana

chairperson (takenga mai: He kupu mino) (kupu kē atu: tiamana [kupu mino], kaiwhakataki, tumuaki, upoko)

Heātara

Seattle (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Heikere

Seychelles (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

heke ~a ~nga

migrate, migration

heke (~nga) atu

emigrate, emigration

heke (~nga) mai

immigrate, immigration

heke (~nga) rāroto

internal migration, migrate internally

heke (~nga) tapeke

net migration

heke manea

brain drain (takenga mai: heke - migration; manea - clever person, intellectual)

heke tangata

human migration

hekenga nui

great migration

hekenga taihara

illegal migration (kupu kē atu: pīrere taihara)

hekenga tāone

urban migration

hekenga wāriu

depreciation, decrease in value

hekeutu tukipū

deflation (takenga mai: heke - tosubside, decline; utu - cost, price; tukipū - general, widespread)

Hemeika

Jamaica (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hemihemi

surplus

Henekara

Senegal (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hera

Jeddah (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

here ~a ~nga

restrict, restriction, obliged, obligation

here tātāmi

shackles of colonialism

herekore

free, freedom, liberty (takenga mai: here - to restrict; kore - negative) (kupu kē atu: wātea)

herepū

embargo (trade sanction) (takenga mai: herepū - to seize, catch and hold firmly)

Heretaunga

Hastings

Hēriki

Helsinki (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Heretiki)

hiahia ~tia

want (kupu kē atu: matawara, minaka)

Hikāko

Chicago (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hīkoi mārire

peaceful march

hikuwai

headwater, source of a river or stream

hinengaro takapapa

brainwashed (takenga mai: takapapa - to defeat, overcome, conquer)

Hinerū

Hindu (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hingapoa

Singapore (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hiniwa

Geneva (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hinonga

enterprise, entity (takenga mai: hinonga - doing, undertaking)

hinonga iti

small enterprise

hinonga ohaoha

charitable enterprise

hinonga pāpori

social enterprise

Hiri

Chile (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hiri Rānaka

Sri Lanka (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hiria

Syria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hirikapo

cognitive, cognition (takenga mai: hirikapo - mind, intellect)

hirikapo taupatupatu

cognitive dissonance

hirou papamoana

seabed dredging

Hiruhārama

Jerusalem (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hirupia

Serbia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Hēpia)

hītori

history, historical (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: tāhuhu kōrero, kōrero o mua, kōrero o nehe, hītōria)

hītori ā-iwi

tribal history (kupu kē atu: tāhuhu kōrero ā-iwi)

hītori ahurea

cultural history

hītori aotūroa

natural history

hītori auraki

conventional history, prevailing history, mainstream history (takenga mai: auraki - mainstream)

hītori haukāinga

local history (kupu kē atu: hītori ā-rohe)

hītori ōhanga

economic history

hītori pāpori

social history

hītori taiao

environmental history

hītori tātāmi

colonial history

hītori toi

art history

hītori tōrangapū

political history

hītori tuauri

ancient history

hītori tuauri whāioio

prehistory

hītori tūtata

modern history (takenga mai: tū - take place; tata - to be near)

hītori whāiti

microhistory

hītori whakapūaho

revisionist history (takenga mai: whakapūaho - to elucidate, clarify)

hītori whakatairite

comparative history

hītori whānau

family history (kupu kē atu: tāhuhu kōrero ā-whānau)

hītori whārahi

macrohistory

hoa ngū

silent partner

hoa pakihi

business partner

hoahoa tāone

urban design

hoahoa whare

architecture

hoahoa whare kāriki

green architecture

hoepapa ā-iwi

genocide, ethnic cleansing, holocaust (takenga mai: hoepapa - to eradicate, wipe out, exterminate)

hohou i te rongo

to make peace

hohou rongo huriao

international peacekeeping, global peacekeeping

hōkakatanga

sexuality

hokimuri

takeback (takenga mai: hoki - to return; muri - back)

hoko ~na ~tanga

buy, sell, purchase, trade, barter, exchange

hoko atu

sell

hoko harangote

hire purchase (takenga mai: hoko - to purchase, buy; harangote [harangotengote] - piecemeal or by instalments)

hoko mai

buy, purchase

hoko tāpui

lay-by (takenga mai: hoko - to purchase, buy; tāpui - reserve, set aside)

hoko tuihono

online shopping

hoko whakaroto

import (takenga mai: whakaroto - inward direction) (kupu kē atu: hoko ki uta, hokoroto)

hoko whakawaho

export (takenga mai: whakawaho - outward direction) (kupu kē atu: hoko ki tai, hokowaho)

hokomuri

buyback

hokoroto whakarara

parallel import

hokotaihara ~tia

traffic, trafficking (takenga mai: hoko - to buy or sell; taihara - illegal, crime)

hokotaihara kairau

sex trafficking

hokotaihara pūroi

drug trafficking

hokotaihara tamariki

child trafficking

hokotaihara tangata

human trafficking

hokotaihara whēkau

organ trafficking

hone ahurea

cultural misappropriation (takenga mai: hone - to acquire wrongfully)

hongi

press noses in greeting

Hongipua

Hong Kong (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Honiara

Honiara (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hononga

relationship, connection (kupu kē atu: whakapiringa, piringa, pānga)

hononga ā-whakapapa

kin relationship

hononga ā-whānau

familial relationship

hononga aropā

peer relationship

hononga kare ā-roto

emotional relationship

hononga moe tokomaha

polygamous relationship

hononga ōkawa

formal relationship

hononga ōpaki

informal relationship

hononga pakihi

business relationship

hononga tauhokohoko

commercial relationship

hononga tauonioni

sexual relationship

hononga taupiri

intimate relationship

hononga tāwāhi

international relations

hononga tuihono

online relationship

Honoruru

Honolulu (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Honotura

Honduras (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hōpane

pan, panning (e.g. for gold) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hopatāone

Hobart (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hopu wai ua

rainwater harvesting

hopunga kōrero ā-waha

oral recording

horahora ahurea

cultural diffusion

horahuanui

streetscape (takenga mai: hora - spread, display; huanui - road, street)

Hōrana

Netherlands, Holland (takenga mai: Hōrana [kupu mino] - Holland)

Hōrano

Jordan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

horapa

spread, disseminate, disperse, diffuse

Hōria

Georgia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

horohoro

remove restrictions of tapu (kupu kē atu: whakanoa, taitai)

horoi tuakirikiri

sluice, sluicing (e.g. for gold) (takenga mai: horoi - to wash, cleanse; tuakirikiri - gravel)

horopaki

context (takenga mai: horopaki - surround)

horopaki ahurea

cultural context

horopaki aronehe

historical context (kupu kē atu: horopaki hītōria)

horopaki huriao

global context

horopaki pāpori

social context

horopaki tōrangapū

political context

Horowākia

Slovakia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

horowhenua

landslide, landslip

Horowinia

Slovenia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hōtaka hāpaiora

intervention programme (takenga mai: hāpai - to uplift, support; ora - well, safe, healthy)

houkura

prosperous, peaceful, affluent (kupu kē atu: tōnui)

houmate

unprosperous (takenga mai: hou - e whai ana i tā te houkura [prosperous]; mate - sick, unwell, calamity)

Houra

Seoul (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hua

consequence, outcome, effect (kupu kē atu: otinga, putanga)

hua reremuri

downstream effect (takenga mai: hua - outcome; rere - to flow; muri - behind)

hua taupoto

short term effect (takenga mai: hua - outcome, product; tau - period of time; poto - short)

hua tautini

long term effect (takenga mai: hua - outcome, product; tautini - long time, longstanding) (kupu kē atu: hua tauroa)

hua tonokore

no claims bonus

Huakitanga Atapō

Dawn Raid

huamoni

interest (takenga mai: hua – product, bear fruit; moni – money)

huamoni tūpā

simple interest (takenga mai: tūpā - flat, level)

huamoni whakaputu

compound interest (takenga mai: whakaputu - to pile up)

huanga kai

crop (farming)

huanga whaiwhai

domino effect, chain reaction, ripple effect (takenga mai: huanga - outcome, result; whaiwhai - to follow)

huarahi mātāmuri

secondary road

huarahi matua

state highway, main road

huarawa

asset (takenga mai: hua - benefit, gain, asset; rawa - resource, property)

huarawa hirikapo

intellectual asset

huarawa māngohe

liquid asset

huarawa ōkiko

physical asset

huarawa pūmau

fixed asset

huarawa tahua

monetary asset

huarawa taurangi

collateral, security (takenga mai: huarawa - asset; taurangi - to guarantee)

huarawa wātea

current assets

huarere taikaha

extreme weather

huataha

byproduct (takenga mai: hua - fruit, product, outcome; taha [i te taha] - at the side of, along with)

huatahi

only child

huatau

concept

huatea

childless (kupu kē atu: huamutu)

hui ā-tau

annual meeting, annual general meeting, AGM

hui ahurei

tribal festival

hui ōkawa

formal meeting

hui taumata

convention, conference, summit

hui taurima

festival, carnival

Huitene

Sweden (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Huiterangi

Switzerland (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hūmārie

Somalia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hunaonga

son in law, daughter in law (kupu kē atu: hunōnga, hinaonga)

hūnga puia

volcanic eruption

hunga pukumahi ā-ringa

working class, blue collar worker

hunga whakawā

jury (kupu kē atu: rōpū whakawā)

hungarei

mother in law, father in law (kupu kē atu: hungawai, hūngoi)

hūngeingei

resent, resentment (kupu kē atu: hūneinei)

Hura

Suva (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hūrae

Jew, Jewish (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Hūrai)

Hūrika

Zurich (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Huriname

Suriname (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

huringa hautaonga

product cycle, product life cycle

Hūtāne

Sudan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hūtāne ki te Tonga

South Sudan

i

ī-tauhoko

e-commerce (takenga mai: ī - he rite te whakahua ki te pū Ingarihi nei, te 'e' mō te electronic; tauhoko [tauhokohoko] - trade, commerce)

ia

trend (takenga mai: ia - current, flow)

ia hangapori

demographic trend

ia huriao

global trend

ia kai

food trend

ia o mua

historical trend

ia ohaoha

economic trend

ia pāpori

social trend

ia taupori

population trend

ia utu

price trend, cost trend

Iharaira

Israel (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Īhipa

Egypt (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ihirama

Islam, Islamic (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

iho roto

inner core

iho waho

outer core

ihokiri

character (takenga mai: iho - essence, essential quality, nature, inner core; kiri - person, self) (kupu kē atu: āhua, wairua)

ihumanea tautake

philosopher (takenga mai: ihumanea - intellectual, clever person; tautake - philosophy) (kupu kē atu: pūtautake, tohunga)

Īmene

Yemen (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

inewā horowaro

radiocarbon dating (takenga mai: ine - to measure; wā - time; horo - waste away, crumble down; waro - carbon)

Ingarangi

England (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Īnia

India (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

inihua

insurance (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

inihua kiritoru

third party insurance (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; toru - three)

inihua mataora

life insurance

inihua pare taunaha tūmatanui

public liability insurance (takenga mai: pare - to ward off, avoid, protect; taunaha - liability; tūmatanui - public)

inihua pare whiunga ngaiotanga

professional indemnity insurance (takenga mai: pare - to ward off; whiunga - penalty, punishment)

inihua tangihanga

funeral insurance

inihua taonga rōwhare

contents insurance

inihua waka

vehicle insurance, auto insurance

inihua whare

house insurance, home owners insurance, home insurance

Initonīhia

Indonesia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

inukorokoro

dropout, drop out, indolent (takenga mai: inukorokoro - to be indolent, lackadaisical, inactive)

īpara

e-waste (kupu kē atu: para tāhiko)

ipukarea

ancestral home, homeland

ira

gender (kupu kē atu: ira tangata)

ira tāhūrua

binary gender (kupu kē atu: ira weherua)

ira tāhūrua-kore

nonbinary gender

Irāka

Iraq (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

irakē

gender queer (takenga mai: ira - gender; kē - indicating difference)

irāmutu

nephew, niece

Irāna

Iran (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

irarere

gender fluid (takenga mai: ira - gender; rere - to flow) (kupu kē atu: irahuri)

irawhiti

transgender (takenga mai: ira - gender; whiti - to change, cross over)

Itapūru

Istanbul (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Itāria

Italy (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Itari)

iwi

tribe, clan, people, large kinship group

iwi awenui

dominant group of people, dominant tribe (takenga mai: awe - strength, power, influence) (kupu kē atu: iwi whakatuanui)

iwi matarau

multitribal, multiracial

iwi taketake

indigenous people, indigenous tribe

k

kāhaki ~na

kidnap

kāhaki pononga

blackbirding (takenga mai: kāhaki - to kidnap, take by force, abduct; pononga - slave)

kahawhiri

agency (takenga mai: kaha - power, strength, ability; whiri [kōwhiri] - to choose)

kahika

mayor, chief, leader (takenga mai: kahika - chief, leader) (kupu kē atu: koromatua)

kāhua haumi

investment profile (takenga mai: kāhua - form, appearance; haumi - to invest)

kāhua kiritaki

consumer profile (takenga mai: kāhua - form, appearance)

kai tipumāori

organic food (takenga mai: kai - food; tipu - to grow; māori - natural) (kupu kē atu: kai parakore)

kai tuputata

local produce, locally produced food

kaiākiri

civil war (kupu kē atu: riri tara ā-whare)

Kaiana

Guyana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kaiapo ~hia ~ tanga

exploit, exploitation (takenga mai: kaiapo - covetous, avaricious, greedy)

kaiapo onioni

sexual exploitation

kaiapo rawa

resource exploitation

kaiapo taiao

environmental exploitation

kaiapo tamariki

child exploitation

kaihanga tarahiti

settlor, creator of a trust

kaihao arumoni

commercial fisher

kaihaumi

investor

kaihoko

purchaser, sellor

kaihoko papanoho

real estate agent

kaihokorau

wholesaler (takenga mai: hoko - to buy or sell; rau - many)

kaihōpara

explorer, pioneer

kaikai tuhene

over grazing

kaikaiwaiū ~tanga

traitor, treason, treasonous

kaikaute

accountant

kaikerēme

claimant (takenga mai: kerēme - claim [kupu mino]) (kupu kē atu: kaitono)

kaikimi punanga

asylum seeker

kaikiri

racism, racial discrimination (kupu kē atu: whakatoihara ā-iwi)

kaikiri taiao

environmental racism

kaikiri toronaha

systemic racism (takenga mai: kaikiri - racism; toro - to stretch forth, extend; naha [pūnaha] - system)

kaikiri torowhare

institutionalised racism (takenga mai: kaikiri - racism; toro - stretch forth, extend; whare - building, people in a building)

kaikōmihana

commissioner

Kaikōmihana Tamariki

Children's Commissioner

kaimahi

worker, employee

kaimahi ā-ringa

manual labourer

kaimahi kara-mā

white collar worker

kaimahi kara-ōrangi

blue-collar worker

kaimahi kāwanatanga

public servant, government worker

kaimahi tamariki

child labour

kaimātai matawhenua

geographer

kaimātai tapawāhi

toponymist (takenga mai: kai - prefix denoting agent; mātai - to examine, investigate; tapa - to name; wāhi - place)

kaimiraka whaipānga

sharemilker (kupu kē atu: kaikutētē whaipānga)

kāinga kuha

shantytown (takenga mai: kuha - shabby, delapidated) (kupu kē atu: kuha kāinga)

kāinga tipu

childhood home, place of growing up

kāinga tūtahi

household (takenga mai: kāinga - home, residence, dwelling; tūtahi - separate, independent; tū [tuanui] - roof; tahi - one)

kainga waewae

stamping ground, haunt, hangout

kāingakore ~tanga

homeless, homelessness

kaipatu kekeno

sealer

kaipatu tohorā

whaler

kaipōti

voter

kaipōti ā-rohe

constituent

kairangahau

researcher

kairangi

patron (takenga mai: kairangi - anything held in high esteem) (kupu kē atu: matatairanga)

kairauhī taonga

museum curator (takenga mai: rauhī - to collect together, to takecare of, protect)

kairīhi

lessee, tenant, renter, leaseholder (takenga mai: rīhi [kupu mino] - to lease)

Kairo

Cairo (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kairokiroki taonga

conservator (takenga mai: rokiroki - to care for, protect, preserve)

kaitātari kaute

auditor

kaitāwari

land claim opponent, objector (takenga mai: tāwari - to oppose [a claim to land etc])

kaitiakitanga

guardianship, stewardship

kaitiakitanga hautaonga

product stewardship

kaitono

candidate (takenga mai: tono - to apply for)

kaitōrangapū

politician (kupu kē atu: kiritōrangapū)

kaituhi mahere

cartographer

kaituku

donor (takenga mai: tuku - to give)

kaituku kākano

egg donor

kaituku mahi

employer (kupu kē atu: kaiwhakawhiwhi mahi)

kaituku rīhi

landlord, lessor

kaituku tātea

sperm donor

kaituku toto

blood donor

kaituku whēkau

organ donor

kaiwhaipānga

shareholder

kaiwhakaatu

witness (takenga mai: whakaatu - to reveal, disclose, show)

kaiwhakahaere

manager, organiser

kaiwhakahaere haumitanga

investment manager

kaiwhakapae

plaintiff, complainant, accuser (takenga mai: whakapae - to accuse)

kaiwhakaputa

producer

kaiwhakarato

provider, service provider, supplier

kaiwhakawā

judge, arbitrator

kaiwhiwhi painga

beneficiary (of a trust)

kaiwhiwhi takuhe

beneficiary (of a grant) (takenga mai: whiwhi - to get, recieve, obtain; takuhe - benefit, grant)

kākano maha ~tanga

multicultural (takenga mai: kākano - descent, stock, lineage) (kupu kē atu: tikanga maha)

kākano rua ~tanga

bicultural (takenga mai: kākano - descent, stock, lineage) (kupu kē atu: tikanga rua)

kākano tahi ~tanga

monocultural (takenga mai: kākano - descent, stock, lineage; tahi - one)

kakī whero

redneck, racist, bigot

Kamapōtia

Cambodia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kamarūna

Cameroon (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kamopia

Gambia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kāna

Ghana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kānata

Canada (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kanehi

Cannes (takenga mai: He kupu mino [reo Wīwī].)

