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Welcome to PAEKUPU, words related to Te Marautanga o Aotearoa. Curriculum areas presently available on PAEKUPU: Toi Ataata, Te Reo Matatini, Puoro, Te Reo Pāngarau, Te Reo Pūtaiao, Ngā Mahi a te Rēhia, Hangarau, Tikanga ā-Iwi, Hauora
 
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Tikanga ā-Iwi

Tikanga ā-Iwi

English → Māori

A

Adelaide

Atireira (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Afghanistan

Awhekenetāna (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Afghanistan War

(Te) Pakanga ki Awhekenetāna

Africa

Āwherika (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Albania

Arapeinia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Alexandra

Manuherekia

Algeria

Aratiria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Alpha Generation

Reanga Ārepa

America

Amerika (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

American-Samoa

Hāmoa-Amerika (takenga mai: Hekupumino.)

Amsterdam

Pāpuniāmita (takenga mai: pāpuni - dam; āmita [kupu mino] - amster)

Andorra

Anatōra (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Anglican

Mihinare (takenga mai: He kupu mino [missionary].)

Angola

Anakora (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ankara

Anakara (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Antarctica

(Te) Kōpakatanga ki te Tonga

Antigua

Te Motu Nehe (takenga mai: moutere - island; nehe - ancient times)

Antwerp

Anatepe (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Apia

Āpia (takenga mai: He kupu mino [reo Hāmoa].)

Appeal Court

Kōti Pīra

Arabian Peninsula

(Te) Kūrae o Arāpia

Arabian Sea

(Te) Moana Arāpia

Archives New Zealand

(Te) Rua Mahara o te Kāwanatanga

Arctic Ocean

(Te) Tiri o te Moana ki te Raki

Argentina

Āketina (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Armenia

Āmenia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ashburton

Hakatere

Asia

Āhia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Athens

Ātene (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Atlantic Ocean

(Te) Moana Ranatiki (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Auckland

Tāmakimakaurau (kupu kē atu: Ākarana [kupu mino])

Australia

Ahitereiria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Te Whenua Moemoeā, Te Pāpaka-a-Māui)

Australian Capital Territory

(Te) Pae Kāwanatanga o Ahitereiria

Austria

Ataria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Atiria)

Azerbaijan

Atepaihānia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

able, ability

āhei ~nga ~ tanga

able-bodied

toiora (takenga mai: toiora - sound, uninjured)

ableism, disableism

whakatoihara hauā (takenga mai: whakatoihara - discrimination, prejudice, intolerance; hauā - disabled) (kupu kē atu: aukatinga hauā)

absolute monarchy

tino arikitanga

abstract thinking, abstract reasoning

whakaaro tūrehurehu (takenga mai: tū - manner, sort; rehurehu - to be seen indistinctly) (kupu kē atu: whakaaro waitara)

abundant, abundance

ranea

account balance

tapeke pūtea

accountable, accountability

papanga ~tanga (kupu kē atu: kawe takohanga)

accountant

kaikaute

accounting

mahi kaute (takenga mai: mahi - work; kaute - to count [kupu mino])

accounts payable

nama kia utua atu

accounts receivable, outstanding invoice

nama kia utua mai

accounts, accounting statement

puka kaute (takenga mai: puka [pukapuka] - book; kaute [kupu mino] - account)

acculturate, acculturation

kuhu ahurea (takenga mai: kuhu - to go into, to join)

accuse, accusation, allege, allegation, assert, assertion

whakapae ~tia (kupu kē atu: whakatuaki)

accuse, charge, sue, penalise

hāmene ~hia

acidification

pākawatanga (takenga mai: pākawa [pākawa ota] - nitrate; kawa [waikawa] - acid)

acquiescent, yeilding

pōrohe

acquire knowledge, knowledge acquisition

whai mōhiotanga

action research

rangahau whakanekeneke (takenga mai: whakanekeneke- cause to move along)

active citizenship

kirirarautanga hihiri (takenga mai: hihiri - dynamic, energetic, lively)

active lifestyle

(kātū) noho haukori

active transport

tūnuku kori (takenga mai: tū - manner, sort, type of; nuku - to move, shift; tūnuku - transport; kori - active)

activism

tūtohetohe (takenga mai: tū - position, stance; tohetohe - argue, persist, protest)

activist

kiritohe (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tohe - to argue, contend, object)

adapt, adaptation

urutau ~nga

advanced

whatutoto

advantage, advantaged

momoho (takenga mai: momoho - to be fortunate, rewarded)

adventure tourism

tāpoi mātātoa

advertise, promote, market

whakatairanga ~hia (kupu kē atu: pānui hokohoko)

advocate, advocacy

kōkiri ~hia ~tanga (kupu kē atu: hāpai)

affirmative action, positive discrimination

hāpaitanga (takenga mai: hāpai - to uplift, support)

affordability index

tauine tareka ā-utu (takenga mai: tauine - ruler, scale)

affordability, affordable

tareka ā-utu (takenga mai: tareka - be attained; utu - to pay for, cost)

afforestation

whakanehenehe

age discrimination, ageism

whakatoihara taipakeke (kupu kē atu: aukatinga taipakeke)

age diversity

kanorau pakeke

age structure

hanganga taipakeke

agency

kahawhiri (takenga mai: kaha - power, strength, ability; whiri [kōwhiri] - to choose)

agenda

rārangi take (takenga mai: rārangi - list; take - issue, matter, topic, subject)

aggravated robbery

whānako haupatu

agnostic, agnosticism

pareatua ~tanga (takenga mai: pare - to turn aside; atua - god)

agribusiness

pakihi ahuwhenua

agricultural waste

para ahuwhenua

agriculture, agricultural industry

ahuwhenua (takenga mai: ahuwhenua - cultivate the soil)

air pollution

parahanga hau

air transport

tūnuku ā-rangi

alienated, estranged

mōriroriro

allegiant, allegiance, loyal, loyalty

piripono

ally, alliance

haumi ~tanga

alpine area

whenua tairanga (takenga mai: tairanga - to be elevated)

altar, place for sacred rituals

ahurewa (kupu kē atu: āta [kupu mino])

alternative-right, alt-right

aromatau whakaweti (takenga mai: aromatau - right wing; whakaweti - threaten, bully, intimidate)

altitude

teitei

altruism, altruistic

tūpore ~tia ~tanga (takenga mai: tūpore - to care for, look after, treat kindly) (kupu kē atu: ngākau aroha, tauwhiro)

amend, amendment, revise, revision

whakahou ~tia ~tanga

amendment

menemana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

amenity

tukuora (takenga mai: tuku - to provide; ora - health, wellness)

amnesty

wā mukuhara (takenga mai: wā - time; muku - to wipe out, delete; hara - crime, offence)

analyse knowledge

tātari mōhiotanga

analyse, analysis

tātari ~tia ~tanga (takenga mai: tātari - to strain, filter, sift through)

anarchy, lawlessness

turekore (takenga mai: ture - law; kore - nil, negative)

ancestral home, homeland

ipukarea

ancestral land right

take tīpuna

ancestral narrative, historical text

kōrero o nehe (kupu kē atu: kōrero tuku iho, kōrero aronehe)

ancient civilisation

tūāpori tuauri

ancient history

hītori tuauri

ancient times, long ago

nehe (kupu kē atu: neherā, uki, tāukiuki, tua whakarere, tuauri)

annal

mauhanga hītōria ā-tau

annual income

moniwhiwhi ā-tau

annual meeting, annual general meeting, AGM

hui ā-tau

anthropocene

takiwā tangata (takenga mai: takiwā - era, time period; tangata - people, human)

anthropogenic climate change, human caused climate change

āhuarangi hurihuri take tangata

anthropology

mātai tikanga

anti-war

ātete pakanga

apartheid

momotu iwi (takenga mai: momotu - to sever, separate) (kupu kē atu: tāuketanga)

apathy, apathetic, disinterest, indifference

ngākau kore (kupu kē atu: arokore)

apology, regret, apologise

whakapāha

appeal

pīra ~ngia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

apply knowledge

whakamahi mōhiotanga

appreciation, increase in value

pikinga wāriu (kupu kē atu: pikinga uara)

appropriate technology

hangarau arotau (kupu kē atu: hangarau tika)

aquaculture, aquaculture industry

ahumoana

aquifer

mātāwainuku (takenga mai: mātā [mātāpuna] - source; wainuku - groundwater)

archaeology

mātai whaipara tangata (takenga mai: mātai - to study, inspect, examine; whaipara - remains, remnant; tangata - human being)

archipelago

mekamoutere (takenga mai: meka [mekameka] - chain; moutere - island)

architecture

hoahoa whare

archival storehouse, repository

whare pūranga (kupu kē atu: rua mahara)

archive

pūranga (takenga mai: pū - source, base; pūranga - heap, lie in a heap)

arranged marriage, betrothal

taumau ~tia

art history

hītori toi

artefact, heirloom

taonga

article (section)

atikara (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: upoko kōrero)

artificial fertiliser

whakahaumako horihori

asbestos

tēpoko (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: kiripaka)

assembly line

ara waihanga (takenga mai: ara - pathway; waihanga - to make, construct, build)

asset

huarawa (takenga mai: hua - benefit, gain, asset; rawa - resource, property)

assumption, supposition

pūmāramarama

asylum seeker

kaikimi punanga

atheism, atheist

atuakore ~tanga (takenga mai: atua - god; kore - negative, nil)

atomic age, atomic era

takiwā karihi

attitude

waiaro

audit

tātari kaute (takenga mai: tātari - to analyse; kaute [kupu mino] - accounts) (kupu kē atu: arotake kaute)

auditor

kaitātari kaute

authoritarian government

kāwanatanga whakatuanui

authority over sea and lakes

mana moana

authority to manage direct or control, executive power

mana whakahaere

authority, power and dignity of a person

mana tangata

authority, power, prestige

mana

autobiography

haukiri (takenga mai: hau - be published abroad; kiri - person, self) (kupu kē atu: haurongo whaiaro)

autocratic decision

whakataunga tōtahi (takenga mai: tōtahi - single, solitary)

autocratic leadership, authoritarian leadership

hautūtanga whakatuanui

autocratic republic

whenua tūhake whakatuanui

automatic transfer

whakawhitinga aunoa

aware, awareness, conscious, consciousness

tūoho (takenga mai: tū - position, stance; oho - awake,arise, be roused [of feelings])

awareness raising, consciousness raising

whakapiki tūoho

B

Baby Boomer

Reanga Māpua (takenga mai: reanga - generation; māpua - prolific, productive)

Baghdad

Pākatata (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Bahamas

Pahama (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Bahrain

Pāreina (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Bangkok

Pangakoko (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Bangladesh

Pākaratēhi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Barbados

Papatohe (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Barbuda

Pāputa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Beijing

Peihinga (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Belarus

Pērara (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Belgium

Peretiama (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Pehiamu)

Belize

Pērihi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Benin

Penini (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Berlin

Pearīni (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Bermuda

Pāmura (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Bern

Pēna (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Bethlehem

Peterehama (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Bhutan

Pūtana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Bible

Paipera (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Blenheim

Waiharakeke

Bluff

Motu-pōhue

Boer War

(Te) Pakanga Poa (takenga mai: Poa [kupu mino] - Boer)

Bogota

Pokotā (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Bolivia

Poriwia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Bonne

Pono (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Bosnia-Herzegovina

Pōngia-Herekōwini (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Botswana

Poriwana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Brazil

Parīhi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Brisbane

Piripane (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Brunei

Poronai (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Brussels

Paruhi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Budapest

Putapēhi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Buddhism, Buddhist

Pūtimi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Buddhist temple

temepara Puta (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Buenos Aires

Hau Pueno (takenga mai: hau - wind, air; Pueno - Buenos [kupu mino])

Bulgaria

Purukāria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Burkina Faso

Pākina Wharo (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Burundi

Puruniti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

balance sheet, account statement

ripanga kaute (takenga mai: ripanga - spreadsheet; kaute [kupu mino] - to account for) (kupu kē atu: puka kaute)

bank account

pūtea pēke

bankrupt, broke

mone (kupu kē atu: pēkerapu, pakaru te pūkoro [kīanga ōpaki])

barren (land), infertile (ground), exhausted by over-cultivation

tītōhea

basic amenity

tukuora matua

basic services, utilities

ratonga tūāpapa (takenga mai: tūāpapa - foundation)

basin, dale

riu

bay

tāwhangawhanga

beauty pageant, beauty parade

whakaaturanga ātanga

behaviour

whanonga

belief system

pūnaha whakapono

belief, ideology, doctrine

whakapono ~tia

belonging, sense of belonging

noho huānga (takenga mai: noho - to live; huānga - member of a group, kin)

beneficiary (of a grant)

kaiwhiwhi takuhe (takenga mai: whiwhi - to get, recieve, obtain; takuhe - benefit, grant)

beneficiary (of a trust)

kaiwhiwhi painga

benefit (payment of money)

takuhe

benevolent dictatorship

tuanui arotau (takenga mai: arotau - to look kindly on, favourable)

bequest, bequeath

oha ~tia

bias, biased

haukume (takenga mai: haukume - to pull) (kupu kē atu: rītaha)

bias, biased

rītaha (takenga mai: rītaha - to lean on one side) (kupu kē atu: haukume, arotītaha)

bicultural

kākano rua ~tanga (takenga mai: kākano - descent, stock, lineage) (kupu kē atu: tikanga rua)

big picture

pikitia whārahi

bigamy, polygamy

moe punarua

bigoted, intolerant, unsociable

kiripiro

bilateral treaty

tiriti takirua

bilateralism

aroruatanga (takenga mai: aro - to consider, have regard to; rua - two)

bill (draft of new law)

pire (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

billboard

papapānui korahi

binary gender

ira tāhūrua (kupu kē atu: ira weherua)

binary thinking, dichotomous thinking

whakaaro tāhūrua (takenga mai: tāhū - ridge beam of a house; rua - two)

binding referendum

pōtitake-here (takenga mai: pōti [kupu mino] - vote; take - issue; here - to bind)

binge drinking culture

ahurea inu inati (kupu kē atu: ahurea inuinu)

biodiversity

kanorau koiora (takenga mai: kano - sort, kind; rau - multitude; koiora - biology)

biography

haurongo (takenga mai: hau - be published abroad; rongo - report, fame)

biological process

tukanga koiora

biosecurity

haumaru koiora

bipartisan agreement, bilateral agreement

tatūnga takirua

biracial

momo matarua

birth control, contraceptive, contraception

ārai hapū ~tanga (takenga mai: ārai - to obstruct, prevent; hapū - pregnant)

birth rate

pāpātanga whakawhānau

bitcoin

monimoka (takenga mai: moni - currency, money [kupu mino]; moka - bit, binary digit)

black lives matter movement

rangatohe oranga kirimangu

black power movement

rangatohe mana kirimangu

blackbirding

kāhaki pononga (takenga mai: kāhaki - to kidnap, take by force, abduct; pononga - slave)

blackface

matamangu

blackwater

waipango

blended family

whānau whirihono (takenga mai: whiri - to plait, twist together; hono - to join together)

blood donor

kaituku toto

blood quantum

tataunga toto (takenga mai: tatau - to count, enumerate)

blue collar crime

hara kara-ōrangi

blue-collar

kara-ōrangi (takenga mai: kara [kupu mino] - collar; ōrangi - blue)

blue-collar worker

kaimahi kara-ōrangi

boardwalk

arapapa (takenga mai: ara - pathway; papa - board, timber)

body image

ata tinana (takenga mai: ata - image, reflected image; tinana - body; whaiaro - person, self)

bond (monetary)

monihere (takenga mai: moni - money; here - to tie, restrict)

border security, border protection

whakamaru pae kati

borrow

mino ~a

borrower

kirimino (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; mino - to borrow)

bottom up

pūtake whakarunga (takenga mai: pūtake - base, root; whakarunga - upward direction) (kupu kē atu: mai i raro ki runga)

boundary marker, marker of (land) ownership, land marker post

pou whenua

boycott

papare ~a ~nga (takenga mai: papare - to avoid) (kupu kē atu: aukati, huri tuarā)

brain drain

heke manea (takenga mai: heke - migration; manea - clever person, intellectual)

brainwashed

hinengaro takapapa (takenga mai: takapapa - to defeat, overcome, conquer)

brinkmanship

tū whakatete (takenga mai: tū - stance, position; whakatete - quarrel, disagreement, obstinate)

bronze age

takiwā rauwhero

brother of a female

tungāne

brownfield

papa tukurua (takenga mai: papa - ground, field; tukurua - to reuse)

budget

mahere pūtea (takenga mai: mahere – plan; pūtea – sum of money)

budgeting

whakamahere pūtea

built environment

taiao hanga

bureaucracy, bureaucratic

aparau (takenga mai: apa - layer; rau - many)

business

pakihi (kupu kē atu: umanga)

business network

whatunga pakihi

business owner

rangatira pakihi

business ownership

rangatiratanga pakihi

business partner

hoa pakihi

business plan

mahere pakihi

business precinct, business quarter

paepakihi (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity)

business relationship

hononga pakihi

business tax

tāke pakihi

business trust, trading trust

tarahiti pakihi

buy, purchase

hoko mai

buy, sell, purchase, trade, barter, exchange

hoko ~na ~tanga

buyback

hokomuri

by election

pōti whakakapi (takenga mai: pōti [kupu mino] - vote; whakakapi - to replace)

bylaw

ture ā-rohe (kupu kē atu: paeroa [kupu mino])

byproduct

huataha (takenga mai: hua - fruit, product, outcome; taha [i te taha] - at the side of, along with)

C

Cabo Verde, Cape Verde

Te Kūrae Matomato

Cairo

Kairo (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Cambodia

Kamapōtia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Cambridge

Kemureti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Cameroon

Kamarūna (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Canada

Kānata (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Canberra

Kanipera (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Cannes

Kanehi (takenga mai: He kupu mino [reo Wīwī].)

Cape Town

Kēpa Tāone (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Tāone Kūrae)

Caribbean

Karapīana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Carterton

Taratahi (kupu kē atu: Katatāone)

Cartesian coordinates

taunga tukutuku (takenga mai: taunga - position; tukutuku - grid)

Catholic

Katorika (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Cayman Islands

(Ngā) Motu Kāmana (takenga mai: Kāmana [kupu mino] - Cayman)

Central Africa Republic

Te Whenua Tūhake o Āwherika Waenga

Central America

Amerika Waenga

Central Asia

Āhia Waenga

Chad

Kāta (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Chatham Islands

Rēkohu (kupu kē atu: Wharekauri)

Chicago

Hikāko (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Children's Commission

Kōmihana Tamariki

Children's Commissioner

Kaikōmihana Tamariki

Chile

Hiri (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

China

Haina (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Christchurch

Ōtautahi

Christian, Christianity

Karaitiana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Clutha River

Matau

Colombia

Koromōpia

Commonwealth, British Commonwealth

(Te) Tōpūtanga o Ingarangi (takenga mai: tōpūtanga - association, collective)

Comoros

Komoro (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Congo

Kōngo (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Cook Islands

Kuki Airani (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Copenhagen

Kopeheikana (takenga mai: He kupu mino [reo Teina].)

