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Welcome to PAEKUPU, words related to Te Marautanga o Aotearoa. Curriculum areas presently available on PAEKUPU: Toi Ataata, Te Reo Matatini, Puoro, Te Reo Pāngarau, Te Reo Pūtaiao, Ngā Mahi a te Rēhia, Hangarau, Tikanga ā-Iwi, Hauora
 
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Hauora

Hauora

Māori → English

a

āhuatanga reremua

upstream factor (takenga mai: rere - to flow; mua - before, in front)

ai haumaru

safe sex

aituā

accident (kupu kē atu: hauata)

akoako mātua

parental guidance

akuaku niho

oral hygiene, dental hygiene

āmaimai

nevous, tension, tense, uneasy

āpiti huaora

vitamin supplement

āpiti kohuke

mineral supplement

āpiti pūmua

protein supplement

āpitihanga whiringa kai

dietary supplement

ara tātea

sperm tube, vas deferens (takenga mai: ara - pathway; tātea - sperm)

ara whakawhānau

birth canal

ārai hapū ~tanga

contraceptive, contraception, birth control (takenga mai: ārai - to ward off, protect; hapū - pregnant)

ārai hapū taiaki

hormonal contraceptive

āritarita

grumpy, irritable, irascible, short-tempered (kupu kē atu: ngutu komekome, pukukino, whanewhane, hēmanawa)

aroha

love, loving, sympathy, sympathetic, empathy, empathetic, compassion

atarua

blurred vision, poor eyesight

atekakā

hepatitis (takenga mai: ate - liver; kakā - inflamed)

aurongo

feeling (takenga mai: au - current; rongo - to sense, feel)

awa pū (niho)

root canal (of a tooth) (takenga mai: awa - canal; pū - root)

āwangawanga

worry, worried, anxiety, anxious, uneasy (kupu kē atu: māharahara, anipā, mānatunatu, mānakanaka, manawa pā)

awenga aropā

peer influence (takenga mai: aropā - clump of one species of tree)

awenga mātua

parental influence

awenga pāhopori

social media influence

awhikiri

immunity (takenga mai: awhikiri – innermost defences of a pā; awhi – embrace; kiri – person)

awhikiri horihori

artificial immunity, passive immunity

awhikiri māori

natural immunity, active immunity

awhikiri paerahi

herd immunity (takenga mai: pae - threshold; rahi - numerous, many)

awhikiri pahara

immunocompromised (takenga mai: awhikiri - immunity; pahara - deficient) (kupu kē atu: raru awhikiri)

awhikiri taketake

innate immunity

awhikiri taupoto

short term immunity, temporary immunity

awhikiri tauroa

long term immunity (takenga mai: tau - to settle, land; roa - long time)

awhikiri urutau

adaptive immunity

h

hā whakaora

rescue breathing

hae (poka)

incision (surgical)

haehae kiri

skin cut, laceration

hakihaki

rash, skin disease, scabies (kupu kē atu: kōpukupuku)

hākina ā-kapa

team sport (takenga mai: hākina [hākinakina] - sport)

hākina kiritahi

individual sport (takenga mai: hākina [hākinakina] - sport; kiri - person, self; tahi - one)

hākina pōro

ball sport (takenga mai: hākina [hākinakina] - sport; pōro [kupu mino] - ball)

hākina pūkaha

motorsport (takenga mai: hākina [hākinakina] - sport; pūkaha - motor)

hākina rākete

racket sport (takenga mai: hākina [hākinakina] - sport; rākete [kupu mino] - racket)

hākina rōwai

aquatic sport, water sport (takenga mai: hākina [hākinakina] - sport; rō [roto] - in; wai - water)

hākina taumātakitahi

combat sport, fighting sport (takenga mai: hākina [hākinakina] - sport; taumātakitahi - single combat, hand to hand fighting)

hākina-rau

multisport (takenga mai: hākina [hākinakina] - sport; rau - many)

hākinakina

sport (kupu kē atu: tākaro)

hanga whakatika niho

braces, teeth correcting device

hāpara ahuahu

plastic surgery (takenga mai: ahuahu - to form, fashion)

hāpara kōhao

keyhole surgery

hāpara whakapaipai

cosmetic surgery

hapū ~tanga

pregnant, with child, pregnancy

harawene

jealous, jealousy, envious, envy (kupu kē atu: tūāhae, pūhaehae, wene, tarahae)

harehare

eczema

haukiri

personality (takenga mai: hau - vitality of a person; hau - breath, wind; kiri - person, self) (kupu kē atu: āhua, whaiaro)

haukōeoeo

chill (illness)

haumanu tinana

physical therapy

haumaru ā-ipurangi

internet safety, cybersafety

hauora

health

hauora hinengaro

mental health

hauora kare ā-roto

emotional health

hauora kōpiro

gut health

hauora niho

dental health, oral health

hauora pona

joint health

hauora taihemahema

sexual health

hauora torowhārahi

holistic health (takenga mai: toro - to extend; whārahi - wide, broad) (kupu kē atu: hauora tukupū)

hauora uaua

muscle health

haupatu ~a

physical violence, physical abuse, assault (kupu kē atu: tūkino, tunu huruhuru)

haurangi

drunk, drunkenness, intoxicated, intoxication

heke pūtau kōpū

endometriosis (takenga mai: heke - to migrate; pūtau - cell [of an organism]; pūtautau - tissue [of an organism]; kōpū - womb, uterus)