Kanipera

Canberra (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kanorau ~tanga

diverse, diversity, plural, pluralism (takenga mai: kano - colour, sort, kind, seed, texture; rau - many) (kupu kē atu: matahuhuatanga, rerenga kētanga)

kanorau ā-ira

gender diversity

kanorau ahurea

cultural diversity

kanorau hōkakatanga

diversity of sexual orientation

kanorau koiora

biodiversity (takenga mai: kano - sort, kind; rau - multitude; koiora - biology)

kanorau mātāwaka

ethnic diversity (kupu kē atu: kanorau ā-iwi)

kanorau pakeke

age diversity

kanorau whakapono

religious diversity

kanorite

uniform, uniformity, homogeneous (takenga mai: kano - colour, sort, kind, seed, texture; rite - be alike)

Kāpona

Gabon (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kara-mā

white collar (takenga mai: kara - collar [kupu mino]; mā - white)

kara-ōrangi

blue-collar (takenga mai: kara [kupu mino] - collar; ōrangi - blue)

Karaitiana

Christian, Christianity (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

karakia ~tia

ritual chant, prayer

karanga ~tia

(ceremonial) call of welcome

Karapīana

Caribbean (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

karapuke

hillock, mound

Karāti

Karachi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

karere

envoy, messenger

karere ahurea

cultural envoy

karere rongomau

peace envoy (kupu kē atu: manu rongomau)

karere tauhokohoko

trade envoy

karere tōrangapū

political envoy

kārewa wainuku

water table (takenga mai: kārewa - surface [of water]; wainuku - groundwater)

kāri taurewa

credit card

kāri utuhiko

EFTPOS card (takenga mai: kāri - card [kupu mino]; utu - to pay for; hiko [tāhiko] - electronic)

karo muhani ~tanga

politically correct, political correctness (takenga mai: karo - to dodge, avoid; muhani - insult, affront, offend)

karo tāke

tax evasion, take dodge

Kāta

Chad (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Katā

Qatar (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Katamarū

Kathmandu (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Katatānga

Kazakhstan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Katorika

Catholic (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kātū noho

lifestyle (takenga mai: kātū - type, sort)

kauawhi ~tia ~tanga

inclusion, inclusive, inclusiveness, inclusive of (takenga mai: kauawhi - to embrace)

kaumingomingo tōrangapū

political disorder, political chaos (takenga mai: kaumingomingo - state of confusion)

kaunihera ā-rohe

local council, district council

kaunihera ā-takiwā

regional council

kaunihera ā-tāone

city council, town council

kaunihera whakatōpū

unitary council

kaupapa kāriki

green scheme

kaupapa poapoa

incentive scheme

kaupapahere

policy (takenga mai: kaupapa - matter for discussion, plan, scheme, proposal; here - obligation)

kaupapahere ahumoni

monetary policy

kaupapahere hauora

health policy

kaupapahere mātauranga

education policy

kaupapahere moni tūmatanui

fiscal policy (takenga mai: moni - money [kupu mino]; tūmatanui - public)

kaupapahere ohaoha

economic policy

kaupapahere pāpori

social policy

kaupapahere reo

language policy

kaupapahere taiao

environmental policy

kaupapahere tāke

taxation policy

kaupapahere tauwhenua

foreign policy

kaupapahere tūmatanui

public policy

kaupare ~tia ~tanga

exclude, exclusive, exclusion (takenga mai: kaupare - to divert, turn aside)

kaupeka pakapaka

dry season

kaupeka uanui

wet season

kāuru whakararo

top down (takenga mai: kāuru - head [of a tree or river]; whakararo - downward direction) (kupu kē atu: mai i runga ki raro)

kawa

protocol

kawa kākahu

dress code (takenga mai: kawa - protocol)

kāwai heke

line of descent (kupu kē atu: kāwai whakaheke, hikahika)

Kawakawa

Feilding

kāwana tianara

governor general (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kāwanatanga

government (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kāwanatanga ā-motu

central government, national government

kāwanatanga ā-rohe

local government

kāwanatanga haepapa

responsible government

kāwanatanga haumi

coalition government (takenga mai: haumi - in alliance)

kāwanatanga manapori

democratic government

kāwanatanga whakatuanui

authoritarian government

Kawatiri

Westport

kawe hautaonga

carry goods, transport of goods

kawe toropuku

smuggle (takenga mai: kawe - to carry; toropuku - secretly, stealthily)

kawenata

covenant (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

keiā ~tia

dishonest, corrupt, thieving (kupu kē atu: raureka)

Kemureti

Cambridge (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kenāta

Grenada (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kene parakaingaki

sewage sludge

Kenia

Kenya (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kēpa Tāone

Cape Town (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Tāone Kūrae)

kerēme (ā-iwi)

(civil) claim (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kerēme inihua

insurance claim (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ki-rō-komiti

in committee

Kiāna Wīwī

French Guiana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kikitānga

Kyrgyzstan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kikomūrau

embodiment, archetype (takenga mai: kiko - person, body; mūrau - a person cited as a noteable example)

kimiara

wayfinding (takenga mai: kimi - to search; ara - pathway)

Kini

Guinea (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kini Ekuatoria

Equatorial Guinea (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kini-Pihau

Guinea-Bissau (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kiri moana

oceanic crust (takenga mai: kiri – skin; moana – sea)

kiri paparahi

continental crust (takenga mai: kiri – skin; paparahi – continent)

Kirihi

Greece (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kirikiriroa

Hamilton

kirimana

contract, binding agreement (takenga mai: kiri - skin, bark; mana - effectual, binding, authoritative)

kirimana inihua

insurance policy, insurance contract (takenga mai: kirimana - contract)

kirimana tōpū

collective contract, collective agreement (kupu kē atu: kirimana takimaha)

kirimana tōtahi

individual contract, individual agreement (kupu kē atu: kirimana takitahi)

kirimana whiwhi mahi

employment contract

kirimāori

native (person) (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; māori - native, normal)

kirimino

borrower (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; mino - to borrow)

kirinoho

settler (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; noho - to live, dwell)

kirinuku

crust (of the Earth) (takenga mai: kiri – skin; nuku – the Earth)

kiripānga

stakeholder (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; pānga [whai pānga] - to have an interest, share or connection)

kiripānga matua

key stakeholder

Kiripati

Kiribati (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kiripiro

bigoted, intolerant, unsociable

kirirarau ~tanga

citizen, citizenship (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; rarau - settle down, remain, take root)

kirirarautanga hihiri

active citizenship (takenga mai: hihiri - dynamic, energetic, lively)

kiritahi ~tanga

individual, individuality (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tahi - one)

kiritaki

client, customer, consumer

kiritau

self-esteem, self-respect, self-worth

kiritāwheta ā-iwi

tribalist (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tāwheta - zeal, fervour; iwi - tribe)

kiritāwheta ā-whenua

nationalist (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tāwheta - zeal, fervour; whenua - nation)

kiritohe

activist (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tohe - to argue, contend, object)

kiritōmau ā-whenua

patriot (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tōmau - staunch, steadfast, loyal; whenua - nation, country)

kiritōpū ~tanga

collective, collectivity (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tōpū - as a group, combined, united) (kupu kē atu: tōpūtanga, takimaha, kōpuni)

kiritūwhiti

deportee (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tūwhiti - deport, banish, expel)

kiriuapare

defendant (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; uapare - to pass the blame, blame)

kitenga

results, findings (of research) (takenga mai: kite - to see, perceive, discover) (kupu kē atu: hua)

Kiupa

Cuba (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Kupa)

koata-kāehe

quarter-caste (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kōawa

stream

kōeke ohapori

socioeconomic level

kōeke wawaenga

meso level, mezzo level (takenga mai: wawaenga - medium)

kōeke whāiti

micro level

kōeke whārahi

macro level

koeko taupori

population pyramid

koha

donation, gift

kōhaki ~na

take by force, seize (kupu kē atu: kōwhakiwhaki, kāhaki)

kohinga taparori

kerbside collection (takenga mai: tapa - edge, side; rori [kupu mino] - road)

Kōhoro

Kosovo (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kohuke

mineral (kupu kē atu: ko [kongakonga] - fragment, huke - expose by removing the earth, excavate)

kohuki

trauma, traumatic

kohuki kare ā-roto

emotional trauma

kohuki pāpori

social trauma

kohuki taumuri

post traumatic stress disorder, PTSD (takenga mai: kohuki - anguish, stress, distress; tau - to come to land, settle; muri - after)

kohuki tuku iho

generational trauma, intergenerational trauma, transgenerational trauma

kōingo kāinga

homesick, homesickness (takenga mai: kōingo - to yearn, fret, desire)

koke

progress (kupu kē atu: kauneke, koke whakamua)

kōkiri ~hia ~tanga

advocate, advocacy (kupu kē atu: hāpai)

kōkiri mana wahine

feminism (takenga mai: kōkiri - to champion, promote, advocate; mana wahine - status, power, dignity of women) (kupu kē atu: tohe mana wahine)

kōkirikiri ~tia

lobby, campaign

kokoraho ~tia

land claim, claim of ownership (kupu kē atu: taunaha, kerēme whenua)

kokoraho taupatupatu

counter claim, cross claim, disputed claim

kokoru

cove, bay, indentation of coastline

kōkota

visa (takenga mai: kōkota - a mark made at a cross-roads to show which road has been taken)

kōmae rīwai

potato blight

kōmihana

commission (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kōmihana aro ki te pono me te whakamārie

truth and reconciliation commission

Kōmihana Tamariki

Children's Commission

kōmihana whakatewhatewha

commission of inquiry (takenga mai: whakatewhatewha - to investigate, examine, enquire into)

komiti whiriwhiri

select committee (takenga mai: komiti [kupu mino] - committee; whiriwhiri - to discuss, decide, consider)

komititanga

confluence, junction

Komoro

Comoros (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

konekone wahine

misogyny, misogynist (takenga mai: konekone - to despise, loathe)

Kōngo

Congo (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kōpaka

shortage, lack, scarcity (kupu kē atu: pūhore, ngōuruuru, korekore)

Kopeheikana

Copenhagen (takenga mai: He kupu mino [reo Teina].)

koraha

desert, barren expanse of land

kōrama

quorum (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: tokamatua)

Kōrana

Koran, Quran, Qur'an (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kōrea ki te Raki

North Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea (takenga mai: Kōrea [kupu mino] - Korea)

Kōrea ki te Tonga

South Korea

korehāhā

extinct, extinction (kupu kē atu: mate ā-moa)

koremahi

unemployment, unemployed

kōrero aronehe

historical narrative, historical text (takenga mai: kōrero - story, text, narative; aro - to turn towards, take heed; nehe - past times) (kupu kē atu: kōrero hītōria, tāhuhu kōrero, kōrero o nehe)

kōrero horihori

false information, disinformation, misinformation (kupu kē atu: kōrero parau, kōrero meho)

kōrero mauāhara

hate speech

kōrero o nehe

ancestral narrative, historical text (kupu kē atu: kōrero tuku iho, kōrero aronehe)

kōrero pono

factual information

kōrero whēnakonako

nostalgic text, nostalgic narrative

koringa pāpori

social action (takenga mai: kori - to move in to action)

Koroātia

Croatia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Koromōpia

Colombia

kotahi ~tanga

unity, unified, solidarity

kotahitanga ā-ōhanga

economic unity

kotahitanga pāpori

social unity, social cohesion

Kotarangi

Scotland (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Kōtirana, Kōtarani)

kōti

court (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kōti ā-Rohe

District Court

Kōti Mana Nui

Supreme Court

Kōti Matua

High Court

Kōti Pīra

Appeal Court

Kōti Pīra Māori

Māori Appellate Court

Kōti Taiao

Environment Court

Kōti Taiohi

Youth Court

Kōti Take Mahi

Employment Court

Kōti Whānau

Family Court

Kōti Whenua Māori

Māori Land Court

Koto Rika

Costa Rica (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kounga (o te) wai

water quality

kounu

secede, pull out, withdraw

koutangata

humanity (takenga mai: kou - of good quality; tangata - person, human being)

kōwhiri kiritahi

individual choice

kōwhiri kiritōpū

collective choice

kōwhiringa kātū noho

lifestyle choice

Kuama

Guam

Kuara Rūpa

Kuala Lumpur (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kuatamāra

Guatemala (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kuhu ahurea

acculturate, acculturation (takenga mai: kuhu - to go into, to join)

kuhu moni

deposit money (kupu kē atu: kōkuhu moni)

Kuīnirangi

Queensland (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Kuīnirani)

kūititanga

channel, strait, narrow body of water

kūkā ~tia

clogged, congested

Kuki Airani

Cook Islands (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kūkūwai

wetland, marshland

kuneroa ~tanga

evolve, evolution (takenga mai: kune - to swell, grow; roa - to be a long time) (kupu kē atu: kukuwha)

kuneroa ahurea

cultural evolution

kuneroa porihanga

social evolution

kuneroa tangata

human evolution

kupu whakanewha

propaganda (takenga mai: whakanewha - misrepresentation, deception, hoodwink)

kura parakaingaki

septic tank, sewage tank

kūrae

headland, peninsula

kurawai

reservoir, water tank

kurutete tāhiko

electronic transaction (takenga mai: kurutete - to exchange, swap)

Kūweiti

Kuwait (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

m

mae takatāpui

homophobia

māhaki

tolerant, tolerance, accepting

mahere

map

(whaka) mahere

plan

mahere ā-nuku

physical map (takenga mai: ā-nuku - of the Earth)

mahere āhuarangi

climate map

mahere ahumoni

financial plan

mahere ao porotaka

globe (takenga mai: mahere - map; ao - world; porotaka - round [shape])

mahere harangote

installment plan

mahere haumi

investment plan

mahere heipūtanga

contingency plan (takenga mai: heipū - to come upon)

mahere huarahi

road map

mahere mahi

operational plan

mahere ohaoha

economic map, economic plan

mahere paetata

short term plan

mahere paetawhiti

long term plan (kupu kē atu: mahere auroa)

mahere pāhekoheko

interactive map

mahere pakihi

business plan

mahere pūtea

budget (takenga mai: mahere – plan; pūtea – sum of money)

mahere rautaki

strategic plan (takenga mai: rau [rauhanga] - cunning, resourceful; taki - lead, bring along)

mahere rautata

tactical plan (takenga mai: rau [rauhanga] - cunning, resourceful; tata - near, close)

mahere takoto whenua

topographic map, relief map, contour map

mahere tōrangapū

political map

mahere whakahaere para

waste management plan (kupu kē atu: mahere para)

mahi kairau

sex work

mahi kaute

accounting (takenga mai: mahi - work; kaute - to count [kupu mino])

mahi mauhere

forced labour (kupu kē atu: mahi uruhi)

mahi ngātahi

cooperate, collaborate, collaboration

mahi raraupori

civic duty

mahi whakaea nama

indentured labour, indentured servitude (takenga mai: mahi - work, labour; whakaea - to repay; nama - debt)

mahikuhu

self-employed, self-employment (takenga mai: mahi - work; kuhu - do on one's own)

mahinga tukutahi

single use

mahora tāone

urban sprawl (takenga mai: mahora - spread, extend)

maina

mine, mining (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

maina papamoana

seabed mining

maina puare

open-cast mining, open-pit mining

maina rōnuku

underground mining (takenga mai: rō [roto] - inside; nuku - earth)

maina takere

placer mining (takenga mai: takere - riverbed, channel)

maina whakapākeka

leach mining, in-situ mining, in-situ leaching, in-situ recovery

Makau

Macau (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Makerōnia ki te Raki

North Macedonia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mākete

market (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mākete herekore

free market, deregulated market (kupu kē atu: mākete waeture-kore)

mākete huriao

global market (takenga mai: mākete - market [kupu mino]; huri - to go around; ao - world)

mākete pānga

share market

mākete taiwhenua

domestic market

mākete tāwāhi

international market, foreign market (kupu kē atu: mākete ā-ao)

mākete tuihono

online market

mākete whakamatua

regulated market, controlled market

mākete whare

housing market, property market

mana

authority, power, prestige

mana atua

spiritual power from the gods

mana hāhi

theocracy (takenga mai: mana - authority, power; hāhi - church)

mana kiritaki

consumer power

mana moana

authority over sea and lakes

mana motuhake

separate authority, autonomy, self-determination, independence

mana pāhikahika

unequal power (takenga mai: pāhikahika - uneven, disproportionate)

mana tāne

status, power, authority and dignity of men

mana tangata

authority, power and dignity of a person

mana tokoiti

oligarchy (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; tokoiti - small number of people, minority)

mana tōrangapū

political power, political authority

mana tōrangapū ā-whenua

geopolitical power

mana urungi

governance, authority to govern (takenga mai: urungi - to steer, navigate) (kupu kē atu: mana kāwana, mana whakatere, kāwanatanga [kupu mino])

mana wahine

status, power, authority and dignity of women

mana whakahaere

authority to manage direct or control, executive power

mana whakaheke

inherited authority, inherited status

mana whakairo hinengaro

intellectual property right

mana whenua

territorial authority, authority associated with possession and occupation of tribal land

manapio

majority rule (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; pio - majority, many)

manapori

democracy, democratic (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; pori [porihanga] - society)

manapota

minority rule (takenga mai: mana - authority; pota - be few; manapio - majority)

manapōti

suffrage, right to vote (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; pōti - vote [kupu mino])

manapōti wahine

women's suffrage

manapōti-kore

disenfranchised (takenga mai: mana - authority; pōti - vote; kore - negative, nil)

manarite ~nga

equality, equal status (kupu kē atu: ōritetanga)

manarite-kore

inequality, disparity

manatāmi

coloniser (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; tāmi - colonise, repress, suppress) (kupu kē atu: kiritāmi, iwi tātāmi)

manatoki

monopoly (takenga mai: mana - power, control, authority; toki [tokitoki] - altogether, without exception)

manatoko me te manapūtea

confidence and supply (takenga mai: manatoko - to verify, validate, give credence to; manapūtea - fiscal authority)

manatōpū

incorporated, incorporated society (takenga mai: mana - authority; tōpū - assembled in a body)

manatōrua

duopoly (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; tōrua - twofold)

manatū

ministry (government) (takenga mai: mana - authority; tū - to establish, to be appointed)

manatuanui

dictator (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; tuanui [whakatuanui] - authoritarian, dictatorial)

manatunga

keepsake, momento

manawanui

perseverance, determination

manawaroa

resilient, resilience

manawhiri hāhi

religious freedom (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; whiri [whiriwhiri] - to choose)

manawhiri kōrero

freedom of speech (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; whiri [whiriwhiri] - to choose)

manawhiri tōrangapū

political freedom (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; whiri [whiriwhiri] - to choose)

manawhiri whakapono

freedom of belief (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; whiri [whiriwhiri] - to choose)

manene

foreigner, immigrant

manga

creek, watercourse, ditch, branch of a river

māngai

representative, spokesperson, delegate, ambassador

māngai kaunihera

councillor, council representative (kupu kē atu: kaikaunihera)

māngai pāremata

member of parliament, MP (takenga mai: māngai - spokesperson, representative) (kupu kē atu: mema pāremata)

māngai whakahangahanga

diplomat (takenga mai: māngai - mouthpiece, representative)

māngohe

liquidity, liquid (finance) (takenga mai: māngohe - malleable, pliable)

mānia

plain, flatland

mānia tairanga

plateau, tableland, highland, elevated plain (takenga mai: mānia - plain, flatland; tairanga - elevated)

mānia waipuke

flood plain

Manira

Manila (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

manotau

millennium (takenga mai: mano - thousand; tau - year)

manu kaewa

expat (takenga mai: manu - bird; kaewa - to wander, roam)

manuheke

migrant (takenga mai: manu [manuhiri] - visitor; manu [manu kawea] - wanderer; heke - migrate, migration)

