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Welcome to PAEKUPU, words related to Te Marautanga o Aotearoa. Curriculum areas presently available on PAEKUPU: Toi Ataata, Te Reo Matatini, Puoro, Te Reo Pāngarau, Te Reo Pūtaiao, Ngā Mahi a te Rēhia
 
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Te Reo Pūtaiao

Te Reo Pūtaiao

Māori → English

a

ā-hāora

aerobic (takenga mai: ā – after the manner of; hāora – oxygen)

ahi tipua

volcanic activity, geothermal activity (takenga mai: ahi – fire; tipua – object of awe or terror)

ahiniki

arsenic (takenga mai: He kupu mino) (kupu kē atu: ahineke)

aho

light (radiant) (kupu kē atu: tūrama)

aho hīnātore

luminescence (takenga mai: aho – light; hīnātore – any phosphorescent substance)

aho horahora

diffused light (takenga mai: aho – light; horahora – spread out)

aho kitea

visible light

aho ratarata

incandescent light (takenga mai: aho – light; ratarata – red hot)

aho tuaiwi

spinal cord

aho whaikano

coloured light

ahopae

latitude (takenga mai: aho – line; pae – horizontal)

ahopou

longitude (takenga mai: aho – line; pou – vertical)

ahotakakame

photosynthesis (takenga mai: aho – light; taka – be formed, prepare; kame – food)

āhuahua

retina (kupu kē atu: mata tuaroa)

āhuarangi

climate (takenga mai: āhua – form, appearance, character; Rangi – Sky, heavens, upper regions)

āhuarangi iti

microclimate

āhuatanga matū

chemical property

āhuatanga ōkiko

physical property

āhuatanga urutau

adaptive features (takenga mai: uru – enter; tau – settle down)

āhuatini

allotrope

ahumāra

horticulture

ahuropi

biotic (takenga mai: ahu - move in a certain direction; ropi [rauropi] - organism)

ahuropi-kore

abiotic (takenga mai: ahu – move in a certain direction; ropi [rauropi] - organism; kore – negative)

ahutahi

monoculture (takenga mai: ahu [ahuwhenua, ahumāra] - agriculture, horticulture; tahi - one)

ahutoitū

permaculture (takenga mai: ahu [ahuwhenua, ahumāra] - agriculture, horticulture; toitū - sustainable)

ahuwhenua

agriculture

ai ~tia

sexual intercourse, copulate (kupu kē atu: tōkai*)

āinga whakararo

subduction (takenga mai: āinga – driving force; whakararo – downward)

aitanga

progeny, off spring (kupu kē atu: uri)

aitata

inbreeding (kupu kē atu: pūpukurua)

aka

vine (kupu kē atu: toi*)

akaaka

fibrous root

akakōare

rhizome (kupu kē atu: piaka)

ākau tokatoka

rocky shore

amiami

herb (culinary) (takenga mai: amiami – sweet smelling shrub)

amio ~nga

orbit (takenga mai: amio – roam, circle around) (kupu kē atu: āmio)

amiorangi

satellite (takenga mai: amio – orbit; Rangi – Sky, heavens, upper regions)

amiorangi hori

man-made satellite (takenga mai: amiorangi – satellite; hori [horihori] – artificial)

amiorangi māori

natural satellite

anga

shell

ānga

momentum (takenga mai: ā – drive, urge, compel) (kupu kē atu: torohaki)

anga kōiwi

skeleton

angaanga

skull

angaroto

endoskeleton (takenga mai: anga – shell, skeleton; roto – inside)

angarua

bivalve (takenga mai: anga – shell; rua – two)

angatahi

univalve (takenga mai: anga – shell; tahi – one)

angawaho

exoskeleton (takenga mai: anga – shell, skeleton; waho – outside)

ao

planet

ao

cloud (kupu kē atu: kapua*)

ao

Earth (kupu kē atu: Papatūānuku)

ao ā-nuku

geosphere

ao ātea

planet (kupu kē atu: aorangi)

ao hauropi

ecosphere (takenga mai: ao – world; hau [hau kāinga] - home; ropi [rauropi] - organism)

ao koiora

biosphere

ao tukupū

universe (takenga mai: ao – world; tukupū – coming down all sides, covering completely, spread over)

ao tūroa

natural world

aorangi

planet (takenga mai: ao – world; Rangi – Sky, heavens, upper regions) (kupu kē atu: ao ātea*)

aorangi iti

asteroid (kupu kē atu: tokarangi)