Coral Sea

(Te) Moana Kāoa

Costa Rica

Koto Rika (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Cote d'Ivoire, Ivory Coast

Te Tai Rei (takenga mai: tai - coast; rei - tusk, ivory)

Croatia

Koroātia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Cromwell

Tīrau

Cuba

Kiupa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Kupa)

Cyprus

Haipara (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Czech Republic, Czechoslovakia

Tiekerowākia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

cabinet (government)

rūnanga minita (takenga mai: rūnanga - council, assembly; minita [kupu mino] - minister)

camper van, motor home

waka noho

cancel culture

ahurea parahako (takenga mai: parahako - to reject, spurn, ostracise)

candidate

kaitono (takenga mai: tono - to apply for)

capacity

raukaha

capacity building

whakapakari raukaha

capital (finance)

pūrawa (takenga mai: pū - to heap up, stack; rawa - resource) (kupu kē atu: haupū rawa, uara)

capital equipment

taputapu pūrawa

capital return, capital increase, capital growth, capital gain

pikinga pūrawa

capital value

wāriu pūrawa

capitalism, capitalistic

angahaorawa (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; hao - acquisitive, greedy; rawa - property, resources)

capitalist economy

ōhanga angahaorawa

carbon footprint

tapuwae waro

carbon sink

putunga waro (takenga mai: putunga - heap, stack, storage; waro - carbon)

carbon tax

tāke waro

carbon-zero, carbon neutral

tukuwaro-kore (takenga mai: tuku - to release; waro - carbon; kore - zero, nil)

carpool, carpooling

tāpuna motukā

carry goods, transport of goods

kawe hautaonga

cartographer

kaituhi mahere

cartography

tuhi mahere (takenga mai: tuhi - draw, write; mahere - map)

case study, case study research

rangahau whakapūaho (takenga mai: whakapūaho - to clarify, make clear, elucidate) (kupu kē atu: mātaitanga)

catalogue

rārangi kōrero

caucus, group

uepū (takenga mai: uepū - company, party, crew, group)

cause and effect

pūtake me te hua

cause, origin, reason

pūtake ~tia ~nga

census

tatauranga

central government, national government

kāwanatanga ā-motu

centre-left

waenga-mauī

centre-right

waenga-matau

centrism, centrist

arowaenga (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined towards; waenga - middle, amid, between)

century

rautau (takenga mai: rau - hundred; tau - year)

ceremonial courtyard (in front of meeting house)

marae ātea

ceremonial haka or dance of welcome

haka pōhiri

chair, chairperson

upoko (takenga mai: upoko - head) (kupu kē atu: heamana [kupu mino], tiamana [kupu mino])

chairperson

heamana (takenga mai: He kupu mino) (kupu kē atu: tiamana [kupu mino], kaiwhakataki, tumuaki, upoko)

challenge stick, challenge

mānuka

challenge, ceremonial challenge

wero (kupu kē atu: taki)

change

panoni ~hia ~tanga

channel, strait, narrow body of water

kūititanga

character

ihokiri (takenga mai: iho - essence, essential quality, nature, inner core; kiri - person, self) (kupu kē atu: āhua, wairua)

charitable enterprise

hinonga ohaoha

charitable trust

tarahiti ohaoha

charity

rōpū ohaoha

chattel, possession

rirohanga (takenga mai: riro - be got, acquired, obtained)

chemical treatment

whakatika matū

chemical waste

para matū

chief, chiefly, leader

rangatira

child abuse

tūkino tamariki

child development

whanaketanga tamariki

child exploitation

kaiapo tamariki

child labour

kaimahi tamariki

child slave

pononga tamariki

child trafficking

hokotaihara tamariki

childhood home, place of growing up

kāinga tipu

childless

huatea (kupu kē atu: huamutu)

children's rights

mōtika tamariki

chronology, chronological order

raupapatanga wā

church, house of prayer, place of worship

whare karakia

circular economy

ōhanga āmiomio

citizen, citizenship

kirirarau ~tanga (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; rarau - settle down, remain, take root)

city

tāone nui

city council, town council

kaunihera ā-tāone

civic

raraupori (takenga mai: rarau - to settle, take root; rarau [kirirarau] - citizen; pori [porihanga] - society)

civic duty

mahi raraupori

civic education, civics

ako raraupori (takenga mai: ako - learn, teach; rarau [kirirarau] - citizen; pori [porihanga] - society)

civic infrastructure

tūāhanga raraupori

civic responsibility

haepapa raraupori

civil case

take porihanga (kupu kē atu: take hiwhiri [kupu mino])

civil defence, emergency management

whakamaru ohotata (takenga mai: whakamaru - to protect, shelter; ohotata - emergency)

civil disobedience

tutūnga porihanga (takenga mai: tutū - insubordination, rebellion, disobedience; porihanga - society)

civil law

ture porihanga

civil rights movement

rangatohe mōtika porihanga

civil rights, societal rights

mōtika porihanga (kupu kē atu: mōtika kirirarau)

civil war

kaiākiri (kupu kē atu: riri tara ā-whare)

civilisation

tūāpori (takenga mai: tūā[tūāpapa] - foundation; pori - people, tribe; pori [porihanga] - society)

civilise

takaporipori (takenga mai: taka - to propose, develop [an idea etc]; pori [pāpori] - social)

claim land by naming, pledge, set aside

taunaha ~tia ~tanga (kupu kē atu: tapatapa whenua)

claimant

kaikerēme (takenga mai: kerēme - claim [kupu mino]) (kupu kē atu: kaitono)

client, customer, consumer

kiritaki

cliff

pari

climate

āhuarangi (takenga mai: āhua – form, appearance, character; Rangi – Sky, heavens, upper regions)

climate change

āhuarangi hurihuri

climate crisis

tairaru āhuarangi

climate justice

tika āhuarangi

climate map

mahere āhuarangi

climate refugee

rerenga āhuarangi

clogged, congested

kūkā ~tia

closed loop

āmio kati

closed question

pātai kati

coalition government

kāwanatanga haumi (takenga mai: haumi - in alliance)

coastal reserve, fisheries reserve, marine reserve

taiāpure

coastal town

tāone ki tai

coastline, sea coast, shore

takutai

cognitive challenge

wero hirikapo

cognitive dissonance

hirikapo taupatupatu

cognitive skill

pūkenga hirikapo

cognitive taxonomy

tātaitanga hirikapo (takenga mai: tātai - arrange, set in order; hirikapo - mind, intellect, cognition)

cognitive, cognition

hirikapo (takenga mai: hirikapo - mind, intellect)

cohort

pūtoi (takenga mai: pūtoi - bunch, cluster, kinship group) (kupu kē atu: hunga)

coin

moniuka (kupu kē atu: kapa)

cold war

pakanga taungaungau (takenga mai: taungaungau - to wrangle, bicker, squabble; tau - indicating reciprocal action; tau - to attack) (kupu kē atu: pakanga kōpeke)

collaborative learning skills

pūkenga ako ngātahi (kupu kē atu: pūkenga ako ā-ropu)

collateral, security

huarawa taurangi (takenga mai: huarawa - asset; taurangi - to guarantee)

collective action, collective stance

tū kiritōpū (takenga mai: tū - stance, to fight or oppose; kiri - person, self; tōpū - as a group) (kupu kē atu: kawenga kiritōpū)

collective choice

kōwhiri kiritōpū

collective contract, collective agreement

kirimana tōpū (kupu kē atu: kirimana takimaha)

collective responsibility

haepapa kiritōpū (kupu kē atu: haepapa takimaha)

collective right

mōtika kiritōpū

collective, association, consortium

tōpūtanga (takenga mai: tōpū - consolidated, merged, united)

collective, collectivity

kiritōpū ~tanga (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tōpū - as a group, combined, united) (kupu kē atu: tōpūtanga, takimaha, kōpuni)

collectivism, collectivist

angakōpuni (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; kōpuni - as a group, all together)

colonial history

hītori tātāmi

colonial period, colonial era

takiwā tātāmi

colonial repression

tātāmi a tauiwi

colonise, colonisation, oppress, suppress

taipūwhenua ~tanga (kupu kē atu: tāmi)

colonise, colonisation, oppress, suppress

tāmi ~a ~tanga (takenga mai: tāmi - repress, suppress) (kupu kē atu: taipūwhenua, taipūwhenuatanga)

coloniser

manatāmi (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; tāmi - colonise, repress, suppress) (kupu kē atu: kiritāmi, iwi tātāmi)

colony

whenua maru (takenga mai: whenua - country; maru - shaded, sheltered) (kupu kē atu: whenua tāmi, koroni [kupu mino])

commercial fisher

kaihao arumoni

commercial goal

whāinga arumoni (kupu kē atu: whāinga tauhokohoko)

commercial goal

whāinga tauhokohoko (kupu kē atu: whāinga arumoni)

commercial precinct, commercial quarter

paetauhoko (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity; tauhoko [tauhokohoko] - trade, commerce)

commercial relationship

hononga tauhokohoko

commercial waste, trade waste

para tauhokohoko

commercial, commercialisation

arumoni ~tanga (takenga mai: aru - to pursue, follow; moni [kupu mino] - money)

commercialisation of culture

tāhoko ahurea (takenga mai: tā - causative prefix; hoko - to buy or sell; ahurea - culture)

commercialise

whakaarumoni ~ngia

commission

kōmihana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

commission (finance)

tiringa (takenga mai: tiri - share, portion)

commission of inquiry

kōmihana whakatewhatewha (takenga mai: whakatewhatewha - to investigate, examine, enquire into)

commissioner

kaikōmihana

commodify, commodification

whakatauhoko ~tia ~tanga (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; tauhoko [tauhokohoko] - trade, commerce)

commodity

taongahoko taketake (takenga mai: taonga - goods, property; hoko - to buy or sell; taketake - original)

common assault

haupatu ~a ~ nga

common good

painga pātahi (takenga mai: pātahi - to befall all alike, affect all in common)

communication skills

pūkenga whakawhitiwhiti kōrero

communism, communistic

angatōpū (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; tōpū - as a group, united)

communist dictatorship

tuanui angatōpū (takenga mai: tuanui - harsh, overbearing; tuanui [whakatuanui] -autocratic, authoritarian; anga - structure, framework; tōpū - combined, as a group, collective; angatōpū - communism)

community

hapori

community board, community council

rūnanga hapori

company (business), agency

umanga (kupu kē atu: kamupene [kupu mino])

company of labourers

apū

comparative history

hītori whakatairite

compare, comparison

whakatairite ~a (kupu kē atu: whakataurite)

compare, comparison

whakataurite ~a (kupu kē atu: whakatairite)

compensate, compensation, recompense, reparation, redress

paremata ~tia

compete, competition

whakataetae ~tia

compound interest

huamoni whakaputu (takenga mai: whakaputu - to pile up)

concept

huatau

concession, compromise

āhuatanga tuku (takenga mai: āhuatanga - aspect; tuku - to give up, let go)

concrete thinking

whakaaro tūhāngai (takenga mai: tū - manner, sort; hāngai - correspond to, in line with, directly)

confidence and supply

manatoko me te manapūtea (takenga mai: manatoko - to verify, validate, give credence to; manapūtea - fiscal authority)

confined aquifer

mātāwainuku hamaruru (takenga mai: mātā [mātāpuna] - source; wainuku - groundwater; hamaruru - to shut in, confine, restrict)

conflict of interest

pānga taupatupatu (takenga mai: pānga - connection, interest; taupatupatu - to dispute, contend, vie)

conflict resolution

whakatatū taututetute

conflict, dispute

taututetute (kupu kē atu: taupatupatu, taukumekume)

conflicting belief

whakapono taupatupatu

conflicting idea

whakaaro taupatupatu

conflicting values

uara taupatupatu

confluence, junction

komititanga

conform, conformist

whanotau (takenga mai: whano [whanonga] - behaviour; whano - e whai ana i tā te whanokē; tau - suitable, settled)

connect, connectivity

tūhonohono ~tia

conscience

arotika (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined toward, take notice of; aro [whakaaro] - thought; tika - correct, just, upright, fair; tika [matatika] - moral, ethical)

consensus

tatūnga tukipū (takenga mai: tatūnga - resolution, decision; tukipū - general, widespread, broad) (kupu kē atu: tatūnga tokitoki)

consensus

tatūnga tokitoki (takenga mai: tatūnga - resolution, decision; tokitoki - without exception) (kupu kē atu: tatūnga tukipū)

consequence, effect, repercussion

rara

consequence, outcome, effect

hua (kupu kē atu: otinga, putanga)

conservation status

tūnga whāomoomo

conservatism, conservatist

arowheau (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined toward; wheau - stay, remain)

conservator

kairokiroki taonga (takenga mai: rokiroki - to care for, protect, preserve)

conserve, conservation

whāomoomo (takenga mai: whāomoomo - to conserve, husband, use sparingly) (kupu kē atu: whakauka)

conspiracy theory

ariā kakai (takenga mai: ariā - theory; kakai - conspire, plot, scheme)

constancy, permanency

pūmautanga

constituent

kaipōti ā-rohe

constitution

turepapa (takenga mai: ture - law; papa [tūāpapa] - foundation, platform)

constitutional monarchy

arikitanga turepapa (takenga mai: ture - law; papa [tūāpapa] - foundation, platform)

construction industry

ahumahi hanganui

construction waste

para hangahanga

consume, consumption, consumerism

whakapeto ~hia ~nga

consumer demand

popono kiritaki (takenga mai: popono - to covet, desire, hanker after)

consumer demographic

hangapori kiritaki

consumer power

mana kiritaki

consumer price index, CPI

tauine utuhoko (takenga mai: tauine - ruler, scale; utu - price, cost; hoko - to purchase, buy, sell)

consumer profile

kāhua kiritaki (takenga mai: kāhua - form, appearance)

consumer responsibility

haepapa whakapeto

consumer rights

mōtika kiritaki

contaminated soil

one hawa (takenga mai: one - soil; hawa [tāhawahawa] - to contaminate)

contaminated water

wai hawa (takenga mai: hawa [tāhawahawa] - to contaminate)

contemporary circumstance, contemporary phenomena, contemporary factor

āhuatanga o te wā

contemporary culture

ahurea o nāianei

contents insurance

inihua taonga rōwhare

context

horopaki (takenga mai: horopaki - surround)

continent

paparahi (takenga mai: papa – surface; rahi – large) (kupu kē atu: whenua rahi)

continental climate

āhuarangi paparahi

continental crust

kiri paparahi (takenga mai: kiri – skin; paparahi – continent)

continental shelf

paenga paparahi

contingency plan

mahere heipūtanga (takenga mai: heipū - to come upon)

continuity

auroatanga (takenga mai: auroa - prolonged, lengthy) (kupu kē atu: haere tonutanga)

continuous occupation (of land), burning fires of occupation

ahikā (kupu kē atu: ahikāroa)

continuous occupation (of land), burning fires of occupation

ahikāroa (kupu kē atu: ahikā)

contract, binding agreement

kirimana (takenga mai: kiri - skin, bark; mana - effectual, binding, authoritative)

controlled economy, command economy

ōhanga whakamatua

controversy, dispute, controversial

tautohe ~a ~nga

convention, conference, summit

hui taumata

conventional history, prevailing history, mainstream history

hītori auraki (takenga mai: auraki - mainstream)

convergent thinking

whakaaro rūnā (takenga mai: rūnā - to reduce, pare down)

cooperate, collaborate, collaboration

mahi ngātahi

cooperative

tōpūtanga mahitahi (takenga mai: tōpū - consolidated, merged, united; mahi - work; tahi - as one, together)

cooperative (business)

pakihi ā-ohu

cooperative learning skills

pūkenga ako tahi

corporate crime

hara rangatōpū

corporation

rangatōpū (takenga mai: ranga - company of people; tōpū - assembled, in a body) (kupu kē atu: kaporeihana)

corrupt, corruption

whakakonuka

cost of living

utu noho

cost of living index

tauine utu noho (takenga mai: tauine - ruler, scale)

cost price, manufacturing price

utu waihanga

cost, price, pay, payment

utu ~a

cost-effective, cost-effectiveness

utu-whaihua (takenga mai: utu - cost, price, payment; whaihua - beneficial, worthwhile)

cost-effectiveness analysis, cost-benefit analysis

tātaritanga utu-whaihua

cottage industry, home industry

ahumahi tara ā-whare (takenga mai: tara ā-whare - home based, domestic) (kupu kē atu: ahumahi kāinga)

councillor, council representative

māngai kaunihera (kupu kē atu: kaikaunihera)

counter claim, cross claim, disputed claim

kokoraho taupatupatu

counterculture

ahurea ātete (takenga mai: ātete - to oppose)

coup, coup d'état

pāhoro (takenga mai: pāhoro - to take by assault, storm a fortress) (kupu kē atu: tukipoto)

court

kōti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

courtyard - open area in front of meeting house

marae

cove, bay, indentation of coastline

kokoru

covenant

kawenata (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

covertly oppress, covert oppression

pēhi (~tanga) matahuna (takenga mai: mata - face; huna - hidden)

create knowledge

waihanga mōhiotanga

credit account

pūtea taurewa

credit card

kāri taurewa

credit limit

mōrahi taurewa (takenga mai: mōrahi - maximum, upper limit)

credit rating

pae taurewa (takenga mai: pae - margin, boundary; taurewa - credit)

credit, loan

moni taurewa (takenga mai: moni [kupu mino] - money; taurewa - to be unpaid, on loan)

creek, watercourse, ditch, branch of a river

manga

crime against humanity

maukino tangata (takenga mai: maukino - abuse, ill-treat)

crime, offence, sin, offend, violate (against law and lore), guilty

hara

criminal case

take taihara

criminal law

ture taihara

crisis, predicament, serious problem

tairaru (takenga mai: tai - prefixwith a qualifying force; raru - problem, trouble, difficulty)

critical theory

ariā arohaehae

critical thinking

whakaaro arohaehae

crop (farming)

huanga kai

crop farming, cropping

whakatipu huanga kai (takenga mai: whakatipu - to grow; huanga kai - crop)

crowdfund, crowdfunding

oha takitini (takenga mai: oha - to leave as a bequest, generosity; takitini - multitude, crowd)

crowdsource, crowdsourcing

tahua takitini (takenga mai: tahua - heap, especially of food at a feast, fund; takitini - crowd, many people) (kupu kē atu: puna takitini)

crust (of the Earth)

kirinuku (takenga mai: kiri – skin; nuku – the Earth)

cryptocurrency

moni whitirangi (takenga mai: moni - currency, money [kupu mino]; whiti - to transfer, cross over; rangi [ipurangi] - internet) (kupu kē atu: moni matihuna, moni matihiko, moni mariko)

cult

puni whanokē (takenga mai: puni - company of people; whanokē - peculiar, weird, unusual, eccentric)

cultivate, cultivation

ngaki ~na ~ nga

cultural anthropology

mātai tikanga ahurea

cultural appropriation, cultural misappropriation

pāhao ahurea (takenga mai: pāhao - to acquire stealthily)

cultural awareness, cultural sensitivity, culturally aware

tūoho ahurea

cultural background

takenga ahurea (takenga mai: takenga - origin, derivation)

cultural context

horopaki ahurea

cultural diffusion

horahora ahurea

cultural diversity

kanorau ahurea

cultural envoy

karere ahurea

cultural evolution

kuneroa ahurea

cultural exploitation

takakino ahurea (takenga mai: takakino - mistreat, abuse)

cultural festival

taiopenga ahurea

cultural hegemony

whakatuanui ahurea

cultural history

hītori ahurea

cultural identity

tuakiri ahurea

cultural impact

pāpātanga ahurea

cultural influence

awenga ahurea

cultural misappropriation

hone ahurea (takenga mai: hone - to acquire wrongfully)

cultural practice

tikanga ahurea

cultural precinct, cultural quarter

paeahurea (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity)

cultural relativism

hāngaitanga ahurea (takenga mai: hāngai - relevant to, in line with)

cultural response, cultural responsiveness

urupare ahurea

cultural revolution

taihuringa ahurea (takenga mai: tai - a prefix with a qualifying force; huri - to change)

cultural tourism

tāpoi ahurea

culture

ahurea

culture shock

tūmatatenga ahurea (takenga mai: tūmatatenga - apprehension, anxiety, unease)

curate

rauhī ~tia (takenga mai: rauhī - to collect together, to care for, protect)

curfew

rāhui haere noa

current assets

huarawa wātea

current events, current affairs

take o te wā (kupu kē atu: rongo kōrero o te wā)

custom, lore, practice, convention

tikanga

cyberbully, cyberbullying

whakaweti ā-ipurangi

cycle of deprivation

pakukore tāruarua (takenga mai: pakukore - impoverished, deprivation; tāruarua - to repeat)

cycle of poverty

rawakore tāruarua (takenga mai: tāruarua - to repeat)

cycleway, cycle trail

ara pahikara

D

Dannevirke

Tāmaki-nui-a-Rua

Dargaville

Tākiwira (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Darwin

Tāwini (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Dawn Raid

Huakitanga Atapō

Declaration of the Independence of the United Tribes of New Zealand

Te Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Nū Tīreni

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Te Whenua Tūhake o Kōngo

Denmark

Tenemāka (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Department of Conservation

Te Papa Atawhai

District Court

Kōti ā-Rohe

Diwali

Tiwāri (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Dominica

Tominika (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Dominican Republic

Te Whenua Tūhake o Tominika

Dubai

Tupae (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Dublin

Tapurini (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Dunedin

Ōtepoti

data driven

aro raraunga (takenga mai: aro - to take heed of, consider; raraunga - data)

data repatriation

taumanu raraunga (takenga mai: taumanu - reclaim, repossess; raraunga - data)

data security

whakamaru raraunga

data sovereignty

rangatiratanga raraunga

de-facto relationship

piringa noa (kupu kē atu: moe māori)

death rate, mortality rate

pāpātanga mate

debit, withdrawal

moni tango (takenga mai: moni [kupu mino] - money; tango - to take away, subtract)

debt, invoice, bill

nama (takenga mai: He kupu mino [number].)

decade

ngahurutau (takenga mai: ngahuru - ten; tau - year) (kupu kē atu: tekau tau)

decide, decision, determine

whakatau ~ria ~nga

decile

waengahuru (takenga mai: wae [waeine] - unit of measurement; ngahuru - ten)

decision making process

tukanga whakatau

declining (species)