Manuherekia

Alexandra

manuhiri

visiting group, visitor (kupu kē atu: manuwhiri)

mānuka

challenge stick, challenge

Māori

Māori, indigenous person of Aotearoa (takenga mai: Māori [māori] - normal, usual, ordinary)

māpua ~tanga

productive, productivity

māra parehua

terraced garden (takenga mai: parehua - ridge, terrace)

marae

courtyard - open area in front of meeting house

marae ātea

ceremonial courtyard (in front of meeting house)

Mārata

Malta (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Māratiri

Maldives (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Marāwi

Malawi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mareia

Malaysia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mārena

marry, marriage (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: moe)

Māri

Mali (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Marihi

Mauritius (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

maru karauna

state care (takenga mai: maru - shelter, shield, power, authority; karauna [kupu mino] - crown)

maru whakahangahanga

diplomatic protection, diplomatic immunity (takenga mai: maru - shelter, safeguard)

Maruawai

Gore

mātai hangapori

demography (takenga mai: mātai - to study, examine, investigate)

mātai hītori

histiography

mātai ōhanga

economics

mātai pāpori

sociology

mātai tahapori tahumaero

epidemiology (takenga mai: mātai - to study, examine; taha - side, dimension; pori [pāpori] - social; tahumaero - disease, sickness)

mātai takoto whenua

topography (takenga mai: mātai - to study; takoto - to lie; whenua - land) (kupu kē atu: mātai takoto ā-nuku)

mātai tapawāhi

toponymy, study of place names (takenga mai: mātai - to study, examine, investigate; tapa - to name; wāhi - place)

mātai tikanga

anthropology

mātai tikanga ahurea

cultural anthropology

mātai tikanga pāpori

social anthropology

mātai tōrangapū

political studies, politics

mātai whaipara tangata

archaeology (takenga mai: mātai - to study, inspect, examine; whaipara - remains, remnant; tangata - human being)

mātaipori

social studies (takenga mai: mātai - to study, examine; pori [pāpori] - social)

Matakāhika

Madagascar (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

matakēkē

step parent

mātakitaki ~hia

observe, observation

mātākōrero

literature (takenga mai: mātā - heap, layer; kōrero - text, prose)

matamangu

blackface

mātāmua

first born (kupu kē atu: huatahi)

matapaki māhorahora

open discussion, open debate (takenga mai: māhorahora - to be open, without restraint)

matatika

ethics, ethical, moral, morality (takenga mai: matatika - right, straight)

mātātuhi

written literature (takenga mai: mātā [mātākōrero] - literature; mātā - heap, layer; tuhi - to write)

Matau

Clutha River

matawaenga matatika

ethical dilemma, moral dilemma

mātāwaha

oral literature (takenga mai: mātā [mātākōrero] - literature; mātā - heap, layer; waha - mouth, voice)

mātāwainuku

aquifer (takenga mai: mātā [mātāpuna] - source; wainuku - groundwater)

mātāwainuku hamaruru

confined aquifer (takenga mai: mātā [mātāpuna] - source; wainuku - groundwater; hamaruru - to shut in, confine, restrict)

mātāwainuku tūraha

unconfined aquifer (takenga mai: mātā [mātāpuna] - source; wainuku - groundwater; tūraha - to be open, not confined)

mātāwaka

ethnicity, ethnic group

mātāwaka matarau

mixed ethnicity (takenga mai: mata - face, countenance; rau - many)

matawhānui

vision (kupu kē atu: matatawhiti)

matawhenua

geography

matawhenua

geography (takenga mai: mata - surface, face; whenua - land, ground)

matawhenua taiao

environmental geography

matawhenua tangata

human geography

matawhenua tūroa

physical geography (takenga mai: tūroa [ao tūroa] - natural world)

mate kōhungahunga

infant mortality

mate urutā

pandemic, epidemic

matea

need, to be needed

matea kare ā-roto

emotional need

matea kikokiko

physical need (kupu kē atu: matea tinana)

matea pāpori

social need

matea wairua

spiritual need

matemate-ā-one

deep affection, yearning (especially for one's homeland)

Mātiri

Madrid (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mātua

parents

matua whāngai

foster parent

māturu-iho

trickle-down

mātūtū ōhanga

economic recovery

mau tangetange

found guilty, proven guilty

Mauao

Mount Maunganui

mauhanga hītōria

historical record

mauhanga hītōria ā-tau

annal

mauhanga taketake

original record

mauhere ~tia

imprison, imprisonment, prisoner, incarcerate

mauhere kairau

sex trafficking (takenga mai: mauhere - imprison; kairau - prostitute)

mauhere nuipuku

mass incarceration, mass imprisonment (takenga mai: mauhere - to imprison; nuipuku - multitude)

maukino tangata

crime against humanity (takenga mai: maukino - abuse, ill-treat)

Maungaata

Montevideo (takenga mai: maunga - mountain; ata [ataata] - video)

Maungaihi

Montreal (takenga mai: maunga - mountain)

Maungakororiko

Montenegro (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

maunu ~tanga

withdraw, disengage

maunutanga kaumātua

disengagement of elderly

maunutanga taiohi

youth disengagement

Mauritānia

Mauritania (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

maurutanga

detente (takenga mai: mauru - to be eased, allayed, appeased)

mautohe ~tia

protest (kupu kē atu: porotēhi [kupu mino])

Māwhera

Greymouth

Mēhiko

Mexico (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mekamoutere

archipelago (takenga mai: meka [mekameka] - chain; moutere - island)

Mekanēhia

Micronesia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

menemana

amendment (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

meneti

minutes (meeting term) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mēpihi

Memphis (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mīanga

tributary (small), streamlet

mihi ~a

greet, greeting, acknowledge, acknowledgement (kupu kē atu: mihimihi)

mihinare

missionary (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mihinare

Anglican (takenga mai: He kupu mino [missionary].)

minita

minister (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mino ~a

borrow

Mirāno

Milan (takenga mai: He kupu mino [reo Itāria].)

moana

sea, ocean, large lake

moe punarua

bigamy, polygamy

moe punatahi

monogamy, monogamous (takenga mai: moe - marry, wed, have sex; puna - e whai ana i tā te 'punarua'; tahi - one)

Mohapiki

Mozambique (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mohikau

Moscow (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mōkete

mortgage (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

momo ā-iwi

race (of people)

momo matarau

mixed race, multiracial

momo matarua

biracial

momo mōrea

endangered species

momo taketake

indigenous species, endemic species

momoho

advantage, advantaged (takenga mai: momoho - to be fortunate, rewarded)

momotu iwi

apartheid (takenga mai: momotu - to sever, separate) (kupu kē atu: tāuketanga)

Monāko

Monaco (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mone

bankrupt, broke (kupu kē atu: pēkerapu, pakaru te pūkoro [kīanga ōpaki])

Mongōria

Mongolia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

moni

money, currency, cash (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

moni kuhu

deposit (of money) (takenga mai: moni [kupu moni] - money; kuhu - to put in, insert) (kupu kē atu: moni kōkuhu)

moni ngaro

loss (finance)

moni pūkoro

pocket money, cash

moni tango

debit, withdrawal (takenga mai: moni [kupu mino] - money; tango - to take away, subtract)

moni taurewa

credit, loan (takenga mai: moni [kupu mino] - money; taurewa - to be unpaid, on loan)

moni whitirangi

cryptocurrency (takenga mai: moni - currency, money [kupu mino]; whiti - to transfer, cross over; rangi [ipurangi] - internet) (kupu kē atu: moni matihuna, moni matihiko, moni mariko)

monihere

bond (monetary) (takenga mai: moni - money; here - to tie, restrict)

monihoki

rebate (takenga mai: moni - money; hoki - to return)

monihua

profit (takenga mai: moni [kupu mino] - money; hua - benefit, accrue, gain)

monihua-kore

non-profit, not for profit

monimoka

bitcoin (takenga mai: moni - currency, money [kupu mino]; moka - bit, binary digit)

monirau

note (money) (takenga mai: moni [kupu mino] - money; rau - leaf)

moniuka

coin (kupu kē atu: kapa)

moniwhiwhi

income, revenue

moniwhiwhi ā-tau

annual income

moniwhiwhi kōwhiti

discretionary income (takenga mai: kōwhiti - to choose)

moniwhiwhi more

net income (takenga mai: moniwhiwhi - income; more - plain, without appendages)

moniwhiwhi peke

gross income (takenga mai: moniwhiwhi - income; peke - be all included)

moniwhiwhi wātea

disposable income, available income

mōrahi taurewa

credit limit (takenga mai: mōrahi - maximum, upper limit)

mōrea ā-motu

nationally endangered (of a species)

mōrea rukiruki ā-motu

nationally critical (of a species)

mōrehu kāinga-kore

displaced person (kupu kē atu: konene)

mōriroriro

alienated, estranged

Moroko

Morocco (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Moronēhia

Melanesia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Morotawa

Moldova (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mōtika

rights (kupu kē atu: motika)

mōtika herekore

right to freedom

mōtika iwi taketake

indigenous rights

mōtika kaimahi

worker's rights

mōtika kiritahi

individual right

mōtika kiritaki

consumer rights

mōtika kiritōpū

collective right

mōtika oranga

right to life, subsistence rights

mōtika porihanga

civil rights, societal rights (kupu kē atu: mōtika kirirarau)

mōtika rangatiratanga

ownership right

mōtika tamariki

children's rights

mōtika tangata

human rights

mōtika tukipū

universal right (takenga mai: tukipū - general, widespread)

mōtika unukore

inalienable right, permanent right (takenga mai: unu - surrender, exempt, exclude; kore - negative, not) (kupu kē atu: mōtika pūmau)

mōtika wāhikore

indivisible right (takenga mai: wāhi - to partition, subdivide; kore - negative, not)

mōtika wahine

women's rights

mōtika whenua

land right

mōtini

motion (meeting term) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Motu-pōhue

Bluff

moumou kai

food wastage

mua

past times

Muhirama

Muslim (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mumupai

Mumbai (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mūniki

Munich (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

murunga hara

pardon (takenga mai: muru - to wipe out, forgive, absolve; hara - offence, crime, wrongdoing)

n

Nakoia

Nagoya (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

nama

debt, invoice, bill (takenga mai: He kupu mino [number].)

nama kia utua atu

accounts payable

nama kia utua mai

accounts receivable, outstanding invoice

Namipia

Namibia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Nauru

Nauru (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

nawe

grievance, complaint (kupu kē atu: amuamu)

nehe

ancient times, long ago (kupu kē atu: neherā, uki, tāukiuki, tua whakarere, tuauri)

Nepōra

Nepal (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Nīhi

Nice (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Nikarāhua

Nicaragua (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Niko Whero

Red Crescent

Niu Haute Wēra

New South Wales (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Niu Taute Wēra)

Niu Teri

New Dehli (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Niue

Niue

noa

free from the restrictions of tapu, ordinary

nōhanga

settlement

noho huānga

belonging, sense of belonging (takenga mai: noho - to live; huānga - member of a group, kin)

noho marara

diaspora (takenga mai: noho - to live, dwell; marara - scattered)

noho matatika

ethical living

noho pāmu

farmstay

nohopuku

fast, go without food, fasting

nohoroa

overstay, overstayer (takenga mai: noho - to live, dwell; roa - long; roa [whakaroa] - prolong, extend)

nohowheta ~nga

occupy, occupation (takenga mai: wheta - to occupy a place)

nonope ~a ~tanga

persecute, persecution (takenga mai: nonope - to oppress, distress, depress) (kupu kē atu: whakamamae)

Nōwei

Norway (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

nukakāriki

greenwash, greenwashing (takenga mai: nuka - to decieve, dupe, mislead; kāriki - green)

Nukuaroha

Nuku'alofa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

nukuratarata

mantle (takenga mai: nuku – the Earth; ratarata – red hot)

Nūmea

Noumea (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ng

Ngā Anahera

Los Angeles (takenga mai: Anahera [kupu mino] - Angel)

Ngā Pirihimana o Aotearoa

New Zealand Police

ngahere

forest (kupu kē atu: wao, ngahengahe, nehenehe)

ngahere hātai

temperate forest (takenga mai: hātai - mild [of weather])

ngahere pārūrū

tropical forest (takenga mai: pārūrū - sultry, humid, tropical)

ngahere rāwaho

exotic forest (takenga mai: rāwaho - from the outside)

ngahere taketake

indigenous forest, native forest (kupu kē atu: ngahere māori)

ngahere urutapu

virgin forest, primary forest, old-growth forest (kupu kē atu: ngahere tikitū, ngahere horomata)

ngahere whakamātūtū

regenerating forest (takenga mai: whakamātūtū - recovering, returning to health)

ngahere whakatiputipu

plantation forest (takenga mai: whakatiputipu - to rear, cause to grow)

ngāhorohoro

erode, erosion (takenga mai: ngāhorohoro – fall off bit by bit)

ngahurutau

decade (takenga mai: ngahuru - ten; tau - year) (kupu kē atu: tekau tau)

Ngāika

Niger (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ngāiropi

Nairobi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ngāitīria

Nigeria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ngākau aroha

empathy, empathetic

ngākau aronehe

historical empathy (takenga mai: ngākau - heart, seat of affections; aro - to be inclined towards; nehe - time past)

ngākau hākerekere

pessimism, pessimistic

ngākau kore

apathy, apathetic, disinterest, indifference (kupu kē atu: arokore)

ngākau rorotu

optimistic, optimism (kupu kē atu: mariu)

ngākau whiwhita

passionate, enthusiastic, enthusiasm (kupu kē atu: kohara)

ngākaukino

negative attitude, ill-disposed

ngākaupai

positive attitude, favourably disposed

ngaki ~na ~ nga

cultivate, cultivation

ngaki tuhene

over cultivation

Ngāmotu

New Plymouth

ngutu hore

wasteful, extravagent (kupu kē atu: tōtōā)

ngutuawa

rivermouth

o

oha ~tia

bequest, bequeath

oha takitini

crowdfund, crowdfunding (takenga mai: oha - to leave as a bequest, generosity; takitini - multitude, crowd)

Ohaka

Osaka (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ōhanga

economy (kupu kē atu: taiōhanga)

ōhanga āmiomio

circular economy

ōhanga angahaorawa

capitalist economy

ōhanga angarua

mixed economy (takenga mai: anga - to face a certain direction; anga - framework, structure; rua - two)

ōhanga ao whānui

global economy

ōhanga Māori

Māori economy

ōhanga tōnui

thriving economy

ōhanga torotika

linear economy

ōhanga wawaenga

mesoeconomics, mezzoeconomics (takenga mai: wawaenga - medium)

ōhanga whāiti

microeconomics

ōhanga whakamatua

controlled economy, command economy

ōhanga whārahi

macroeconomics

ohaoha

economic

Ōhoro

Oslo (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ohotoihara ~tanga

woke, wokism, wokeness (takenga mai: oho - awake, to be roused [of feelings etc]; toihara - discrimination)

ohu

working bee, volunteer work group

Ōmana

Oman (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

one hawa

contaminated soil (takenga mai: one - soil; hawa [tāhawahawa] - to contaminate)

onge māori

naturally uncommon, rare (of a species)

ope hohou rongo

peacekeeping force

ōrite

equal, same

ōrite-kore

unequal

orokē

faction (takenga mai: oro - grove of trees of one kind; kē - different, alternative)

Ōrongomai

Upper Hutt

oruoru

second hand

Ōtautahi

Christchurch

Otawa

Ottawa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ōtepoti

Dunedin

p

pā whakahangahanga

embassy, diplomatic residence (takenga mai: pā - fortified village; whakahangahanga - to handle gently, be diplomatic, tactful)

pae maunga

mountain range

pae taurewa

credit rating (takenga mai: pae - margin, boundary; taurewa - credit)

pae whenua

national border

paeahumahi

industrial precinct, industrial quarter (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity)

paeahurea

cultural precinct, cultural quarter (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity)

paehokohoko

shopping precinct, shopping quarter (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity)

pāeke

protocol for speechmaking on marae where all the local speakers speak first

paekiritata

neighbourhood (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity; kiritata - neighbour)

paemahana taikaha

extreme temperature (kupu kē atu: pāmahana taikaha)

paenga paparahi

continental shelf

paenga riu hopuwai

water catchment boundary, drainage divide

paenoho

suburb (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity; noho - to live, dwell, reside)

paenoho kanukanu

slum (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity; noho - to live, dwell; kanukanu - dilapidated, shabby) (kupu kē atu: puni tuakoka)

paenoho pakukore

ghetto (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity; noho - to live, dwell; pakukore - impoverished) (kupu kē atu: puni pakukore)

paepae

orators bench, threshold

paepakihi

business precinct, business quarter (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity)

paerewa matarua

double standard (takenga mai: paerewa - standard; mata - face; rua - two)

paerewa matatika

ethical standard, moral standard

paerewa noho

standard of living

paetauhoko

commercial precinct, commercial quarter (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity; tauhoko [tauhokohoko] - trade, commerce)