Apārangi

Mercury

apiapi

density (kupu kē atu: kiato)

āpiti

radius, outer forearm bone

āputa rangi

black hole (kupu kē atu: rua pango)

ara (neke)

path (of motion)

ara hātepe

series circuit (takenga mai: ara [ara iahiko] – circuit; hātepe – proceed in an orderly manner, follow in a regular sequence)

ara iahiko

electrical circuit (takenga mai: ara – pathway; ia – current; hiko – electricity)

ara nakunaku

digestive tract (takenga mai: ara - pathway; nakunaku -digest [food])

ara pokatata

short circuit (takenga mai: ara – path; pokatata – short, direct [of a path])

ara tātea

sperm tube, vas deferens

ara tautohu

classification key

ara whakarara

parallel circuit

ara whakawhānau

birth canal

ara whiu

trajectory, projectile motion (takenga mai: ara - pathway; whiu - to throw, toss, fling)

arahau

airway

ārai ~a

insulate, insulator (takenga mai: ārai – screen, keep off , ward off)

ārai hiko

electrical insulator

ārai pōkākā

heat insulator, thermal insulator (kupu kē atu: pupuri mahana)

ārai waikura

galvanise (takenga mai: ārai – keep off, ward off; waikura – rust)

āraitanga

eclipse (takenga mai: ārai – screen, veil, curtain, blind)

āraitanga kōmaru

solar eclipse (takenga mai: āraitanga – eclipse; kōmaru – sun) (kupu kē atu: Rā kūtia)

āraitanga Marama

lunar eclipse (takenga mai: āraitanga – eclipse; marama – month) (kupu kē atu: pōunga)

āraitanga pahara

partial eclipse (takenga mai: āraitanga – eclipse; pahara – incomplete)

āraitanga pū

total eclipse (takenga mai: āraitanga – eclipse; pū – precise, very)

ariā

theory

Ariā Pahū Nui

Big Bang Theory

aro

front (weather)

aro mahana

warm front

aro mātao

cold front

aroaromahana

spring (kupu kē atu: kōanga*)

arotahi

lens (kupu kē atu: mōhiti*)

āta horoi ~a

sterilise (cleanse)

āta tāhoro

decant

āta tirotiro ~hia

observe (kupu kē atu: mātakitaki)

ātārangi

shadow

ate

liver

ātea

space (kupu kē atu: tuarangi)

atekakā

hepatitis

ātetenga hau

air resistance (takenga mai: ātete – oppose, resist; hau [hau takiwā] – air) (kupu kē atu: parenga hau)

atiru

storm cloud

ātoro

atoll (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

auau (o te ngaru)

frequency (takenga mai: auau – frequently, again and again)

aukume

magnet (kupu kē atu: autō)

aukume ā-hiko

electromagnet (kupu kē atu: autōhiko)

autō

magnet, magnetism (takenga mai: au – current; tō – pull) (kupu kē atu: aukume)

autō taikaha

major magnet (takenga mai: taikaha - severe, forceful)

autō tāwhana

horseshoe magnet (takenga mai: autō – magnet; tāwhana – bent like a bow, curved)

autōhiko

electromagnet (kupu kē atu: aukume ā-hiko)

awa kōpaka

glacier (takenga mai: awa – river, gully, gorge; kōpaka – ice, frost)

awa taringa

ear canal

awahae

style (of a plant)

awamimi

ureter

āwhā

storm (kupu kē atu: tūpuhi*)

āwhata

scale (of a measuring instrument) (takenga mai: arawhata – ladder)

āwhata Beaufort

Beaufort scale (takenga mai: āwhata – scale; Beaufort – he ingoa tangata)