(momo) pāitiiti

decolonisation

wetetāmi ~tanga (takenga mai: wete - to set free, release, untie, unravel; tāmi - colonise - suppress, repress)

deep affection, yearning (especially for one's homeland)

matemate-ā-one

deep aquifer, artesian bore

puna manawa whenua

defendant

kiriuapare (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; uapare - to pass the blame, blame)

deficit, overdraft

tarepa

deflation

hekeutu tukipū (takenga mai: heke - tosubside, decline; utu - cost, price; tukipū - general, widespread)

deforestation

whakarake ~a (kupu kē atu: tuangahere)

degrade, degradation, damage, spoil

whakakino ~tia ~tanga (kupu kē atu: takakino)

delta

pūwaiwaha

demand

popono (takenga mai: popono - to covet, desire, hanker after)

democracy, democratic

manapori (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; pori [porihanga] - society)

democratic government

kāwanatanga manapori

democratic leadership

hautūtanga manapori

democratic republic

whenua tūhake manapori

demographic change

panoni hangapori

demographic trend

ia hangapori

demographic, demography

hangapori (takenga mai: hanga - stature, shape; pori [taupori] - population; pori - people, tribe)

demography

mātai hangapori (takenga mai: mātai - to study, examine, investigate)

demonstration, stage a demonstration

whakatōhenehene ~tia (takenga mai: whakatōhenehene - disturb, disrupt)

denomination (of a religion)

tānga hāhi (takenga mai: tānga - division, company [of people])

dense, density

apiapi (kupu kē atu: kiato)

depend, dependency

(whaka) whirinaki ~tia ~tanga (kupu kē atu: pararau)

dependency, dependent nation

whenua whakawhirinaki (kupu kē atu: whenua pararau)

deport, banish, expel

tūwhiti ~a ~nga (kupu kē atu: terepu)

deportee

kiritūwhiti (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tūwhiti - deport, banish, expel)

deposit (of money)

moni kuhu (takenga mai: moni [kupu moni] - money; kuhu - to put in, insert) (kupu kē atu: moni kōkuhu)

deposit money

kuhu moni (kupu kē atu: kōkuhu moni)

depreciation, decrease in value

hekenga wāriu

deregulate, deregulation

whakakore waeture

desert, barren expanse of land

koraha

desertification

whakakoraha

detain, detainee, confine, imprison

whakarau ~a ~nga

detente

maurutanga (takenga mai: mauru - to be eased, allayed, appeased)

detention centre, detention camp

taupuni whakarau

develop, development

whanake, whakawhanake ~tanga (takenga mai: whanake - to move onwards, to grow, to develop)

developed nation, developed country

whenua whanake

developing nation, developing country

whenua whakawhanake

diaspora

noho marara (takenga mai: noho - to live, dwell; marara - scattered)

dictator

manatuanui (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; tuanui [whakatuanui] - authoritarian, dictatorial)

dictatorship

tuanui ~tanga (takenga mai: tuanui - harsh, overbearing; tuanui [whakatuanui] - authoritarian, autocratic)

dieback

tāmatemate (takenga mai: tāmatemate - to decline, deteriorate) (kupu kē atu: mate taiora)

different, difference

rerekē ~tanga

digital age, digital era

takiwā matihiko

digital divide

āputa matihiko (takenga mai: āputa - gap)

diplomacy, diplomatic

whakahangahanga (takenga mai: whakahangahanga - to handle gently)

diplomat

māngai whakahangahanga (takenga mai: māngai - mouthpiece, representative)

diplomatic protection, diplomatic immunity

maru whakahangahanga (takenga mai: maru - shelter, safeguard)

diplomatic relations

piringa whakahangahanga

direct action

tohe tū (takenga mai: tohe - to contend with, argue, persist; tū - to fight, engage, oppose)

disabled, disability

hauā (kupu kē atu: whaikaha)

disadvantage, disadvantaged

pūhore ~tanga (takenga mai: pūhore - unfortunate, poverty)

disagreement, tension, quarrel, discord

whakatete ~a (kupu kē atu: taukumekume)

disarm, disarmament

tupe ~a ~nga

disaster, calamity, misfortune, catastrophe

aituā (kupu kē atu: maikiroa, maiki)

discord, disharmony

ahitere (kupu kē atu: whakatete)

discount

whakahekenga utu

discretionary income

moniwhiwhi kōwhiti (takenga mai: kōwhiti - to choose)

discriminate against, discrimination, despise, degrade

whakahāwea ~tia ~tanga (kupu kē atu: whakatoihara)

disempower, disempowerment

whakaeo ~tia ~tanga

disenfranchised

manapōti-kore (takenga mai: mana - authority; pōti - vote; kore - negative, nil)

disengagement of elderly

maunutanga kaumātua

dishonest, corrupt, thieving

keiā ~tia (kupu kē atu: raureka)

displaced person

mōrehu kāinga-kore (kupu kē atu: konene)

disposable income, available income

moniwhiwhi wātea

disproportionate, uneven

pāhikahika

disruptive picket

tūtohe whakatōhenehene (takenga mai: tū - to stand, engage, oppose; tohe - to argue, contend; whakatōhenehene - to disrupt)

disruptive thinking

whakaaro porohuri (takenga mai: porohuri - to upset, overturn)

distant future

wāheke mamao

distant past

wāmua mamao

distribute, distribution, allocate, allocation

tuari ~hia

distributive justice

tika tohatoha

district, area, territory

rohe

divergent thinking

whakaaro roha (takenga mai: roha – to spread out, extend out)

diverse society, pluralistic society

porihanga kanorau

diverse, diversity, plural, pluralism

kanorau ~tanga (takenga mai: kano - colour, sort, kind, seed, texture; rau - many) (kupu kē atu: matahuhuatanga, rerenga kētanga)

diversification

whakakanorautanga

diversity of sexual orientation

kanorau hōkakatanga

divided, polarised, split

tōtara wāhi rua (kupu kē atu: totoe)

dividend

utu whaipānga (takenga mai: utu - payment; whaipānga - to have a share, interest)

divorce

tokorau ~tanga

dog park

papa kurī

dogma

whakaaro whakatuanui (takenga mai: whakaaro - thought, idea; whakatuanui - overbearing, domineering)

domestic market

mākete taiwhenua

domestic tourism, internal tourism

tāpoi taiwhenua

domestic waste, household waste

para kāinga

dominant culture

ahurea awenui (takenga mai: awe - strength, power, influence; nui - big, large) (kupu kē atu: ahurea whakatuanui)

dominant group of people, dominant tribe

iwi awenui (takenga mai: awe - strength, power, influence) (kupu kē atu: iwi whakatuanui)

dominion

tominiana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

domino effect, chain reaction, ripple effect

huanga whaiwhai (takenga mai: huanga - outcome, result; whaiwhai - to follow)

donation, gift

koha

donor

kaituku (takenga mai: tuku - to give)

double standard

paerewa matarua (takenga mai: paerewa - standard; mata - face; rua - two)

downcycle

hangararo ~tia (takenga mai: hanga [hangarua] - recycle; raro - down)

downstream

reremuri (takenga mai: rere - to flow; muri - after, coming behind)

downstream consequence

rara reremuri

downstream effect

hua reremuri (takenga mai: hua - outcome; rere - to flow; muri - behind)

downstream service

ratonga reremuri (takenga mai: rere - to flow; muri, behind, after)

dress code

kawa kākahu (takenga mai: kawa - protocol)

drinking water, potable water

wai inu

dropout, drop out, indolent

inukorokoro (takenga mai: inukorokoro - to be indolent, lackadaisical, inactive)

drug trafficking

hokotaihara pūroi

dry climate

āhuarangi pakapaka

dry season

kaupeka pakapaka

due diligence

haurapatanga (takenga mai: haurapa - to search for diligently, to probe, delve)

duopoly

manatōrua (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; tōrua - twofold)

duty of disclosure

haepapa whāki (takenga mai: haepapa - responsibility; whāki - to disclose)

dynasty

arikitanga tūroa (takenga mai: arikitanga - monarchy; tūroa - established, of long standing, enduring)

dysfunction, dysfunctional, lame

turingonge (takenga mai: turingongengonge - crippled, lame, malfunctioning)

E

EFTPOS card

kāri utuhiko (takenga mai: kāri - card [kupu mino]; utu - to pay for; hiko [tāhiko] - electronic)

Earth

Papatūānuku

East Asia

Āhia ki te Rāwhiti

East Timor

Tīmoa ki te Rāwhiti

Easter

Aranga (takenga mai: ara - to rise up)

Eastern Europe

Ūropi ki te Rāwhiti

Ecuador

Ekuatoa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Egypt

Īhipa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

El Salvador

Whakaora

Employment Court

Kōti Take Mahi

Employment Relations Authority

(Te) Ratonga Ahumana Taimahi

England

Ingarangi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Environment Court

Kōti Taiao

Equatorial Guinea

Kini Ekuatoria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Eritrea

Eriterea (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Estonia

Etōnia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Eswatini

Ehiwatini (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ethiopia

Etiopia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Europe

Ūropi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

European Union

(Te) Tōpūtanga o Ūropi

e-commerce

ī-tauhoko (takenga mai: ī - he rite te whakahua ki te pū Ingarihi nei, te 'e' mō te electronic; tauhoko [tauhokohoko] - trade, commerce)

e-waste

īpara (kupu kē atu: para tāhiko)

early vote, advance voting

pōti tōmua

earthquake

rū whenua

eco lifestyle, green lifestyle

(kātū) noho tautaiao (kupu kē atu: [kātū] noho kākāriki)

eco-farm, eco-farming

pāmu tautaiao

eco-product

hautaonga tautaiao

ecological footprint

tapuwae hauropi

economic

ohaoha

economic change

panoni ohaoha

economic community

hapori ohaoha

economic crisis

tairaru ohaoha

economic depression

aumate ohaoha (takenga mai: au - current; au - e whai ana i tā te 'aupiki' me te 'auheke'; mate - sick, ailing, unwell)

economic development

whanaketanga ohaoha

economic expansion

aupiki ohaoha (takenga mai: aupiki - to ascend, success)

economic growth

tipu ohaoha

economic hegemony

whakatuanui ohaoha

economic history

hītori ōhanga

economic impact

pāpātanga ohaoha

economic incentive

poapoa ohaoha

economic map, economic plan

mahere ohaoha

economic policy

kaupapahere ohaoha

economic recession

auheke ohaoha (takenga mai: auheke - difficulty, failure)

economic recovery

mātūtū ōhanga

economic system

pūnaha ōhanga

economic trend

ia ohaoha

economic unity

kotahitanga ā-ōhanga

economics

mātai ōhanga

economy

ōhanga (kupu kē atu: taiōhanga)

economy of scale

(te) whaihua ake o te mahinga nui

ecosystem

pūnaha hauropi (takenga mai: pūnaha ‒ system; hauropi ‒ ecology)

ecosystem service

ratonga pūnaha hauropi

ecotourism

tāpoi tautaiao

eco~, environmentally friendly

tautaiao (takenga mai: tau – befitting, calm, settled; taiao – environment)

education background

takenga mātauranga (takenga mai: takenga - origin, derivation)

education policy

kaupapahere mātauranga

efficacy, efficacious

whaikaha (takenga mai: whai - to have, possess; kaha - power, strength, ability)

egg donor

kaituku kākano

electoral roll

rārangi pōti

electorate, constituency, ward

rohe pōti (kupu kē atu: wāri [kupu mino - ward])

electronic transaction

kurutete tāhiko (takenga mai: kurutete - to exchange, swap)

electronic transfer

whakawhitinga tāhiko

emancipatory learning, emancipatory education

ako wetehere (takenga mai: ako - learn, teach; wete - to release, untie, set free; here - restriction, tie)

embargo (trade sanction)

herepū (takenga mai: herepū - to seize, catch and hold firmly)

embark, proceed (on to marae)

whakaeke ~a

embassy, diplomatic residence

pā whakahangahanga (takenga mai: pā - fortified village; whakahangahanga - to handle gently, be diplomatic, tactful)

embodiment, archetype

kikomūrau (takenga mai: kiko - person, body; mūrau - a person cited as a noteable example)

emergency housing, emergency accommodation

wharenoho ohotata

emergency service

ratonga ohotata

emigrate, emigration

heke (~nga) atu

emotional need

matea kare ā-roto

emotional relationship

hononga kare ā-roto

emotional trauma

kohuki kare ā-roto

empathy, empathetic

ngākau aroha

employer

kaituku mahi (kupu kē atu: kaiwhakawhiwhi mahi)

employment contract

kirimana whiwhi mahi

employment, employed

whiwhi mahi

empower, empowerment

whakamana ~hia ~tanga

enclosed incineration

tūmata kōpani (takenga mai: tūmata - to burn, incinerate; kōpani - enclosed)

endangered species

momo mōrea

endow, endowment

waiho ~tia ~tanga (takenga mai: waiho - to leave)

energy crisis

tairaru pūngao

energy infrastructure

tūāhanga pūngao

energy recovery

taumanu pūngao (takenga mai: taumanu - to take possession of, repossess, reclaim) (kupu kē atu: unu pūngao)

energy security

tūwhita pūngao (takenga mai: tū - position, stance; whita - to be firm, secure)

enforce, implement, compel, coercion

uruhi ~a

enlighten, Enlightenment

whakamahuki ~tia ~tanga

enterprise, entity

hinonga (takenga mai: hinonga - doing, undertaking)

entertain, entertainment

whakangahau ~tia

entrepreneur, entrepreneurial

rakahinonga (takenga mai: raka - agile, adept; hinonga - enterprise)

entrepreneurial skills

pūkenga rakahinonga

environment

taiao

environmental controversy

tautohe taiao

environmental crisis

tairaru taiao

environmental disaster

aituā taiao (kupu kē atu: maikiroa taiao)

environmental exploitation

kaiapo taiao

environmental geography

matawhenua taiao

environmental history

hītori taiao

environmental impact

pāpātanga taiao

environmental policy

kaupapahere taiao

environmental protection, environmental safeguard

whakamaru taiao

environmental racism

kaikiri taiao

environmental safety

haumaru taiao

envoy, messenger

karere

epidemiology

mātai tahapori tahumaero (takenga mai: mātai - to study, examine; taha - side, dimension; pori [pāpori] - social; tahumaero - disease, sickness)

equal employment opportunity

ara whiwhi mahi tautika (takenga mai: ara - pathway; ara [arawātea] - opportunity; tautika - even, level, straight; tautika - equitable)

equal opportunity

arawātea ōrite

equal, same

ōrite

equality, equal status

manarite ~nga (kupu kē atu: ōritetanga)

equator

(te) weheruatanga o te ao

equipment pool, equipment pooling

tāpuna taputapu

equity (finance)

tūtanga (takenga mai: tūtanga - portion, division)

equity, equitable

tautika

erode, erosion

ngāhorohoro (takenga mai: ngāhorohoro – fall off bit by bit)

estuary

wahapū

ethic approval

whakaaetanga matatika

ethical controversy, moral controversy

tautohe matatika

ethical dilemma, moral dilemma

matawaenga matatika

ethical investment, responsible investment

haumitanga matatika

ethical lifestyle

(kātū) noho matatika

ethical living

noho matatika

ethical practice

ritenga matatika

ethical product

hautaonga matatika

ethical production

whakaputa matatika

ethical standard, moral standard

paerewa matatika

ethical trade, fair trade

tauhoko matatika

ethics, ethical, moral, morality

matatika (takenga mai: matatika - right, straight)

ethnic balance

taurite mātāwaka

ethnic bias

rītaha mātāwaka

ethnic diversity

kanorau mātāwaka (kupu kē atu: kanorau ā-iwi)

ethnicity, ethnic group

mātāwaka

ethnocentric, ethnocentricism

whakaariki ā-iwi (kupu kē atu: rītaha ā-iwi)

evacuate, evacuation, withdraw, retreat

whakatahi ~nga

evacuation centre

puni whakatahi (takenga mai: puni - encampment, camping place; whakatahi - to evacuate)

evaluate knowledge

arotake mōhiotanga

evangelism, evangelical

tāwheta rongopai (takenga mai: tāwheta - zeal, fervour, enthusiasm; rongopai - gospel)

event tourism

tāpoi taiopenga

event, occasion

taiopenga (takenga mai: taiope - gather together) (kupu kē atu: huihuinga)

evidence based

whai taunaki (takenga mai: whai - to possess, have; taunakitanga - evidence)

evidence, testimony, testify, reinforce, support

taunaki ~tia ~ tanga

evolve, evolution

kuneroa ~tanga (takenga mai: kune - to swell, grow; roa - to be a long time) (kupu kē atu: kukuwha)

exaggerate, exaggeration, exaggerated

whakamōmona ~tia ~tanga (takenga mai: whakamōmona - to fatten, enrich)

excess (insurance)

utu tūmua (takenga mai: utu - payment; tū - to stand, set in place; mua - in front, before)

excess demand

popono tuhene

excess supply, oversupply

whakaratonga tuhene

exchange rate

pāpātanga whakawhiti (kupu kē atu: pāpātanga kurutete)

exchange student

ākonga whakawhiti

exchange system, system of exchange

pūnaha kurutete

excise tax

tāke whāiti (takenga mai: tāke - tax [kupu mino]; whāiti - narrow, specific)

exclude, exclusive, exclusion

kaupare ~tia ~tanga (takenga mai: kaupare - to divert, turn aside)

exclusive leadership

hautūtanga kaupare

exclusive society

porihanga kaupare

executive

taha whakahaere

exotic forest

ngahere rāwaho (takenga mai: rāwaho - from the outside)

expat

manu kaewa (takenga mai: manu - bird; kaewa - to wander, roam)

expenditure, expenses

whakapaunga

exploit, exploitation

kaiapo ~hia ~ tanga (takenga mai: kaiapo - covetous, avaricious, greedy)

explorer, pioneer

kaihōpara

exponential growth

tipu taupūtanga

export

hoko whakawaho (takenga mai: whakawaho - outward direction) (kupu kē atu: hoko ki tai, hokowaho)

exterminate, annihilate, devastate, devastation

whakamōtī

external pressure

pēhanga rāwaho

external, foreign

rāwaho (kupu kē atu: tauwhenua, manene, whakawaho)

extinct, extinction

korehāhā (kupu kē atu: mate ā-moa)

extreme temperature

paemahana taikaha (kupu kē atu: pāmahana taikaha)

extreme weather

huarere taikaha

extremism

angahāruki (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; hāruki [hārukiruki] - very, extremely)

extremist

taihāruki (takenga mai: tai - prefix with a qualifying force; hāruki [hārukiruki] - very, extreme)

F

Falkland Islands

(Ngā) Motu Whākana

Family Court

Kōti Whānau

Faroe Islands

(Ngā) Motu Wharau

Featherston

Paetūmōkai

Feilding

Kawakawa

Festival of Lights

Taiopenga Rama

Fiji

Whītī (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Finland

Whinarana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Hinerangi)

Florence

Whōrene (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Foxton

Te Awahou

France

Wīwī (takenga mai: He kupu mino [reo Wīwī].) (kupu kē atu: Parani)

Frankfurt

Parewhiti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

French Guiana

Kiāna Wīwī (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

facility

rawapuni (takenga mai: rawa - resource, asset, property; puni - encampment, company of people)

fact check

whakakoia meka (takenga mai: whakakoia - to affirm, confirm; meka - fact, truth)

faction

orokē (takenga mai: oro - grove of trees of one kind; kē - different, alternative)

factory

wheketere (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

factory farm, factory farming

pāmu kōpiripiri (takenga mai: kōpiripiri - crowded close together, cramped)

factual information

kōrero pono

fair, impartial

tōkeke

faith in humanity

pono ki te koutangata

fake news

rongo tipatipa (takenga mai: rongo - news, report; tipatipa - false, lying, untrue, fake) (kupu kē atu: hau meho)

fallacy, fallacious, untrue

hāwatewate

fallow ground, abandoned cultivation

pātohe

false information, disinformation, misinformation

kōrero horihori (kupu kē atu: kōrero parau, kōrero meho)

familial relationship

hononga ā-whānau

family background

takenga ā-whānau (takenga mai: takenga - origin, derivation)

family benefit

takuhe whānau

family crisis

tairaru ā-whānau

family dysfunction

turingonge ā-whānau

family history

hītori whānau (kupu kē atu: tāhuhu kōrero ā-whānau)

family trust

tarahiti ā-whānau

family, extended family

whānau

fanatic, fanatical, zealot

taiwhiwhita (takenga mai: tai - prefix with a qualifying force; whiwhita - fanaticism)

fanatical jihadi

tīhati whiwhita (takenga mai: tīhati [kupu mino] - jihad; whiwhita - fanaticism, dedication)

fanaticism, fanatical

whiwhita

far-left, extreme left

aromauī hāruki (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined toward; mauī - the left; hāruki [hārukiruki] - very, extremely)

far-right, extreme right

aromatau hāruki (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined toward; matau - the right; hāruki [hārukiruki] - very, extremely)

farm, farming

pāmu ~tia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: whāmu)

farmstay

noho pāmu

fascism, capitalist dictatorship

tuanui angahaorawa (takenga mai: tuanui - harsh, overbearing; tuanui [whakatuanui] - autocratic, authoritarian; anga - structure, framework; hao - acquisitive, greedy; angahaorawa - capitalism)

fast, go without food, fasting

nohopuku

feminism

kōkiri mana wahine (takenga mai: kōkiri - to champion, promote, advocate; mana wahine - status, power, dignity of women) (kupu kē atu: tohe mana wahine)

festival, carnival

hui taurima

feudal society

porihanga whakaapaapa (takenga mai: whakaapaapa - layered; apa - layer; apa - slave, servant)

finance, financial, monetary

ahumoni (takenga mai: ahu – tend, foster, oriented towards; moni [kupu mino] – money)

financial benefit, monetary benefit

painga ahumoni

financial incentive, monetary incentive

poapoa ahumoni

financial plan

mahere ahumoni

financial risk

tūraru ahumoni

financial year

tau ahumoni

fine

whaina ~tia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

fiord, fjord

tai matapari

fire service

ratonga tinei ahi

first born

mātāmua (kupu kē atu: huatahi)

first past the post, FPP

pōti whiritoa (takenga mai: whiri - to choose; toa - victor, winner)

first world nation

whenua ao-tahi

fiscal policy

kaupapahere moni tūmatanui (takenga mai: moni - money [kupu mino]; tūmatanui - public)

fishing industry

ahumahi ika

fixed asset

huarawa pūmau

fixed rate, flat rate

pāpātanga pūmau

flaxroots, grassroots

pū harakeke (takenga mai: pū - originate; harakeke - flax; pū harakeke - flax bush)

flood

waipuke ~hia

flood plain

mānia waipuke

floor space on the left on entering a meeting house

tara iti (kupu kē atu: kopa iti , tara whāiti)

floor space on the right on entering a meeting house

tara nui (kupu kē atu: tara whānui)

food globalisation

whakaaotanga kai

food insecurity

(te) pāhekeheke o te kai (takenga mai: pāhekeheke - to be slippery, uncertain, unstable)

food miles

awhenga kai (takenga mai: awhe - to travel)

food processing industry

ahumahi tukatuka kai

food recovery, food rescue

taumanu kai (takenga mai: taumanu - take possession of, repossess, reclaim) (kupu kē atu: pena kai)

food security

tūwhita kai (takenga mai: tū - stance, position; whita - to be firm, secure)

food sovereignty

(te) rangatiratanga o te kai

food trend

ia kai

food wastage

moumou kai

food waste

para kai

foodbank

pātaka hapori (takenga mai: pātaka - food storehouse; hapori - community)

forced labour

mahi mauhere (kupu kē atu: mahi uruhi)

forced resettlement

whakanōhanga tohuhere (takenga mai: tohu - to direct; here - restriction, obligation)

foreign affairs, external affairs, international affairs

take tāwāhi (kupu kē atu: take rāwaho)

foreign culture

ahurea rāwaho

foreign policy

kaupapahere tauwhenua

foreigner, immigrant

manene

forest

ngahere (kupu kē atu: wao, ngahengahe, nehenehe)

formal meeting

hui ōkawa

formal proceeding

whakahaere ōkawa

formal relationship

hononga ōkawa

foster child

tamaiti whāngai

foster parent

matua whāngai

found guilty, proven guilty

mau tangetange

fraud

hara tāware (takenga mai: tāware - dupe, deceive)

free from the restrictions of tapu, ordinary

noa

free love

ai māhorahora

free market, deregulated market

mākete herekore (kupu kē atu: mākete waeture-kore)

free range farm, free range farming

pāmu tahawhenua

free trade, free enterprise

tauhoko herekore

free, freedom, liberty

(whaka) wātea ~tanga (kupu kē atu: herekore)

free, freedom, liberty

herekore (takenga mai: here - to restrict; kore - negative) (kupu kē atu: wātea)

free-range

tahawhenua (takenga mai: tahawhenua - to roam, wander, move about)

freedom camp, freedom camping

puni mataraharaha (takenga mai: puni - camping place; mataraharaha - freedom from care, carefree)

freedom of belief

manawhiri whakapono (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; whiri [whiriwhiri] - to choose)

freedom of speech

manawhiri kōrero (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; whiri [whiriwhiri] - to choose)

freehold title

taitara herekore

freethinking

whakaaro māhorahora

fresh water, drinking water

wai māori

frugal lifestyle

(kātū) noho ihupuku

frugal, economise, thrifty

whakamoamoa (takenga mai: whakamoamoa - economise, husband) (kupu kē atu: whāomoomo)

fund, sum of money

tahua

fundamentalism

angawhakapū (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; whakapū - fundamentally, founding)

funeral insurance

inihua tangihanga

future time

wāheke (takenga mai: wā - time; heke - to be coming) (kupu kē atu: anamata)