hēmanawa

frustrated, frustration, exasperated, exasperation

hiamo

excited, excitement, exciting

hihiko rāroto

intrinsic motivation

hihiko rāwaho

extrinsic motivation

hinga ~nga

lose

hīwiniwini

ache (of the body)

hoa ai

sexual partner (kupu kē atu: hoa onioni)

hoakapa

teammate

hoariri

opponent, opposition, adversary

hohore niho

tooth abrasion (takenga mai: hohore - strip off, be bald, deficient)

hoipū

blister (kupu kē atu: kōpūpū, kōputa)

hōkakatanga

sexuality

hopo

apprehensive, overawed

hua reremuri

downstream effects (takenga mai: hua - outcome, product; rere - to flow; muri - behind, to come after)

huahua

acne, pimple (kupu kē atu: mariao)

huaketo

virus (takenga mai: hua – outcome, product; keto – infested with maggots) (kupu kē atu: wheori)

huangō

asthma, asthmatic

huaora

vitamin (takenga mai: hua - product, fruit; huanga - advantage, benefit; ora - healthy)

huhuti niho

tooth extraction

huinga taiora

nutrient group

huinga tāruatanga

set (of repeated exercises) (takenga mai: huinga - collection, set, group; tāruatanga - repetition, rep)

hukihuki

convulsion, spasm, seizure

hūkiki

epilepsy, twitch violently

huringa taiaki

hormonal change

hurori

high, inebriated (takenga mai: hurori - to stagger, roll about)

i

ia-tuku purutiti

clogged artery, blocked artery (takenga mai: ia-tuku - artery; purutiti - to be closed up, clogged [of a passageway], blocked up)

īhitara

vaginal yeast infection, Candida, thrush (takenga mai: īhi - yeast; tara - vagina)

īhiwae

athletes foot (takenga mai: īhi - yeast)

iho

umbilical cord (kupu kē atu: tāngaengae, uho)

ihokiri

character (takenga mai: iho - essence, essential quality, nature, inner core; kiri - person, self)

ikura wahine

menstrual cycle (kupu kē atu: ikura ā-marama, mate marama, mate wahine, awa o te atua)

inu inati

binge drinking (takenga mai: inati - excessive, extreme)

ipu ikura

menstrual cup

k

kaewa, kāewaewa ~nga

hallucinate, hallucination

kahu

stillborn baby

kahukahu

foetal membrane, amnion

kai inati

binge eating (takenga mai: inati - be excessive)

kai paraurehe

junk food, nutrient deficient food

kai taiora nui

nutrient dense food

kai tukatuka

processed food

kaiaka

athletics (kupu kē atu: kaipara)

kaihoromata

paleo (diet) (takenga mai: kai - food, to eat; horomata - pure, natural, undefiled)

kaikōiwi

osteoarthritis

kaimanga

vegetarian (takenga mai: kai - to eat; manga - greens, leafy vegetables)

kaiota

vegan (takenga mai: kai - to eat; ota [otaota] - vegetation; kaiota - herbivore)

kaipara-toru

triathlon, triathlete (takenga mai: kaipara - athlete, athletic pursuit; toru - three) (kupu kē atu: hākina-toru, tauwhāinga-toru)

kaiponapona

rheumatoid arthritis (kupu kē atu: pona kakā rūmātiki)

kaiwawao

referee, umpire

kākano

ovum, seed

kakapa hē (o te manawa)

arrhythmia, abnormal rhythm (of the heart)

kakapa manawa

heartbeat, heart rate, pulse (of heart) (kupu kē atu: hoto manawa, panapana manawa)

kakapa mōrahi

maximum heart rate

kakati

bite

kaniawhea

guilt, guilty, remorse, remorseful, regretful

kanikani

sciatica

kārangirangi

unsettled, restless (kupu kē atu: ngākaurua)

karawaka

measles, rubeola

kare ā-roto

emotion

kare ā-roto matakawa

negative emotion (takenga mai: matakawa - distasteful, dislike)

kare ā-roto matareka

positive emotion (takenga mai: matareka - pleasant, affable)

kare ā-roto taupatupatu

conflicting emotion

kare ā-roto tikoki

emotionally unstable

kare ā-roto tūwhena

emotionally stable (takenga mai: tū - to stand, set in place; whena - firm, steady)

kātū noho

lifestyle (takenga mai: kātū - type, sort, kind; noho - to live, dwell)

kēkerewai

numb, pins and needles

keremutu

cold turkey, abrupt cessation

kikiri

embryo (takenga mai: kikiri - begin to grow, as a child in the womb)

kiri uwhi

skin graft (takenga mai: kiri - skin; uwhi - to cover)

kirikā

fever

kirimārō (niho)