Paetūmōkai

Featherston

Pahama

Bahamas (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pāhao ahurea

cultural appropriation, cultural misappropriation (takenga mai: pāhao - to acquire stealthily)

pāhekeheke pāpori

social instability

pāhekoheko ~tia

interact, interaction (kupu kē atu: taunekeneke)

pāhikahika

disproportionate, uneven

pāhoro ~tia

rebellion, revolution, insurrection (takenga mai: pāhoro - to take by assault, capture) (kupu kē atu: whana)

pāhoro

coup, coup d'état (takenga mai: pāhoro - to take by assault, storm a fortress) (kupu kē atu: tukipoto)

pāhua

plunder, rob, burgle, thieve, rob

painga ahumoni

financial benefit, monetary benefit

painga pātahi

common good (takenga mai: pātahi - to befall all alike, affect all in common)

painga tūmataiti

private benefit

painga tūmatanui

public benefit

painga tūmatanui

public good

Paipera

Bible (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pāitiiti taupori

population decline, depopulation

pākaihoko

protectionism (takenga mai: pākai - shield, screen, buffer; hokohoko [tauhokohoko] - trade, commerce)

pakanga ~tia

war, battle, fight

pakanga ā-ao

world war, global war

pakanga ā-iwi

inter tribal war

pakanga pū okaoka

musket war

pakanga tauhokohoko

trade war

pakanga taungaungau

cold war (takenga mai: taungaungau - to wrangle, bicker, squabble; tau - indicating reciprocal action; tau - to attack) (kupu kē atu: pakanga kōpeke)

pakanga whenua

land war, territorial war

Pākaratēhi

Bangladesh (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Pākatata

Baghdad (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pākawatanga

acidification (takenga mai: pākawa [pākawa ota] - nitrate; kawa [waikawa] - acid)

Pākehā

Pākehā, New Zealander of European descent

paki aronehe

historical fiction

pakihi

business (kupu kē atu: umanga)

pakihi ā-ohu

cooperative (business)

pakihi ahuwhenua

agribusiness

pakihi aropori

socially responsive business

pakihi haepapa

responsible business

pakihi kiritahi

sole trader business

Pākina Wharo

Burkina Faso (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pakirehua aronehe

historical inquiry (kupu kē atu: pakirehua hītōria)

pakirehua pāpori

social inquiry

Pakitāne

Pakistan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pakukore

impoverished, deprived, deprivation

pakukore tāruarua

cycle of deprivation (takenga mai: pakukore - impoverished, deprivation; tāruarua - to repeat)

pāmu ~tia

farm, farming (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: whāmu)

pāmu kararehe

pastoral farming

pāmu kōpiripiri

factory farm, factory farming (takenga mai: kōpiripiri - crowded close together, cramped)

pāmu ringaora

subsistence farm, subsistence farming (takenga mai: ringa - hand [nō te whakataukī 'he kai kei aku ringa']; ora - alive, healthy, well)

pāmu tahawhenua

free range farm, free range farming

pāmu tautaiao

eco-farm, eco-farming

pāmu toitū

sustainable farming

pāmu whaipānga

sharefarming

pāmu whakauruuru

mixed farming

Pāmura

Bermuda (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Panama

Panama (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pānga

share (finance) (takenga mai: pā - be connected with) (kupu kē atu: hea [kupu mino])

pānga taupatupatu

conflict of interest (takenga mai: pānga - connection, interest; taupatupatu - to dispute, contend, vie)

Pangakoko

Bangkok (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

panoni ~hia ~tanga

change

panoni hangapori

demographic change

panoni ohaoha

economic change

panoni pāpori

social change

panoni tōrangapū

political change

panoni whakaumu

transformative change (takenga mai: whakaumu - to transform, alter, change)

panonitanga noa o te taupori

natural population change

panuku pāpori

social mobility

panuku tangata

human mobility (kupu kē atu: panuku taupori)

papa hākinakina

sports ground

papa kōrero

plaque, commemorative tablet (takenga mai: papa - slab, surface; kōrero - narrative, story)

papa kurī

dog park

papa ōhanga Māori

Māori economic base

papa tākaro

playground

papa tāpui

reserve (takenga mai: papa - land, Earth; tāpui - to reserve, set aside) (kupu kē atu: whenua tāpui)

Papa Tāpui ā-Motu

National Park

papa tāpui ā-rohe

regional reserve

papa tukurua

brownfield (takenga mai: papa - ground, field; tukurua - to reuse)

papa ururua

greenfield (takenga mai: papa - ground, field; ururua - scrub, brushwood)

papakāinga

village, hamlet (kupu kē atu: papa kāinga)

papakāinga kaumātua

retirement village, old people's village

papanga ~tanga

accountable, accountability (kupu kē atu: kawe takohanga)

papanoho

real estate (takenga mai: papa - land, floor; papa [papa kāinga] - home base; noho - to live, reside)

papapānui korahi

billboard

papapori

social class (takenga mai: papa [paparanga] - layer; pori [pāpori] - social)

papapori raro

lower class

papapori runga

upper class

papapori waenga

middle class

paparahi

continent (takenga mai: papa – surface; rahi – large) (kupu kē atu: whenua rahi)

paparanga para

waste hierarchy (takenga mai: paparanga - layer)

papare ~a ~nga

boycott (takenga mai: papare - to avoid) (kupu kē atu: aukati, huri tuarā)

pāpātanga

impact (takenga mai: pāpā - to affect, touch, strike) (kupu kē atu: pānga)

pāpātanga ahurea

cultural impact

pāpātanga huamoni

interest rate

pāpātanga mate

death rate, mortality rate

pāpātanga ohaoha

economic impact

pāpātanga pāpori

social impact

pāpātanga pikiutu tukipū

rate of inflation

pāpātanga pūmau

fixed rate, flat rate

pāpātanga taiao

environmental impact

pāpātanga tangata

human impact

pāpātanga taurangi

variable rate, floating rate

pāpātanga tipu

growth rate

pāpātanga whakawhānau

birth rate

pāpātanga whakawhiti

exchange rate (kupu kē atu: pāpātanga kurutete)

Papatohe

Barbados (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Papatūānuku

Earth

Papeete

Pape'ete (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pāpori

social

Papua Nūkini

Papua New Guinea (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Pāpuniāmita

Amsterdam (takenga mai: pāpuni - dam; āmita [kupu mino] - amster)

Pāputa

Barbuda (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

para

waste, rubbish, refuse, trash

para ahumahi

industrial waste

para ahuwhenua

agricultural waste

para hangahanga

construction waste

para haurehu

gaseous waste

para iraruke

radioactive waste

para kai

food waste

para kāinga

domestic waste, household waste

para kerakera

putrescible waste

para maina

mining waste, tailings

para matū

chemical waste

para mōrearea

harzardous waste

para motuhake

special waste

para poka

surgical waste, medical waste (takenga mai: poka - operation [medical], surgery)

para reremoana

marine debris (takenga mai: para - refuse, waste; rere - to flow; moana - sea)

para tākai

packaging waste

para tāoke

toxic waste

para tauhokohoko

commercial waste, trade waste

para tipu

garden waste, plant waste, green waste

para totoka

solid waste

para wē

liquid waste

pārae pōhatu

stonefield (takenga mai: pārae - level or undulating open country) (kupu kē atu: pārae kōhatu)

parahanga

pollute, pollution (takenga mai: parahanga - rubbish, litter)

parahanga aho

light pollution

parahanga hau

air pollution

parahanga haunene

noise pollution (takenga mai: haunene - noisy)

parahanga oneone

soil pollution

parahanga takenga whāiti

point source pollution (takenga mai: takenga - origin, source; whāiti - narrow, compact)

parahanga takenga whārahi

non-point source pollution (takenga mai: takenga - origin, source; whārahi - broad, wide, extensive)

parahanga wai

water pollution

parahau ~tia ~tanga

justify (takenga mai: parahau - protection, defence)

Parāka

Prague (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Parakai

Paraguay (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

parakaingaki

sewage

parakino

pollutant (takenga mai: para [parahanga] - pollution; kino [whakakino] - degrade, damage, spoil)

parakino māori

natural pollutant

pararopi

organic waste

pararopi-kore

inorganic waste

Pārau

Palau (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Parawhenua mea

personification of floods, avalanches and tsunami

pare tāke

tax avoidance (takenga mai: pare - to avoid, ward off, fend)

pareatua ~tanga

agnostic, agnosticism (takenga mai: pare - to turn aside; atua - god)

Pāreina

Bahrain (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pāremata

parliament (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

paremata ~tia

compensate, compensation, recompense, reparation, redress

pāremata tārewa

hung parliament (takenga mai: tārewa - unresolved, inconclusive, hanging)

Paretai Uru

West Bank

Parewhiti

Frankfurt (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pari

cliff

Parī

Paris (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Parīhi

Brazil (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Parihitini

Palestine (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Paruhi

Brussels (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pārurenga

victim

pātai kati

closed question

pātai pakirehua

inquiry question

pātai rangahau

research question

pātai tuwhera

open question (kupu kē atu: pātai puare)

pātaka hapori

foodbank (takenga mai: pātaka - food storehouse; hapori - community)

pātītī taranui

tussock grass

pātohe

fallow ground, abandoned cultivation

pātohu

legend, key (takenga mai: pā - clump, group; pā - connected with; tohu - symbol)

patu otaota

herbicide

pāwhera ~tia

rape, sexual assault

Pearīni

Berlin (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pēhanga aropā

peer pressure (kupu kē atu: whakawhere aropā)

pēhanga mātua

parental pressure (kupu kē atu: whakawhere mātua)

pēhanga pāpori

social pressure (kupu kē atu: whakawhere pāpori)

pēhanga rāroto

internal pressure

pēhanga rāwaho

external pressure

pēhi ~a ~tanga

oppress, suppress, oppression, persecute

pēhi (~tanga) mataaho

overtly oppress, overt oppression (takenga mai: mataaho - clear, evident) (kupu kē atu: pēhi mārakerake)

pēhi (~tanga) matahuna

covertly oppress, covert oppression (takenga mai: mata - face; huna - hidden)

pēhitanga hāhi

religious persecution, religious oppression (takenga mai: pēhi - to oppress, suppress)

pēhitanga hinengaro

oppression of the mind

pēhitanga wairua

oppression of the spirit, demoralisation

Peihinga

Beijing (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Peina

Spain (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pēke matua

reserve bank, central bank

Pēma

Myanmar (takenga mai: Pēma [kupu mino] - Burma)

Pēna

Bern (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Penehūera

Venezuela (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

penihana

pension, superannuation (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

penihana kāwanatanga

government superannuation

penihana tūmataiti

private superannuation, personal superannuation

Penini

Benin (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Penoma Pena

Phnom Penh (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pepeha

tribal saying

Pērara

Belarus (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

perehitene

president (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Peretiama

Belgium (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Pehiamu)

Pērihi

Belize (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Peru

Peru (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Peta Riko

Puerto Rico (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Peterehama

Bethlehem (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Pētia

Perth (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

petihana ~tia

petition (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

piki tūranga

successor

pikinga pūrawa

capital return, capital increase, capital growth, capital gain

pikinga wāriu

appreciation, increase in value (kupu kē atu: pikinga uara)

pikitia whārahi

big picture

pikiutu tukipū

inflation (takenga mai: piki - to increase, ascend; utu - cost, price, payment; tukipū - general, overall)

pīra ~ngia

appeal (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pire

bill (draft of new law) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pirihimana ohotoihara

woke police

pirihonga

loyal, loyalist, faithful

Pirimia

Prime Minister (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

piringa noa

de-facto relationship (kupu kē atu: moe māori)

piringa whakahangahanga

diplomatic relations

Piripane

Brisbane (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Piripīni

Philippines (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

piripono

allegiant, allegiance, loyal, loyalty

Piritana Nui

Great Britain (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

poapoa

incentive, entice, enticement

poapoa ahumoni

financial incentive, monetary incentive

poapoa matatika

moral incentive

poapoa ohaoha

economic incentive

poapoa pāpori

social incentive

poapoa whaiaro

personal incentive

pōhiri ~tia

welcome ceremony, welcome (kupu kē atu: pōwhiri)

pohū whakamomori

suicide bomb

Poihākena

Sydney (takenga mai: He kupu mino [Port Jackson].)

Poipiripi

Melbourne (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pokapū manuheke

immigration centre (takenga mai: manu [manuhiri] - visitor; manu [manu kaewa] - wanderer; heke - migrate, migration)

pokapū tāone

town centre, central business district, CBD

Pokotā

Bogota (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pōmu karihi

nuclear bomb, atomic bomb (takenga mai: pōmu [kupu mino] - bomb; karihi - nuclear)

Pōngia-Herekōwini

Bosnia-Herzegovina (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Pono

Bonne (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pono ki te koutangata

faith in humanity

pononga kairau

sex slave, forced sex worker

pononga tamariki

child slave

popono

demand (takenga mai: popono - to covet, desire, hanker after)

popono kiritaki

consumer demand (takenga mai: popono - to covet, desire, hanker after)

popono tuhene

excess demand

Pōrana

Poland (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

porihanga

society

porihanga ā-iwi

tribal society

porihanga ahumahi

industrial society

porihanga auraki

mainstream society (kupu kē atu: porihanga rīroa)

porihanga kanorau

diverse society, pluralistic society

porihanga kanorite

homogeneous society

porihanga kauawhi

inclusive society

porihanga kaupare

exclusive society

porihanga kiripiro

intolerant society

porihanga māhaki

tolerant society

porihanga mātauranga

knowledge society

porihanga tautika-kore

inequitable society

porihanga tika

just society (kupu kē atu: porihanga manatika)

porihanga tūwhena

stable society

porihanga whai paparanga

stratified society, hierarchical society

porihanga whakaapaapa

feudal society (takenga mai: whakaapaapa - layered; apa - layer; apa - slave, servant)

Poriwana

Botswana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Poriwia

Bolivia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pōrohe

acquiescent, yeilding

Poronai

Brunei (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Poronēhia

Polynesia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Porotehana

Protestant (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

poroteke

menial, unskilled, person in a menial position

porotū

strike (protest action)

porotū kape kai

hunger strike (takenga mai: porotū - strike; kape - to reject, refuse; kai - food)

porotū mahi

stopwork

porotū mahi hamanga

partial stopwork

porotū ohorere

wildcat strike (takenga mai: ohorere - sudden, without warning)

Pōta Moahipi

Port Moresby (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Pōta Whira

Port Vila (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pōti ~tia ~tanga

vote, ballot (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pōti motuhake

special vote

pōti tōmua

early vote, advance voting

pōti whakakapi

by election (takenga mai: pōti [kupu mino] - vote; whakakapi - to replace)

pōti whakaraupapa

single transferable vote, STV (takenga mai: whakaraupapa - to put in order, sequence)

pōti whirirua

mixed member proportional, MMP (takenga mai: whiri - to choose; rua - two)

pōti whiritoa

first past the post, FPP (takenga mai: whiri - to choose; toa - victor, winner)

pōtiki

last born, baby of the family

pōtitake

referendum (takenga mai: pōti [kupu mino] - vote; take - issue)

pōtitake-here

binding referendum (takenga mai: pōti [kupu mino] - vote; take - issue; here - to bind)

pōtitake-herekore

non-binding referendum (takenga mai: pōti [kupu mino] - vote; take - issue; here - to bind; kore - negative)

pōtitanga whānui

general election

Potukara

Portugal (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pou whenua

boundary marker, marker of (land) ownership, land marker post

poutarahiti

trustee (takenga mai: pou - stalwart, dependable person)

pū harakeke

flaxroots, grassroots (takenga mai: pū - originate; harakeke - flax; pū harakeke - flax bush)

pūāhua

situation

puata ~tanga

transparent, transparency

pūhore ~tanga

disadvantage, disadvantaged (takenga mai: pūhore - unfortunate, poverty)

puka kaute

accounts, accounting statement (takenga mai: puka [pukapuka] - book; kaute [kupu mino] - account)

puka pōti

voting form

pukahu

plentiful, abundant (kupu kē atu: ranea, huhua, humi, makuru)

pukatara

reference book (takenga mai: puka - book; tara [papatara] - storehouse; tara [whakatara] - invoke, consult)

pūkawa

reef

pūkenga

skill

pūkenga ako ngātahi

collaborative learning skills (kupu kē atu: pūkenga ako ā-ropu)

pūkenga ako tahi

cooperative learning skills

pūkenga auaki

self management skills (takenga mai: au - I, me; aki - to encourage, urge on) (kupu kē atu: pūkenga taki whaiaro)

pūkenga hirikapo

cognitive skill

pūkenga kaiārahi

leadership skills

pūkenga noho ora

life skills (kupu kē atu: pūkenga oranga)

pūkenga pāpori

social skills

pūkenga rakahinonga

entrepreneurial skills

pūkenga whakaoti rapanga

problem solving skills

pūkenga whakawhitiwhiti kōrero

communication skills

puku o te tāone

inner city

pūmanawa tangata

human resource, human capital

pūmāramarama

assumption, supposition

pūmautanga

constancy, permanency

puna kōrero

source of information

puna manawa whenua

deep aquifer, artesian bore

puna mātāmua

primary source (of information)

puna mātārua

secondary source (of information) (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; rua [tuarua] - second)

puna wai

spring (of water), well

pūnaha hauropi

ecosystem (takenga mai: pūnaha ‒ system; hauropi ‒ ecology)

pūnaha kāwanatanga

system of government

Pūnaha Kimi Taunga

Global Positioning System, GPS (takenga mai: pūnaha ‒ system; kimi ‒ search; taunga ‒ location)

pūnaha kurutete

exchange system, system of exchange

pūnaha kurutete mariko

virtual system of exchange

pūnaha moni

monetary system

pūnaha ōhanga

economic system

pūnaha pōti

voting system

pūnaha tika

justice system (kupu kē atu: pūnaha manatika)

pūnaha tōrangapū

political system

pūnaha whakahaere rahinga (ika)

(fish) quota management system

pūnaha whakapono

belief system

pūnama

liability (takenga mai: pū - heap, stack; nama - debt) (kupu kē atu: taunaha)

punanga

refuge, to take refuge, asylum, haven

punanga tōrangapū

political asylum

punanga wahine

women's refuge

pūngao kāriki

green energy

puni kai tuputata

local food market, local produce market

puni mataraharaha

freedom camp, freedom camping (takenga mai: puni - camping place; mataraharaha - freedom from care, carefree)

puni whakatahi

evacuation centre (takenga mai: puni - encampment, camping place; whakatahi - to evacuate)

puni whanokē

cult (takenga mai: puni - company of people; whanokē - peculiar, weird, unusual, eccentric)

pūranga

archive (takenga mai: pū - source, base; pūranga - heap, lie in a heap)

pūrawa

capital (finance) (takenga mai: pū - to heap up, stack; rawa - resource) (kupu kē atu: haupū rawa, uara)

pūrawa wātea

working capital (takenga mai: wātea - to be available)

puri tikanga

orthodox (takenga mai: puri - to hold on to; tikanga - custom, convention, tradition)