G

Gabon

Kāpona (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Gambia

Kamopia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Gaza Strip

Te Awarua o Kāha (takenga mai: awarua - strip of territory between two tribes or rivers; Kāha [kupu mino] - Gaza)

Generation X

Reanga X

Generation Z

Reanga Z

Geneva

Hiniwa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Georgia

Hōria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Germany

Tiamana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Hāmene)

Ghana

Kāna (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Global Positioning System, GPS

Pūnaha Kimi Taunga (takenga mai: pūnaha ‒ system; kimi ‒ search; taunga ‒ location)

Goods and Services Tax, GST, sales tax

Tāke Hokohoko

Gore

Maruawai

Great Barrier Island

Aotea

Great Britain

Piritana Nui (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Greece

Kirihi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Greenland

Whenuakāriki

Grenada

Kenāta (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Greymouth

Māwhera

Guam

Kuama

Guatemala

Kuatamāra (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Guinea

Kini (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Guinea-Bissau

Kini-Pihau (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Guyana

Kaiana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

garden waste, plant waste, green waste

para tipu

gaseous waste

para haurehu

gated community

hapori tūkati (takenga mai: tūkati - to be closed up, blocked)

gatekeeping, gatekeeper

tūtei tomokanga (takenga mai: tūtei - to keep watch, sentry; tomokanga - entrance, entry)

gender

ira (kupu kē atu: ira tangata)

gender balance

taurite ira

gender bias

rītaha ira

gender discrimination, sexism

whakatoihara ā-ira (kupu kē atu: aukatinga ā-ira)

gender diversity

kanorau ā-ira

gender fluid

irarere (takenga mai: ira - gender; rere - to flow) (kupu kē atu: irahuri)

gender identity

tuakiri ā-ira

gender privilege

whiwhi painga ā-ira

gender queer

irakē (takenga mai: ira - gender; kē - indicating difference)

genealogy, lineage, descent

whakapapa ~tia

general business

take whānui

general election

pōtitanga whānui

general electoral roll

rārangi pōti auraki

generation gap

āputa reanga

generational trauma, intergenerational trauma, transgenerational trauma

kohuki tuku iho

genocide, ethnic cleansing, holocaust

hoepapa ā-iwi (takenga mai: hoepapa - to eradicate, wipe out, exterminate)

geographer

kaimātai matawhenua

geographical distribution, geographical spread

tuari matawhenua

geography

matawhenua (takenga mai: mata - surface, face; whenua - land, ground)

geography

matawhenua

geologic time scale

tohuwā ā-nuku (takenga mai: tohu - to signal; wā - time; nuku - Earth)

geopolitical conflict, geopolitical dispute

taututetute tōrangapū ā-whenua

geopolitical power

mana tōrangapū ā-whenua

geopolitics, geopolitical

tōrangapū ā-whenua

ghetto

paenoho pakukore (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity; noho - to live, dwell; pakukore - impoverished) (kupu kē atu: puni pakukore)

glacier

awa kōpaka

global commerce

tauhokohoko ao whānui

global community

hapori ao whānui

global context

horopaki huriao

global culture

ahurea o te ao

global economy

ōhanga ao whānui

global market

mākete huriao (takenga mai: mākete - market [kupu mino]; huri - to go around; ao - world)

global politics

tōrangapū huriao

global trend

ia huriao

globalisation

whakaaotanga

globe

mahere ao porotaka (takenga mai: mahere - map; ao - world; porotaka - round [shape])

god, deity, supernatural being

atua

goods, product

hautaonga (kupu kē atu: taonga, utauta, hokonga)

gorge

āpiti (kupu kē atu: tāwhārua)

gospel, scripture

rongopai

governance, authority to govern

mana urungi (takenga mai: urungi - to steer, navigate) (kupu kē atu: mana kāwana, mana whakatere, kāwanatanga [kupu mino])

government

kāwanatanga (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

government intervention

whawhenga kāwanatanga (takenga mai: whawhe - to manipulate, interfere with)

government superannuation

penihana kāwanatanga

governor general

kāwana tianara (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

grandparent, ancestor

tipuna (kupu kē atu: tupuna)

great migration

hekenga nui

green architecture

hoahoa whare kāriki

green culture

ahurea kāriki

green energy

pūngao kāriki

green house, green housing, green home

whare kāriki

green infrastructure

tūāhanga kākāriki (kupu kē atu: pūnahahanga kākāriki)

green product, green goods

hautaonga kāriki

green production

whakaputa kāriki

green scheme

kaupapa kāriki

greenfield

papa ururua (takenga mai: papa - ground, field; ururua - scrub, brushwood)

greenwash, greenwashing

nukakāriki (takenga mai: nuka - to decieve, dupe, mislead; kāriki - green)

greet, greeting, acknowledge, acknowledgement

mihi ~a (kupu kē atu: mihimihi)

grey area, unclear circumstance

āhuatanga kaurehu (takenga mai: kaurehu - dim, gloomy)

greywater

waihina

grid

tukutuku

grievance, complaint

nawe (kupu kē atu: amuamu)

gross domestic product, GDP

tapeke wāriu hokonga (takenga mai: takepe - total; wāriu - value; hokonga [hoko] - to buy or sell)

gross income

moniwhiwhi peke (takenga mai: moniwhiwhi - income; peke - be all included)

groundwater

wainuku (takenga mai: wai - water; nuku - earth)

growth rate

pāpātanga tipu

guarantor

taituarā (takenga mai: taituarā - to support; tuarā - backbone)

guardianship, stewardship

kaitiakitanga

H

Haiti

Hāiti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hamburg

Hamupēke (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hamilton

Kirikiriroa

Hanoi

Hanoi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hastings

Heretaunga

Havana

Hawhāna (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Helsinki

Hēriki (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Heretiki)

High Court

Kōti Matua

Hindu

Hinerū (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hindu temple

temepara Hinerū (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hobart

Hopatāone (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Holocaust

Urupatu Hūrae (takenga mai: urupatu - annihilation; Hūrae [kupu mino] - Jew)

Honduras

Honotura (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Hong Kong

Hongipua (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Honiara

Honiara (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Honolulu

Honoruru (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Human Rights Commission

(Te) Kāhui Tika Tangata

Hungary

Hanekari (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Huntly

Rāhui Pōkeka

half-caste

hāwhe-kāehe (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

harbour, cove

whanga

harmony, harmonious, peaceful

aumārire (kupu kē atu: mārie, rangimārie)

harzardous waste

para mōrearea

hate crime

hara māhie (takenga mai: māhie - hatred, evil deed)

hate speech

kōrero mauāhara

headland, peninsula

kūrae

headwater, source of a river or stream

hikuwai

health crisis

tairaru hauora

health infrastructure

tūāhanga hauora

health policy

kaupapahere hauora

healthy lifestyle

(kātū) noho ora

hegenomy, domination

whakatuanui ~tanga

herbicide

patu otaota

heritage trail, history trail

ara hītōria (kupu kē atu: ara aronehe)

heritage, heirloom

taonga tuku iho

heterosexual

taearo (takenga mai: tae [taera] - sexual attraction; aro - to be inclined toward)

heterosexual female

wahine moe tāne

heterosexual male

tāne moe wahine

heterosexual privilege

whiwhi painga taearo

hierarchical

whai paparanga (takenga mai: whai - to have, possess; paparanga - layer)

high decile

waengahuru teitei

high density housing

wharenoho mātoru-nui

high-rise apartment

wharenoho teitei

higher order thinking

whakaaro tūārangi (takenga mai: tūā [tūāpapa] - foundation; rangi - sky, upper realm)

hillock, mound

karapuke

hire purchase

hoko harangote (takenga mai: hoko - to purchase, buy; harangote [harangotengote] - piecemeal or by instalments)

histiography

mātai hītori

historian

tumu kōrero o mua (kupu kē atu: kaimātai hītori)

historical abuse

tūkinotanga o mua

historical cause, historical causation

pūtake o mua

historical cause, historical reason

take o mua

historical circumstance, historical factor, historical phenomenon

āhuatanga o nehe (kupu kē atu: āhuatanga aronehe, āhuatanga o mua)

historical context

horopaki aronehe (kupu kē atu: horopaki hītōria)

historical diary

rātaka aronehe (kupu kē atu: rātaka hītōria)

historical empathy

ngākau aronehe (takenga mai: ngākau - heart, seat of affections; aro - to be inclined towards; nehe - time past)

historical event, past event

tūāhuatanga o mua (takenga mai: tūāhua - situation)

historical fiction

paki aronehe

historical force

ānga o mua

historical influence

awenga o mua

historical inquiry

pakirehua aronehe (kupu kē atu: pakirehua hītōria)

historical interpretation

whakamāori hītōria (kupu kē atu: whakamāori aronehe)

historical narrative, historical text

kōrero aronehe (takenga mai: kōrero - story, text, narative; aro - to turn towards, take heed; nehe - past times) (kupu kē atu: kōrero hītōria, tāhuhu kōrero, kōrero o nehe)

historical record

mauhanga hītōria

historical research

rangahau aronehe (kupu kē atu: rangahau hītōria)

historical trend

ia o mua

history, historical

hītori (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: tāhuhu kōrero, kōrero o mua, kōrero o nehe, hītōria)

home owner

rangatira whiwhi whare

home ownership

rangatiratanga whare

home people

haukāinga

home people, to be naturalised, indigenous people

tangata whenua

home school movement

rangatohe kura kāinga

homeless, homelessness

kāingakore ~tanga

homesick, homesickness

kōingo kāinga (takenga mai: kōingo - to yearn, fret, desire)

homogeneous society

porihanga kanorite

homophobia

mae takatāpui

homosexual

takatāpui (kupu kē atu: takāpui)

horticulture, horticultural industry

ahumāra

hospitality industry

ahumahi manaaki

house insurance, home owners insurance, home insurance

inihua whare

household

kāinga tūtahi (takenga mai: kāinga - home, residence, dwelling; tūtahi - separate, independent; tū [tuanui] - roof; tahi - one)

housing affordability

tareka ā-utu o te whare

housing crisis

tairaru whiwhi whare

housing infrastructure

tūāhanga wharenoho

housing market, property market

mākete whare

housing, accommodation, hostel

wharenoho

human development

whanaketanga tangata

human evolution

kuneroa tangata

human geography

matawhenua tangata

human impact

pāpātanga tangata

human migration

heke tangata

human mobility

panuku tangata (kupu kē atu: panuku taupori)

human resource, human capital

pūmanawa tangata

human rights

mōtika tangata

human trafficking

hokotaihara tangata

humanitarian aid

tautāwhi koutangata

humanities

aronui

humanity

koutangata (takenga mai: kou - of good quality; tangata - person, human being)

hung parliament

pāremata tārewa (takenga mai: tārewa - unresolved, inconclusive, hanging)

hunger strike

porotū kape kai (takenga mai: porotū - strike; kape - to reject, refuse; kai - food)

hurricane, typhoon

haumātakataka (kupu kē atu: huripari)

hydraulic fracturing, fracking

whakapiere waipēhi (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; piere - crack, fissure; waipēhi - hydraulic)

hypothesis, hypothetical

whakapae ~tia ~tanga

I

Iceland

Tiorangi (takenga mai: tio - ice)

India

Īnia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Indian Ocean

(Te) Moana Īnia

Indonesia

Initonīhia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Invercargill

Waihōpai

Iran

Irāna (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Iraq

Irāka (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ireland

Airani (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Islam, Islamic

Ihirama (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Israel

Iharaira (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Istanbul

Itapūru (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Italy

Itāria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Itari)

iceberg

toka haupapa (kupu kē atu: motu haupapa)

idealism

angaparuhi (takenga mai: anga - to move or face a certain direction; paruhi - to be perfect, complete)

identity

tuakiri

identity crisis

tairaru tuakiri

ill treat, torture, abuse

tūkino ~tia ~tanga (kupu kē atu: maukino)

illegal migration

hekenga taihara (kupu kē atu: pīrere taihara)

illegal, unlawful, crime

taihara

immigrate, immigration

heke (~nga) mai

immigration centre

pokapū manuheke (takenga mai: manu [manuhiri] - visitor; manu [manu kaewa] - wanderer; heke - migrate, migration)

impact

pāpātanga (takenga mai: pāpā - to affect, touch, strike) (kupu kē atu: pānga)

import

hoko whakaroto (takenga mai: whakaroto - inward direction) (kupu kē atu: hoko ki uta, hokoroto)

impose authority

whakatau mana

impoverished, deprived, deprivation

pakukore

imprison, imprisonment, prisoner, incarcerate

mauhere ~tia

in committee

ki-rō-komiti

inalienable right, permanent right

mōtika unukore (takenga mai: unu - surrender, exempt, exclude; kore - negative, not) (kupu kē atu: mōtika pūmau)

inbound tourism

tāpoi mai i tāwāhi

incentive scheme

kaupapa poapoa

incentivise

whakapoapoa ~ina

inclusion, inclusive, inclusiveness, inclusive of

kauawhi ~tia ~tanga (takenga mai: kauawhi - to embrace)

inclusive leadership, shared leadership

hautūtanga kauawhi

inclusive society

porihanga kauawhi

income tax

tāke moniwhiwhi

income, revenue

moniwhiwhi

incorporated, incorporated society

manatōpū (takenga mai: mana - authority; tōpū - assembled in a body)

increase density, intensify (housing etc)

whakaapiapi ~tia ~tanga (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; apiapi - dense, crowded)

indentured labour, indentured servitude

mahi whakaea nama (takenga mai: mahi - work, labour; whakaea - to repay; nama - debt)

indigeneity

taketaketanga

indigenous culture

ahurea taketake

indigenous forest, native forest

ngahere taketake (kupu kē atu: ngahere māori)

indigenous people, indigenous tribe

iwi taketake

indigenous rights

mōtika iwi taketake

indigenous rights movement

rangatohe mōtika iwi taketake

indigenous species, endemic species

momo taketake

indigenous vegetation, endemic vegetation

tipu taketake (kupu kē atu: otaota taketake)

indigenous, aboriginal, endemic

taketake

individual action, individual stance

tū kiritahi (takenga mai: tū - stance, to fight or oppose; kiri - person, self; tahi - single, one) (kupu kē atu: kawenga kiritahi)

individual choice

kōwhiri kiritahi

individual contract, individual agreement

kirimana tōtahi (kupu kē atu: kirimana takitahi)

individual land title

taitara whenua kiritahi

individual responsibility

haepapa kiritahi (kupu kē atu: haepapa takitahi)

individual right

mōtika kiritahi

individual, individuality

kiritahi ~tanga (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tahi - one)

individualism, individualistic

angatakitahi (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; tahi - single, one)

indivisible right

mōtika wāhikore (takenga mai: wāhi - to partition, subdivide; kore - negative, not)

indoctrinate, brainwash

tūrourou hinengaro (takenga mai: tūrourou - to reach or manipulate with a pole or stick) (kupu kē atu: takapapa hinengaro)

industrial age, industrial era

takiwā ahumahi

industrial crisis

tairaru ahumahi

industrial development

whanaketanga ahumahi

industrial precinct, industrial quarter

paeahumahi (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity)

industrial society

porihanga ahumahi

industrial waste

para ahumahi

industry

ahumahi (takenga mai: ahu - to tend, foster, fashion; mahi - work)

inequality, disparity

manarite-kore

inequitable society

porihanga tautika-kore

inequitable, inequity

tautika-kore

infant mortality

mate kōhungahunga

infill housing

wharenoho whakakapi (takenga mai: whakakapi - to fill up a space, occupy, cover)

inflation

pikiutu tukipū (takenga mai: piki - to increase, ascend; utu - cost, price, payment; tukipū - general, overall)

informal relationship

hononga ōpaki

informed consent

whakaae i runga i te mōhio

infrastructure

tūāhanga (takenga mai: tūā [tūāpapa] - foundation; hanga [hanganga] - structure) (kupu kē atu: pūnahahanga)

inheritance

whakahekenga (takenga mai: whakaheke - to hand down, bequeath)

inherited authority, inherited status

mana whakaheke

injustice, maltreatment

tūkinotanga (kupu kē atu: hēnga)

inner city

puku o te tāone

inner core

iho roto

innocent, innocence, not guilty

harakore ~tanga

inorganic waste

pararopi-kore

input

whāurunga (takenga mai: whā - causative prefix; uru - to enter, go in)

inquire, question

ui ~a ~nga

inquiry question

pātai pakirehua

insider research

rangahau rāroto (kupu kē atu: rangahau huānga)

installment plan

mahere harangote

instalment

utu harangote (takenga mai: utu - to pay; harangote [harangotengote] - piecemeal or by instalments)

institutionalised racism

kaikiri torowhare (takenga mai: kaikiri - racism; toro - stretch forth, extend; whare - building, people in a building)

insurance

inihua (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

insurance claim

kerēme inihua (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

insurance company

umanga inihua

insurance policy, insurance contract

kirimana inihua (takenga mai: kirimana - contract)

insurance premium

utuhoko inihua

intellectual asset

huarawa hirikapo

intellectual property right

mana whakairo hinengaro

inter tribal war

pakanga ā-iwi

interact, interaction

pāhekoheko ~tia (kupu kē atu: taunekeneke)

interact, interaction

taunekeneke ~tia (kupu kē atu: pāhekoheko)

interactive map

mahere pāhekoheko

interdependence, interdependent

taupuhipuhi

interest

huamoni (takenga mai: hua – product, bear fruit; moni – money)

interest rate

pāpātanga huamoni

intergenerational dysfunction, generational dysfunction

turingonge tuku iho

intergenerational language transmission

tuku ihotanga o te reo

intergenerational poverty

rawakore tuku iho (kupu kē atu: rawakore whitireanga)

internal affairs, domestic affairs

take rāroto

internal migration, migrate internally

heke (~nga) rāroto

internal pressure

pēhanga rāroto

internal, domestic

rāroto (kupu kē atu: taiwhenua, whakaroto)

international dispute, international conflict

taututetute tāwāhi

international market, foreign market

mākete tāwāhi (kupu kē atu: mākete ā-ao)

international peacekeeping, global peacekeeping

hohou rongo huriao

international relations

hononga tāwāhi

international trade, international commerce

tauhoko tāwāhi

internet safety, cybersafety

haumaru ā-ipurangi

interrelated, interrelatedness

tūhonohono ~a

intervene, intervention

hāpaiora ~a ~nga (takenga mai: hāpai - to uplift, support; ora - wellness)

intervention programme

hōtaka hāpaiora (takenga mai: hāpai - to uplift, support; ora - well, safe, healthy)

interview, ask

uiui ~a ~nga

intimate relationship

hononga taupiri

intolerant society

porihanga kiripiro

intra-tribal war

riri tara ā-whare

invade, invasion

urutomo

inventory of equipment

rārangi taputapu

inventory of goods

rārangi hautaonga

invest, investment

haumi ~tanga (takenga mai: haumi - to reserve, lay aside, lengthen by addition) (kupu kē atu: whakangao)

investment account

pūtea haumi

investment fund

tahua haumi

investment manager

kaiwhakahaere haumitanga

investment period

wā haumi

investment plan

mahere haumi

investment profile

kāhua haumi (takenga mai: kāhua - form, appearance; haumi - to invest)

investment risk

tūraru haumitanga

investor

kaihaumi

iron age

takiwā rino

iron ore

tokahuke rino

island nation

whenua moutere

isolationism, isolationist

angataratahi ~tanga (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; taratahi - isolated, alone) (kupu kē atu: mōriroriro)

issue, case, claim, matter

take

J

Jakarta

Tiakāta (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Jamaica

Hemeika (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Japan

Hapani (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Hapana, Tiapani)

Jeddah

Hera (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Jerusalem

Hiruhārama (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Jew, Jewish

Hūrae (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Hūrai)

Jordan

Hōrano (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

jihad

tīhati

judge, adjudicate, arbitrate, judgement

whakawā ~ngia ~tanga

judge, arbitrator

kaiwhakawā

judicial, judiciary

taha kōti

jury

hunga whakawā (kupu kē atu: rōpū whakawā)

just society

porihanga tika (kupu kē atu: porihanga manatika)

just, justice

tika

justice system

pūnaha tika (kupu kē atu: pūnaha manatika)

justify

parahau ~tia ~tanga (takenga mai: parahau - protection, defence)