(tooth) enamel (takenga mai: kiri - skin, bark, rind; mārō - hard, firm)

kirimata

foreskin (kupu kē atu: pahuhu, kiri matamata)

kiritapu

hymen

kiritau

self-esteem, self-respect, self-worth (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tau - to be settled)

kiriwara

addict (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; wara [warawara] - addiction)

kitokito

plaque (dental)

koa

happy, happiness, joy, joyful (kupu kē atu: hari, hurō)

kōhao niho

tooth cavity, hole (in tooth)

kōharihari ikura (wahine)

period pain, menstrual pain

kōhinetanga

menarche, first menstruation (takenga mai: kōhine - female adolescent)

kohuke

mineral (takenga mai: ko [kongakonga] - fragment; huke - expose by removing earth) (kupu kē atu: manawa whenua)

kohuki

trauma, traumatised (takenga mai: kohuki - anguish, distress)

kohuki aronehe

historical trauma

kohuki kare ā-roto

emotional trauma

kohuki ngangengange

penetrating trauma (takenga mai: ngangengange - to be pierced, stabbed)

kohuki pāpori

social trauma

kohuki taumuri

post traumatic stress disorder, PTSD (takenga mai: kohuki - anguish, stress, distress; tau - to come to land, settle; muri - after)

kohuki tinana

physical trauma

kohuki tukituki

blunt force trauma

kohuki tuku iho

intergenerational trauma, generational trauma

kōhure

mature, maturity (takenga mai: kōhure - development of a tree or plant to maturity)

kōhure kare ā-roto

emotional maturity

kōhure tinana

physical maturity

kōmuru

osteopathy (takenga mai: kōmuru - to make supple by rubbing)

konekone

shy, bashful, reserved, self-conscious (kupu kē atu: numinumi)

kope ikura

sanitary pad

kōpū

womb, uterus

koranu konuoi

amalgam (takenga mai: koranu - alloy; konuoi - mercury [Hg])

kori ā-hāora

aerobic activity, aerobic exercise

kori hangore

flexibility exercise

kori hāora-kore

anaerobic exercise, anaerobic activity (takenga mai: hāora - oxygen; kore - not, nil)

kori māhū

gentle exercise, easy exercise

kori matatū

endurance exercise

kori rurutu

impact exercise (takenga mai: rutu - jolt, jerk, bump, throw down, tackle)

kori tahanga

moderate exercise (takenga mai: tahanga - moderately, a little)

kori taurite

balance exercise

kori tinana

exercise, physical exercise, work out (takenga mai: kori - to move; tinana - body)

korohape

disfigured, deformed

korohāwini

shiver, shivering, shivers (kupu kē atu: tūngāwiri)

Korona-19

Covid-19 (takenga mai: he kupu mino) (kupu kē atu: Kowheori, mate Korona)

korongenge

dementia

koroputa hei

chickenpox (takenga mai: koroputa [koroputaputa] - smallpox; hei [heihei] - chicken)

koroputaputa

smallpox

korou

vitality, energy

korou kore

listless, lacking energy, spiritless, lacking vitality, unenergetic (kupu kē atu: ngoikore, korou mate)

kōtonga

depression (illness), misery (kupu kē atu: rāwakiwaki, poururu, mate pāpōuri, toimaha hārukiruki)

kōtureture

chlamydia, venereal disease (kupu kē atu: kamiria [kupu mino])

kōwhiringa kātū noho

lifestyle choice

kuhi ~nga

implant, implantation

kukarou

cocaine (takenga mai: kuka - dry leaves; rou - intoxicated, as with tutu juice)

kukune

foetus (takenga mai: kukune - to swell as pregnancy advances) (kupu kē atu: tōhua)

kūraruraru

stressed, troubled, concerned

kutu

lice, vermin

kutu taihemahema

genital lice, pubic lice

m

māhorahora

carefree, easy going

mahu

heal, healed, healing (of a physical wound)

māhuruhuru

unruffled, calm, placid

māia

confident, confidence, brave, courage (kupu kē atu: ngākau titikaha)

mairanga ringa ki te taha

side arm raises

mamae

pain, ache, hurt, sore (kupu kē atu: kōharihari)

mamae tārū

acute pain (takenga mai: tārū - painful, acute, severe)

mamae tauroa

chronic pain (takenga mai: tauroa - to extend [of time])

manahau

elation, elated, joy, joyful, delighted (kupu kē atu: hurō)

manawa piharau

stamina

manawa rere

impulsive, headstrong, impetuous

manawa-hē

heart attack

manawanui

perseverance, determination

māoriori

contented, serene, unruffled (kupu kē atu: mauri tau)

mare

phlegm, cough

mare tekekō

whooping cough (kupu kē atu: mare motu, mare heihei)

maremare

cough, phlegm, common cold (kupu kē atu: wharowharo)

mārohirohi

strength, power

maruhā

face mask (takenga mai: maru - to be covered, shaded, shield; hā - breath) (kupu kē atu: ārai kanohi)

māruru

unhealthy, weak, sickly

matahoki

relapse

mataku

fear, fearful, frightened (kupu kē atu: winiwini, uruwehi, wehi, hopo)

mātanga kōmuru

osteopath

mātanga niho

orthodontist (takenga mai: mātanga - expert, specialist)

mātanga taiora

nutritionist

mātanga taka rongoā

pharmacist

mātātoa ~tanga

invincible, invincibility, fearlessness (takenga mai: mātātoa - to be fearless, unafraid, undaunted)

mate ārai-kore

AIDS, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (takenga mai: mate - sickness; ārai - to ward off, protect; kore - negative)

mate aro pīkari

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD (takenga mai: mate - illness, sick, lacking; aro - to pay heed to; pīkari - attentively)

mate hinengaro

mental illness, mental disorder, psychological disorder (kupu kē atu: māuiui hinengaro)

mate huka

diabetes (takenga mai: mate - sickness; huka - sugar)

mate ikura takamua

pre-menstrual syndrome, PMS (takenga mai: mate - illness, condition, syndrome; ikura [ikura wahine] - menstruation; taka - to come around, as in a date or period of time; mua - in front of, before)