Purukāria

Bulgaria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Puruniti

Burundi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pūtake ~tia ~nga

cause, origin, reason

pūtake me te hua

cause and effect

pūtake o mua

historical cause, historical causation

pūtake tautini

long term cause (takenga mai: tautini - long time, longstanding)

pūtake whakarunga

bottom up (takenga mai: pūtake - base, root; whakarunga - upward direction) (kupu kē atu: mai i raro ki runga)

Pūtana

Bhutan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

putanga

output (kupu kē atu: hua)

Putapēhi

Budapest (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pūtea āwhina

subsidy (kupu kē atu: pūtea tautoko)

pūtea haumi

investment account

pūtea pēke

bank account

pūtea taurewa

credit account

Pūtimi

Buddhism, Buddhist (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pūtoi

cohort (takenga mai: pūtoi - bunch, cluster, kinship group) (kupu kē atu: hunga)

putunga waro

carbon sink (takenga mai: putunga - heap, stack, storage; waro - carbon)

pūwaiwaha

delta

pūwhenua ~tia

to settle, live permanently (kupu kē atu: noho)

pūwhero

person of high social class, aristocrat, elite (kupu kē atu: kahurangi)

r

rā o te waru

time of scarcity

rā pōti

voting day, election day

rahinga

quota (kupu kē atu: motunga, tiringa)

rahinga inihua

sum insured

rahinga tīpako

sample size

Rahotu

Mitre Peak

rāhui

ritual restriction or prohibition according to Māori custom

rāhui haere noa

curfew

Rāhui Pōkeka

Huntly

Raipiria

Liberia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

rakahinonga

entrepreneur, entrepreneurial (takenga mai: raka - agile, adept; hinonga - enterprise)

Rakapuō

Luxembourg (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Rakiura

Stewart Island

Ramatana

Ramadan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Rānana

London (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ranea

abundant, abundance

rangahau ~tia ~tanga

research (takenga mai: rangahau - seek, search out, pursue)

rangahau aronehe

historical research (kupu kē atu: rangahau hītōria)

rangahau inekounga

qualitative research (takenga mai: ine - to measure; kounga - quality)

rangahau inerahi

quantitative research (takenga mai: ine - to measure; rahi - size, amount)

rangahau rāroto

insider research (kupu kē atu: rangahau huānga)

rangahau rāwaho

outsider research

rangahau tōmua

pilot study (takenga mai: tōmua - early)

rangahau wawaenga

meso level research, mezzo level research (takenga mai: wawaenga - medium)

rangahau whāiti

micro level research

rangahau whakanekeneke

action research (takenga mai: whakanekeneke- cause to move along)

rangahau whakapūaho

case study, case study research (takenga mai: whakapūaho - to clarify, make clear, elucidate) (kupu kē atu: mātaitanga)

rangahau whārahi

macro level research

rāngai kāwanatanga

state sector, government sector

rāngai mātāmua

primary sector

rāngai mātārua

secondary sector (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; rua - two)

rāngai mātātoru

tertiary sector (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; toru - three)

rāngai mātāwhā

quarternary sector (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; whā - four)

rāngai tūao

voluntary sector

rāngai tūmataiti

private sector

rāngai tūmatanui

public sector

rāngai tūmatanui

public sector

rangapū mahitahi

partnership

rangapū mahitahi tūmataiti tūmatanui

private public partnership, PPP

rangatira ~tanga

owner, ownership (kupu kē atu: manapuri)

rangatira

chief, chiefly, leader

rangatira pakihi

business owner

rangatira pito whenua

property owner

rangatira whiwhi whare

home owner

rangatiratanga pakihi

business ownership

rangatiratanga pito whenua

property ownership

rangatiratanga raraunga

data sovereignty

rangatiratanga whare

home ownership

rangatohe

movement (takenga mai: ranga - company of people; tohe - to contend, argue, persist) (kupu kē atu: kuhunga)

rangatohe āniwaniwa

rainbow movement

rangatohe ātete mārire

passive resistance movement (kupu kē atu: rangatohe ātete rongomau)

rangatohe kura kāinga

home school movement

rangatohe mana kirimangu

black power movement

rangatohe mōtika iwi taketake

indigenous rights movement

rangatohe mōtika kaimahi

workers rights movement

rangatohe mōtika porihanga

civil rights movement

rangatohe mōtika wahine

women's rights movement

rangatohe oranga kirimangu

black lives matter movement

rangatohe pāhoro

revolutionary movement

rangatohe rongomau

peace movement

rangatohe tāwheta ā-whenua

nationalist movement

rangatohe tōrangapū

political movement

rangatohe wetehere

liberation movement (takenga mai: wete - to set free; here - restriction)

rangatōpū

corporation (takenga mai: ranga - company of people; tōpū - assembled, in a body) (kupu kē atu: kaporeihana)

rangatōpū whenuarau

multinational corporation (takenga mai: rangatōpū - corporation; whenua - country, nation; rau - many)

Rāoho

Laos (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

rapunga mātākōrero

literature search

rara

consequence, effect, repercussion

rara pokerehū

unintended consequence (takenga mai: rara - consequence, effect, repercussion; pokerehū - unintentional, by accident)

rara reremuri

downstream consequence

rārangi hautaonga

inventory of goods

rārangi kōrero

catalogue

rārangi mātāmua

main catalogue

rārangi patapatai

questionnaire

rārangi pōti

electoral roll

rārangi pōti auraki

general electoral roll

rārangi pōti Māori

Māori electoral roll

rārangi take

agenda (takenga mai: rārangi - list; take - issue, matter, topic, subject)

rārangi taputapu

inventory of equipment

rārangi wā

timeline (takenga mai: rārangi - line, list; wā - time)

raraunga inekounga

qualitative data (takenga mai: ine - to measure, compare; kounga - quality)

raraunga inerahi

quantitative data, quantitive data (takenga mai: ine - to measure, compare; rahi - amount, size, large)

raraupori

civic (takenga mai: rarau - to settle, take root; rarau [kirirarau] - citizen; pori [porihanga] - society)

rāroto

internal, domestic (kupu kē atu: taiwhenua, whakaroto)

raruraru pāpori

social problem

rātaka aronehe

historical diary (kupu kē atu: rātaka hītōria)

ratonga

service

ratonga ohotata

emergency service

ratonga pūnaha hauropi

ecosystem service

ratonga rauora

rescue service

ratonga reremua

upstream service (takenga mai: rere - to flow; mua - in front)

ratonga reremuri

downstream service (takenga mai: rere - to flow; muri, behind, after)

ratonga tinei ahi

fire service

ratonga tūāpapa

basic services, utilities (takenga mai: tūāpapa - foundation)

ratonga tūmatanui

public service, public utility

ratonga wai

water service, water provision

rauhī ~tia

curate (takenga mai: rauhī - to collect together, to care for, protect)

raukaha

capacity

raukaha toitū

sustainable capacity, carrying capacity

raungāwari

pragmatism, pragmatic (takenga mai: rau [rauhanga] - ploy, tactic; rau [rautaki] - strategy; ngāwari - easy, tolerant)

raupanga

offering, sacrifice

raupapatanga wā

chronology, chronological order

raupatu ~tia

take without any moral right, confiscate

rautaki

strategy

rautau

century (takenga mai: rau - hundred; tau - year)

rawa

resource, natural resource (kupu kē atu: rauemi)

rawa māori

natural resource

rawa taketake

raw material

rawa whakahou

renewable resource

rawa whatungarongaro

non-renewable resource

rāwaho

external, foreign (kupu kē atu: tauwhenua, manene, whakawaho)

rawakore

poor, underprivileged (kupu kē atu: pōhara [kupu mino])

rawakore tāruarua

cycle of poverty (takenga mai: tāruarua - to repeat)

rawakore tuku iho

intergenerational poverty (kupu kē atu: rawakore whitireanga)

Rāwana

Rwanda (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

rawapuni

facility (takenga mai: rawa - resource, asset, property; puni - encampment, company of people)

Rāwhia

Latvia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Rāwhiti Waenga

Middle East

Reanga Ārepa

Alpha Generation

reanga kāhakina

stolen generations

Reanga Manotau

Millennial Generation, Generation Y (kupu kē atu: Reanga Y)

Reanga Māpua

Baby Boomer (takenga mai: reanga - generation; māpua - prolific, productive)

Reanga Ngū

Silent Generation

Reanga X

Generation X

Reanga Z

Generation Z

rēhia

leisure

rēhita ~tia

register (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Reikahiki

Reykjavik (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

reiti

rates (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: rēti)

Rēkohu

Chatham Islands (kupu kē atu: Wharekauri)

Rēneti

Lent (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Repanona

Lebanon (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

repo

swamp

rere kirimā

white flight (takenga mai: rere - to flee; kiri - person, self; mā - white)

rerekē ~tanga

different, difference

reremua

upstream (takenga mai: rere - to flow; mua - before, in front of)

reremuri

downstream (takenga mai: rere - to flow; muri - after, coming behind)

rerenga

refugee (takenga mai: rerenga - person who has escaped, fugitive, survivor) (kupu kē atu: konene)

rerenga āhuarangi

climate refugee

rerenga para

waste stream (takenga mai: rerenga - flow)

rerenga tōrangapū

political refugee

rerenga waipapa

surface runoff (takenga mai: rere - to flow; wai - water; papa - surface, earth)

rerewaenga

midstream (takenga mai: rere - to flow; waenga - middle, amidst, in between)

Riata

Riyadh (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

rīhi ~tia

lease, rent (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: rēti [kupu mino])

rīhi kongakonga

peppercorn rental, nominal lease (takenga mai: rīhi [kupu mino] - lease, rent; kongakonga - crumb, something insignificant)

rīhi tautini

long term lease

Rīkeneteina

Liechtenstein (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Rima

Lima (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ringa takitaki

vigilante (takenga mai: ringa - arm, hand; takitaki - to take revenge)

ringaoha

philanthropist (takenga mai: ringa - hand; oha - bequest, generosity)

ringaora

self sufficient, self reliant, self sufficiency (takenga mai: ringa - nō te whakataukī 'he kai kei aku ringa'; ora - alive)

ringapēhi

oppressor (takenga mai: ringa - hand; pēhi - to oppress)

Rio Tihiēro

Rio de Janeiro (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ripa (tāone)

outskirts (takenga mai: ripa - boundary, border)

ripanga kaute

balance sheet, account statement (takenga mai: ripanga - spreadsheet; kaute [kupu mino] - to account for) (kupu kē atu: puka kaute)

Rīpeka Whero

Red Cross

Rīpene

Lisbon (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ripia

Libya (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ripoinga

memoir (takenga mai: ripoinga - haunts, hangouts; ripoi - to travel about)

rīrā

power, strength, powerful

riri tara ā-whare

intra-tribal war

ririkore

nonviolent (takenga mai: riri - anger, violence; kore - not, negative)

rirohanga

chattel, possession (takenga mai: riro - be got, acquired, obtained)

rītaha

bias, biased (takenga mai: rītaha - to lean on one side) (kupu kē atu: haukume, arotītaha)

rītaha huna

unconscious bias (kupu kē atu: haukume huna)

rītaha ira

gender bias

rītaha mātāwaka

ethnic bias

ritenga matatika

ethical practice

ritenga pāpori

social norm (takenga mai: ritenga - customary practice, habit, the normal way of doing things)

Rituānia

Lithuania (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

riu

basin, dale

riu hopuwai

water catchment, catchment basin, drainage basin (takenga mai: riu - basin, valley; hopu - to catch; wai - water)

rohe

district, area, territory

rohe hātai

temperate zone

rohe kōpaka

polar zone (takenga mai: kōpaka - ice)

rohe pārūrū

tropics

rohe pōtae

tribal territory

rohe pōti

electorate, constituency, ward (kupu kē atu: wāri [kupu mino - ward])

rohe pōti Māori

Māori ward, Māori electorate (kupu kē atu: wāri Māori, tūnga Māori)

rohenga tāone

urban area

rōia

lawyer, counsel (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Rōma

Rome (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Romeinia

Romania (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

rongo taketake

lasting peace, enduring peace (kupu kē atu: tatau pounamu)

rongo tipatipa

fake news (takenga mai: rongo - news, report; tipatipa - false, lying, untrue, fake) (kupu kē atu: hau meho)

rongopai

gospel, scripture

rōpū kiripānga

stakeholder group

rōpū ohaoha

charity

rōpū takitaki

vigilante group (takenga mai: takitaki - to take revenge)

rōpū tōrangapū

political party (kupu kē atu: pāti tōrangapū)

rōrā

powerless

rori utu

toll road

rū whenua

earthquake

ruapara

landfill, rubbish dump

Rūhia

Russia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

rūnanga hapori

community board, community council

rūnanga manature

legal assembly, legal council, legal authority, tribunal

rūnanga minita

cabinet (government) (takenga mai: rūnanga - council, assembly; minita [kupu mino] - minister)

t

tā te Māori titiro

Māori viewpoint, Māori world view (kupu kē atu: tirohanga ao Māori)

taearo

heterosexual (takenga mai: tae [taera] - sexual attraction; aro - to be inclined toward)

tāera hautūtanga

style of leadership (takenga mai: tāera [kupu mino] - style)

taero

red-tape, bureaucratic obstacle (takenga mai: taero - obstruction, hinderance)

taha kōti

judicial, judiciary

taha whakahaere

executive

taha whakature

legislative, legislature

tahawhenua

free-range (takenga mai: tahawhenua - to roam, wander, move about)

Tāhimania

Tasmania (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tahiti

Tahiti

tāhoko ahurea

commercialisation of culture (takenga mai: tā - causative prefix; hoko - to buy or sell; ahurea - culture)

tahua

fund, sum of money

tahua haumi

investment fund

tahua more

principal (finance) (takenga mai: tahua - fund; more - without appendages, plain)

tahua takitini

crowdsource, crowdsourcing (takenga mai: tahua - heap, especially of food at a feast, fund; takitini - crowd, many people) (kupu kē atu: puna takitini)

tāhuahua

sand dune

tāhuna

sandy beach, sandbank

Tāhuna

Queenstown

tai matapari

fiord, fjord

tai-kore

landlocked (takenga mai: tai - coast; kore - none, nill)

taiao

environment

taiao hanga

built environment

taiao māori

natural environment

taiao moana

marine environment

taiāpure

coastal reserve, fisheries reserve, marine reserve

taihara

illegal, unlawful, crime

taihara

offender, criminal, culprit, crime

taihāruki

extremist (takenga mai: tai - prefix with a qualifying force; hāruki [hārukiruki] - very, extreme)

taiheke

rapid (on a river) (kupu kē atu: tāheke, korio)

taihuringa ahurea

cultural revolution (takenga mai: tai - a prefix with a qualifying force; huri - to change)

taihuringa hōkakatanga

sexual revolution (takenga mai: tai - a prefix with a qualifying force; huri - to change)

taihuringa pāpori

social revolution, social upheaval (takenga mai: tai - a prefix with a qualifying force; huri - to change)

taihuringa tōrangapū

political revolution, political uprising (takenga mai: tai - a prefix with a qualifying force; huri - to change)

taingarengare

tyrant, tyrannical (takenga mai: tai - prefix with a qualifying force; ngarengare - overbearing, authoritarian, autocratic)

tainiwhaniwha

tsunami (kupu kē atu: tai āniwhaniwha)

taiopenga

event, occasion (takenga mai: taiope - gather together) (kupu kē atu: huihuinga)

taiopenga ahurea

cultural festival

taiopenga kai tuputata

local food festival

Taiopenga Rama

Festival of Lights

taiopenga tūmataiti

private event

taiopenga tūmatanui

public event

Taipei

Taipei (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

taipūwhenua ~tanga

colonise, colonisation, oppress, suppress (kupu kē atu: tāmi)

Tairanga

Thailand (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tairaru

crisis, predicament, serious problem (takenga mai: tai - prefixwith a qualifying force; raru - problem, trouble, difficulty)

tairaru ā-whānau

family crisis

tairaru āhuarangi

climate crisis

tairaru ahumahi

industrial crisis

tairaru hauora

health crisis

tairaru ohaoha

economic crisis

tairaru pāpori

social crisis

tairaru pūngao

energy crisis

tairaru taiao

environmental crisis

tairaru tōrangapū

political crisis, constitutional crisis

tairaru tuakiri

identity crisis

tairaru whiwhi whare

housing crisis

taitara herekore

freehold title

taitara rīhi

leasehold title

taitara whenua

land title (takenga mai: taitara [kupu mino] - title)

taitara whenua kiritahi

individual land title

Taitoko

Levin

taituarā

guarantor (takenga mai: taituarā - to support; tuarā - backbone)

Taiwana

Taiwan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

taiwhana

rebel, revolutionary, radical (takenga mai: tai - prefix with a qualifying force; whana - to rebel, revolt)

taiwhenua

province, provincial (takenga mai: taiwhenua - district)

taiwhiwhita

fanatic, fanatical, zealot (takenga mai: tai - prefix with a qualifying force; whiwhita - fanaticism)

takakino ahurea

cultural exploitation (takenga mai: takakino - mistreat, abuse)

takanga wā

passage of time (kupu kē atu: takiwā)

takaporipori

civilise (takenga mai: taka - to propose, develop [an idea etc]; pori [pāpori] - social)

takatāpui

homosexual (kupu kē atu: takāpui)

takawaenga

mediate, mediator, go-between, facilitator

take

issue, case, claim, matter

tāke ~ngia

tax, taxation (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tāke Hokohoko

Goods and Services Tax, GST, sales tax

tāke moniwhiwhi

income tax

take o mua

historical cause, historical reason

take o te wā

current events, current affairs (kupu kē atu: rongo kōrero o te wā)

tāke pakihi

business tax

take pāpori

social issue, social cause

take porihanga

civil case (kupu kē atu: take hiwhiri [kupu mino])

take rāroto

internal affairs, domestic affairs

take raupatu

land right obtained by conquest

take taihara

criminal case

tāke tārewa

provisional tax (takenga mai: tāke [kupu mino] - tax; tārewa - unresolved, deferred, set aside)

take tāwāhi

foreign affairs, external affairs, international affairs (kupu kē atu: take rāwaho)

take tīpuna

ancestral land right

take tuku

land right by gift

tāke waro

carbon tax

tāke whāiti

excise tax (takenga mai: tāke - tax [kupu mino]; whāiti - narrow, specific)

take whānui

general business

take whenua kite

land right by discovery

tākehoko tāwāhi

tariff, trade tax (takenga mai: tāke - tax; hoko [tauhokohoko] - trade, commercial; tāwāhi - overseas, abroad)