K

Karachi

Karāti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kathmandu

Katamarū (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kazakhstan

Katatānga (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kenya

Kenia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kiribati

Kiripati (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Koran, Quran, Qur'an

Kōrana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Korean War

(Te) Pakanga ki Kōrea

Kosovo

Kōhoro (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kuala Lumpur

Kuara Rūpa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kuwait

Kūweiti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Kyrgyzstan

Kikitānga (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kaupapa Māori theory

ariā kaupapa Māori

keepsake, momento

manatunga

kerbside collection

kohinga taparori (takenga mai: tapa - edge, side; rori [kupu mino] - road)

key stakeholder

kiripānga matua

kidnap

kāhaki ~na

kin relationship

hononga ā-whakapapa

knowledge and understanding (usually tribal), deliberate, consider, discuss

wānanga ~tia

knowledge society

porihanga mātauranga

L

Laos

Rāoho (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Latvia

Rāwhia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Lebanon

Repanona (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Lent

Rēneti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Lesotho

Teroto (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Levin

Taitoko

Liberia

Raipiria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Libya

Ripia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Liechtenstein

Rīkeneteina (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Lima

Rima (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Lisbon

Rīpene (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Lithuania

Rituānia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Local Government Commission

(Te) Mana Kāwanatanga ā-Rohe

London

Rānana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Los Angeles

Ngā Anahera (takenga mai: Anahera [kupu mino] - Angel)

Lower Hutt

Te Awakairangi

Luxembourg

Rakapuō (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

labour intensive, laborious

tōhaunui (kupu kē atu: papatoiake, papatoieke)

land claim opponent, objector

kaitāwari (takenga mai: tāwari - to oppose [a claim to land etc])

land claim, claim of ownership

kokoraho ~tia (kupu kē atu: taunaha, kerēme whenua)

land right

mōtika whenua

land right by discovery

take whenua kite

land right by gift

take tuku

land right obtained by conquest

take raupatu

land title

taitara whenua (takenga mai: taitara [kupu mino] - title)

land transport

tūnuku ā-papa

land trust

tarahiti whenua

land war, territorial war

pakanga whenua

land, country, nation, state

whenua

landfill, rubbish dump

ruapara

landform

hanganuku (takenga mai: hanga - shape; nuku - Earth)

landlocked

tai-kore (takenga mai: tai - coast; kore - none, nill)

landlord, lessor

kaituku rīhi

landslide, landslip

horowhenua

language development, linguistic development

whanaketanga reo

language policy

kaupapahere reo

large-scale monoculture, intensive monoculture

ahutahi whakahara

last born, baby of the family

pōtiki

lasting peace, enduring peace

rongo taketake (kupu kē atu: tatau pounamu)

lasting peace, enduring peace

tatau pounamu (kupu kē atu: rongo taketake)

lateral thinking

whakaaro kaurapa (takenga mai: kaurapa - having broad lateral projections)

latitude

ahopae (takenga mai: aho - line; pae - horizontal)

law, act (of parliament), rule, statute

ture (takenga mai: He kupu mino [reo Hīperu].)

lawyer, counsel

rōia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

lay-by

hoko tāpui (takenga mai: hoko - to purchase, buy; tāpui - reserve, set aside)

leach mining, in-situ mining, in-situ leaching, in-situ recovery

maina whakapākeka

leachate

wai whakapākeka (takenga mai: pākeka – land that has been exhausted by cultivation) (kupu kē atu: wai papī)

lead by example

hautū whakatauira

leadership

hautūtanga

leadership responsibility

haepapa hautū

leadership skills

pūkenga kaiārahi

lean year, year of scarcity, famine

tau nihoroa (kupu kē atu: tau tukuroa)

lease, rent

rīhi ~tia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: rēti [kupu mino])

leasehold title

taitara rīhi

left wing

aromauī (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined towards; mauī - left)

legal assembly, legal council, legal authority, tribunal

rūnanga manature

legend, key

pātohu (takenga mai: pā - clump, group; pā - connected with; tohu - symbol)

legislative, legislature

taha whakature

leisure

rēhia

lessee, tenant, renter, leaseholder

kairīhi (takenga mai: rīhi [kupu mino] - to lease)

liability

pūnama (takenga mai: pū - heap, stack; nama - debt) (kupu kē atu: taunaha)

liberalism

aroherekore (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined towards; herekore - free of restrictions)

liberate, liberation, emancipatory

wetehere ~a ~nga (takenga mai: wete - to release, untie, set free; here - shackle, tie, restriction)

liberation movement

rangatohe wetehere (takenga mai: wete - to set free; here - restriction)

life insurance

inihua mataora

life skills

pūkenga noho ora (kupu kē atu: pūkenga oranga)

lifespan, life expectancy

wāora

lifestyle

kātū noho (takenga mai: kātū - type, sort)

lifestyle choice

kōwhiringa kātū noho

light pollution

parahanga aho

limited liability company

umanga taunaha tāpui

limited monarchy

arikitanga taparere (takenga mai: taparere - restricted, limited, constrained)

line of descent

kāwai heke (kupu kē atu: kāwai whakaheke, hikahika)

line scale

āwhata rārangi

linear economy

ōhanga torotika

linear thinking

whakaaro torotika

linguistic background, language background

takenga reo (takenga mai: takenga - origin, derivation)

liquid asset

huarawa māngohe

liquid waste

para wē

liquidity, liquid (finance)

māngohe (takenga mai: māngohe - malleable, pliable)

literature

mātākōrero (takenga mai: mātā - heap, layer; kōrero - text, prose)

literature review

arotakenga mātākōrero

literature search

rapunga mātākōrero

living wage

utu ā-haora whaiora

lobby, campaign

kōkirikiri ~tia

local council, district council

kaunihera ā-rohe

local emergency

tūohotata haukāinga (kupu kē atu: tūohotata ā-rohe)

local food festival

taiopenga kai tuputata

local food market, local produce market

puni kai tuputata

local government

kāwanatanga ā-rohe

local history

hītori haukāinga (kupu kē atu: hītori ā-rohe)

local produce, locally produced food

kai tuputata

location

taunga

lockout

aukati

logic, logical, coherent

arorau (takenga mai: aro - to consider, take heed; rau - many)

logical thinking

whakaaro arorau

long term cause

pūtake tautini (takenga mai: tautini - long time, longstanding)

long term effect

hua tautini (takenga mai: hua - outcome, product; tautini - long time, longstanding) (kupu kē atu: hua tauroa)

long term goal

whāinga paetawhiti

long term lease

rīhi tautini

long term plan

mahere paetawhiti (kupu kē atu: mahere auroa)

longitude

ahopou (takenga mai: aho - line; pou [poutū] - vertical)

loss (finance)

moni ngaro

low carbon emission

tukuwaro-iti (takenga mai: tuku - to release; waro - carbon; iti - small, little)

low decile

waengahuru hahaka

low density housing

wharenoho mātoru-iti

lower class

papapori raro

lower order thinking

whakaaro tūāpapa (takenga mai: tūāpapa - foundation, platform)

loyal, loyalist, faithful

pirihonga

M

Macau

Makau (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Madagascar

Matakāhika (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Madrid

Mātiri (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Malawi

Marāwi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Malaysia

Mareia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Maldives

Māratiri (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mali

Māri (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Malta

Mārata (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Manila

Manira (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Marshall Islands

(Ngā) Motu Māhara (takenga mai: Mātara [kupu mino] - Marshall)

Masterton

Whakaoriori

Mauritania

Mauritānia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mauritius

Marihi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mediterranean Sea

(Te) Moana Mehetereinia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Melanesia

Moronēhia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Melbourne

Poipiripi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Memphis

Mēpihi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mexico

Mēhiko (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mexico City

Te Tāone Nui o Mēhiko

Micronesia

Mekanēhia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Middle East

Rāwhiti Waenga

Milan

Mirāno (takenga mai: He kupu mino [reo Itāria].)

Millennial Generation, Generation Y

Reanga Manotau (kupu kē atu: Reanga Y)

Mitre Peak

Rahotu

Moldova

Morotawa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Monaco

Monāko (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mongolia

Mongōria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Montenegro

Maungakororiko (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Montevideo

Maungaata (takenga mai: maunga - mountain; ata [ataata] - video)

Montreal

Maungaihi (takenga mai: maunga - mountain)

Morocco

Moroko (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Moscow

Mohikau (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mosgiel

Te Konika o Matamata

Mount Aspiring

Tititea

Mount Maunganui

Mauao

Mozambique

Mohapiki (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Mumbai

Mumupai (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Munich

Mūniki (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Muslim

Muhirama (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Myanmar

Pēma (takenga mai: Pēma [kupu mino] - Burma)

Māori Appellate Court

Kōti Pīra Māori

Māori Land Court

Kōti Whenua Māori

Māori economic base

papa ōhanga Māori

Māori economy

ōhanga Māori

Māori electoral roll

rārangi pōti Māori

Māori viewpoint, Māori world view

tā te Māori titiro (kupu kē atu: tirohanga ao Māori)

Māori ward, Māori electorate

rohe pōti Māori (kupu kē atu: wāri Māori, tūnga Māori)

Māori, indigenous person of Aotearoa

Māori (takenga mai: Māori [māori] - normal, usual, ordinary)

machine age

takiwā mīhini

macro level

kōeke whārahi

macro level research

rangahau whārahi

macroeconomics

ōhanga whārahi

macrohistory

hītori whārahi

main catalogue

rārangi mātāmua

mainstream society

porihanga auraki (kupu kē atu: porihanga rīroa)

majority

tokomaha

majority culture

ahurea (o te) tokomaha

majority rule

manapio (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; pio - majority, many)

man-made disaster, anthropogenic disaster

aituā take tangata (kupu kē atu: maikiroa take tangata)

manager, organiser

kaiwhakahaere

mantle

nukuratarata (takenga mai: nuku – the Earth; ratarata – red hot)

manual labourer

kaimahi ā-ringa

manufacture

whakanao ~hia ~tanga (takenga mai: whakanao - make, manipulate, operate on)

manufacturing industry

ahumahi whakanao

map

mahere

marginalise, belittle, marginalisation

whakaparahako ~tia ~tanga

marine debris

para reremoana (takenga mai: para - refuse, waste; rere - to flow; moana - sea)

marine environment

taiao moana

mark up

whakapikinga utu (hoko)

market

mākete (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

market force

ānga mākete

market value

wāriu mākete

marry, marriage

mārena (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: moe)

mass incarceration, mass imprisonment

mauhere nuipuku (takenga mai: mauhere - to imprison; nuipuku - multitude)

mass produce, mass production

whakaputa ngahue (takenga mai: ngahue - in abundance, in great numbers)

materialistic, materialism

apotaonga (takenga mai: apo - greedy, acquisitive; taonga - goods, property) (kupu kē atu: haotaonga)

matriarchal, matriarchy

tāmaruwahine ~tanga (takenga mai: tāmaru - to shade, to overshadow; wahine - female)

mayor, chief, leader

kahika (takenga mai: kahika - chief, leader) (kupu kē atu: koromatua)

mechanical process

tukanga pūhanga

mediate, mediator, go-between, facilitator

takawaenga

medium density housing

wharenoho mātoru-waenga

medium of exchange

hangawhiti (takenga mai: hanga - object, thing; whiti - to transfer, cross over) (kupu kē atu: hanga kurutete)

melting pot, assimilative amalgamation

tōpūtanga whakawaimeha (takenga mai: tōpūtanga - collective; whakawaimeha [waimeha] - to be diluted; whakawaimeha ahurea - cultural assimilation)

melting pot, diverse amalgamation

tōpūtanga kanorau

member of parliament, MP

māngai pāremata (takenga mai: māngai - spokesperson, representative) (kupu kē atu: mema pāremata)

memoir

ripoinga (takenga mai: ripoinga - haunts, hangouts; ripoi - to travel about)

memorandum of understanding, declaration of agreement

tauākī whakaaetanga (takenga mai: tauākī - declaration, statement; whakaaetanga - agreement)

menial, unskilled, person in a menial position

poroteke

meso level research, mezzo level research

rangahau wawaenga (takenga mai: wawaenga - medium)

meso level, mezzo level

kōeke wawaenga (takenga mai: wawaenga - medium)

mesoeconomics, mezzoeconomics

ōhanga wawaenga (takenga mai: wawaenga - medium)

metropolis

tāone whakahara (takenga mai: tāone - town [kupu mino]; whakahara - large, vast)

micro level

kōeke whāiti

micro level research

rangahau whāiti

microeconomics

ōhanga whāiti

microhistory

hītori whāiti

mid decile

waengahuru waenga

middle ages

takiwā wawaenga

middle class

papapori waenga

midstream

rerewaenga (takenga mai: rere - to flow; waenga - middle, amidst, in between)

migrant

manuheke (takenga mai: manu [manuhiri] - visitor; manu [manu kawea] - wanderer; heke - migrate, migration)

migrate, migration

heke ~a ~nga

millennium

manotau (takenga mai: mano - thousand; tau - year)

mine, mining

maina (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mineral

kohuke (kupu kē atu: ko [kongakonga] - fragment, huke - expose by removing the earth, excavate)

minimum wage

utu ā-haora mōkito

mining industry

ahumahi maina (kupu kē atu: ahumahi huke rawa)

mining waste, tailings

para maina

minister

minita (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

ministry (government)

manatū (takenga mai: mana - authority; tū - to establish, to be appointed)

minor crime, petty crime, misdemeanor

hara iti

minor theft

whānako iti

minority

tokoiti

minority culture

ahurea (o te) tokoiti

minority rule

manapota (takenga mai: mana - authority; pota - be few; manapio - majority)

minutes (meeting term)

meneti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

misogyny, misogynist

konekone wahine (takenga mai: konekone - to despise, loathe)

missionary

mihinare (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mitigate, mitigation

whakamauru ~tia ~tanga

mixed economy

ōhanga angarua (takenga mai: anga - to face a certain direction; anga - framework, structure; rua - two)

mixed ethnicity

mātāwaka matarau (takenga mai: mata - face, countenance; rau - many)

mixed farming

pāmu whakauruuru

mixed member proportional, MMP

pōti whirirua (takenga mai: whiri - to choose; rua - two)

mixed race, multiracial

momo matarau

modern history

hītori tūtata (takenga mai: tū - take place; tata - to be near)

modernism

angahou (takenga mai: anga - to face or move in a certain direction; hou - new, recent, modern)

monetary asset

huarawa tahua

monetary policy

kaupapahere ahumoni

monetary system

pūnaha moni

monetise, monetisation

whakamoni ~hia ~tanga (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; moni [kupu mino] - money)

money, currency, cash

moni (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

monocultural

kākano tahi ~tanga (takenga mai: kākano - descent, stock, lineage; tahi - one)

monoculture

ahutahi (takenga mai: ahu [ahuwhenua] - agriculture; tahi - one)

monogamy, monogamous

moe punatahi (takenga mai: moe - marry, wed, have sex; puna - e whai ana i tā te 'punarua'; tahi - one)

monopoly

manatoki (takenga mai: mana - power, control, authority; toki [tokitoki] - altogether, without exception)

monotheism, monotheistic

atuatahi ~tanga (takenga mai: atua - god; tahi - one)

monument, memorial, commemoration

whakamaharatanga

moral high ground, moral advantage

ahurewa matatika (takenga mai: ahurewa - throne, stage, platform; matatika - moral, ethical)

moral incentive

poapoa matatika

moratorium, suspension, postpone, postponement

whakatārewa (takenga mai: whakatārewa - to suspend, postpone, defer, set aside)

mortgage

mōkete (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mosque

whare karakia Ihirama (takenga mai: Ihirama - Islam, Islamic) (kupu kē atu: whare Ihirama, whare karakia Muhirama)

mother in law, father in law

hungarei (kupu kē atu: hungawai, hūngoi)

motion (meeting term)

mōtini (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

mountain range

pae maunga

movement

rangatohe (takenga mai: ranga - company of people; tohe - to contend, argue, persist) (kupu kē atu: kuhunga)

multicultural

kākano maha ~tanga (takenga mai: kākano - descent, stock, lineage) (kupu kē atu: tikanga maha)

multilateral treaty

tiriti takitini

multilateralism

arorautanga (takenga mai: aro - to consider, have regard to; rau - many)

multinational corporation

rangatōpū whenuarau (takenga mai: rangatōpū - corporation; whenua - country, nation; rau - many)

multipartisan agreement, multilateral agreement

tatūnga takitini

multiple reuse

tukurau ~tia ~tanga

multitribal, multiracial

iwi matarau

museum

whare taonga (kupu kē atu: whare pupuri taonga, whare tongarewa)

museum curator

kairauhī taonga (takenga mai: rauhī - to collect together, to takecare of, protect)

musket war

pakanga pū okaoka

N

Nagoya

Nakoia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Nairobi

Ngāiropi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Namibia

Namipia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Napier

Ahuriri

National Emergency Management Agency, Civil Defence Aotearoa

Te Rākau Whakamarumaru

National Park

Papa Tāpui ā-Motu

Nauru

Nauru (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Nelson

Whakatū

Nepal

Nepōra (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Netherlands, Holland

Hōrana (takenga mai: Hōrana [kupu mino] - Holland)

New Caledonia

Whenua Kanaki (kupu kē atu: Kanaki, Niu Karetōnia)

New Dehli

Niu Teri (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

New Plymouth

Ngāmotu

New South Wales

Niu Haute Wēra (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Niu Taute Wēra)

New York

Te Āporo Nui

New Zealand

Aotearoa (kupu kē atu: Niu Tīreni [kupu mino])

New Zealand Company

(Te) Kamupene o Niu Tīreni (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

New Zealand Land Wars

(Ngā) Pakanga Whenua o Aotearoa

New Zealand Police

Ngā Pirihimana o Aotearoa

Nicaragua

Nikarāhua (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Nice

Nīhi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Niger

Ngāika (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Nigeria

Ngāitīria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Niue

Niue

North America

Amerika ki te Raki

North Atlantic Ocean

(Te) Moana Ranatiki ki te Raki

North Island

Te Ika-a-Māui

North Island

Te Ika-a-Māui (kupu kē atu: Te Hutinga-a-Māui, Te Ikaroa-a-Māui)

North Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Kōrea ki te Raki (takenga mai: Kōrea [kupu mino] - Korea)

North Macedonia

Makerōnia ki te Raki (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

North Pacific Ocean

(Te) Moana-nui-a-Kiwa ki te Raki

Northern Australia, Northern Terrirory

Ahitereiria ki te Raki

Northern Ireland

Airani ki te Raki

Northland

Te Tai Tokerau (kupu kē atu: Te Hiku-o-te-Ika)

Norway

Nōwei (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Noumea

Nūmea (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Nuku'alofa

Nukuaroha (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

narrow minded

whakaaro kūiti (takenga mai: whakaaro - thought; kūiti - narrow, confined)

national border

pae whenua

national census

tatauranga ā-motu

national emergency

tūohotata ā-motu

national identity

tuakiri ā-whenua (kupu kē atu: tuakiri ā-motu)

national identity

tuakiri ā-motu (kupu kē atu: tuakiri ā-whenua)

national security

whakamaru whenua

nationalism, nationalistic

tāwheta ā-whenua (takenga mai: tāwheta - zeal, fervour; whenua - nation, country)

nationalist

kiritāwheta ā-whenua (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tāwheta - zeal, fervour; whenua - nation)

nationalist movement

rangatohe tāwheta ā-whenua

nationally critical (of a species)

mōrea rukiruki ā-motu

nationally endangered (of a species)

mōrea ā-motu

nationally vulnerable (of a species)

whakaraerae ā-motu

native (person)

kirimāori (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; māori - native, normal)

natural disaster

aituā māori (kupu kē atu: maikiroa māori)

natural environment

taiao māori

natural feature, natural form

hanga māori

natural history

hītori aotūroa

natural pollutant

parakino māori

natural population change

panonitanga noa o te taupori

natural process

tukanga māori

natural resource

rawa māori

naturally uncommon, rare (of a species)

onge māori

need, to be needed

matea

negative attitude, ill-disposed

ngākaukino

negotiate, consult, negotiation

whiriwhiri ~a ~nga

neighbourhood

paekiritata (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity; kiritata - neighbour)

neoliberalism

angahao herekore (takenga mai: angahao [angahaorawa] - capitalism; herekore - without restraint, free)

nephew, niece

irāmutu

net income

moniwhiwhi more (takenga mai: moniwhiwhi - income; more - plain, without appendages)

net migration

heke (~nga) tapeke

neutral, neutrality

arero taiaha

no claims bonus

hua tonokore

noise pollution

parahanga haunene (takenga mai: haunene - noisy)

nomad, nomadic, travel about

tipiwhenua (kupu kē atu: tangata takapau pōkai, kaewa)

non-Māori, foreigner

tauiwi

non-binding referendum

pōtitake-herekore (takenga mai: pōti [kupu mino] - vote; take - issue; here - to bind; kore - negative)

non-commercial

arumoni-kore (kupu kē atu: huamoni-kore)

non-governmental organisation, NGO

whakahaere tūhake (takenga mai: whakahaere - organisation; tū - to stand; hake [motuhake] - independent) (kupu kē atu: whakahaere tārake)

non-point source pollution

parahanga takenga whārahi (takenga mai: takenga - origin, source; whārahi - broad, wide, extensive)

non-profit organisation

whakahaere monihua-kore

non-profit, not for profit

monihua-kore

non-recyclable

hangarua-kore

non-renewable resource

rawa whatungarongaro

non-sexist

hāpai ira (kupu kē atu: toihara ā-ira kore)

nonbinary gender

ira tāhūrua-kore

nonconforming, nonconformist

whanokē (takenga mai: whanokē - perculiar, different, odd)

nonviolent

ririkore (takenga mai: riri - anger, violence; kore - not, negative)

normal, normalised, normalisation

taunoa ~tanga (takenga mai: tau - to settle on, come to rest; noa - common)

northern hemisphere

tuakoi raki

nostalgia, nostalgic

whēnakonako ~tanga (takenga mai: whēnakonako - to be wistful, yearn)

nostalgic text, nostalgic narrative

kōrero whēnakonako

not threatened (of a species)

whakaraerae kore

note (money)

monirau (takenga mai: moni [kupu mino] - money; rau - leaf)

nuclear bomb, atomic bomb

pōmu karihi (takenga mai: pōmu [kupu mino] - bomb; karihi - nuclear)