mate kiri

skin disorder, skin condition, skin disease

mate korohiko

sleep disorder

mate kōwhai

jaundice

mate manawa

heart disease, heart condition

mate paipai

sexually transmitted disease, STD, venereal disease (kupu kē atu: pakiwhara, kōtureture)

mate pāwera

allergy

mate pirinoa

parasitic disease, illness cause by a parasite

mate pukupuku

cancer

mate pukupuku kiri

skin cancer, melanoma

mate pukupuku kōpiro

bowel cancer

mate pukupuku pūkahukahu

lung cancer

mate pukupuku raho

testicular cancer

mate pukupuku repe tātea

prostate cancer

mate pukupuku ū

breast cancer (kupu kē atu: ūtaetae)

mate pukupuku waha kōpū

cervical cancer

mate urutā

epidemic disease, pandemic disease (kupu kē atu: tahumaero urutā)

mate whakaruaki

bulimia (takenga mai: mate - sickness; whakaruaki - to make vomit)

mate whanake

developmental disorder, developmental disability

matekiri

disappointed, disappointment, disillusioned, disillusion

materoto

stillborn, stillbirth

māturu toto

spotting (takenga mai: māturu - to drip, trickle; toto - blood)

(whaka) mātūtū

recover from an illness, recuperate, convalesce

māuiui

sick, unwell, sickness, disorder, condition, illness, disease, syndrome (kupu kē atu: tahumaero, mate)

māuiui pohokore

anorexia (kupu kē atu: māuiui whakatiki)

māuiui pongakawa

eating disorder (takenga mai: pongakawa - to consume, devour, eat)

māuiui tinana

physical illness, physical disorder

māuiui wairua tuakoi

schizophrenia (takenga mai: māuiui - illness, disorder; wairua - spirit; tuakoi - divide, separate, misconceive, imagine, be deceived)

māuiui whaiaro rua

bi-polar disorder (takenga mai: māuiui - illness, disorder; whaiaro - self, personality; rua - two)

mauri

vital essence, life force, source of emotions

mauri rere

panic stricken

mauri tau

settled, composed, serene, calm

mirimiri

massage (soft tissue)

miro niho

dental floss, floss (takenga mai: miro - thread, cord, fibre)

muna

ringworm (kupu kē atu: pātito)

n

niho

tooth

niho hawa

chipped tooth (kupu kē atu: niho waha)

niho kaiū

baby tooth, milk tooth (kupu kē atu: niho kai waiū)

niho kēhua

false teeth

niho kōhari

molar (teeth)

niho kōpā

overcrowded teeth

niho pakeke

adult tooth

niho pū

premolar (teeth)

niho rei

canine teeth, eyeteeth (kupu kē atu: niho kata)

niho tapahi

incisor, front teeth

niho tāpiki

overlapping teeth

nikotini

nicotine (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: parawaro)

noho hītengitengi

squat (kupu kē atu: tūruru)

ng

ngako

fat, lipid

ngako hamanga

unsaturated fat (takenga mai: hamanga - partially full)

ngako kohura

saturated fat (takenga mai: kohura - be full)

ngāngā

wheeze, breathe with difficulty (kupu kē atu: ngoio, tīmohu, ngaengae)

ngau puku

stomach pain, tummy ache (kupu kē atu: puku mamae)

o

oma māhū

jog, gentle run (takenga mai: māhū - to be easy, gentle, leisurely)

oranga

well-being, wellness

oranga hapori

community well-being

oranga hinengaro

mental well-being, mental wellness

oranga oneone

soil well-being, soil health

oranga pāpori

social well-being, social wellness

oranga reo

linguistic well-being, language vitality

oranga taiao

environmental well-being

oranga tinana

physical well-being

oranga torowhārahi

holistic well-being, holistic wellness (takenga mai: toro - to extend; whārahi - broad, wide) (kupu kē atu: oranga tukupū)

oranga wairua

spiritual well-being, emotional well-being

oranga whānau

family well-being

p

pae kakapa manawa

heart rate zones

paehema

genital area (takenga mai: pae - vicinity; hema [taihemahema] - sexual organs)

pāhewahewa

deluded, delusion

pakari

fit, fitness

pakari ā-hāora

aerobic fitness (kupu kē atu: mārō ā-hāora, mārohirohi ā-hāora)

pakari hāora-kore

anaerobic fitness (kupu kē atu: mārō hāora-kore, mārohirohi hāora-kore)

pākewakewa

syphilis

pakiwhara

gonorrhoea, clap, venereal disease (kupu kē atu: konoria [kupu mino])

pakoki ~tia

dislocate, dislocation (of a joint)

pane niho

crown (of a tooth) (takenga mai: pane - head)

pāpaka

herpes

pāpaka kanohi

facial herpes

pāpaka taihema

genital herpes

parerori

cramp (kupu kē atu: kokohu, uauawhiti)

parohe

relaxed

pātātea

diaphragm (contraceptive) (takenga mai: pā - block up, obstruct; tātea - sperm)

patu hinengaro

mental abuse, psychological abuse (kupu kē atu: tūkino hinengaro)

patu huaketo

anti-viral (takenga mai: patu - to kill, subdue; huaketo - virus)

patu huakita

anti-bacterial (takenga mai: patu - to kill, subdue; huakita - bacteria)