Tākei

Turkey (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

takenga ā-whānau

family background (takenga mai: takenga - origin, derivation)

takenga ahurea

cultural background (takenga mai: takenga - origin, derivation)

takenga mātauranga

education background (takenga mai: takenga - origin, derivation)

takenga ohapori

socioeconomic background (takenga mai: takenga - source, origin; oha [ohaoha] - economic; pori [pāpori] - social)

takenga reo

linguistic background, language background (takenga mai: takenga - origin, derivation)

takenga tōrangapū

political background (takenga mai: takenga - origin, derivation)

taketake

indigenous, aboriginal, endemic

taketaketanga

indigeneity

Takiritānga

Tajikistan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tākitimu

The Remarkables (kupu kē atu: Kawarau)

takiwā

region, territory, space, district

takiwā

time period, era

takiwā ahumahi

industrial age, industrial era

takiwā karihi

atomic age, atomic era

takiwā kōhatu

stone age

takiwā matihiko

digital age, digital era

takiwā mīhini

machine age

takiwā rauwhero

bronze age

takiwā rino

iron age

takiwā tangata

anthropocene (takenga mai: takiwā - era, time period; tangata - people, human)

takiwā tātāmi

colonial period, colonial era

takiwā tuarangi

space age

takiwā wawaenga

middle ages

Tākiwira

Dargaville (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

takopori

socially responsible, social responsibility (takenga mai: tako - upright; takohanga - responsibility, obligation; pori [pāpori] - social)

takuhe

benefit (payment of money)

takuhe koremahi

unemployment benefit

takuhe tūroro

sickness benefit (kupu kē atu: takuhe hāura)

takuhe whānau

family benefit

takutai

coastline, sea coast, shore

tamaiti whāngai

foster child

Tāmaki-nui-a-Rua

Dannevirke

Tāmakimakaurau

Auckland (kupu kē atu: Ākarana [kupu mino])

tāmarutāne ~tanga

patriarchal, patriarchy (takenga mai: tāmaru - to shade, overshadow; tāne - male)

tāmaruwahine ~tanga

matriarchal, matriarchy (takenga mai: tāmaru - to shade, to overshadow; wahine - female)

tāmatemate

dieback (takenga mai: tāmatemate - to decline, deteriorate) (kupu kē atu: mate taiora)

tāmi ~a ~tanga

colonise, colonisation, oppress, suppress (takenga mai: tāmi - repress, suppress) (kupu kē atu: taipūwhenua, taipūwhenuatanga)

Tāmipia

Zambia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tāmirua ~tia ~tanga

recolonise, recolonisation

Tānahia

Tanzania (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tāne moe wahine

heterosexual male

tānga hāhi

denomination (of a religion) (takenga mai: tānga - division, company [of people])

tānga o te kawa

tapu removing ceremony for a new building

tangata Tiriti

people of the Treaty, non-Māori New Zealander

tangata whenua

home people, to be naturalised, indigenous people

taokete

sister in law of a male, brother in law of a female

tāone

town (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tāone iti

small town

tāone ki tai

coastal town

tāone nui

city

tāone taiwhenua

provincial town

tāone tuawhenua

rural town

tāone whakahara

metropolis (takenga mai: tāone - town [kupu mino]; whakahara - large, vast)

tāone whakatōpū

super city (takenga mai: tāone - town [kupu mino]; whakatōpū - to amalgamate, combine)

taonga

artefact, heirloom

taonga tuku iho

heritage, heirloom

taongahoko taketake

commodity (takenga mai: taonga - goods, property; hoko - to buy or sell; taketake - original)

tapa (wāhi) ~nga

toponym, placename (takenga mai: tapa - to name; wāhi - place)

tāpae ~tia ~tanga

submit, submission

taparoto

subjective (takenga mai: tapa [tapatahi] - objective; roto - inside)

tapatahi

objective, unbiased, impartial (takenga mai: tapatahi [ngākau tapatahi] – impartial, unbiased)

tapeke pūtea

account balance

tapeke wāriu hokonga

gross domestic product, GDP (takenga mai: takepe - total; wāriu - value; hokonga [hoko] - to buy or sell)

tāpoi

tourism (takenga mai: tāpoi - travel around)

tāpoi ahurea

cultural tourism

tāpoi ki tāwāhi

outbound tourism

tāpoi mai i tāwāhi

inbound tourism

tāpoi mātātoa

adventure tourism

tāpoi taiopenga

event tourism

tāpoi taiwhenua

domestic tourism, internal tourism

tāpoi tautaiao

ecotourism

tapu

sacred, restricted, set apart

tāpui ~a

reserve, set aside

tāpuna motukā

carpool, carpooling

tāpuna rawa

resource pool, resource pooling

tāpuna taputapu

equipment pool, equipment pooling

Tapurini

Dublin (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

taputapu pūrawa

capital equipment

tapuwae hauropi

ecological footprint

tapuwae waro

carbon footprint

tara iti

floor space on the left on entering a meeting house (kupu kē atu: kopa iti , tara whāiti)

tara nui

floor space on the right on entering a meeting house (kupu kē atu: tara whānui)

tarahiti

trust (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: tarati [kupu mino], rōpū kaitiaki)

tarahiti ā-whānau

family trust

tarahiti ohaoha

charitable trust

tarahiti pakihi

business trust, trading trust

tarahiti whenua

land trust

taraipiunara

tribunal (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Taratahi

Carterton (kupu kē atu: Katatāone)

Tarawa

Tarawa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tareka ā-utu

affordability, affordable (takenga mai: tareka - be attained; utu - to pay for, cost)

tareka ā-utu o te whare

housing affordability

tarepa

deficit, overdraft

Tāroto

Toronto (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tārukenga

slaughter, massacre, pogrom

tātai takenga

provenance (takenga mai: tātai - lineage; takenga - origin)

tātaitanga hirikapo

cognitive taxonomy (takenga mai: tātai - arrange, set in order; hirikapo - mind, intellect, cognition)

tātāmi a tauiwi

colonial repression

tātari ~tia ~tanga

analyse, analysis (takenga mai: tātari - to strain, filter, sift through)

tātari kaute

audit (takenga mai: tātari - to analyse; kaute [kupu mino] - accounts) (kupu kē atu: arotake kaute)

tātari mōhiotanga

analyse knowledge

tātaritanga utu-whaihua

cost-effectiveness analysis, cost-benefit analysis

tatau pounamu

lasting peace, enduring peace (kupu kē atu: rongo taketake)

tataunga toto

blood quantum (takenga mai: tatau - to count, enumerate)

tatauranga

census

tatauranga ā-motu

national census

tātāwhāinga

tournament, competition (kupu kē atu: whakataetae)

tatūnga takirua

bipartisan agreement, bilateral agreement

tatūnga takitahi

unilateral decision, unilateral agreement

tatūnga takitini

multipartisan agreement, multilateral agreement

tatūnga tokitoki

consensus (takenga mai: tatūnga - resolution, decision; tokitoki - without exception) (kupu kē atu: tatūnga tukipū)

tatūnga tukipū

consensus (takenga mai: tatūnga - resolution, decision; tukipū - general, widespread, broad) (kupu kē atu: tatūnga tokitoki)

tau ahumoni

financial year

tau nihoroa

lean year, year of scarcity, famine (kupu kē atu: tau tukuroa)

taua ~tanga

succeed, succession

tauākī

statement, declaration

tauākī whakaaetanga

memorandum of understanding, declaration of agreement (takenga mai: tauākī - declaration, statement; whakaaetanga - agreement)

tauhoko herekore

free trade, free enterprise

tauhoko matatika

ethical trade, fair trade

tauhoko tāwāhi

international trade, international commerce

tauhokohoko

trade, commerce

tauhokohoko ao whānui

global commerce

tauhokohoko wai

water trading, water commerce

tauine ohapori

socioeconomic index (takenga mai: tauine - ruler, scale)

tauine pāpori

social indicator, social index (takenga mai: tauine - ruler, scale; pāpori - social)

tauine rawakore

poverty index (takenga mai: tauine - ruler, scale; rawakore - poor)

tauine tareka ā-utu

affordability index (takenga mai: tauine - ruler, scale)

tauine utu noho

cost of living index (takenga mai: tauine - ruler, scale)

tauine utuhoko

consumer price index, CPI (takenga mai: tauine - ruler, scale; utu - price, cost; hoko - to purchase, buy, sell)

tauira

pattern

tauiwi

non-Māori, foreigner

Taumāhekeheke o te Ao

Olympic Games

taumanu ~tia

reclaim, repossess

taumanu kai

food recovery, food rescue (takenga mai: taumanu - take possession of, repossess, reclaim) (kupu kē atu: pena kai)

taumanu para

waste recovery (takenga mai: taumanu - to take possession of, repossess, reclaim)

taumanu pūngao

energy recovery (takenga mai: taumanu - to take possession of, repossess, reclaim) (kupu kē atu: unu pūngao)

taumanu raraunga

data repatriation (takenga mai: taumanu - reclaim, repossess; raraunga - data)

taumanu rawa

resource recovery (takenga mai: taumanu - to take possession of, repossess, reclaim)

taumau ~tia

arranged marriage, betrothal

taunaha ~tia ~tanga

claim land by naming, pledge, set aside (kupu kē atu: tapatapa whenua)

taunaki ~tia ~ tanga

evidence, testimony, testify, reinforce, support

taunaki ~hia ~tanga

support, back, backing

taunekeneke ~tia

interact, interaction (kupu kē atu: pāhekoheko)

taunga

location

taunga tukutuku

Cartesian coordinates (takenga mai: taunga - position; tukutuku - grid)

taunoa ~tanga

normal, normalised, normalisation (takenga mai: tau - to settle on, come to rest; noa - common)

taupori

population (takenga mai: tau - number; pori - people, tribe)

taupori paheke

population decrease

taupori piki

population increase

taupori tuhene

overpopulation, overpopulated (takenga mai: tuhene - overmuch, excessive)

taupori tupurea

population explosion (takenga mai: tupu - to grow; rea - multiply) (kupu kē atu: taupori kaha piki)

taupuhipuhi

interdependence, interdependent

taupuni hangarua

recycling centre, recycling depot, resource recovery centre

taupuni para

refuse station, transfer station

taupuni rerenga

refugee camp

taupuni whakarau

detention centre, detention camp

taupuni whakatika parakaingaki

sewage treatment station, sewage treatment facility

taupuni whakatika waipara

wastewater treatment station (takenga mai: taupuni - station; whakatika - to rectify, correct; wai - water; para - waste)

taurite ira

gender balance

taurite mātāwaka

ethnic balance

tautaiao

eco~, environmentally friendly (takenga mai: tau – befitting, calm, settled; taiao – environment)

tautake

philosophy (kupu kē atu: rapunga whakaaro)

tautāwhi

sponsor, sponsorship (takenga mai: tautāwhi - to come to the assistance of, support)

tautāwhi koutangata

humanitarian aid

tautika

equity, equitable

tautika-kore

inequitable, inequity

tautohe ~a ~nga

controversy, dispute, controversial

tautohe matatika

ethical controversy, moral controversy

tautohe pāpori

social controversy

tautohe taiao

environmental controversy

tautohe tōrangapū

political controversy

tautoko

support, second (meeting term)

taututetute

conflict, dispute (kupu kē atu: taupatupatu, taukumekume)

taututetute tāwāhi

international dispute, international conflict

taututetute tōrangapū ā-whenua

geopolitical conflict, geopolitical dispute

tauutuutu

reciprocity, reciprocal

tauutuutu

protocol for speechmaking on marae where local speakers and visiting speakers alternate (kupu kē atu: tū atu tū mai)

Tauwharekākaho

Rolleston

tāware ~tia

scam (takenga mai: tāware - to dupe, deceive)

tāware koeko

pyramid scheme, pyramid scam (takenga mai: tāware - scam, to dupe, deceive; koeko - pyramid)

tāwari

to oppose (a claim to land)

tāwhangawhanga

bay

tāwhao

scrub, brushwood

tāwheta ā-iwi

tribalism, tribalistic (takenga mai: tāwheta - zeal, fervour; iwi - tribe)

tāwheta ā-whenua

nationalism, nationalistic (takenga mai: tāwheta - zeal, fervour; whenua - nation, country)

tāwheta rongopai

evangelism, evangelical (takenga mai: tāwheta - zeal, fervour, enthusiasm; rongopai - gospel)

Tāwini

Darwin (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Te Āporo Nui

New York

Te Araone

Sierra Leone (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Te Awahou

Foxton

Te Awakairangi

Lower Hutt

Te Awarua o Kāha

Gaza Strip (takenga mai: awarua - strip of territory between two tribes or rivers; Kāha [kupu mino] - Gaza)

Te Heke

The Hague (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Te Ika-a-Māui

North Island

Te Ika-a-Māui

North Island (kupu kē atu: Te Hutinga-a-Māui, Te Ikaroa-a-Māui)

Te Konika o Matamata

Mosgiel

Te Kūititanga

Quebec City (takenga mai: kūiti - peninsula) (kupu kē atu: Kuipeka [kupu mino])

Te Kūrae Matomato

Cabo Verde, Cape Verde

Te Motu Nehe

Antigua (takenga mai: moutere - island; nehe - ancient times)

Te Papa Atawhai

Department of Conservation

Te Poho-o-Pita

Vatican City (takenga mai: poho - bosom; Pita [kupu mino] - Peter)

Te Pōta o Pāniora

Port of Spain (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Te Rākau Whakamarumaru

National Emergency Management Agency, Civil Defence Aotearoa

Te Tai Rei

Cote d'Ivoire, Ivory Coast (takenga mai: tai - coast; rei - tusk, ivory)

Te Tai Tokerau

Northland (kupu kē atu: Te Hiku-o-te-Ika)

Te Tāone Nui o Mēhiko

Mexico City

Te Waipounamu

South Island (kupu kē atu: Te Waka-o-Māui, Te Waka-o-Aoraki)

Te Waka-o-Māui

South Island (kupu kē atu: Te Waipounamu, Te Wai Pounamu, Te Wāhi Pounamu, Te Waka-o-Aoraki)

Te Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Nū Tīreni

Declaration of the Independence of the United Tribes of New Zealand

Te Whanga-a-Kiwa

Vancouver

Te Whanga-nui-a-Tara

Wellington (kupu kē atu: Pōneke)

Te Whenua Tūhake o Āwherika Waenga

Central Africa Republic

Te Whenua Tūhake o Kōngo

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Te Whenua Tūhake o Tepūti

Republic of Djibouti

Te Whenua Tūhake o Tominika

Dominican Republic

teina

younger sister of a female, younger brother of a male (kupu kē atu: taina)

teitei

altitude

temepara Hinerū

Hindu temple (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

temepara Puta

Buddhist temple (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tenemāka

Denmark (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tēpoko

asbestos (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: kiripaka)

Terāna

Tehran (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Terewiwi

Tel Aviv (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Teroto

Lesotho (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tiakāta

Jakarta (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tiamana

Germany (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Hāmene)

Tiekerowākia

Czech Republic, Czechoslovakia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tīhati

jihad

tīhati whiwhita

fanatical jihadi (takenga mai: tīhati [kupu mino] - jihad; whiwhita - fanaticism, dedication)

tika

just, justice

tika āhuarangi

climate justice

tika hāmene

retributive justice (takenga mai: hāmene - to accuse, charge, penalty)

tika hohourongo

restorative justice (takenga mai: hohou rongo - to make peace)

tika pāpori

social justice

tika taunekeneke

procedural justice (takenga mai: taunekeneke - interaction, relationship)

tika tohatoha

distributive justice

tika whakamahu

transformative justice (takenga mai: whakamahu - to heal) (kupu kē atu: tika whakaumu)

tikakore

unjust

tikanga

custom, lore, practice, convention

tikanga ā-iwi

social science (kupu kē atu: mātauranga tangata)

tikanga ahurea

cultural practice

tikanga tauanga

statistical technique, statistical convention

tikanga tuku iho

traditional customs

tikanga whakamaru

safeguard, security convention, safety protocol

Tīmoa ki te Rāwhiti

East Timor

Timuwawe

Zimbabwe (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tino arikitanga

absolute monarchy

tino rangatiratanga

sovereignty, autonomy, self-determination (kupu kē atu: mana motuhake)

tino rangatiratanga2

sovereignty, autonomy, self-determination (kupu kē atu: mana motuhake)

Tiorangi

Iceland (takenga mai: tio - ice)

tīpako ~na ~nga

sample

Tīpete

Tibet (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tipiwhenua

nomad, nomadic, travel about (kupu kē atu: tangata takapau pōkai, kaewa)

tipu (o te) taupori

population growth, population increase

tipu ohaoha

economic growth

tipu taketake

indigenous vegetation, endemic vegetation (kupu kē atu: otaota taketake)

tipu taupūtanga

exponential growth

tipuna

grandparent, ancestor (kupu kē atu: tupuna)

Tīrau

Cromwell

Tirinaki Tōpako

Trinidad and Tobago (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tiringa

commission (finance) (takenga mai: tiri - share, portion)

tiriti

treaty (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tiriti takirua

bilateral treaty

tiriti takitini

multilateral treaty

tirohanga

view, lens, point of view, perspective

tirohanga tauanga

survey, statistical survey (takenga mai: tirohanga - view)

Tititea

Mount Aspiring

tītōhea

barren (land), infertile (ground), exhausted by over-cultivation

Tiwāri

Diwali (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tōhaunui

labour intensive, laborious (kupu kē atu: papatoiake, papatoieke)

tohe māhaki

passive protest, passive action (takenga mai: tohe - to contend with, argue, protest; māhaki - placid, mild)

tohe tū

direct action (takenga mai: tohe - to contend with, argue, persist; tū - to fight, engage, oppose)

tohenoho

sit in (takenga mai: tohe - to contend with, argue, protest; noho - to sit)

tohuwā ā-nuku

geologic time scale (takenga mai: tohu - to signal; wā - time; nuku - Earth)

toihara ira

sexist (takenga mai: toihara - discrimination; ira - gender)

toiora

able-bodied (takenga mai: toiora - sound, uninjured)

toitū ~tanga

sustainable, sustainability (kupu kē atu: whāomoomo)

toitūtanga pāpori

social sustainablity

toka haupapa

iceberg (kupu kē atu: motu haupapa)

tokahuke rino

iron ore

tōkeke

fair, impartial

tōkeke-kore

unfair (kupu kē atu: makihuhunu)