O

Oceania

(Ngā) Moutere-a-Kiwa

Olympic Games

Taumāhekeheke o te Ao

Oman

Ōmana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Osaka

Ohaka (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Oslo

Ōhoro (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ottawa

Otawa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

object, oppose

whakahē ~ngia

objectify, objectification, dehumanise

whakataurekareka (takenga mai: whakataurekareka - treat with contempt, subjugate, deride)

objective, unbiased, impartial

tapatahi (takenga mai: tapatahi [ngākau tapatahi] – impartial, unbiased)

observe, observation

mātakitaki ~hia

occupy, occupation

nohowheta ~nga (takenga mai: wheta - to occupy a place)

oceanic crust

kiri moana (takenga mai: kiri – skin; moana – sea)

offender, criminal, culprit, crime

taihara

offering, sacrifice

raupanga

offspring, descendants, relatives

uri (kupu kē atu: huauri)

older sister of a female, older brother of a male

tuakana

oligarchy

mana tokoiti (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; tokoiti - small number of people, minority)

online community

hapori tuihono

online market

mākete tuihono

online relationship

hononga tuihono

online shopping

hoko tuihono

only child

huatahi

open discussion, open debate

matapaki māhorahora (takenga mai: māhorahora - to be open, without restraint)

open minded, open mind

whakaaro tuwhera (takenga mai: whakaaro - thought; tuwhera - to be open)

open question

pātai tuwhera (kupu kē atu: pātai puare)

open-cast mining, open-pit mining

maina puare

operational plan

mahere mahi

opinion

whakaaro

opportunity

arawātea (takenga mai: ara - pathway; wātea - available, clear)

opposition (party)

(rōpū) ātete

oppress, suppress, oppression, persecute

pēhi ~a ~tanga

oppression of the mind

pēhitanga hinengaro

oppression of the spirit, demoralisation

pēhitanga wairua

oppressor

ringapēhi (takenga mai: ringa - hand; pēhi - to oppress)

optimistic, optimism

ngākau rorotu (kupu kē atu: mariu)

oral literature

mātāwaha (takenga mai: mātā [mātākōrero] - literature; mātā - heap, layer; waha - mouth, voice)

oral recording

hopunga kōrero ā-waha

orators bench, threshold

paepae

organ donor

kaituku whēkau

organ trafficking

hokotaihara whēkau

organic food

kai tipumāori (takenga mai: kai - food; tipu - to grow; māori - natural) (kupu kē atu: kai parakore)

organic waste

pararopi

organise, organisation, manage, administer

whakahaere ~tia

organise, organisation, manage, administer

whakahaere ~tia

original document

tuhinga taketake

original record

mauhanga taketake

orthodox

puri tikanga (takenga mai: puri - to hold on to; tikanga - custom, convention, tradition)

orthodox church

hāhi puri tikanga (takenga mai: puri - to hold on to; tikanga - custom, convention, tradition)

outbound tourism

tāpoi ki tāwāhi

outdoor altar, sacred place for ritual practices

tūāhu

outdoor lifestyle

(kātū) noho tū-ā-nuku

outer core

iho waho

output

putanga (kupu kē atu: hua)

outsider research

rangahau rāwaho

outskirts

ripa (tāone) (takenga mai: ripa - boundary, border)

over cultivation

ngaki tuhene

over grazing

kaikai tuhene

over-representation

whakaatanga tuhene (takenga mai: tuhene - overmuch, excessive)

overcrowding, overcrowded

apiapi tuhene (takenga mai: apiapi - dense, density; tuhene - overmuch, excessive)

overfish, overfishing

hao tuhene

overhead (finance)

utu whakahaere (takenga mai: utu - cost; whakahaere - to operate, administer)

overpopulation, overpopulated

taupori tuhene (takenga mai: tuhene - overmuch, excessive)

overstay, overstayer

nohoroa (takenga mai: noho - to live, dwell; roa - long; roa [whakaroa] - prolong, extend)

overthrow

turaki ~na ~tanga

overtly oppress, overt oppression

pēhi (~tanga) mataaho (takenga mai: mataaho - clear, evident) (kupu kē atu: pēhi mārakerake)

owner, ownership

rangatira ~tanga (kupu kē atu: manapuri)

ownership responsibility

haepapa rangatiratanga

ownership right

mōtika rangatiratanga

P

Pacific Ocean

(Te) Moana-nui-a-Kiwa

Pakistan

Pakitāne (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Palau

Pārau (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Palestine

Parihitini (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Panama

Panama (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Pape'ete

Papeete (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Papua New Guinea

Papua Nūkini (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Paraguay

Parakai (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Paris

Parī (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Perth

Pētia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Peru

Peru (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Philippines

Piripīni (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Phnom Penh

Penoma Pena (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Picton

Waitohi

Poland

Pōrana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Polynesia

Poronēhia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Port Moresby

Pōta Moahipi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Port Vila

Pōta Whira (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Port of Spain

Te Pōta o Pāniora (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Portugal

Potukara (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Prague

Parāka (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Prime Minister

Pirimia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Protestant

Porotehana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Puerto Rico

Peta Riko (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Pākehā, New Zealander of European descent

Pākehā

pacify, placate

whakamārie

packaging waste

para tākai

pan, panning (e.g. for gold)

hōpane (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pandemic, epidemic

mate urutā

parallel import

hokoroto whakarara

paramount chief, lord, monarch, monarchy

ariki ~tanga

pardon

murunga hara (takenga mai: muru - to wipe out, forgive, absolve; hara - offence, crime, wrongdoing)

parental influence

awenga mātua

parental pressure

pēhanga mātua (kupu kē atu: whakawhere mātua)

parents

mātua

parliament

pāremata (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

partial stopwork

porotū mahi hamanga

participate, participation, engage, engagement, have opportunity to, have access to

whai wāhi ~tanga (kupu kē atu: kuhukuhu)

partnership

rangapū mahitahi

passage of time

takanga wā (kupu kē atu: takiwā)

passionate, enthusiastic, enthusiasm

ngākau whiwhita (kupu kē atu: kohara)

passive picket

tūtohe māhaki (takenga mai: tū - to stand, engage, oppose; tohe - to argue, contend; māhaki - mild, placid)

passive protest, passive action

tohe māhaki (takenga mai: tohe - to contend with, argue, protest; māhaki - placid, mild)

passive resistance

ātete mārire (takenga mai: ātete - to oppose; mārire - peaceful) (kupu kē atu: ātete mauritau)

passive resistance movement

rangatohe ātete mārire (kupu kē atu: rangatohe ātete rongomau)

passport

uruwhenua (takenga mai: uru - to enter; whenua - country, nation)

past time

wāmua (kupu kē atu: inamata)

past times

mua

pastoral farming

pāmu kararehe

patriarchal, patriarchy

tāmarutāne ~tanga (takenga mai: tāmaru - to shade, overshadow; tāne - male)

patriot

kiritōmau ā-whenua (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tōmau - staunch, steadfast, loyal; whenua - nation, country)

patriotic, patriotism, loyal, loyalism

tōmau ~tanga (takenga mai: tōmau - staunch, steadfast, loyal)

patron

kairangi (takenga mai: kairangi - anything held in high esteem) (kupu kē atu: matatairanga)

pattern

tauira

pay gap, salary gap

āputa utu

paywave

utu whakaparo (takenga mai: whakaparo - to hover)

peace alliance

haumi rongomau

peace envoy

karere rongomau (kupu kē atu: manu rongomau)

peace movement

rangatohe rongomau

peaceful march

hīkoi mārire

peacekeeping force

ope hohou rongo

peer influence

awenga aropā

peer pressure

pēhanga aropā (kupu kē atu: whakawhere aropā)

peer relationship

hononga aropā

penalise, penalty, punish, punishment, sanction

whiu ~a ~nga

pension, superannuation

penihana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

people of the Treaty, non-Māori New Zealander

tangata Tiriti

pepper potting

whakanoho toiroa (takenga mai: whakanoho - placement; toiroa - wide apart)

peppercorn rental, nominal lease

rīhi kongakonga (takenga mai: rīhi [kupu mino] - lease, rent; kongakonga - crumb, something insignificant)

performance indicator

waitohu tutukinga (takenga mai: waitohu - to indicate, signify; tutuki - achieved, completed)

performance review

arotake tutukinga (takenga mai: arotake - evaluate, review; tutuki - achieved, completed, finished)

performance, exhibition

whakaaturanga

permaculture

ahutoitū (takenga mai: ahu [ahuwhenua, ahumāra] - agriculture, horticulture; toitū - sustainable)

permanent housing, permanent accommodation

wharenoho pūmau

persecute, persecution

nonope ~a ~tanga (takenga mai: nonope - to oppress, distress, depress) (kupu kē atu: whakamamae)

perseverance, determination

manawanui

person of high social class, aristocrat, elite

pūwhero (kupu kē atu: kahurangi)

person of lower class, low born, commoner, peasant

hauhauā (kupu kē atu: tautauhea)

personal identity

tuakiri whaiaro

personal incentive

poapoa whaiaro

personal values

uara whaiaro

personality

haukiri (takenga mai: hau - vitality of a person; hau - breath, wind; kiri - person, self) (kupu kē atu: āhua, whaiaro)

personification of floods, avalanches and tsunami

Parawhenua mea

pessimism, pessimistic

ngākau hākerekere

petition

petihana ~tia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

philanthropist

ringaoha (takenga mai: ringa - hand; oha - bequest, generosity)

philanthropy

tukuoha (takenga mai: tuku - to give; oha - generous,munificent, gift)

philosopher

ihumanea tautake (takenga mai: ihumanea - intellectual, clever person; tautake - philosophy) (kupu kē atu: pūtautake, tohunga)

philosophy

tautake (kupu kē atu: rapunga whakaaro)

physical asset

huarawa ōkiko

physical geography

matawhenua tūroa (takenga mai: tūroa [ao tūroa] - natural world)

physical map

mahere ā-nuku (takenga mai: ā-nuku - of the Earth)

physical need

matea kikokiko (kupu kē atu: matea tinana)

pilot study

rangahau tōmua (takenga mai: tōmua - early)

place a tapu or restriction on something, consecrate, consecration, sanctify

whakatapu ~a ~nga

place of belonging

tūrangawaewae

placemaking

ahu nōhanga (takenga mai: ahu - to tend, foster, fashion; nōhanga - settlement, habitat, dwelling place)

placer mining

maina takere (takenga mai: takere - riverbed, channel)

plain, flatland

mānia

plaintiff, complainant, accuser

kaiwhakapae (takenga mai: whakapae - to accuse)

plan

(whaka) mahere

plan

whakamahere

plantation forest

ngahere whakatiputipu (takenga mai: whakatiputipu - to rear, cause to grow)

plaque, commemorative tablet

papa kōrero (takenga mai: papa - slab, surface; kōrero - narrative, story)

plateau, tableland, highland, elevated plain

mānia tairanga (takenga mai: mānia - plain, flatland; tairanga - elevated)

playground

papa tākaro

pledge

whakataurangi ~tia

plentiful, abundant

pukahu (kupu kē atu: ranea, huhua, humi, makuru)

plunder, rob, burgle, thieve, rob

pāhua

pocket money, cash

moni pūkoro

point of order

ui tikanga (takenga mai: ui - question, query; tikanga - convention)

point of sale, POS

wāhi hoko

point source pollution

parahanga takenga whāiti (takenga mai: takenga - origin, source; whāiti - narrow, compact)

polar climate

āhuarangi tōpito

polar zone

rohe kōpaka (takenga mai: kōpaka - ice)

policy

kaupapahere (takenga mai: kaupapa - matter for discussion, plan, scheme, proposal; here - obligation)

political alliance

haumi tōrangapū

political asylum

punanga tōrangapū

political awareness, politically aware

tūoho tōrangapū

political background

takenga tōrangapū (takenga mai: takenga - origin, derivation)

political belief, political ideology

whakapono tōrangapū

political change

panoni tōrangapū

political context

horopaki tōrangapū

political controversy

tautohe tōrangapū

political crisis, constitutional crisis

tairaru tōrangapū

political disorder, political chaos

kaumingomingo tōrangapū (takenga mai: kaumingomingo - state of confusion)

political dysfunction

turingonge tōrangapū

political envoy

karere tōrangapū

political freedom

manawhiri tōrangapū (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; whiri [whiriwhiri] - to choose)

political hegemony

whakatuanui tōrangapū

political history

hītori tōrangapū

political map

mahere tōrangapū

political movement

rangatohe tōrangapū

political party

rōpū tōrangapū (kupu kē atu: pāti tōrangapū)

political power, political authority

mana tōrangapū

political refugee

rerenga tōrangapū

political revolution, political uprising

taihuringa tōrangapū (takenga mai: tai - a prefix with a qualifying force; huri - to change)

political studies, politics

mātai tōrangapū

political system

pūnaha tōrangapū

political theory

ariā tōrangapū

politically correct, political correctness

karo muhani ~tanga (takenga mai: karo - to dodge, avoid; muhani - insult, affront, offend)

politician

kaitōrangapū (kupu kē atu: kiritōrangapū)

politics, political

tōrangapū

pollutant

parakino (takenga mai: para [parahanga] - pollution; kino [whakakino] - degrade, damage, spoil)

pollute, pollution

parahanga (takenga mai: parahanga - rubbish, litter)

polygamous relationship

hononga moe tokomaha

polytheism, polytheistic

atuarau ~tanga (takenga mai: atua - god; rau - many)

poor, underprivileged

rawakore (kupu kē atu: pōhara [kupu mino])

popular culture

ahurea arotini (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined towards, disposed toward; tini - many)

population

taupori (takenga mai: tau - number; pori - people, tribe)

population decline, depopulation

pāitiiti taupori

population decrease

taupori paheke

population density

apiapi taupori

population distribution

tuari (o te) taupori

population explosion

taupori tupurea (takenga mai: tupu - to grow; rea - multiply) (kupu kē atu: taupori kaha piki)

population growth, population increase

tipu (o te) taupori

population increase

taupori piki

population pyramid

koeko taupori

population trend

ia taupori

populism, populist

arotini ~tanga (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined towards; tini - multitude; arotini - popular)

positive attitude, favourably disposed

ngākaupai

post traumatic stress disorder, PTSD

kohuki taumuri (takenga mai: kohuki - anguish, stress, distress; tau - to come to land, settle; muri - after)

postmodern, postmodernism

angatuahou (takenga mai: anga - face or move in a certain direction; tua - beyond; hou - new, recent, modern)

potato blight

kōmae rīwai

poverty index

tauine rawakore (takenga mai: tauine - ruler, scale; rawakore - poor)

poverty, poverty-stricken, destitute, extremely poor

tuakoka

power, strength, powerful

rīrā

powerless

rōrā

pragmatism, pragmatic

raungāwari (takenga mai: rau [rauhanga] - ploy, tactic; rau [rautaki] - strategy; ngāwari - easy, tolerant)

prehistoric times, very ancient past

tuauri whāioio

prehistory

hītori tuauri whāioio

present time

wātū (takenga mai: wā - time; tū - to stop, halt)

presentism

angawātū (takenga mai: anga - to face or move in a certain direction; wātū - present; wā - time; tū - to stop, halt)

president

perehitene (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

press noses in greeting

hongi

price trend, cost trend

ia utu

primary industry

ahumahi mātāmua

primary infrastructure, critical infrastructure

tūāhanga mātāmua

primary sector

rāngai mātāmua

primary source (of information)

puna mātāmua

principal (finance)

tahua more (takenga mai: tahua - fund; more - without appendages, plain)

private benefit

painga tūmataiti

private event

taiopenga tūmataiti

private public partnership, PPP

rangapū mahitahi tūmataiti tūmatanui

private sector

rāngai tūmataiti

private superannuation, personal superannuation

penihana tūmataiti

privatise, privatisation

whakatūmataiti ~hia ~tanga

privilege, privileged

whiwhi painga (takenga mai: whiwhi - to have, acquire, possess; painga - benefit, advantage)

problem solving skills

pūkenga whakaoti rapanga

procedural justice

tika taunekeneke (takenga mai: taunekeneke - interaction, relationship)

process

tukanga

produce, production

whakaputa ~ina ~nga

producer

kaiwhakaputa

producer responsibility

haepapa whakaputa

product cycle, product life cycle

huringa hautaonga

product stewardship

kaitiakitanga hautaonga

productive, productivity

māpua ~tanga

professional indemnity insurance

inihua pare whiunga ngaiotanga (takenga mai: pare - to ward off; whiunga - penalty, punishment)

profit

monihua (takenga mai: moni [kupu mino] - money; hua - benefit, accrue, gain)

progress

koke (kupu kē atu: kauneke, koke whakamua)

prohibition, ban

aukatinga (kupu kē atu: poropeihana [kupu mino], katinga, rāhui)

propaganda

kupu whakanewha (takenga mai: whakanewha - misrepresentation, deception, hoodwink)

property owner

rangatira pito whenua

property ownership

rangatiratanga pito whenua

prosperous, peaceful, affluent

houkura (kupu kē atu: tōnui)

protectionism

pākaihoko (takenga mai: pākai - shield, screen, buffer; hokohoko [tauhokohoko] - trade, commerce)

protective incantation

waerea

protest

mautohe ~tia (kupu kē atu: porotēhi [kupu mino])

protocol

kawa

protocol for speechmaking on marae where all the local speakers speak first

pāeke

protocol for speechmaking on marae where local speakers and visiting speakers alternate

tauutuutu (kupu kē atu: tū atu tū mai)

provenance

tātai takenga (takenga mai: tātai - lineage; takenga - origin)

provider, service provider, supplier

kaiwhakarato

province, provincial

taiwhenua (takenga mai: taiwhenua - district)

provincial town

tāone taiwhenua

provisional tax

tāke tārewa (takenga mai: tāke [kupu mino] - tax; tārewa - unresolved, deferred, set aside)

public benefit

painga tūmatanui

public event

taiopenga tūmatanui

public good

painga tūmatanui

public liability insurance

inihua pare taunaha tūmatanui (takenga mai: pare - to ward off, avoid, protect; taunaha - liability; tūmatanui - public)

public opinion

whakaaro o te marea

public policy

kaupapahere tūmatanui

public sector

rāngai tūmatanui

public sector

rāngai tūmatanui

public servant, government worker

kaimahi kāwanatanga

public service, public utility

ratonga tūmatanui

public spaces

whaitua tūmatanui

public transport

waka tūmatanui (kupu kē atu: tūnuku tūmatanui)

pull factor

āhuatanga kukume

purchaser, sellor

kaihoko

push factor

āhuatanga ue

putrescible waste

para kerakera

pyramid scheme, pyramid scam

tāware koeko (takenga mai: tāware - scam, to dupe, deceive; koeko - pyramid)

Q

Qatar

Katā (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Quebec City

Te Kūititanga (takenga mai: kūiti - peninsula) (kupu kē atu: Kuipeka [kupu mino])

Queensland

Kuīnirangi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Kuīnirani)

Queenstown

Tāhuna

qualitative data

raraunga inekounga (takenga mai: ine - to measure, compare; kounga - quality)

qualitative research

rangahau inekounga (takenga mai: ine - to measure; kounga - quality)

quantitative data, quantitive data

raraunga inerahi (takenga mai: ine - to measure, compare; rahi - amount, size, large)

quantitative research

rangahau inerahi (takenga mai: ine - to measure; rahi - size, amount)

quarter-caste

koata-kāehe (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

quarternary industry

ahumahi mātāwhā (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; whā - four)

quarternary sector

rāngai mātāwhā (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; whā - four)

questionnaire

rārangi patapatai

quorum

kōrama (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: tokamatua)

quota

rahinga (kupu kē atu: motunga, tiringa)

R

Raglan

Whāingaroa

Ramadan

Ramatana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Red Crescent

Niko Whero

Red Cross

Rīpeka Whero

Republic of Djibouti

Te Whenua Tūhake o Tepūti

Reykjavik

Reikahiki (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Richmond

Waimea

Rio de Janeiro

Rio Tihiēro (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Riyadh

Riata (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Rolleston

Tauwharekākaho

Romania

Romeinia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Rome

Rōma (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Russia

Rūhia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Rwanda

Rāwana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

race (of people)

momo ā-iwi

racism, racial discrimination

kaikiri (kupu kē atu: whakatoihara ā-iwi)

radical

tūwhana (takenga mai: tū - to oppose, fight, position, stance; whana - to revolt, rebel)

radicalise

whakatūwhana (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; tūwhana - radical; tū - to oppose, fight; whana - revolt, rebel)

radioactive waste

para iraruke

radiocarbon dating

inewā horowaro (takenga mai: ine - to measure; wā - time; horo - waste away, crumble down; waro - carbon)

rail infrastructure

tūāhanga rerewhenua

rainbow culture

ahurea āniwaniwa

rainbow movement

rangatohe āniwaniwa

rainwater harvesting

hopu wai ua

rape, sexual assault

pāwhera ~tia

rapid (on a river)

taiheke (kupu kē atu: tāheke, korio)

rate of inflation

pāpātanga pikiutu tukipū

rates

reiti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: rēti)

ratify, certify, validate

whakapūmau ~tia ~tanga

ratio scale

āwhata ōwehenga

raw material

rawa taketake

real estate

papanoho (takenga mai: papa - land, floor; papa [papa kāinga] - home base; noho - to live, reside)

real estate agent

kaihoko papanoho

rebate

monihoki (takenga mai: moni - money; hoki - to return)

rebel, revolutionary, radical

taiwhana (takenga mai: tai - prefix with a qualifying force; whana - to rebel, revolt)

rebellion, revolution, insurrection

pāhoro ~tia (takenga mai: pāhoro - to take by assault, capture) (kupu kē atu: whana)

recall

whakaputa maharatanga

recent past

wāmua tata

reciprocity, reciprocal

tauutuutu

reclaim, repossess

taumanu ~tia

recolonise, recolonisation

tāmirua ~tia ~tanga

recommend, recommendation

tūtohu ~a ~nga

reconcile, appease, reconciliation, conciliation

whakaturi ~hia ~tanga

reconcile, reconciliatory, pacify

whakamārire (kupu kē atu: whakaepaepa)

recovering (species)