patu pirinoa

anti-parasitic (takenga mai: patu - to kill, subdue; pirinoa - parasite)

patu puruheka

anti-fungal (takenga mai: patu - to kill, subdue; puruheka - fungus)

patu wairua

spiritual abuse (kupu kē atu: tūkino wairua)

patu wara pūroi

drug rehabilitation (takenga mai: patu - to subdue; wara [warawara] - addiction; pūroi - drug)

patu warawara

addiction recovery (takenga mai: patu - to subdue; warawara - addiction)

pāwera ~tanga

allergic

pāwera hae

pollen allergy

pāwera kai

food allergy, food intolerance

pēhanga aropā

peer pressure (kupu kē atu: pēhanga ā-hoa)

pēhanga mātua

parental pressure

pēhanga pāpori

social pressure (kupu kē atu: whakawhere pāpori)

pia kiriaku

acrylic resin (takenga mai: pia - resin, gum; kiriaku - acrylic)

piko whakamua

forward bend

Pirāti

Pilates (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pire ārai hapū

birth control pill, oral contraceptive (takenga mai: pire [kupu mino] - pill)

pire whakamoe

sleeping pill (takenga mai: pire [kupu mino] - pill, tablet; whakamoe - to put to sleep)

piri nikotini

nicotine patch (takenga mai: piri - to stick, adhere; nikotini [kupu mino] - nicotine)

piriārai hapū

contraceptive patch (takenga mai: piri - to stick, adhere; ārai hapū - contraceptive, birth control)

piritāpi

plaster, band aid, adhesive bandage (takenga mai: piri - to stick, adhere; tāpi - dressing for a wound) (kupu kē atu: piriora)

piropiro

mood

piropiro hurihuri

mood change

piropiro tārere

mood swing

pītakataka

unsettled, restless, hyperactive, constantly on the move

pito

navel, umbilical cord (the end attached to the child)

pōau-pi

methamphetamine (takenga mai: poau - be confused, bewildered; pōau [whakapōauau] - narcotic drug; pōau [pōautinitini] - tribulation, afliction, evil; pi [kupu mino] - p) (kupu kē atu: tioata whakaihi)

pohokore

emaciated, starved, malnourished

poka ~ia ~nga

operate, operation (medical), surgery (takenga mai: poka - to cut out) (kupu kē atu: hāparapara)

poka arotahi

cataract surgery, cataract operation (takenga mai: arotahi - lens [of the eye])

poka iti

minor surgery

poka kōiwi

orthopaedic surgery

poka kōkuhu

invasive surgery

poka kōpiro

bowel surgery

poka manawa

heart surgery

poka nui

major surgery

poka ohotata

emergency surgery, emergency operation

poka roro

brain surgery

poka whakarite

elective surgery

pōkai tātea

epididymis (takenga mai: pōkai - coil, travel about; tātea - sperm)

pōkaikaha

emotional turmoil, confusion, confused, at a loss, stressed out

poke ~nga

infect, infected, infection

poke aramimi

urinary tract infection

poke huaketo

viral infection

poke huakita

bacterial infection

poke niho

dental infection, tooth infection

poke pirinoa

parasitic infection

poke puruheka

fungal infection

pona kakā

arthritis (takenga mai: pona - joint; kakā - to be inflamed)

pota

dose, dosage (takenga mai: pota - fragment, small portion) (kupu kē atu: horopeta)

pōuri

sad, sadness, mournful, gloomy

poururu

glum, disconsolate, miserable, gloomy

pū niho

root (of tooth)

pū waitātea

seminal vesicles (takenga mai: pū - source, origin; waitātea - semen)

Pū-Āio

Yoga (takenga mai: pū - source; āio - peace)

pūaha mimi

urethra (takenga mai: pūaha - river mouth, opening; mimi - urine)

puapua

vulva

pūhuruhurutanga

puberty

pūkākano

fallopian tube, oviduct (takenga mai: pū - tube; kākano - ova, ovum, egg)

puke

pubes

pūkoro (ure)

condom

pūkoro raho

scrotum (takenga mai: pūkoro - pocket, pouch; raho - testes)

pukupuku

tumour, lump, cancer

pukupuku ngū

benign tumour, benign cancer, non-malignant tumour

pukupuku orotā

malignant tumour (takenga mai: orotā - voracious, destructive)

pukupuku rīrā

aggressive tumour (takenga mai: rīrā - strong)

pūmua

protein (takenga mai: pū - origin, source; pūhui - chemical compound; mua - front, foremost)

pūnaha awhikiri

immune system

puni whakapakari

boot camp

pupuhi

bloat, bloated, swollen (takenga mai: puku - stomach; pupuhi - to swell, bulge)

pupuri kare ā-roto

emotional suppression, bottle up emotions

puri whakapae

plank (static exercise) (takenga mai: puri - to hold; whakapae - horizontal)

pūroi

drug

pūroi taihara

illegal drug, illicit drug

pūroi tūtohu

prescription drug (takenga mai: tohutohu - to instruct, advise)

pūroi whakaihiihi

stimulant drug

puru taiawa

tampon

r

raho

testes, testical (kupu kē atu: hekeri)

rangirua

in doubt, uncertain, indecisive (kupu kē atu: ngākaurua)

rata hāparapara

surgeon

rata niho

dentist (takenga mai: rata [kupu mino] - doctor) (kupu kē atu: tākuta niho)

rata whakarehu

anaesthetist (takenga mai: rehu - to render unconscious) (kupu kē atu: tākuta whakarehu)

ratonga hauora auraki

mainstream health service

raukoti pūroi

substance abuse, drug abuse (takenga mai: raukoti - misuse, meddle with, mishandle; pūroi - drug)

raukoti tāmeha

solvent abuse

raukoti tupeka

tobacco abuse (takenga mai: tupeka [kupu mino] - tobacco)

raukoti waipiro

alcohol abuse

raukoti whakapōauau

drug abuse

rauru

umbilical cord (the end attached to the mother)