Tokerau

Tokelau (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tōkio

Tokyo (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Toko

Togo (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tokoiti

minority

tokomaha

majority

Tokoomo

Stolkholm (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tokoora

welfare, social welfare (takenga mai: toko - support; ora - welfare, well being; Te Tari Toko i te Ora - Department of Social Welfare)

tokorau ~tanga

divorce

tōmau ~tanga

patriotic, patriotism, loyal, loyalism (takenga mai: tōmau - staunch, steadfast, loyal)

tominiana

dominion (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tominika

Dominica (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tonga

Tonga

tōpūtanga

collective, association, consortium (takenga mai: tōpū - consolidated, merged, united)

tōpūtanga kanorau

melting pot, diverse amalgamation

tōpūtanga mahitahi

cooperative (takenga mai: tōpū - consolidated, merged, united; mahi - work; tahi - as one, together)

tōpūtanga whakawaimeha

melting pot, assimilative amalgamation (takenga mai: tōpūtanga - collective; whakawaimeha [waimeha] - to be diluted; whakawaimeha ahurea - cultural assimilation)

tōrangapū

politics, political

tōrangapū ā-whenua

geopolitics, geopolitical

tōrangapū huriao

global politics

tōtara wāhi rua

divided, polarised, split (kupu kē atu: totoe)

tū kiritahi

individual action, individual stance (takenga mai: tū - stance, to fight or oppose; kiri - person, self; tahi - single, one) (kupu kē atu: kawenga kiritahi)

tū kiritōpū

collective action, collective stance (takenga mai: tū - stance, to fight or oppose; kiri - person, self; tōpū - as a group) (kupu kē atu: kawenga kiritōpū)

tū whakatete

brinkmanship (takenga mai: tū - stance, position; whakatete - quarrel, disagreement, obstinate)

tūāhanga

infrastructure (takenga mai: tūā [tūāpapa] - foundation; hanga [hanganga] - structure) (kupu kē atu: pūnahahanga)

tūāhanga hauora

health infrastructure

tūāhanga kākāriki

green infrastructure (kupu kē atu: pūnahahanga kākāriki)

tūāhanga kura

school infrastructure

tūāhanga mātāmua

primary infrastructure, critical infrastructure

tūāhanga pūngao

energy infrastructure

tūāhanga raraupori

civic infrastructure

tūāhanga rerewhenua

rail infrastructure

tūāhanga rori

roading infrastructure

tūāhanga tūnuku

transport infrastructure (kupu kē atu: pūnahahanga tūnuku)

tūāhanga wai

water infrastructure

tūāhanga wai-toru

three-waters infrastructure

tūāhanga waipara

wastewater infrastructure

tūāhanga wharenoho

housing infrastructure

tuahine

sister of a male

tūāhu

outdoor altar, sacred place for ritual practices

tūāhuatanga o mua

historical event, past event (takenga mai: tūāhua - situation)

tūāhuatanga tāpua

significant event

tuakana

older sister of a female, older brother of a male

tuakiri

identity

tuakiri ā-ira

gender identity

tuakiri ā-iwi

tribal identity

tuakiri ā-motu

national identity (kupu kē atu: tuakiri ā-whenua)

tuakiri ā-whenua

national identity (kupu kē atu: tuakiri ā-motu)

tuakiri ahurea

cultural identity

tuakiri whaiaro

personal identity

tuakoi raki

northern hemisphere

tuakoi tonga

southern hemisphere

tuakoka

poverty, poverty-stricken, destitute, extremely poor

tuanui ~tanga

dictatorship (takenga mai: tuanui - harsh, overbearing; tuanui [whakatuanui] - authoritarian, autocratic)

tuanui angahaorawa

fascism, capitalist dictatorship (takenga mai: tuanui - harsh, overbearing; tuanui [whakatuanui] - autocratic, authoritarian; anga - structure, framework; hao - acquisitive, greedy; angahaorawa - capitalism)

tuanui angatōpū

communist dictatorship (takenga mai: tuanui - harsh, overbearing; tuanui [whakatuanui] -autocratic, authoritarian; anga - structure, framework; tōpū - combined, as a group, collective; angatōpū - communism)

tuanui arotau

benevolent dictatorship (takenga mai: arotau - to look kindly on, favourable)

tūao

volunteer, voluntary

tūāpori

civilisation (takenga mai: tūā[tūāpapa] - foundation; pori - people, tribe; pori [porihanga] - society)

tūāpori o te rātō

western civilisation

tūāpori tuauri

ancient civilisation

tuari ~hia

distribute, distribution, allocate, allocation

tuari (o te) taupori

population distribution

tuari matawhenua

geographical distribution, geographical spread

tuauri whāioio

prehistoric times, very ancient past

tuawhenua

rural, rural locality, hinterland

tūhāhā

uniqueness (kupu kē atu: āhua ake, āhua motuhake)

tuhi mahere

cartography (takenga mai: tuhi - draw, write; mahere - map)

tuhinga taketake

original document

tūhonohono ~tia

connect, connectivity

tūhonohono ~a

interrelated, interrelatedness

tukanga

process

tukanga koiora

biological process

tukanga māori

natural process

tukanga pūhanga

mechanical process

tukanga toitū

sustainable process

tukanga whakatau

decision making process

tūkauati

whirlwind, tornado, twister (kupu kē atu: āwhiowhio, hau pūkerikeri)

tūkino ~tia ~tanga

ill treat, torture, abuse (kupu kē atu: maukino)

tūkino tamariki

child abuse

tūkinotanga

injustice, maltreatment (kupu kē atu: hēnga)

tūkinotanga o mua

historical abuse

tūkinotanga pāpori

social injustice (kupu kē atu: hēnga pāpori)

tukipoto whakatuatea

terrorist attack

tuku ihotanga o te reo

intergenerational language transmission

tukuhua

yield (takenga mai: tuku - to release, set free, give; hua - produce, fruit)

Tukumanatānga

Turkmenistan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tukuoha

philanthropy (takenga mai: tuku - to give; oha - generous,munificent, gift)

tukuora

amenity (takenga mai: tuku - to provide; ora - health, wellness)

tukuora matua

basic amenity

tukupohū whakamomori

suicide bombing (takenga mai: tuku - to release; pohū - bomb; whakamomori - suicide)

tukurau ~tia ~tanga

multiple reuse

tukurua ~tia ~tanga

reuse (kupu kē atu: whakamahi anō)

tukutuku

grid

tukuwaro-iti

low carbon emission (takenga mai: tuku - to release; waro - carbon; iti - small, little)

tukuwaro-kore

carbon-zero, carbon neutral (takenga mai: tuku - to release; waro - carbon; kore - zero, nil)

tūmata kōpani

enclosed incineration (takenga mai: tūmata - to burn, incinerate; kōpani - enclosed)

tūmatatenga ahurea

culture shock (takenga mai: tūmatatenga - apprehension, anxiety, unease)

tumu kōrero o mua

historian (kupu kē atu: kaimātai hītori)

tūnga whāomoomo

conservation status

tungāne

brother of a female

Tūnihia

Tunisia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tūnuku

transport, transportation (takenga mai: tū - manner, sort, type of; nuku - move, shift)

tūnuku ā-papa

land transport

tūnuku ā-rangi

air transport

tūnuku ā-wai

water transport

tūnuku kori

active transport (takenga mai: tū - manner, sort, type of; nuku - to move, shift; tūnuku - transport; kori - active)

tūoho

aware, awareness, conscious, consciousness (takenga mai: tū - position, stance; oho - awake,arise, be roused [of feelings])

tūoho ahurea

cultural awareness, cultural sensitivity, culturally aware

tūoho haumaru

safety conscious, safety awareness

tūoho pāpori

social awareness, socially aware

tūoho tōrangapū

political awareness, politically aware

tūoho whaiaro

self awareness, personal awareness

tūohotata

state of emergency (takenga mai: tū - to take place; ohotata - emergency)

tūohotata ā-motu

national emergency

tūohotata haukāinga

local emergency (kupu kē atu: tūohotata ā-rohe)

Tupae

Dubai (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tupe ~a ~nga

disarm, disarmament

tūpore ~tia ~tanga

altruism, altruistic (takenga mai: tūpore - to care for, look after, treat kindly) (kupu kē atu: ngākau aroha, tauwhiro)

turaki ~na ~tanga

overthrow

tūranga ohapori

socioeconomic status

tūranga pāpori

social status, social position (kupu kē atu: mana pāpori)

tūrangawaewae

place of belonging

tūraru

risk (takenga mai: tū [tūponotanga] - chance, probability; raru - trouble, problem, dispute)

tūraru

risk, at risk (takenga mai: tū - position, stance; tū [tūponotanga] - chance; raru - in difficulty, trouble)

tūraru ahumoni

financial risk

tūraru haumitanga

investment risk

ture

law, act (of parliament), rule, statute (takenga mai: He kupu mino [reo Hīperu].)

Ture

Torah (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Tōraha)

ture ā-rohe

bylaw (kupu kē atu: paeroa [kupu mino])

ture porihanga

civil law

ture taihara

criminal law

turekore

anarchy, lawlessness (takenga mai: ture - law; kore - nil, negative)

turepapa

constitution (takenga mai: ture - law; papa [tūāpapa] - foundation, platform)

turingonge

dysfunction, dysfunctional, lame (takenga mai: turingongengonge - crippled, lame, malfunctioning)

turingonge ā-whānau

family dysfunction

turingonge porihanga

societal dysfunction

turingonge tōrangapū

political dysfunction

turingonge tuku iho

intergenerational dysfunction, generational dysfunction

tūrourou hinengaro

indoctrinate, brainwash (takenga mai: tūrourou - to reach or manipulate with a pole or stick) (kupu kē atu: takapapa hinengaro)

tūtanga

equity (finance) (takenga mai: tūtanga - portion, division)

tūtei tomokanga

gatekeeping, gatekeeper (takenga mai: tūtei - to keep watch, sentry; tomokanga - entrance, entry)

tūtohe māhaki

passive picket (takenga mai: tū - to stand, engage, oppose; tohe - to argue, contend; māhaki - mild, placid)

tūtohe whakatōhenehene

disruptive picket (takenga mai: tū - to stand, engage, oppose; tohe - to argue, contend; whakatōhenehene - to disrupt)

tūtohetohe

activism (takenga mai: tū - position, stance; tohetohe - argue, persist, protest)

tūtohu ~a ~nga

recommend, recommendation

tūtohu mahi

terms of reference, job specification (takenga mai: tūtohu - to prescribe; mahi - work, job, action)

tutūnga porihanga

civil disobedience (takenga mai: tutū - insubordination, rebellion, disobedience; porihanga - society)

tutūnga puehu

uproar, disturbance, furore

Tūwaru

Tuvalu (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tūwhana

radical (takenga mai: tū - to oppose, fight, position, stance; whana - to revolt, rebel)

tūwhena

stable (takenga mai: tū - to stand, set in place; whena - firm, steady)

tūwhena pāpori

social stability (takenga mai: tū - to stand, establish; whena - firm, steady)

tūwhita kai

food security (takenga mai: tū - stance, position; whita - to be firm, secure)

tūwhita pūngao

energy security (takenga mai: tū - position, stance; whita - to be firm, secure)

tūwhiti ~a ~nga

deport, banish, expel (kupu kē atu: terepu)

u

uaparenga

scapegoat (takenga mai: uapare - to pass the blame)

uara ~tia

value

uara taupatupatu

conflicting values

uara whaiaro

personal values

uara whēnakonako

sentimental value (takenga mai: uara - value; whēnakonako - to be wistful, yearn, long for; whēnakonako - nostalgic)

Uawa

Tolaga Bay

uepū

caucus, group (takenga mai: uepū - company, party, crew, group)

Uhipeketāne

Uzbekistan (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ui ~a ~nga

inquire, question

ui tikanga

point of order (takenga mai: ui - question, query; tikanga - convention)

uiui ~a ~nga

interview, ask

ūkaipō

true home, source of sustenance

Ukānga

Uganda (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ukareinga

Ukraine (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

umanga

company (business), agency (kupu kē atu: kamupene [kupu mino])

umanga inihua

insurance company

umanga taunaha tāpui

limited liability company

uniana (kaimahi)

(workers) union (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

upoko

chair, chairperson (takenga mai: upoko - head) (kupu kē atu: heamana [kupu mino], tiamana [kupu mino])

ure tārewa

senior male line of descent

uri

offspring, descendants, relatives (kupu kē atu: huauri)

Ūropi

Europe (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ūropi ki te Rāwhiti

Eastern Europe

Ūropi ki te Uru

Western Europe (takenga mai: Ūropi - Europe [kupu mino])

uruhi ~a

enforce, implement, compel, coercion

Urukoi

Uruguay (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

urupare

respond, response, responsive

urupare ahurea

cultural response, cultural responsiveness

Urupatu Hūrae

Holocaust (takenga mai: urupatu - annihilation; Hūrae [kupu mino] - Jew)

ururua

vegetation, ground cover (takenga mai: ururua - scrub, brushwood, fresh growth)

urutau ~nga

adapt, adaptation

urutomo

invade, invasion

uruwhenua

passport (takenga mai: uru - to enter; whenua - country, nation)

utu ~a

cost, price, pay, payment

utu ā-haora

wage

utu ā-haora mōkito

minimum wage

utu ā-haora whaiora

living wage

utu ā-tau

salary

utu harangote

instalment (takenga mai: utu - to pay; harangote [harangotengote] - piecemeal or by instalments)

utu hokorau

wholesale price

utu kaihoko

retail price, purchase price

utu noho

cost of living

utu tūmua

excess (insurance) (takenga mai: utu - payment; tū - to stand, set in place; mua - in front, before)

utu waihanga

cost price, manufacturing price

utu whaipānga

dividend (takenga mai: utu - payment; whaipānga - to have a share, interest)

utu whakahaere

overhead (finance) (takenga mai: utu - cost; whakahaere - to operate, administer)

utu whakakapi

replacement cost

utu whakaparo

paywave (takenga mai: whakaparo - to hover)

utu-whaihua

cost-effective, cost-effectiveness (takenga mai: utu - cost, price, payment; whaihua - beneficial, worthwhile)

utuhoko inihua

insurance premium

w

wā haumi

investment period

wā mukuhara

amnesty (takenga mai: wā - time; muku - to wipe out, delete; hara - crime, offence)

wae tāpoi

tourist (takenga mai: wae - leg, foot; tāpoi - tourism)

waenga-matau

centre-right

waenga-mauī

centre-left

waengahuru

decile (takenga mai: wae [waeine] - unit of measurement; ngahuru - ten)

waengahuru hahaka

low decile

waengahuru teitei

high decile

waengahuru waenga

mid decile

waerea

protective incantation

waeture

regulation (kupu kē atu: ture ārahi)

waewae tapu

stranger or newcomer to a particular place

wahapū

estuary

wāheke

future time (takenga mai: wā - time; heke - to be coming) (kupu kē atu: anamata)

wāheke mamao

distant future

wāhi hoko

point of sale, POS

wāhi tāpua

significant site

wahine moe tāne

heterosexual female

Wāhitāone

Washington (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

wai

water

wai hawa

contaminated water (takenga mai: hawa [tāhawahawa] - to contaminate)

wai inu

drinking water, potable water

wai māori

fresh water, drinking water

wai para

wastewater

wai rere noa

runoff (takenga mai: wai - water; rere - to flow; noa - without restraint)

wai ua

stormwater, rain water

wai whakapākeka

leachate (takenga mai: pākeka – land that has been exhausted by cultivation) (kupu kē atu: wai papī)

waiaro

attitude

waihanga mōhiotanga

create knowledge

Waiharakeke

Blenheim

waihina

greywater

waiho ~tia ~tanga

endow, endowment (takenga mai: waiho - to leave)

Waihōpai

Invercargill

Waimea

Richmond

wainuku

groundwater (takenga mai: wai - water; nuku - earth)

waipango

blackwater

waipapa

surface water (takenga mai: wai - water; papa - surface, earth)

waipara

wastewater (takenga mai: wai - water; para - sediment, waste)

waipuke ~hia

flood

Waitohi

Picton

waitohu tutukinga

performance indicator (takenga mai: waitohu - to indicate, signify; tutuki - achieved, completed)

waka noho

camper van, motor home

waka noho tūhake

self contained campervan (takenga mai: waka - vehicle; noho - to dwell; tū - to stand; hake [motuhake] - independent)

waka tūmatanui

public transport (kupu kē atu: tūnuku tūmatanui)

wāmua

past time (kupu kē atu: inamata)

wāmua mamao

distant past

wāmua tata

recent past

wānanga ~tia

knowledge and understanding (usually tribal), deliberate, consider, discuss

wāora

lifespan, life expectancy

wāriu

value (monetary) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

wāriu mākete

market value

wāriu pūrawa

capital value

wātū

present time (takenga mai: wā - time; tū - to stop, halt)

wawaetanga

subdivision (takenga mai: wawae - to divide, separate)

Wēneti

Venice (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Wēra

Wales (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

wero

challenge, ceremonial challenge (kupu kē atu: taki)

wero hirikapo

cognitive challenge

wetehere ~a ~nga

liberate, liberation, emancipatory (takenga mai: wete - to release, untie, set free; here - shackle, tie, restriction)

Wēteriana

Wesleyan, Methodist (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

wetetāmi ~tanga

decolonisation (takenga mai: wete - to set free, release, untie, unravel; tāmi - colonise - suppress, repress)

Wikitōria

Victoria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Wīwī

France (takenga mai: He kupu mino [reo Wīwī].) (kupu kē atu: Parani)

wh

(whaka) pononga

slave, slavery

(whaka) haumanu ~tia

regenerate, restore, rehabilitate (takenga mai: haumanu - to restore to health)

(whaka) mahere

plan

(whaka) wātea ~tanga

free, freedom, liberty (kupu kē atu: herekore)

whai mōhiotanga

acquire knowledge, knowledge acquisition

whai paparanga

hierarchical (takenga mai: whai - to have, possess; paparanga - layer)

whai taunaki

evidence based (takenga mai: whai - to possess, have; taunakitanga - evidence)

whai wāhi ~tanga

participate, participation, engage, engagement, have opportunity to, have access to (kupu kē atu: kuhukuhu)

whai wāhitanga tukipū

universal access (takenga mai: whai wāhitanga - have access to, participation, have opportunity to; tukipū - general, widespread)

whaikaha

efficacy, efficacious (takenga mai: whai - to have, possess; kaha - power, strength, ability)

whaikaha whaiaro

self-efficacy (takenga mai: whai - to have, possess; kaha - ability, strength; whaiaro - personal)

whaikōrero ~hia

(ceremonial) speech, formal speech

whaina ~tia

fine (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

whāinga arumoni

commercial goal (kupu kē atu: whāinga tauhokohoko)

whāinga paetata

short term goal

whāinga paetawhiti

long term goal

whāinga pāpori

social agenda, social goal

whāinga tauhokohoko

commercial goal (kupu kē atu: whāinga arumoni)