(momo) ngaringari (takenga mai: ngaringari - to increase in numbers)

recycle

hangarua ~tia (takenga mai: hanga – make, build, fashion; rua – two)

recycling centre, recycling depot, resource recovery centre

taupuni hangarua

red-tape, bureaucratic obstacle

taero (takenga mai: taero - obstruction, hinderance)

redneck, racist, bigot

kakī whero

reef

pūkawa

reference book

pukatara (takenga mai: puka - book; tara [papatara] - storehouse; tara [whakatara] - invoke, consult)

referendum

pōtitake (takenga mai: pōti [kupu mino] - vote; take - issue)

refuge, to take refuge, asylum, haven

punanga

refugee

rerenga (takenga mai: rerenga - person who has escaped, fugitive, survivor) (kupu kē atu: konene)

refugee camp

taupuni rerenga

refund

whakahokinga moni

refuse station, transfer station

taupuni para

regenerate, restore, rehabilitate

(whaka) haumanu ~tia (takenga mai: haumanu - to restore to health)

regenerating forest

ngahere whakamātūtū (takenga mai: whakamātūtū - recovering, returning to health)

region, territory, space, district

takiwā

regional council

kaunihera ā-takiwā

regional reserve

papa tāpui ā-rohe

register

rēhita ~tia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

regulated market, controlled market

mākete whakamatua

regulation

waeture (kupu kē atu: ture ārahi)

rehabilitate, regenerate

whakamātūtū ~tanga

relationship, connection

hononga (kupu kē atu: whakapiringa, piringa, pānga)

relict (species)

(momo) makorea

religion, sect, faith, church

hāhi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

religious diversity

kanorau whakapono

religious freedom

manawhiri hāhi (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; whiri [whiriwhiri] - to choose)

religious persecution, religious oppression

pēhitanga hāhi (takenga mai: pēhi - to oppress, suppress)

religious privilege

whiwhi painga hāhi

remove restrictions of tapu

horohoro (kupu kē atu: whakanoa, taitai)

renewable resource

rawa whakahou

rent review, lease review

arotake rīhi

rental housing, rental accommodation, lease housing

wharenoho rīhi

repatriate, return, repatriation

whakahoki ~a ~tanga

repay, settle a debt

whakaea ~tia

replacement cost

utu whakakapi

represent, portray, representivity

whakaata ~ngia ~tanga (takenga mai: whakaata - to reflect)

representative, spokesperson, delegate, ambassador

māngai

republic

whenua tūhake (takenga mai: whenua - country, nation, state; tū - to stand; hake [motuhake] - separate, independent, stand alone)

repurpose

hangahou ~tia

rescue service

ratonga rauora

research

rangahau ~tia ~tanga (takenga mai: rangahau - seek, search out, pursue)

research question

pātai rangahau

researcher

kairangahau

resent, resentment

hūngeingei (kupu kē atu: hūneinei)

reserve

papa tāpui (takenga mai: papa - land, Earth; tāpui - to reserve, set aside) (kupu kē atu: whenua tāpui)

reserve bank, central bank

pēke matua

reserve, set aside

tāpui ~a

reservoir, water tank

kurawai

resettlement

whakanōhanga hou

resilient, resilience

manawaroa

resist, oppose

ātete ~ngia ~nga

resource exploitation

kaiapo rawa

resource management

whakahaere rawa

resource pool, resource pooling

tāpuna rawa

resource recovery

taumanu rawa (takenga mai: taumanu - to take possession of, repossess, reclaim)

resource, natural resource

rawa (kupu kē atu: rauemi)

respond, response, responsive

urupare

responsible business

pakihi haepapa

responsible government

kāwanatanga haepapa

responsible, responsibility, be responsibile for

haepapa

restorative justice

tika hohourongo (takenga mai: hohou rongo - to make peace)

restrict, restriction, obliged, obligation

here ~a ~nga

results, findings (of research)

kitenga (takenga mai: kite - to see, perceive, discover) (kupu kē atu: hua)

retail price, purchase price

utu kaihoko

retirement village, old people's village

papakāinga kaumātua

retributive justice

tika hāmene (takenga mai: hāmene - to accuse, charge, penalty)

reuse

tukurua ~tia ~tanga (kupu kē atu: whakamahi anō)

revisionist history

hītori whakapūaho (takenga mai: whakapūaho - to elucidate, clarify)

revolt, revolution, rebellion, uprising

whana

revolutionary movement

rangatohe pāhoro

right to freedom

mōtika herekore

right to life, subsistence rights

mōtika oranga

right wing

aromatau (takenga mai: aro - to be inclined toward; matau - right)

rights

mōtika (kupu kē atu: motika)

risk

tūraru (takenga mai: tū [tūponotanga] - chance, probability; raru - trouble, problem, dispute)

risk, at risk

tūraru (takenga mai: tū - position, stance; tū [tūponotanga] - chance; raru - in difficulty, trouble)

ritual chant, prayer

karakia ~tia

ritual restriction or prohibition according to Māori custom

rāhui

river

awa

rivermouth

ngutuawa

road map

mahere huarahi

roading infrastructure

tūāhanga rori

rocky shore

ākau (kupu kē atu: ākau tokatoka)

romanticise, romanticisation

whakakura (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; kura - valued possession)

runoff

wai rere noa (takenga mai: wai - water; rere - to flow; noa - without restraint)

rural lifestyle, country lifestyle

(kātū) noho tuawhenua

rural town

tāone tuawhenua

rural, rural locality, hinterland

tuawhenua

S

Samoa

Hāmoa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

San Diego

Hana Piako (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

San Francisco

Hana Paraniko (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

San Marino

Hana Marino (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Santa Fe

Hāta Whei (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Santiago

Hanatiāko (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Sao Paulo

Hao Pāoro (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Saudi Arabia

Hauri Arāpia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Scotland

Kotarangi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Kōtirana, Kōtarani)

Seattle

Heātara (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Senegal

Henekara (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Seoul

Houra (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Serbia

Hirupia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Hēpia)

Seychelles

Heikere (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Shanghai

Hangahai (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Sierra Leone

Te Araone (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Silent Generation

Reanga Ngū

Singapore

Hingapoa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Slovakia

Horowākia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Slovenia

Horowinia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Solomon Islands

(Ngā) Motu Horomona (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Somalia

Hūmārie (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

South Africa

Āwherika ki te Tonga

South America

Amerika ki te Tonga

South Asia

Āhia ki te Tonga

South Atlantic Ocean

(Te) Moana Ranatiki ki te Tonga

South Australia

Ahitereiria ki te Tonga

South Island

Te Waka-o-Māui (kupu kē atu: Te Waipounamu, Te Wai Pounamu, Te Wāhi Pounamu, Te Waka-o-Aoraki)

South Island

Te Waipounamu (kupu kē atu: Te Waka-o-Māui, Te Waka-o-Aoraki)

South Korea

Kōrea ki te Tonga

South Pacific Ocean

(Te) Moana-nui-a-Kiwa ki te Tonga

South Sudan

Hūtāne ki te Tonga

South-East Asia

Āhia ki te Pitonga (takenga mai: Āhia [kupu mino] - Asia; pitonga - south east)

Southern Alps

(Te) Tiritiri-o-te-Moana

Spain

Peina (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Sri Lanka

Hiri Rānaka (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Stewart Island

Rakiura

Stolkholm

Tokoomo (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Sudan

Hūtāne (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Supreme Court

Kōti Mana Nui

Suriname

Huriname (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Suva

Hura (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Sweden

Huitene (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Switzerland

Huiterangi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Sydney

Poihākena (takenga mai: He kupu mino [Port Jackson].)

Syria

Hiria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

sacred, restricted, set apart

tapu

safeguard, security convention, safety protocol

tikanga whakamaru

safety conscious, safety awareness

tūoho haumaru

salary

utu ā-tau

sample

tīpako ~na ~nga

sample size

rahinga tīpako

sand dune

tāhuahua

sandy beach, sandbank

tāhuna

scale

āwhata (takenga mai: āwhata [arawhata] - ladder)

scam

tāware ~tia (takenga mai: tāware - to dupe, deceive)

scapegoat

uaparenga (takenga mai: uapare - to pass the blame)

school community

hapori kura

school culture

ahurea kura

school infrastructure

tūāhanga kura

scrub, brushwood

tāwhao

sea, ocean, large lake

moana

seabed dredging

hirou papamoana

seabed mining

maina papamoana

sealer

kaipatu kekeno

secede, pull out, withdraw

kounu

second hand

oruoru

second world nation

whenua ao-rua

secondary industry

ahumahi mātārua (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; rua - two)

secondary road

huarahi mātāmuri

secondary sector

rāngai mātārua (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; rua - two)

secondary source (of information)

puna mātārua (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; rua [tuarua] - second)

secular, non-religious

hāhi-kore (takenga mai: hāhi - church, religion; kore - not, negative) (kupu kē atu: o te ao)

security alliance

haumi whakamaru

sedentary lifestyle, inactive lifestyle

(kātū) noho houtete

segregate, segregation

whakatāuke ~tia (kupu kē atu: tāuketanga [tūingoa])

select committee

komiti whiriwhiri (takenga mai: komiti [kupu mino] - committee; whiriwhiri - to discuss, decide, consider)

self awareness

aroā whaiaro

self awareness, personal awareness

tūoho whaiaro

self contained campervan

waka noho tūhake (takenga mai: waka - vehicle; noho - to dwell; tū - to stand; hake [motuhake] - independent)

self image

ata whaiaro (takenga mai: ata - image, reflected image; whaiaro - person, self)

self management skills

pūkenga auaki (takenga mai: au - I, me; aki - to encourage, urge on) (kupu kē atu: pūkenga taki whaiaro)

self sufficient, self reliant, self sufficiency

ringaora (takenga mai: ringa - nō te whakataukī 'he kai kei aku ringa'; ora - alive)

self-efficacy

whaikaha whaiaro (takenga mai: whai - to have, possess; kaha - ability, strength; whaiaro - personal)

self-employed, self-employment

mahikuhu (takenga mai: mahi - work; kuhu - do on one's own)

self-esteem, self-respect, self-worth

kiritau

self-righteous, conceited, arrogant, self-righteousness

whakakake (takenga mai: whakakake - to assume superiority, self importance)

self-sufficient lifestyle, subsistence lifestyle

(kātū) noho ringaora (takenga mai: ringa - nō te whakataukī 'he kai kei aku ringa'; ora - alive, wellbeing)

sell

hoko atu

senior male line of descent

ure tārewa

sense of humanity

aroā koutangata (takenga mai: aroā - to perceive, to be aware, comprehend; kou - of good quality; tangata - people, human)

sentimental value

uara whēnakonako (takenga mai: uara - value; whēnakonako - to be wistful, yearn, long for; whēnakonako - nostalgic)

separate authority, autonomy, self-determination, independence

mana motuhake

septic tank, sewage tank

kura parakaingaki

service

ratonga

settlement

nōhanga

settler

kirinoho (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; noho - to live, dwell)

settlor, creator of a trust

kaihanga tarahiti

sewage

parakaingaki

sewage sludge

kene parakaingaki

sewage treatment station, sewage treatment facility

taupuni whakatika parakaingaki

sewerage treatment, sewage treatment

whakatika parakaingaki

sex slave, forced sex worker

pononga kairau

sex trafficking

mauhere kairau (takenga mai: mauhere - imprison; kairau - prostitute)

sex trafficking

hokotaihara kairau

sex work

mahi kairau

sexist

toihara ira (takenga mai: toihara - discrimination; ira - gender)

sexual exploitation

kaiapo onioni

sexual harassment

whakatīwheta hemahema (takenga mai: whakatīwheta - to torment, harass, annoy; hemahema - to make amorous advances)

sexual orientation

aronga hōkaka

sexual relationship

hononga tauonioni

sexual revolution

taihuringa hōkakatanga (takenga mai: tai - a prefix with a qualifying force; huri - to change)

sexuality

hōkakatanga

shackles of colonialism

here tātāmi

shantytown

kāinga kuha (takenga mai: kuha - shabby, delapidated) (kupu kē atu: kuha kāinga)

share (finance)

pānga (takenga mai: pā - be connected with) (kupu kē atu: hea [kupu mino])

share market

mākete pānga

shared decision, collective decision

whakataunga tōpū (takenga mai: tōpū - combined, unified, consolidated)

shared pathway

aratini (takenga mai: ara - pathway; tini - many)

sharefarming

pāmu whaipānga

shareholder

kaiwhaipānga

sharemilker

kaimiraka whaipānga (kupu kē atu: kaikutētē whaipānga)

shopping precinct, shopping quarter

paehokohoko (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity)

short term effect

hua taupoto (takenga mai: hua - outcome, product; tau - period of time; poto - short)

short term goal

whāinga paetata

short term plan

mahere paetata

shortage, lack, scarcity

kōpaka (kupu kē atu: pūhore, ngōuruuru, korekore)

show, concert, performance

whakaaturanga a-rēhia

sickness benefit

takuhe tūroro (kupu kē atu: takuhe hāura)

significant event

tūāhuatanga tāpua

significant site

wāhi tāpua

silent partner

hoa ngū

simple interest

huamoni tūpā (takenga mai: tūpā - flat, level)

single transferable vote, STV

pōti whakaraupapa (takenga mai: whakaraupapa - to put in order, sequence)

single use

mahinga tukutahi

sister in law of a male, brother in law of a female

taokete

sister of a male

tuahine

sit in

tohenoho (takenga mai: tohe - to contend with, argue, protest; noho - to sit)

situation

pūāhua

skill

pūkenga

slaughter, massacre, pogrom

tārukenga

slave, slavery

(whaka) pononga

sluice, sluicing (e.g. for gold)

horoi tuakirikiri (takenga mai: horoi - to wash, cleanse; tuakirikiri - gravel)

slum

paenoho kanukanu (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity; noho - to live, dwell; kanukanu - dilapidated, shabby) (kupu kē atu: puni tuakoka)

small enterprise

hinonga iti

small town

tāone iti

smuggle

kawe toropuku (takenga mai: kawe - to carry; toropuku - secretly, stealthily)

social

pāpori

social action

koringa pāpori (takenga mai: kori - to move in to action)

social agenda, social goal

whāinga pāpori

social amnesia

whakangongo pāpori (takenga mai: whakangongo - to neglect, disregard, pay no attention to) (kupu kē atu: wareware pāpori)

social anthropology

mātai tikanga pāpori

social awareness, socially aware

tūoho pāpori

social behaviour

whanonga pāpori

social change

panoni pāpori

social class

papapori (takenga mai: papa [paparanga] - layer; pori [pāpori] - social)

social conditioning

whakaū poripori (takenga mai: whakaū - to make firm, establish, reinforce; poripori [whakaporipori] - socialisation; pori [pāpori] - social)

social context

horopaki pāpori

social continuity

auroatanga pāpori (takenga mai: auroa - prolonged, extended, drawn-out) (kupu kē atu: pāpori ukiuki)

social controversy

tautohe pāpori

social crisis

tairaru pāpori

social development

whanaketanga pāpori

social enterprise

hinonga pāpori

social evolution

kuneroa porihanga

social history

hītori pāpori

social housing

wharenoho ahupori (takenga mai: ahu - to tend, foster, nurture; pori [pāpori] - social) (kupu kē atu: whare pāpori)

social impact

pāpātanga pāpori

social incentive

poapoa pāpori

social indicator, social index

tauine pāpori (takenga mai: tauine - ruler, scale; pāpori - social)

social injustice

tūkinotanga pāpori (kupu kē atu: hēnga pāpori)

social inquiry

pakirehua pāpori

social instability

pāhekeheke pāpori

social issue, social cause

take pāpori

social justice

tika pāpori

social media influence

awenga pāhopori

social mobility

panuku pāpori

social need

matea pāpori

social norm

ritenga pāpori (takenga mai: ritenga - customary practice, habit, the normal way of doing things)

social policy

kaupapahere pāpori

social pressure

pēhanga pāpori (kupu kē atu: whakawhere pāpori)

social problem

raruraru pāpori

social renewal, social transformation

whakaumu pāpori

social responsibility

haepapa pāpori

social revolution, social upheaval

taihuringa pāpori (takenga mai: tai - a prefix with a qualifying force; huri - to change)

social science

tikanga ā-iwi (kupu kē atu: mātauranga tangata)

social skills

pūkenga pāpori

social stability

tūwhena pāpori (takenga mai: tū - to stand, establish; whena - firm, steady)

social status, social position

tūranga pāpori (kupu kē atu: mana pāpori)

social structure

anga pāpori

social studies

mātaipori (takenga mai: mātai - to study, examine; pori [pāpori] - social)

social sustainablity

toitūtanga pāpori

social trauma

kohuki pāpori

social trend

ia pāpori

social unity, social cohesion

kotahitanga pāpori

socialise, socialisation

whakaporipori (takenga mai: whaka - causative pefix; pori [pāpori] - social)

socialism, socialistic

angapori (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; pori [pāpori] - social)

socially responsible, social responsibility

takopori (takenga mai: tako - upright; takohanga - responsibility, obligation; pori [pāpori] - social)

socially responsive

aropori (takenga mai: aro - to take heed, to consider; pori [pāpori] - social)

socially responsive business

pakihi aropori

societal dysfunction

turingonge porihanga

society

porihanga

socioeconomic background

takenga ohapori (takenga mai: takenga - source, origin; oha [ohaoha] - economic; pori [pāpori] - social)

socioeconomic index

tauine ohapori (takenga mai: tauine - ruler, scale)

socioeconomic level

kōeke ohapori

socioeconomic privilege

whiwhi painga ohapori

socioeconomic status

tūranga ohapori

sociology

mātai pāpori

soil pollution

parahanga oneone

sole trader business

pakihi kiritahi

solid waste

para totoka

son in law, daughter in law

hunaonga (kupu kē atu: hunōnga, hinaonga)

source of information

puna kōrero

southern hemisphere

tuakoi tonga

sovereignty, autonomy, self-determination

tino rangatiratanga (kupu kē atu: mana motuhake)

sovereignty, autonomy, self-determination

tino rangatiratanga2 (kupu kē atu: mana motuhake)

space age

takiwā tuarangi

special vote

pōti motuhake

special waste

para motuhake

sperm donor

kaituku tātea

spiritual need

matea wairua

spiritual power from the gods

mana atua

sponsor, sponsorship

tautāwhi (takenga mai: tautāwhi - to come to the assistance of, support)

sports ground

papa hākinakina

spread, disseminate, disperse, diffuse

horapa

spring (of water), well

puna wai

stable

tūwhena (takenga mai: tū - to stand, set in place; whena - firm, steady)

stable society

porihanga tūwhena

stakeholder

kiripānga (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; pānga [whai pānga] - to have an interest, share or connection)

stakeholder group

rōpū kiripānga

stamping ground, haunt, hangout

kainga waewae

standard of living

paerewa noho

state care

maru karauna (takenga mai: maru - shelter, shield, power, authority; karauna [kupu mino] - crown)

state highway, main road

huarahi matua

state of emergency

tūohotata (takenga mai: tū - to take place; ohotata - emergency)

state sector, government sector

rāngai kāwanatanga

stateless

whenua-kore

statement scale

āwhata tauākī

statement, declaration

tauākī

statistical technique, statistical convention

tikanga tauanga

statue

whakapakoko

status, power, authority and dignity of men

mana tāne

status, power, authority and dignity of women

mana wahine

step parent

matakēkē

step relationship

whakaangi

stereotype, stereotypical

arotoka ~ngia (takenga mai: aro - take heed of, be inclined toward; aro [whakaaro] - thought; toka - rock, be firm) (kupu kē atu: kiritoka, whakapouaka, ataata taurite)

stigmatise, denigrate

hahani ~tia ~tanga

stolen generations

reanga kāhakina

stone age

takiwā kōhatu

stonefield

pārae pōhatu (takenga mai: pārae - level or undulating open country) (kupu kē atu: pārae kōhatu)

stopwork

porotū mahi

storm

āwhā (kupu kē atu: paraawa, tūpuhi)

stormwater, rain water

wai ua

stranger or newcomer to a particular place

waewae tapu

strategic plan

mahere rautaki (takenga mai: rau [rauhanga] - cunning, resourceful; taki - lead, bring along)

strategy

rautaki

stratified society, hierarchical society

porihanga whai paparanga

stream

kōawa

streetscape

horahuanui (takenga mai: hora - spread, display; huanui - road, street)

strike (protest action)

porotū

style of leadership

tāera hautūtanga (takenga mai: tāera [kupu mino] - style)

sub-tribe

hapū

subculture

ahurea mātāiti (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua' me te 'mātāmuri'; iti - small)

subdivision

wawaetanga (takenga mai: wawae - to divide, separate)

subjective

taparoto (takenga mai: tapa [tapatahi] - objective; roto - inside)

submit, submission

tāpae ~tia ~tanga

subsidy

pūtea āwhina (kupu kē atu: pūtea tautoko)

subsistence farm, subsistence farming

pāmu ringaora (takenga mai: ringa - hand [nō te whakataukī 'he kai kei aku ringa']; ora - alive, healthy, well)

suburb

paenoho (takenga mai: pae - region, vicinity; noho - to live, dwell, reside)

succeed, succession

taua ~tanga

succession planning

whakamahere tauatanga (takenga mai: taua - to succeed, be next in succession)

successor

piki tūranga

suffrage, right to vote

manapōti (takenga mai: mana - power, authority; pōti - vote [kupu mino])

suicide bomb

pohū whakamomori

suicide bombing

tukupohū whakamomori (takenga mai: tuku - to release; pohū - bomb; whakamomori - suicide)

sum insured

rahinga inihua

super city

tāone whakatōpū (takenga mai: tāone - town [kupu mino]; whakatōpū - to amalgamate, combine)

supply and demand

(te) whakarato me te popono

supply chain

ara tukutuku (takenga mai: ara - pathway; tukutuku - to send)

supply, provision

whakarato ~a ~nga

support, back, backing

taunaki ~hia ~tanga

support, second (meeting term)

tautoko

surface runoff

rerenga waipapa (takenga mai: rere - to flow; wai - water; papa - surface, earth)

surface water

waipapa (takenga mai: wai - water; papa - surface, earth)

surgical waste, medical waste

para poka (takenga mai: poka - operation [medical], surgery)

surplus

hemihemi

survey, statistical survey

tirohanga tauanga (takenga mai: tirohanga - view)

sustainable capacity, carrying capacity

raukaha toitū

sustainable development

whakawhanake toitū

sustainable farming

pāmu toitū

sustainable process

tukanga toitū

sustainable production

whakanaotanga toitū

sustainable technology

hangarau toitū

sustainable, sustainability

toitū ~tanga (kupu kē atu: whāomoomo)

swamp

repo

synagogue

whare karakia Hūrae (takenga mai: Hūrae - Jew, Jewish) (kupu kē atu: whare Hūrae)

system of government

pūnaha kāwanatanga

systemic racism

kaikiri toronaha (takenga mai: kaikiri - racism; toro - to stretch forth, extend; naha [pūnaha] - system)