(whaka) rehu ~a

anaesthetic, anaesthetise

rehu whāiti

local anaesthetic (takenga mai: rehu - to render drowsy or unconscious; whāiti - narrow, compact)

rehu whānui

general anaesthetic (takenga mai: rehu - to render drowsy or unconscious; whānui - broad, wide)

rehunanu

morphine (takenga mai: rehu - mist, spray; nanu - jumbled, confused, incoherent)

repe hūware pupuhi

mumps (takenga mai: repe - gland; hūware - saliva; pupuhi - to swell up)

repe ure

prostate gland

reremua

upstream, causal, early (actions, factors etc) (takenga mai: rere - to flow; mua - before, in front of)

reremuri

downstream, later (issues, effects etc) (takenga mai: rere - to flow; muri - behind, coming after)

rerenga ikura (wahine)

menstruation, period (kupu kē atu: mate wahine, ikura ā-marama)

rewharewha

influenza, flu

riri

anger, angry (kupu kē atu: hīnawanawa, ririhau, takariri, pukuriri)

riri ā-whare

domestic violence, famly violence, domestic abuse (takenga mai: riri - anger, violence, rage; ā-whare - in-house)

romiromi

massage (deep tissue)

rongoā ~tia

remedy, medicine, apply medicine, cure, treat, treatment

rongoā āraimate

vaccine, vaccination (takenga mai: rongoā - healing, medicine, remedy; ārai - block out, prevent; mate - sickness) (kupu kē atu: kano āraimate)

rongoā arokē

alternative medicine, alternative remedy

rongoā māori

natural remedy, herbal medicine

rongoā patu mamae

pain relief, painkiller

rongoā tūtohu

prescription medicine

rongoā whakarehu

anaesthetic (takenga mai: rehu - to render unconscious)

rore ārai hapū

intra-uterine device (takenga mai: rore - ensnare, impede; ārai hapū - contraceptive)

roro ikura

stroke (takenga mai: roro - brain; ikura - haemorrhage)

roro wātea

vacant, blank (of the mind) (takenga mai: roro - brain; wātea - vacant, blank)

ruahinetanga

menopause (kupu kē atu: tūpātanga)

ruhi

fatigue, tired, exhausted, lethargic (kupu kē atu: ngoikore, ruha, hūhē)

rūnanga hauora ā-rohe

district health board

t

taera

sexual desire, sexual attraction

taha whakawhanaunga

social aspect, social side (kupu kē atu: taha pāpori)

tāhū

splint (takenga mai: tāhū - a rod used as a stiffener) (kupu kē atu: pāpākiri)

taihema tāne

male reproductive organs, male genitals (kupu kē atu: taihema toa)

taihema wahine

female reproductive organs, female genitals (kupu kē atu: taihema uwha)

taihemahema

reproductive organs, sexual organs

taimiri

heroin (takenga mai: tai - prefix with a qualifying force; miri - assuage, tranquillise)

taiohi ~nga

adolescent, adolescence, youth

taiora ~nga

nutrient, nutrition

taiora matua

macronutrient

taiora moroiti

micronutrient

taioranga kai

food nutrition

taioraora

nutritious

tairaru

crisis, predicament, serious problem (takenga mai: tai - prefix with a qualifying force; raru - problem, trouble, difficulty) (kupu kē atu: raru ki tai)

tairaru ā-whānau

family crisis

tairaru āhuarangi

climate crisis

tairaru hauora

health crisis

tairaru pāpori

social crisis

tairaru taiao

environmental crisis

tairaru tuakiri

identity crisis

taitai niho

brush teeth, toothbrush

taitōkai

sexual abuse, sexual violence

taiwhanga hāpara

operating theatre (takenga mai: hāpara [hāparapara] - surgical operation) (kupu kē atu: taiwhanga poka)

taiwhanga niho

dental clinic

takahuri ringa

arm rotation

tākaikai ~tia

bandage (kupu kē atu: takai)

tākaro tuku iho

traditional game, traditional sport

takeo

bored, boring, boredom, tedious (kupu kē atu: hōhā, pāngū, hongeā)

taki kare ā-roto

emotional control, control of emotions

takiwātanga

autism (kupu kē atu: mate takiwātanga)

tako

gum (mouth) (kupu kē atu: pūniho)

tako pirau

gum disease, gum infection

takoki

sprain

takoki pona

joint sprain

tāmi tuakiri

identity oppression

tamō

absent, truant (takenga mai: tamō - to be absent)

tanuku

strain, pull (a muscle)

taotū

wound, injury

tāpi ~a

dressing (for a wound), apply a dressing

tapuhi hāpara

surgical nurse (takenga mai: tapuhi - nurse; hāpara [hāparapara] - surgical operation)

tapuhi niho

dental nurse

taputapu hāpara

surgical instrument

tara

vagina, female genitals (kupu kē atu: tenetene, puketona, tore, teke)