āwhata Celsius

Celsius scale (takenga mai: āwhata – scale; Celsius – he ingoa tangata) (kupu kē atu: āwhata tohurau)

āwhata Kelvin

Kelvin scale (takenga mai: āwhata – scale; Kelvin – he ingoa tangata)

āwhata pH

pH scale

āwhata Richter

Richter scale (takenga mai: āwhata – scale; Richter – he ingoa tangata)

āwhata tohurau

Celsius scale (takenga mai: āwhata - scale; tohu - to point out, show; rau - hundred) (kupu kē atu: āwhata Celsius)

āwhata whakahou a Mercalli

Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale (takenga mai: āwhata – scale; whakahou – revise; Mercalli – he ingoa tangata)

āwheto

vegetable caterpillar, Ophiocordyceps robertsii

awhi ~hia ~ nga

incubate, incubation

awhikiri

immunity (takenga mai: awhikiri – innermost defences of a pā; awhi – embrace; kiri – person)

awhikiri horihori

artificial immunity

awhikiri māori

natural immunity

awhikiri taketake

innate immunity

awhikiri taupoto

passive immunity

awhikiri tauroa

active immunity

awhikiri urutau

adaptive immunity

e

ero

pus (kupu kē atu: pirau)

ewaro

ethane (tohu: C2H6) (takenga mai: e – He whakawhitinga o te pū i te kupu Ingarihi; waro [waiwaro] – hydrocarbon)

ewe

placenta, afterbirth (kupu kē atu: whenua)

h

hae ~nga

pollen, pollination

haenga tūwā

self-pollination (takenga mai: haenga – pollination; tūwā – self-sown)

haenga whakawhiti

cross-pollination

hahana

radiant heat (takenga mai: hahana – give forth heat)

hahore

barren (land) (kupu kē atu: tītōhea)

hākarikari

nourishing, nutritious

hakoko (o te aho)

refraction (of light) (takenga mai: hakoko – bent)

hākuku

radula (takenga mai: hākuku – scrape)

hama

malleus, hammer

hamuhamu

scavenge (takenga mai: hamuhamu – eat scraps of food)

hanehane

rotten (kupu kē atu: pirau)

hanga matū

chemical structure

hangarau

technology

hangarua ~tia

recycle (takenga mai: hanga – make, build, fashion; rua – two) (kupu kē atu: tukurua)

hangarua-kore

non–recyclable

hangore

flexible

hāora

oxygen (tohu: O) (takenga mai: hā – breath, breathe; ora – alive) (kupu kē atu: ōkihena [kupu mino])

hāora rehu

oxygen gas (tohu: O2)

hāora-kore

anaerobic

hāora-rua

dioxide (tohu: O2) (kupu kē atu: ōkai-rua [kupu mino])

hāora-tahi

monoxide (tohu: O) (kupu kē atu: ōkai-tahi [kupu mino])

hāora-toru

ozone, trioxide (tohu: O3) (kupu kē atu: ōkai-toru [kupu mino], pekerangi)

hapa

fault (geological) (kupu kē atu: tanuku)

hāpia

gel (takenga mai: hāpiapia – sticky, clammy)

hāpono ~tia

prove

hapori

community (takenga mai: hapori – section of tribe, family)

hapū ~tanga

pregnant

hāpua

lagoon (kupu kē atu: pūroto)

hapūtanga

gestation period

harare

wax (kupu kē atu: wākihi [kupu mino])

harore

mushroom

hātepe

procedure (set of steps)

hau

wind

hau takiwā

air (takenga mai: hau o te takiwā – air of space; hau – wind, air; takiwā – space)

hau weherua

trade wind (takenga mai: hau – wind; weherua [weheruatanga o te ao] - equator)

hau whakapipi

air mass (takenga mai: hau [hau takiwā] - air; whakapipi - heap, pile one upon another)

hau whakapipi moana pārūrū

maritime tropical air mass

hau whakapipi moana tōpito

maritime polar air mass

hau whakapipi whenua pārūrū

continental tropical air mass

hau whakapipi whenua tōpito

continental polar air mass

hauhā

carbon dioxide (tohu: CO2) (takenga mai: hau [haurehu] - gas; hā [whakahā] - emit breath) (kupu kē atu: waro hāora-rua, kāpona ōkai-rua [kupu mino])