T

Tahiti

Tahiti

Taipei

Taipei (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Taiwan

Taiwana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tajikistan

Takiritānga (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tanzania

Tānahia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tarawa

Tarawa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tasman Sea

(Te) Tai-o-Rehua (kupu kē atu: Te Moana-Tāpokopoko-a-Tāwhaki)

Tasmania

Tāhimania (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tehran

Terāna (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tel Aviv

Terewiwi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Thailand

Tairanga (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

The Hague

Te Heke (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

The Malayan War

(Te) Pakanga ki Mareia

The Remarkables

Tākitimu (kupu kē atu: Kawarau)

Tibet

Tīpete (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Timor Sea

(Te) Moana o Tīmoa (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Togo

Toko (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tokelau

Tokerau (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tokyo

Tōkio (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tolaga Bay

Uawa

Tonga

Tonga

Torah

Ture (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: Tōraha)

Toronto

Tāroto (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Treaty of Waitangi

(Te) Tiriti o Waitangi

Trinidad and Tobago

Tirinaki Tōpako (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tunisia

Tūnihia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Turkey

Tākei (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Turkmenistan

Tukumanatānga (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Tuvalu

Tūwaru (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tactical plan

mahere rautata (takenga mai: rau [rauhanga] - cunning, resourceful; tata - near, close)

take by force, seize

kōhaki ~na (kupu kē atu: kōwhakiwhaki, kāhaki)

take without any moral right, confiscate

raupatu ~tia

takeback

hokimuri (takenga mai: hoki - to return; muri - back)

tapu removing ceremony for a new building

tānga o te kawa

tariff, trade tax

tākehoko tāwāhi (takenga mai: tāke - tax; hoko [tauhokohoko] - trade, commercial; tāwāhi - overseas, abroad)

tax avoidance

pare tāke (takenga mai: pare - to avoid, ward off, fend)

tax concession, tax break

whakamāmā tāke (takenga mai: whakamāmā - to ease, relieve, lighten)

tax evasion, take dodge

karo tāke

tax, taxation

tāke ~ngia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

taxation policy

kaupapahere tāke

technological development

whanaketanga hangarau

temperate climate

āhuarangi hātai

temperate forest

ngahere hātai (takenga mai: hātai - mild [of weather])

temperate zone

rohe hātai

temporary housing, temporary accommodation

wharenoho taupua

term investment

haumitanga wā tūmau (takenga mai: tūmau - fixed, constant)

terms of reference, job specification

tūtohu mahi (takenga mai: tūtohu - to prescribe; mahi - work, job, action)

terraced garden

māra parehua (takenga mai: parehua - ridge, terrace)

territorial authority, authority associated with possession and occupation of tribal land

mana whenua

terrorism

whakatuatea (kupu kē atu: whakatumatuma)

terrorist attack

tukipoto whakatuatea

tertiary industry

ahumahi mātātoru (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; toru - three)

tertiary sector

rāngai mātātoru (takenga mai: mātā - e whai ana i tā te 'mātāmua'; toru - three)

theocracy

mana hāhi (takenga mai: mana - authority, power; hāhi - church)

third party insurance

inihua kiritoru (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; toru - three)

third world nation

whenua ao-toru

threatened (of a species)

whakaraerae (takenga mai: whakaraerae - to be vulnerable)

three-waters infrastructure

tūāhanga wai-toru

thriving economy

ōhanga tōnui

time management

whakahaere wā

time of scarcity

rā o te waru

time period, era

takiwā

timeline

rārangi wā (takenga mai: rārangi - line, list; wā - time)

to abolish, do away with

whakahorohoro ~tia

to make peace

hohou i te rongo

to oppose (a claim to land)

tāwari

to raise (a child etc), upbringing

whakapakeke ~tia ~tanga

to restrict, block, prevent, exclude, ban, prohibit

aukati

to settle, live permanently

pūwhenua ~tia (kupu kē atu: noho)

tolerant society

porihanga māhaki

tolerant, tolerance, accepting

māhaki

toll road

rori utu

top down

kāuru whakararo (takenga mai: kāuru - head [of a tree or river]; whakararo - downward direction) (kupu kē atu: mai i runga ki raro)

topographic map, relief map, contour map

mahere takoto whenua

topography

mātai takoto whenua (takenga mai: mātai - to study; takoto - to lie; whenua - land) (kupu kē atu: mātai takoto ā-nuku)

toponym, placename

tapa (wāhi) ~nga (takenga mai: tapa - to name; wāhi - place)

toponymist

kaimātai tapawāhi (takenga mai: kai - prefix denoting agent; mātai - to examine, investigate; tapa - to name; wāhi - place)

toponymy, study of place names

mātai tapawāhi (takenga mai: mātai - to study, examine, investigate; tapa - to name; wāhi - place)

totalitarianism

angangarengare (takenga mai: anga - structure, framework; anga - to face a certain direction; ngarengare - authoritarian, dictatorial, tyrannical)

tourism

tāpoi (takenga mai: tāpoi - travel around)

tourism industry

ahumahi tāpoi

tourist

wae tāpoi (takenga mai: wae - leg, foot; tāpoi - tourism)

tournament, competition

tātāwhāinga (kupu kē atu: whakataetae)

town

tāone (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

town centre, central business district, CBD

pokapū tāone

toxic waste

para tāoke

trade envoy

karere tauhokohoko

trade sanction

whiunga tauhokohoko (takenga mai: whiunga - penalty)

trade war

pakanga tauhokohoko

trade, commerce

tauhokohoko

traditional culture

ahurea tuku iho

traditional customs

tikanga tuku iho

traffic, trafficking

hokotaihara ~tia (takenga mai: hoko - to buy or sell; taihara - illegal, crime)

traitor, treason, treasonous

kaikaiwaiū ~tanga

transform, transformational

whakaumu ~tia

transformative change

panoni whakaumu (takenga mai: whakaumu - to transform, alter, change)

transformative justice

tika whakamahu (takenga mai: whakamahu - to heal) (kupu kē atu: tika whakaumu)

transgender

irawhiti (takenga mai: ira - gender; whiti - to change, cross over)

transitional housing, transitional accommodation

wharenoho tauwhiro (takenga mai: tauwhiro [tauwhirowhiro] - transition, about to change; tauwhiro - to tend, care for)

transparent, transparency

puata ~tanga

transport infrastructure

tūāhanga tūnuku (kupu kē atu: pūnahahanga tūnuku)

transport, transportation

tūnuku (takenga mai: tū - manner, sort, type of; nuku - move, shift)

trauma, traumatic

kohuki

treaty

tiriti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

trend

ia (takenga mai: ia - current, flow)

trialteral, tripartite

arotorutanga (takenga mai: aro - to consider, have regard to; toru - three)

tribal culture

ahurea ā-iwi

tribal festival

hui ahurei

tribal history

hītori ā-iwi (kupu kē atu: tāhuhu kōrero ā-iwi)

tribal identity

tuakiri ā-iwi

tribal saying

pepeha

tribal society

porihanga ā-iwi

tribal territory

rohe pōtae

tribalism, tribalistic

tāwheta ā-iwi (takenga mai: tāwheta - zeal, fervour; iwi - tribe)

tribalist

kiritāwheta ā-iwi (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; tāwheta - zeal, fervour; iwi - tribe)

tribe, clan, people, large kinship group

iwi

tribunal

taraipiunara (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tributary (small), streamlet

mīanga

trickle-down

māturu-iho

tropical climate

āhuarangi pārūrū

tropical forest

ngahere pārūrū (takenga mai: pārūrū - sultry, humid, tropical)

tropics

rohe pārūrū

true home, source of sustenance

ūkaipō

trust

tarahiti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: tarati [kupu mino], rōpū kaitiaki)

trustee

poutarahiti (takenga mai: pou - stalwart, dependable person)

truth and reconciliation commission

kōmihana aro ki te pono me te whakamārie

tsunami

tainiwhaniwha (kupu kē atu: tai āniwhaniwha)

tussock grass

pātītī taranui

tyrant, tyrannical

taingarengare (takenga mai: tai - prefix with a qualifying force; ngarengare - overbearing, authoritarian, autocratic)

U

Uganda

Ukānga (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Ukraine

Ukareinga (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Underground Railroad

Arahuna Rerewhenua (takenga mai: ara - pathway; huna - to be concealed, hidden; rerewhenua - railway; rere - to flee; whenua - territory, land)

United Arab Emirates, UAE

(Te) Kotahitanga o ngā Whenua o Ārapi

United Nations

(Te) Rūnanga Whakakotahi i ngā Iwi o te Ao

United States of America, USA

(Te) Hononga o Amerika (kupu kē atu: Ngā Whenua Tōpū o Amerika, Te Kotahitanga o Amerika)

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

(Te) Whakapuakitanga Tukipū o ngā Mōtika Tangata

Universal Declaration of Indigenous Rights

(Te) Whakapuakitanga Tukipū o ngā Mōtika Iwi Taketake

Upper Hutt

Ōrongomai

Uruguay

Urukoi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Uzbekistan

Uhipeketāne (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

unanimous, unanimity

whakaaro kotahi ~tia

unconfined aquifer

mātāwainuku tūraha (takenga mai: mātā [mātāpuna] - source; wainuku - groundwater; tūraha - to be open, not confined)

unconscious bias

rītaha huna (kupu kē atu: haukume huna)

under-representation

whakaatanga tarepa (takenga mai: tarepa - to be incomplete, in deficit)

underground mining

maina rōnuku (takenga mai: rō [roto] - inside; nuku - earth)

unemployment benefit

takuhe koremahi

unemployment, unemployed

koremahi

unequal

ōrite-kore

unequal power

mana pāhikahika (takenga mai: pāhikahika - uneven, disproportionate)

unhealthy lifestyle

(kātū) noho kimimate

uniform, uniformity, homogeneous

kanorite (takenga mai: kano - colour, sort, kind, seed, texture; rite - be alike)

unilateral decision, unilateral agreement

tatūnga takitahi

unilateralism

arotahitanga (takenga mai: aro - to consider, have regard to; tahi - one)

unintended consequence

rara pokerehū (takenga mai: rara - consequence, effect, repercussion; pokerehū - unintentional, by accident)

uniqueness

tūhāhā (kupu kē atu: āhua ake, āhua motuhake)

unitary council

kaunihera whakatōpū

unity, unified, solidarity

kotahi ~tanga

universal access

whai wāhitanga tukipū (takenga mai: whai wāhitanga - have access to, participation, have opportunity to; tukipū - general, widespread)

universal right

mōtika tukipū (takenga mai: tukipū - general, widespread)

unjust

tikakore

unorthodox beliefs

whakapono korokē (takenga mai: korokē - extraordinary, strange, eccentric)

unprosperous

houmate (takenga mai: hou - e whai ana i tā te houkura [prosperous]; mate - sick, unwell, calamity)

unsafe

haumaru-kore

upcycle

hangarewa ~tia (takenga mai: hanga [hangarua] - recycle; rewa - te be elevated, high up)

upper class

papapori runga

uproar, disturbance, furore

tutūnga puehu

upstream

reremua (takenga mai: rere - to flow; mua - before, in front of)

upstream factor

āhuatanga tōmua

upstream intervention, early intervention

hāpaiora reremua (takenga mai: hāpaiora - intervention; rere - to flow; mua - in front, before)

upstream service

ratonga reremua (takenga mai: rere - to flow; mua - in front)

urban area

rohenga tāone

urban design

hoahoa tāone

urban development

whanaketanga tāone

urban lifestyle

(kātū) noho tāone

urban migration

hekenga tāone

urban sprawl

mahora tāone (takenga mai: mahora - spread, extend)

urbanise, urbanisation

whakatāone ~tia ~tanga

V

Valleta

Whāreta (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Vancouver

Te Whanga-a-Kiwa

Vanuatu

Whenuatū (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Vatican City

Te Poho-o-Pita (takenga mai: poho - bosom; Pita [kupu mino] - Peter)

Venezuela

Penehūera (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Venice

Wēneti (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Victoria

Wikitōria (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Vienna

Whiena (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Vietnam

Whitināmu (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Vietnam War

(Te) Pakanga ki Whitināmu

validate, validation

whakatūturu ~tia ~tanga

valley

whārua (kupu kē atu: pārua, tairua, taiororua)

value

uara ~tia

value (monetary)

wāriu (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

variable rate, floating rate

pāpātanga taurangi

vegetation, ground cover

ururua (takenga mai: ururua - scrub, brushwood, fresh growth)

vehicle insurance, auto insurance

inihua waka

victim

pārurenga

view, lens, point of view, perspective

tirohanga

vigilante

ringa takitaki (takenga mai: ringa - arm, hand; takitaki - to take revenge)

vigilante group

rōpū takitaki (takenga mai: takitaki - to take revenge)

village, hamlet

papakāinga (kupu kē atu: papa kāinga)

violent crime

hara ririhau

virgin forest, primary forest, old-growth forest

ngahere urutapu (kupu kē atu: ngahere tikitū, ngahere horomata)

virtual system of exchange

pūnaha kurutete mariko

visa

kōkota (takenga mai: kōkota - a mark made at a cross-roads to show which road has been taken)

vision

matawhānui (kupu kē atu: matatawhiti)

visiting group, visitor

manuhiri (kupu kē atu: manuwhiri)

viticulture

ahukerepe

volcanic eruption

hūnga puia

voluntary sector

rāngai tūao

volunteer, voluntary

tūao

vote, ballot

pōti ~tia ~tanga (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

voter

kaipōti

voting day, election day

rā pōti

voting form

puka pōti

voting system

pūnaha pōti

W

Waitangi Tribunal

(Te) Rōpu Whakamana i Te Tiriti o Waitangi (kupu kē atu: Taraipiunara o Waitangi, Rūnanga Whakamana i Te Tiriti o Waitangi)

Wales

Wēra (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Washington

Wāhitāone (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Wellington

Te Whanga-nui-a-Tara (kupu kē atu: Pōneke)

Wesleyan, Methodist

Wēteriana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

West Bank

Paretai Uru

Western Asia

Āhia ki te Uru

Western Australia

Ahitereiria ki te Uru

Western Europe

Ūropi ki te Uru (takenga mai: Ūropi - Europe [kupu mino])

Westport

Kawatiri

World War One

(Te) Pakanga Tuatahi o te Ao

World War Two

(Te) Pakanga Tuarua o te Ao

wage

utu ā-haora

walkway, walking trail

ara hīkoi

want

hiahia ~tia (kupu kē atu: matawara, minaka)

war crime

hara pakanga

war, battle, fight

pakanga ~tia

waste hierarchy

paparanga para (takenga mai: paparanga - layer)

waste management

whakahaere para

waste management plan

mahere whakahaere para (kupu kē atu: mahere para)

waste recovery

taumanu para (takenga mai: taumanu - to take possession of, repossess, reclaim)

waste reduction, waste minimisation

whakaiti para

waste stream

rerenga para (takenga mai: rerenga - flow)

waste treatment

whakatika para (kupu kē atu: whakatika - to correct, rectify)

waste, rubbish, refuse, trash

para

wasteful, extravagent

ngutu hore (kupu kē atu: tōtōā)

wastewater

wai para

wastewater

waipara (takenga mai: wai - water; para - sediment, waste)

wastewater drain field, septic drain field

āpure papī waipara (takenga mai: āpure - patch, circumscribed area; papī - to ooze, seep)

wastewater infrastructure

tūāhanga waipara

wastewater treatment

whakatika waipara

wastewater treatment station

taupuni whakatika waipara (takenga mai: taupuni - station; whakatika - to rectify, correct; wai - water; para - waste)

water

wai

water catchment boundary, drainage divide

paenga riu hopuwai

water catchment, catchment basin, drainage basin

riu hopuwai (takenga mai: riu - basin, valley; hopu - to catch; wai - water)

water infrastructure

tūāhanga wai

water pollution

parahanga wai

water quality

kounga (o te) wai

water service, water provision

ratonga wai

water table

kārewa wainuku (takenga mai: kārewa - surface [of water]; wainuku - groundwater)

water trading, water commerce

tauhokohoko wai

water transport

tūnuku ā-wai

waterform

hangawai (takenga mai: hanga - shape)

waterway, water course

arawai

wayfinding

kimiara (takenga mai: kimi - to search; ara - pathway)

wealthy, rich

whairawa

welcome ceremony, welcome

pōhiri ~tia (kupu kē atu: pōwhiri)

welcome, ceremony of welcome

whakatau ~ria

welfare dependency

whirinaki tokoora (takenga mai: whirinaki - to depend on, rely on; toko - support; ora - life, wellbeing; tokoora - welfare) (kupu kē atu: pararau tokoora)

welfare state

whenua tokoora

welfare, social welfare

tokoora (takenga mai: toko - support; ora - welfare, well being; Te Tari Toko i te Ora - Department of Social Welfare)

western civilisation

tūāpori o te rātō

western country, westernised nation

whenua whakaterātō

wet season

kaupeka uanui

wetland, marshland

kūkūwai

whaler

kaipatu tohorā

whirlwind, tornado, twister

tūkauati (kupu kē atu: āwhiowhio, hau pūkerikeri)

white collar

kara-mā (takenga mai: kara - collar [kupu mino]; mā - white)

white collar crime

hara kara-mā

white collar worker

kaimahi kara-mā

white flight

rere kirimā (takenga mai: rere - to flee; kiri - person, self; mā - white)

white privilege

whiwhi painga kirimā

white supremacy

whakatuanui kirimā (takenga mai: whakatuanui - domination, arrogance; kiri - skin; mā - white) (kupu kē atu: whakatuanui kiritea)

wholesale price

utu hokorau

wholesaler

kaihokorau (takenga mai: hoko - to buy or sell; rau - many)

wildcat strike

porotū ohorere (takenga mai: ohorere - sudden, without warning)

wildfire

ahiniwha (takenga mai: ahi - fire; niwha [niwhaniwha] - fierce, raging, ferocious)

withdraw, disengage

maunu ~tanga

witness

kaiwhakaatu (takenga mai: whakaatu - to reveal, disclose, show)

woke police

pirihimana ohotoihara

woke, wokism, wokeness

ohotoihara ~tanga (takenga mai: oho - awake, to be roused [of feelings etc]; toihara - discrimination)

women's refuge

punanga wahine

women's rights

mōtika wahine

women's rights movement

rangatohe mōtika wahine

women's suffrage

manapōti wahine

work-leisure balance, work-life balance

(te) taurite o te mahi me te rēhia

worker's rights

mōtika kaimahi

worker, employee

kaimahi

workers rights movement

rangatohe mōtika kaimahi

working bee, volunteer work group

ohu

working capital

pūrawa wātea (takenga mai: wātea - to be available)

working class, blue collar worker

hunga pukumahi ā-ringa

world war, global war

pakanga ā-ao

written literature

mātātuhi (takenga mai: mātā [mātākōrero] - literature; mātā - heap, layer; tuhi - to write)

X

xenophobia, xenophobic

whakaweti momo kē (takenga mai: whakaweti - to threaten, bully, intimidate; weti [wetiweti] - abhorrent, repulsive; momo - race; kē - different) (kupu kē atu: whakatoihara)

Y

Yemen

Īmene (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Youth Court

Kōti Taiohi

yield

tukuhua (takenga mai: tuku - to release, set free, give; hua - produce, fruit)

younger sister of a female, younger brother of a male

teina (kupu kē atu: taina)

youth culture

ahurea taiohi

youth disengagement

maunutanga taiohi

Z

Zambia

Tāmipia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Zimbabwe

Timuwawe (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Zurich

Hūrika (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)