tarau ikura

period underpants

tāruatanga

repetition, rep

tarutaru

marijuana, cannabis (takenga mai: tarutaru - grass, weed) (kupu kē atu: tarukino, whakamāminga)

tātā

tartar (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tātea

sperm

taura ātete

resistance band (takenga mai: taura - cord; ātete - to oppose, resist)

taurekareka

unsportsmanlike (takenga mai: taurekareka - dastardly, dishonourable) (kupu kē atu: tūtūā)

tauwhāinga ~tia

contend, compete, vie, event, competition (kupu kē atu: taupatupatu)

tāwhana tuarā

back arch, cobra pose

tenatini

dentine (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tepetoto

bloodclot

tere

speed, fast, quick

tetere

swollen (with fluid)

tīemiemi waewae

leg swings

tikanga haukoti

barrier method (contraception) (takenga mai: haukoti - intercept, cut off)

tikotiko

diarrhoea (kupu kē atu: koiangi, tororere)

tīpae rongoā

first aid kit (takenga mai: tīpae - small basket; rongoā - medicine, healing) (kupu kē atu: tīpae ohotata)

tirikai

food portion, serving size (takenga mai: tiri - share, portion)

tīwae hope

hip rotation (takenga mai: tīwae - turn from side to side)

tīwae kakī

neck rotation (takenga mai: tīwae - turn from side to side)

tīwae tumu

torso rotation (takenga mai: tīwae - turn from side to side)

toa ~nga

win, victory (kupu kē atu: wikitōria [kupu mino])

toa rongoā

chemist shop

tohumate

symptom (takenga mai: tohu - sign, signal; mate - illness) (kupu kē atu: tohu, putanga ake)

toitoi

brisk walk, walk briskly

tōmina

hope, hopeful, desire (kupu kē atu: awhero, ingo)

tona taihemahema

genital warts

torotiti

itch, itchy (kupu kē atu: toretiti, mangeo)

totoa

impetuous, reckless, fierce

totoro hope

hip stretch

totoro kōkiri

lunge (exercise) (takenga mai: totoro - stretch; kōkiri - thrust forward)

totoro pokohiwi

shoulder stretch

totoro tītaha

side stretch

totoro uahope

hip flexor stretch (takenga mai: ua [uaua] - muscle; hope - hip)

totoro uatoru

tricep stretch

totoro uawhā

quadricep stretch

totoro whakamua

forward stretch

totoro whakararo hohoko

alternating downward stretch

totoro whakarunga

overhead stretch, upward stretch

tuakiri

identity

tuakiri ā-ira

gender identity

tuakiri ā-iwi

tribal identity

tuakiri ahurea

cultural identity

tuakiri whaiaro

personal identity

tuakoka ikura (wahine)

period poverty (takenga mai: tuakoka - poverty; ikura [rerenga ikura] - menstruation, period) (kupu kē atu: tuakoka mate wahine)

tuha ~ina

ejaculate, ejaculation

tūhāhā

uniqueness, unique (kupu kē atu: rongomaiwhiti, āhua ake, āhua motuhake)

tūkino hoapiri

partner abuse, spouse abuse

tūkino kaumātua

elder abuse

tūkino tamariki

child abuse

tukukano

ovulate, ovulation

tunga niho

tooth decay

tūngāngā

puffed, out of breath, breathlessness

tupana whakawātea arahau

jolt to clear airway, Heimlich manoeuvre (takenga mai: tupana - to jerk; whakawātea - to clear away; arahau - airway) (kupu kē atu: tupana Heimlich)

tūtohu ~a ~nga

prescribe, prescription

u

uara ~tia

value, values

uatumu

core muscles (takenga mai: ua [uaua] - muscle; tumu - trunk of the body)

uekaha

strenuous, vigorous, vigour (kupu kē atu: pākahukahu, ngangahau, hōriri)

ure

penis

ure tora

erection (kupu kē atu: ure tū)

w

waha kōpū

cervix

waihakihaki

scabies

waimaero

debilitated, debility, impaired

waimaero ioio

nerve damage (takenga mai: waimaero - to be debilitated, impaired; ioio - nerve)

wairangi

deranged, unbalanced, mentally distressed

wairua whakataetae

competitive spirit

waitātea

semen (takenga mai: wai - fluid; tātea - sperm)

waka tūroro

ambulance

wakarangi tūroro

air ambulance

wara pūroi

drug addiction

wara tāmeha

solvent addiction

wara tupeka

tobacco addiction

wara waipiro

alcohol addiction

wara, warawara ~hia

addiction, addicted

warowaihā

carbohydrate (takenga mai: waro - carbon; wai - water; hā [hāora] - oxygen)

waruwaru tātā

tartar removal (takenga mai: waruwaru - to remove outer coating, scrape; tātā [kupu mino] - tartar)

wero ~a ~nga

inject, injection

werowero ā-ngira

acupuncture, needling (takenga mai: werowero [wero] - pierce, poke, injection; ngira [kupu mino] - needle)

wetiweti

disgusting, disgust, loathing, loathsome, abhorrent, abhorrence

wh

(whaka) mātūtū

recover from an illness, recuperate, convalesce

(whaka) rehu ~a

anaesthetic, anaesthetise

whakaaro angitu

positive thought, positive thinking (takenga mai: angitu - fortunate, successful)

