He pūkenga hirikapo i te tukanga pānui me te tukanga whakarongo. Arā, ko te tūhono a te tangata i tāna i pānui ai, i tāna i rongo ai rānei ki ōna wheako whaiaro, ki tōna anga orotau hei hanga māramatanga. Hei tauira, mā te whanonga o te kiripuaki me āna kōrero i roto i tētahi paki e hīkarotia ai tōna tuakiri me ōna kare ā-roto.
A cognitive skill used in the reading and listening process. A person makes connections between what they are reading or hearing and their personal experiences and schema in order to create understanding. For example, the personality and emotions of a character in a story can be inferred from their behaviour and dialogue.