Whāingaroa

Raglan

whairawa

wealthy, rich

whaitua tūmatanui

public spaces

whakaae i runga i te mōhio

informed consent

whakaaetanga matatika

ethic approval

whakaangi

step relationship

whakaaotanga

globalisation

whakaaotanga kai

food globalisation

whakaapiapi ~tia ~tanga

increase density, intensify (housing etc) (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; apiapi - dense, crowded)

whakaariki ā-iwi

ethnocentric, ethnocentricism (kupu kē atu: rītaha ā-iwi)

whakaaro

opinion

whakaaro arohaehae

critical thinking

whakaaro arorau

logical thinking

whakaaro kaurapa

lateral thinking (takenga mai: kaurapa - having broad lateral projections)

whakaaro kotahi ~tia

unanimous, unanimity

whakaaro kūiti

narrow minded (takenga mai: whakaaro - thought; kūiti - narrow, confined)

whakaaro māhorahora

freethinking

whakaaro o te marea

public opinion

whakaaro porohuri

disruptive thinking (takenga mai: porohuri - to upset, overturn)

whakaaro roha

divergent thinking (takenga mai: roha – to spread out, extend out)

whakaaro rūnā

convergent thinking (takenga mai: rūnā - to reduce, pare down)

whakaaro tāhūrua

binary thinking, dichotomous thinking (takenga mai: tāhū - ridge beam of a house; rua - two)

whakaaro taupatupatu

conflicting idea

whakaaro torotika

linear thinking

whakaaro tūāpapa

lower order thinking (takenga mai: tūāpapa - foundation, platform)

whakaaro tūārangi

higher order thinking (takenga mai: tūā [tūāpapa] - foundation; rangi - sky, upper realm)

whakaaro tūhāngai

concrete thinking (takenga mai: tū - manner, sort; hāngai - correspond to, in line with, directly)

whakaaro tūrehurehu

abstract thinking, abstract reasoning (takenga mai: tū - manner, sort; rehurehu - to be seen indistinctly) (kupu kē atu: whakaaro waitara)

whakaaro tuwhera

open minded, open mind (takenga mai: whakaaro - thought; tuwhera - to be open)

whakaaro whakatuanui

dogma (takenga mai: whakaaro - thought, idea; whakatuanui - overbearing, domineering)

whakaarumoni ~ngia

commercialise

whakaata ~ngia ~tanga

represent, portray, representivity (takenga mai: whakaata - to reflect)

whakaatanga tarepa

under-representation (takenga mai: tarepa - to be incomplete, in deficit)

whakaatanga tuhene

over-representation (takenga mai: tuhene - overmuch, excessive)

whakaaturanga

performance, exhibition

whakaaturanga a-rēhia

show, concert, performance

whakaaturanga ātanga

beauty pageant, beauty parade

whakaea ~tia

repay, settle a debt

whakaeke ~a

embark, proceed (on to marae)

whakaeo ~tia ~tanga

disempower, disempowerment

whakahaere ~tia

organise, organisation, manage, administer

whakahaere ~tia

organise, organisation, manage, administer

whakahaere monihua-kore

non-profit organisation

whakahaere ōkawa

formal proceeding

whakahaere para

waste management

whakahaere rawa

resource management

whakahaere tūhake

non-governmental organisation, NGO (takenga mai: whakahaere - organisation; tū - to stand; hake [motuhake] - independent) (kupu kē atu: whakahaere tārake)

whakahaere wā

time management

whakahangahanga

diplomacy, diplomatic (takenga mai: whakahangahanga - to handle gently)

whakahaumako horihori

artificial fertiliser

whakahāwea ~tia ~tanga

discriminate against, discrimination, despise, degrade (kupu kē atu: whakatoihara)

whakahē ~ngia

object, oppose

whakahekenga

inheritance (takenga mai: whakaheke - to hand down, bequeath)

whakahekenga utu

discount

whakahoki ~a ~tanga

repatriate, return, repatriation

whakahokinga moni

refund

whakahorohoro ~tia

to abolish, do away with

whakahou ~tia ~tanga

amend, amendment, revise, revision

whakaiti para

waste reduction, waste minimisation

whakakake

self-righteous, conceited, arrogant, self-righteousness (takenga mai: whakakake - to assume superiority, self importance)

whakakanorautanga

diversification

whakakino ~tia ~tanga

degrade, degradation, damage, spoil (kupu kē atu: takakino)

whakakoia meka

fact check (takenga mai: whakakoia - to affirm, confirm; meka - fact, truth)

whakakonuka

corrupt, corruption

whakakoraha

desertification

whakakore waeture

deregulate, deregulation

whakakura

romanticise, romanticisation (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; kura - valued possession)

whakamaharatanga

monument, memorial, commemoration

whakamahere

plan

whakamahere pūtea

budgeting

whakamahere tauatanga

succession planning (takenga mai: taua - to succeed, be next in succession)

whakamahi mōhiotanga

apply knowledge

whakamahuki ~tia ~tanga

enlighten, Enlightenment

whakamāmā tāke

tax concession, tax break (takenga mai: whakamāmā - to ease, relieve, lighten)

whakamana ~hia ~tanga

empower, empowerment

whakamāori hītōria

historical interpretation (kupu kē atu: whakamāori aronehe)

whakamārie

pacify, placate

whakamārire

reconcile, reconciliatory, pacify (kupu kē atu: whakaepaepa)

whakamaru ohotata

civil defence, emergency management (takenga mai: whakamaru - to protect, shelter; ohotata - emergency)

whakamaru pae kati

border security, border protection

whakamaru raraunga

data security

whakamaru taiao

environmental protection, environmental safeguard

whakamaru whenua

national security

whakamātūtū ~tanga

rehabilitate, regenerate

whakamauru ~tia ~tanga

mitigate, mitigation

whakamoamoa

frugal, economise, thrifty (takenga mai: whakamoamoa - economise, husband) (kupu kē atu: whāomoomo)

whakamōmona ~tia ~tanga

exaggerate, exaggeration, exaggerated (takenga mai: whakamōmona - to fatten, enrich)

whakamoni ~hia ~tanga

monetise, monetisation (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; moni [kupu mino] - money)

whakamōtī

exterminate, annihilate, devastate, devastation

whakanao ~hia ~tanga

manufacture (takenga mai: whakanao - make, manipulate, operate on)

whakanaotanga toitū

sustainable production

whakanehenehe

afforestation

whakangahau ~tia

entertain, entertainment

whakangongo pāpori

social amnesia (takenga mai: whakangongo - to neglect, disregard, pay no attention to) (kupu kē atu: wareware pāpori)

whakanōhanga hou

resettlement

whakanōhanga tohuhere

forced resettlement (takenga mai: tohu - to direct; here - restriction, obligation)

whakanoho toiroa

pepper potting (takenga mai: whakanoho - placement; toiroa - wide apart)

Whakaora

El Salvador

Whakaoriori

Masterton

whakapae ~tia

accuse, accusation, allege, allegation, assert, assertion (kupu kē atu: whakatuaki)

whakapae ~tia ~tanga

hypothesis, hypothetical

whakapāha

apology, regret, apologise

whakapakari raukaha

capacity building

whakapakeke ~tia ~tanga

to raise (a child etc), upbringing

whakapakoko

statue

whakapapa ~tia

genealogy, lineage, descent

whakaparahako ~tia ~tanga

marginalise, belittle, marginalisation

whakapaunga

expenditure, expenses

whakapeto ~hia ~nga

consume, consumption, consumerism

whakapiere waipēhi

hydraulic fracturing, fracking (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; piere - crack, fissure; waipēhi - hydraulic)

whakapiki tūoho

awareness raising, consciousness raising

whakapikinga utu (hoko)

mark up

whakapoapoa ~ina

incentivise

whakapono ~tia

belief, ideology, doctrine

whakapono korokē

unorthodox beliefs (takenga mai: korokē - extraordinary, strange, eccentric)

whakapono taupatupatu

conflicting belief

whakapono tōrangapū

political belief, political ideology

whakaporipori

socialise, socialisation (takenga mai: whaka - causative pefix; pori [pāpori] - social)

whakapūmau ~tia ~tanga

ratify, certify, validate

whakaputa ~ina ~nga

produce, production

whakaputa kāriki

green production

whakaputa maharatanga

recall

whakaputa matatika

ethical production

whakaputa ngahue

mass produce, mass production (takenga mai: ngahue - in abundance, in great numbers)

whakaraerae

threatened (of a species) (takenga mai: whakaraerae - to be vulnerable)

whakaraerae ā-motu

nationally vulnerable (of a species)

whakaraerae kore

not threatened (of a species)

whakarake ~a

deforestation (kupu kē atu: tuangahere)

whakarato ~a ~nga

supply, provision

whakaratonga tuhene

excess supply, oversupply

whakarau ~a ~nga

detain, detainee, confine, imprison

whakataetae ~tia

compete, competition

whakatahi ~nga

evacuate, evacuation, withdraw, retreat

whakatairanga ~hia

advertise, promote, market (kupu kē atu: pānui hokohoko)

whakatairite ~a

compare, comparison (kupu kē atu: whakataurite)

whakatāone ~tia ~tanga

urbanise, urbanisation

whakatapu ~a ~nga

place a tapu or restriction on something, consecrate, consecration, sanctify

whakatārewa

moratorium, suspension, postpone, postponement (takenga mai: whakatārewa - to suspend, postpone, defer, set aside)

whakatatū taututetute

conflict resolution

whakatau ~ria ~nga

decide, decision, determine

whakatau ~ria

welcome, ceremony of welcome

whakatau mana

impose authority

whakatauaro ~hia

(to) contrast (takenga mai: whakataurite – compare; tauaro – be opposite)

whakatauhoko ~tia ~tanga

commodify, commodification (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; tauhoko [tauhokohoko] - trade, commerce)

whakatāuke ~tia

segregate, segregation (kupu kē atu: tāuketanga [tūingoa])

whakataunga tōpū

shared decision, collective decision (takenga mai: tōpū - combined, unified, consolidated)

whakataunga tōtahi

autocratic decision (takenga mai: tōtahi - single, solitary)

whakataurangi ~tia

pledge

whakataurekareka

objectify, objectification, dehumanise (takenga mai: whakataurekareka - treat with contempt, subjugate, deride)

whakataurite ~a

compare, comparison (kupu kē atu: whakatairite)

whakatete ~a

disagreement, tension, quarrel, discord (kupu kē atu: taukumekume)

whakatika matū

chemical treatment

whakatika para

waste treatment (kupu kē atu: whakatika - to correct, rectify)

whakatika parakaingaki

sewerage treatment, sewage treatment

whakatika waipara

wastewater treatment

whakatipu huanga kai

crop farming, cropping (takenga mai: whakatipu - to grow; huanga kai - crop)

whakatīwheta hemahema

sexual harassment (takenga mai: whakatīwheta - to torment, harass, annoy; hemahema - to make amorous advances)

whakatōhenehene ~tia

demonstration, stage a demonstration (takenga mai: whakatōhenehene - disturb, disrupt)

whakatoihara ā-ira

gender discrimination, sexism (kupu kē atu: aukatinga ā-ira)

whakatoihara hauā

ableism, disableism (takenga mai: whakatoihara - discrimination, prejudice, intolerance; hauā - disabled) (kupu kē atu: aukatinga hauā)

whakatoihara taipakeke

age discrimination, ageism (kupu kē atu: aukatinga taipakeke)

Whakatū

Nelson

whakatuanui ~tanga

hegenomy, domination

whakatuanui ahurea

cultural hegemony

whakatuanui kirimā

white supremacy (takenga mai: whakatuanui - domination, arrogance; kiri - skin; mā - white) (kupu kē atu: whakatuanui kiritea)

whakatuanui ohaoha

economic hegemony

whakatuanui tōrangapū

political hegemony

whakatuatea

terrorism (kupu kē atu: whakatumatuma)

whakatūmataiti ~hia ~tanga

privatise, privatisation

whakaturi ~hia ~tanga

reconcile, appease, reconciliation, conciliation

whakatūturu ~tia ~tanga

validate, validation

whakatūwhana

radicalise (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; tūwhana - radical; tū - to oppose, fight; whana - revolt, rebel)

whakaū poripori

social conditioning (takenga mai: whakaū - to make firm, establish, reinforce; poripori [whakaporipori] - socialisation; pori [pāpori] - social)

whakaumu ~tia

transform, transformational

whakaumu pāpori

social renewal, social transformation

whakauruuru (ahurea) ~a ~nga

(cultural) integration

whakawā ~ngia ~tanga

judge, adjudicate, arbitrate, judgement

whakawaimeha (ahurea) ~tia ~nga

(cultural) assimilation (takenga mai: waimeha - diluted) (kupu kē atu: whakahanumi [iwi])

whakaweti ā-ipurangi

cyberbully, cyberbullying

whakaweti momo kē

xenophobia, xenophobic (takenga mai: whakaweti - to threaten, bully, intimidate; weti [wetiweti] - abhorrent, repulsive; momo - race; kē - different) (kupu kē atu: whakatoihara)

whakawhanake toitū

sustainable development

whakawhitinga aunoa

automatic transfer

whakawhitinga tāhiko

electronic transfer

whana

revolt, revolution, rebellion, uprising

whanake, whakawhanake ~tanga

develop, development (takenga mai: whanake - to move onwards, to grow, to develop)

whanaketanga ahumahi

industrial development

whanaketanga hangarau

technological development

whanaketanga ohaoha

economic development

whanaketanga pāpori

social development

whanaketanga reo

language development, linguistic development

whanaketanga tamariki

child development

whanaketanga tangata

human development

whanaketanga tāone

urban development

whānako haupatu

aggravated robbery

whānako iti

minor theft

whānau

family, extended family

whānau whirihono

blended family (takenga mai: whiri - to plait, twist together; hono - to join together)

whanga

harbour, cove

whanokē

nonconforming, nonconformist (takenga mai: whanokē - perculiar, different, odd)

whanonga

behaviour

whanonga pāpori

social behaviour

whanotau

conform, conformist (takenga mai: whano [whanonga] - behaviour; whano - e whai ana i tā te whanokē; tau - suitable, settled)

whāomoomo

conserve, conservation (takenga mai: whāomoomo - to conserve, husband, use sparingly) (kupu kē atu: whakauka)

whare karakia

church, house of prayer, place of worship

whare karakia Hūrae

synagogue (takenga mai: Hūrae - Jew, Jewish) (kupu kē atu: whare Hūrae)

whare karakia Ihirama

mosque (takenga mai: Ihirama - Islam, Islamic) (kupu kē atu: whare Ihirama, whare karakia Muhirama)

whare kāriki

green house, green housing, green home

whare pūranga

archival storehouse, repository (kupu kē atu: rua mahara)

whare taonga

museum (kupu kē atu: whare pupuri taonga, whare tongarewa)

wharenoho

housing, accommodation, hostel

wharenoho ahupori

social housing (takenga mai: ahu - to tend, foster, nurture; pori [pāpori] - social) (kupu kē atu: whare pāpori)

wharenoho mātoru-iti

low density housing

wharenoho mātoru-nui

high density housing

wharenoho mātoru-waenga

medium density housing

wharenoho ohotata

emergency housing, emergency accommodation

wharenoho pūmau

permanent housing, permanent accommodation

wharenoho rīhi

rental housing, rental accommodation, lease housing

wharenoho taupua

temporary housing, temporary accommodation

wharenoho tauwhiro

transitional housing, transitional accommodation (takenga mai: tauwhiro [tauwhirowhiro] - transition, about to change; tauwhiro - to tend, care for)

wharenoho teitei

high-rise apartment

wharenoho whakakapi

infill housing (takenga mai: whakakapi - to fill up a space, occupy, cover)

Whāreta

Valleta (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

whārua

valley (kupu kē atu: pārua, tairua, taiororua)

whatunga pakihi

business network

whatutoto

advanced

whāurunga

input (takenga mai: whā - causative prefix; uru - to enter, go in)

whawhenga kāwanatanga

government intervention (takenga mai: whawhe - to manipulate, interfere with)

wheketere

factory (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

whēnakonako ~tanga

nostalgia, nostalgic (takenga mai: whēnakonako - to be wistful, yearn)

whenua

land, country, nation, state

whenua ao-rua

second world nation

whenua ao-tahi

first world nation

whenua ao-toru

third world nation

Whenua Kanaki

New Caledonia (kupu kē atu: Kanaki, Niu Karetōnia)

whenua maru

colony (takenga mai: whenua - country; maru - shaded, sheltered) (kupu kē atu: whenua tāmi, koroni [kupu mino])

whenua moutere

island nation

whenua tairanga

alpine area (takenga mai: tairanga - to be elevated)

whenua tokoora

welfare state

whenua tūhake

republic (takenga mai: whenua - country, nation, state; tū - to stand; hake [motuhake] - separate, independent, stand alone)

whenua tūhake manapori

democratic republic

whenua tūhake whakatuanui

autocratic republic

whenua whakaterātō

western country, westernised nation

whenua whakawhanake

developing nation, developing country

whenua whakawhirinaki

dependency, dependent nation (kupu kē atu: whenua pararau)

whenua whanake

developed nation, developed country

whenua-kore

stateless

Whenuakāriki

Greenland

Whenuatū

Vanuatu (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Whiena

Vienna (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Whinarana

Finland (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Hinerangi)

(whaka) whirinaki ~tia ~tanga

depend, dependency (kupu kē atu: pararau)

whirinaki tokoora

welfare dependency (takenga mai: whirinaki - to depend on, rely on; toko - support; ora - life, wellbeing; tokoora - welfare) (kupu kē atu: pararau tokoora)

whiriwhiri ~a ~nga

negotiate, consult, negotiation

Whītī

Fiji (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Whitināmu

Vietnam (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

whiu ~a ~nga

penalise, penalty, punish, punishment, sanction

whiunga tauhokohoko

trade sanction (takenga mai: whiunga - penalty)

whiwhi mahi

employment, employed

whiwhi painga

privilege, privileged (takenga mai: whiwhi - to have, acquire, possess; painga - benefit, advantage)

whiwhi painga ā-ira

gender privilege

whiwhi painga hāhi

religious privilege

whiwhi painga kirimā

white privilege

whiwhi painga ohapori

socioeconomic privilege

whiwhi painga taearo

heterosexual privilege

whiwhita

fanaticism, fanatical

Whōrene

Florence (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)