whakaaro arorau

logical thinking (takenga mai: aro - to consider, take heed; rau - many)

whakaaro tūhāngai

concrete thinking (takenga mai: tū - manner, stance; hāngai - correspond to, in line with, directly)

whakaaro tūrehurehu

abstract thinking, abstract reasoning (takenga mai: tū – manner, sort; rehurehu – indistinctly seen) (kupu kē atu: whakaaro waitara)

whakahapa ~tia

neglect, leave destitute (kupu kē atu: whakangongo)

whakahapa kaumātua

elder neglect

whakahapa tamariki

child neglect

whakahihiko manawa

defibrillation (takenga mai: whakahihiko - stimulate, electrify)

whakaira ~nga

conceive, conception

whakakī kōhao niho

filling (tooth)

whakakohuki

traumatic

whakamā

embarrassed, embarrassment, shamed, shame (kupu kē atu: māteatea, rōrī)

whakamahana ~tia

warm up

whakamahana hihiri

dynamic warm up

whakamakaka ~tia

cool down, bend and stretch body to relieve muscles

whakamakoha poho

chest expansion

whakamamae ~tia

labour (birth)

whakamania

verbal abuse (kupu kē atu: whakamanioro, hanihani)

whakamātūtū māori

naturopathy (takenga mai: whakamātūtū - restore to health, heal; māori - natural)

whakamāui

recover (from severe illness)

whakaoho ~ngia ~ nga

stimulus, stimulate, arouse

whakaora manawa

cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, CPR

whakaora ohotata

first aid, emergency aid (takenga mai: whakaora - to save, rescue, revive; ohotata - emergency)

whakaoraora

recovery (e.g. after exercise)

whakapakari

train, training, physical training, strengthening (kupu kē atu: whakamārō, whakamarohi)

whakapakari ā-hāora

aerobic training (kupu kē atu: whakamārō ā-hāora, whakamārohirohi ā-hāora)

whakapakari ātete

resistance training, strength training

whakapakari hangore

flexibility training

whakapakari hāora-kore

anaerobic training (kupu kē atu: whakamārō hāora-kore, whakamārohirohi hāora-kore)

whakapakari matarau

cross-training (takenga mai: matarau - multifaceted)

whakapakari matatū

endurance training

whakapakari pūputu

interval training

whakapakari rurutu

impact training

whakapakari taurite

balance training (takenga mai: whakapakari - to strengthen; taurite - balance)

whakapakari whakaroau

isometric training, static strength training (takenga mai: whakapakari - to strengthen; whakaroau - static, still)

whakapakeke

raise (a child), upbringing (kupu kē atu: whakatipu)

whakapeke pipiri

child pose, compact fold forward (takenga mai: whakapeke - fold up, crouch; pipiri - cling together)

whākapi hope

hip replacement (takenga mai: whakakapi - to replace, substitute)

whākapi pona

joint replacement (takenga mai: whakakapi - to replace, substitute)

whākapi takirere manawa

heart valve replacement (takenga mai: whakakapi - to replace, substitute)

whakaporipori ~tia ~tanga

socialise, socialisation (takenga mai: whaka - causative pefix; pori [pāpori] - social)

whakapuango

crash diet, severe diet (takenga mai: whakapuango - starve)

whakatakoto whāinga

goal setting

whakatiki

diet (restriction of food intake) (takenga mai: whakatiki - deprive of food)

whakatītaha kakī

neck tilt

whakatō ~ngia ~nga

fertilise, fertilisation (takenga mai: whakatō – cause to conceive, plant, insert)

whakatōnga mōwaho

in vitro fertilisation

whakaū poripori

social conditioning (takenga mai: whakaū - to make firm, establish, reinforce; poripori [whakaporipori] - socialisation; pori [pāpori] - social)

whakawhānau ~tia

birth, childbirth, in labour

whanake hirikapo

cognitive development

whanake hōkakatanga

sexuality development

whanake kare ā-roto

emotional development

whanake tahapori

social development (takenga mai: taha - side, aspect; pori [pāpori] - social) (kupu kē atu: whanake pāpori)

whanake taihema

sexual development

whanake tinana

physical development

whānako tuakiri

identity theft

whānau kōaro

breech birth (takenga mai: whānau [whakawhānau] - birth; kōaro - inverted, turned right around)

whānau poka

Caesarean section (takenga mai: whānau - to be born; poka - to cut out, operate on)

whanokē

nonconforming, nonconformist (takenga mai: whanokē - peculiar, different, odd)

whanonga

behaviour

whanonga tapatahi

sportsmanship, sportsmanlike behaviour (takenga mai: tapatahi - principled, upright)

whanopiri

conform, conformist (takenga mai: whano [whanonga] - behaviour; whano - e whai ana i tā te whanokē; piri - adherence, loyalty) (kupu kē atu: whanopiri)

whara ~nga

injury

whare haumanu

clinic

wharekano

ovary

whātorotoro

stretch (kupu kē atu: totoro, tautoro)

wheako o mua

past experience

whekewheke

scab, scabby (kupu kē atu: tongako, wenewene)

whenua

placenta

wheori ārai-kore

human immunodeficiency virus, HIV (kupu kē atu: huaketo ārai-kore)

whētuki

shock

whēwhē

abscess, boil (kupu kē atu: mariao)

whēwhē niho

tooth abscess, dental abscess

whiringa kai

diet (food intake) (takenga mai: whiringa - selection, choice)