hauhā totoka

solid carbon dioxide, dry ice (tohu: CO2)

hauhauhā

argon (tohu: Ar) (kupu kē atu: ākana [kupu mino])

hauī

liquid petroleum gas (whakapotonga: LPG) (takenga mai: hau [haurehu] – gas; ī – ferment)

haukini

ammonia, hydrogen nitride (tohu: NH3) (takenga mai: hau [haurehu] – gas; kini – acrid, pungent) (kupu kē atu: amaunia [kupu mino])

haukini pākawa ota

ammonium nitrate (tohu: NH4NO3) (kupu kē atu: amaunia naiate [kupu mino])

haukini pākawa pungatara

ammonium sulphate (tohu: (NH4)2SO4) (kupu kē atu: amaunia hāwhate [kupu mino])

haukini pākawa waro

ammonium carbonate (tohu: (NH4)2CO3) (kupu kē atu: amaunia kāponate [kupu mino])

haukini pūhaumāota

ammonium chloride (tohu: NH4CI) (kupu kē atu: amaunia kōrai [kupu mino])

haukini waihā

ammonium hydroxide (tohu: NH4OH) (kupu kē atu: amaunia haitorowai [kupu mino])

haukino

carbon monoxide (tohu: CO) (takenga mai: hau [haurehu] – gas; kino – bad) (kupu kē atu: waro hāora-tahi, kāpona ōkai-tahi [kupu mino])

haukonu

semimetal, metalloid (takenga mai: hau – gas, fraction; konu [konganuku] – metal)

haukōwhai

fluorine (tohu: F) (takenga mai: hau [haurehu] – gas; kōwhai – yellow) (kupu kē atu: whuruini [kupu mino])

haukura

neon (tohu: Ne) (takenga mai: hau [haurehu] – gas; kura – red, glowing) (kupu kē atu: niana [kupu mino])

haumako

fertile (of the land) (kupu kē atu: mōmona)

haumāmā

helium (tohu: He) (takenga mai: hau [haurehu] – gas; māmā – light, not heavy) (kupu kē atu: hīriama [kupu mino])

haumāota

chlorine (tohu: Cl) (takenga mai: hau [haurehu] – gas; māota – green) (kupu kē atu: kōrini [kupu mino])

haumaru koiora

biosecurity

haumātakataka

hurricane

haumura

flammable gas (kupu kē atu: haurehu muramura)

hauoro

pitch (of sound) (kupu kē atu: tangi)

hauota

nitrogen (tohu: N) (takenga mai: hau [haurehu] - gas; ota - vegetation) (kupu kē atu: naitorena [kupu mino])

hauota hāora-rua

nitrogen dioxide (tohu: NO2) (kupu kē atu: naitorena ōkai-rua [kupu mino])

hauota ōkai

nitric oxide (tohu: NO) (kupu kē atu: naiate ōkai [kupu mino])

hauota rehu

nitrogen gas (tohu: N2) (kupu kē atu: hau naitorena [kupu mino])

hauota-rua ōkai

nitrous oxide (tohu: N2O) (kupu kē atu: naitorihi ōkai [kupu mino])

haupapa

frost (kupu kē atu: hukapapa*)

haurehu

gas (takenga mai: hau – wind, air; rehu – haze, mist, spray, fine dust)

haurehu kati mahana

greenhouse gas (takenga mai: haurehu – gas; kati – close in, barrier, trap; mahana – warm)

haurehu koiora

biogas

haurehu muramura

flammable gas (kupu kē atu: haumura)

haurehu nohopuku

inert gas, noble gas (takenga mai: haurehu – gas; nohopuku – be silent, be still)

hauropi

ecological (takenga mai: hau [hau kāinga] – home; ropi [rauropi] – organism)

hautawa

iodine (tohu: I) (takenga mai: hau [haurehu] – gas; tawa – purple) (kupu kē atu: aiotini [kupu mino])

hauwai

hydrogen (tohu: H) (takenga mai: hau [haurehu] – gas; wai – water) (kupu kē atu: haitorana [kupu mino])

hauwai pūhaumāota

hydrogen chloride (tohu: HCI) (kupu kē atu: haitorana kōrai [kupu mino])

hauwai rehu

hydrogen gas (tohu: H2)

hauwhenua

land breeze (kupu kē atu: tūwhenua*)

hawai

irrigation (takenga mai: hawai – water course, rivulet, channel)

hāwaiwai

irrigate

hāwaniwani

slime, slimy (kupu kē atu: hāwareware, hūwareware)

hēhē

breathe

hekaheka

fungi (takenga mai: hekaheka – mouldy)

hekeheke ~nga

migrate

hekenga wai

precipitation (kupu kē atu: tōtāwairehu)

hekewaku

lubricant (takenga mai: heke – decrease; waku – friction)

hema-toa

stamen (takenga mai: hema – pudenda [external genital organs]; toa –male)

hema-uwha

pistil, carpel (takenga mai: hema – pudenda [external genital organs]; uwha – female) (kupu kē atu: puapua)

hewaro

heptane (tohu: C7H16) (takenga mai: he – He whakawhitinga o ngā pū i te kupu Ingarihi.; waro [waiwaro] – hydrocarbon)

hiako

bark (of a tree) (kupu kē atu: kiri)

hihi

ray

hihi autōhiko

electromagnetic radiation

hihi hakoko

refracted ray

hihi kama

gamma ray (takenga mai: hihi – ray; kama - He kupu mino.)

hihi katikati

ultra-violet ray (takenga mai: hihi – ray; katikati – bite frequently, action of the Sun)

hihi kōmaru

solar radiation (kupu kē atu: hihi o Tamanuiterā)

hihi o Tamanuiterā

solar radiation (kupu kē atu: hihi kōmaru)

hihi pōkākā

infrared ray, infrared radiation

hihi whakaata

reflected ray

hihi whakapā

incident ray

hihi-X

X-ray

hihiani

radar (takenga mai: hihi – ray; ani – resounding, echoing)

hihinga

radiation (takenga mai: hihi – ray of the Sun)

hiko

electricity

hiko ā-whare

mains power (electricity)

hiko pateko

static electricity (kupu kē atu: hikotū)

hikotū

static electricity (takenga mai: hiko – electricity; tū – stand) (kupu kē atu: hiko pateko)

hiku whēkau

appendix

Hina

moon (kupu kē atu: Marama*)

Hine-i-tīweka

Jupiter (kupu kē atu: Pareārau)

Hinekōrako

lunar rainbow (kupu kē atu: kurahaupō)

hīnohi

contract, compress (a material)

hinu

oil

hinu māori

crude oil

hinu mewaro

paraffin (takenga mai: hinu – oil, fat; mewaro – methane)

hinuheu

diesel

hinuheu koiora

biodiesel

hīrere kōkiri

meteor shower

hiriwa

silver (tohu: Ag) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hiriwa pūhaumāota

silver chloride (tohu: AgCl) (kupu kē atu: hiriwa kōrai [kupu mino])

hītari

sieve

hoahoa ~ina

diagram

hoahoa ara iahiko

circuit diagram

hōanga

sandstone

hōanga utoka

greywacke (takenga mai: hōanga - sandstone; utoka - to be solid, hard)

honohono matū

chemical bond

honokarihi

fusion (takenga mai: hono – join; karihi – nucleus)

hononga huirua

double bond

hononga katote

ionic bond

hōpara ātea

space exploration

hōpua

pond

hōpurupuru

mildew

horihori

artificial, synthetic (takenga mai: horihori – false, untrue)

horo iraruke

radioactive decay (takenga mai: horo - fall off, waste away; iraruke - radioactive)

horomaunga

avalanche (takenga mai: horo – fall in fragments, slip; maunga – mountain)

horopoharu

mudslide (takenga mai: horo – fall in fragments, slip; poharu – soft, boggy)

horopū

landslide

horopū

reliable, reliability (takenga mai: horopū - genuine, dependable) (kupu kē atu: pono)

horowhenua

landslide (kupu kē atu: horopū)

hōtoke

winter (kupu kē atu: takurua*)

houtupu

valid, validity (takenga mai: houtupu - authentic, genuine) (kupu kē atu: tika)

hū ~nga

erupt, eruption

hua

fruit (of plant)

hua

egg (of female animal)

hua autōhiko

electromagnetic effect

hua pūkaha (hiko)

(electric) motor effect (takenga mai: hua – outcome, product; pūkaha – motor)

huaira

trait (genetic) (takenga mai: hua – product; ira – gene)

huaketo

virus (takenga mai: hua – outcome, product; keto – infested with maggots)

huaketo ārai-kore

HIV, human immunodeficiency virus

huakita

bacteria (takenga mai: hua – product, progeny, abundance; kita – anything very small)

huanga

zygote (kupu kē atu: pūtau hua)

huangō

asthma

huaora

vitamin (takenga mai: hua – fruit, product; huanga – advantage, benefit; ora – alive, well)

Huaora C

ascorbic acid, Vitamin C

huarere

weather

huarere taikaha

extreme weather

huatau

concept

huatoka

precipitate (takenga mai: hua - product; toka [totoka] - solid)

huatoru

triplets

huawhā

quadruplets

hūhuka

sucrose (tohu: C12H22O11) (takenga mai: hū - He kupu mino.; huka – sugar)

huinga ira

genome

huirapa

web (feet or digits of aquatic animals) (takenga mai: huirapa – having the toes united by a membrane, webbed)

hukapapa ~tia

frost (kupu kē atu: haupapa*)

hukarere

snow (kupu kē atu: puaheiri*)

hukātara

hail (kupu kē atu: ua whatu*)

hukihuki

convulsion, spasm

hungahunga

powder, powdery (kupu kē atu: nehu, paura [kupu mino])

hurihanga (koiora)

cycle (biological)

hurihanga hauota

nitrogen cycle

hurihanga ora

life cycle

hurihanga toka

rock cycle

hurihanga wai

water cycle

hurihanga waro

carbon cycle

huringa

life cycle (of a product)

huringa o te Marama

lunar cycle

huringa pūngao

energy transformation (takenga mai: huri – turn, overturn; pūngao – energy)

huripari

fierce wind, tornado

hurirere

propeller (takenga mai: huri – turn; rere – flow)

huru kaikamo

eyelash (takenga mai: cilium)

huruhuru

plumage, hair, fur

hurunuku

flagellum (takenga mai: huru – hair; nuku – move)

hururiki

cilia (takenga mai: huru – hair; riki – small)

huruwhenua

fern

hūware

saliva

hūwareware

mucus

i

ia-auraki

vein (takenga mai: ia [ia-toto] – blood vessel; auraki – return)

ia-auraki ate

hepatic vein

ia-auraki kakī

jugular vein

ia-auraki matua

vena cava

ia-auraki pūkahu

pulmonary vein

ia-auraki tākihi

renal vein

ia-manawa

cardiovascular (takenga mai: ia [ia-toto] – blood vessel; manawa – heart)

ia-tōiti

capillary (takenga mai: ia [ia-toto] – blood vessel; tōiti – little finger or toe)

ia-toto

blood vessel

ia-tuku

artery (takenga mai: ia [ia-toto] – blood vessel; tuku – send)

ia-tuku ate

hepatic artery

ia-tuku kakī

carotid artery

ia-tuku manawa

coronary artery

ia-tuku pūkahu

pulmonary artery

ia-tuku tākihi

renal artery

iahiko

electrical current (tohu: I)

iahiko hohoko

alternating current (whakapotonga: AC)

iahiko torotika

direct current (whakapotonga: DC)

iakawe pōkākā

heat convection (takenga mai: ia – current; kawe – carry, convey; pōkākā – hot, heat)

iarau

vein (of a leaf ) (takenga mai: ia [iaia] – vein; rau – leaf)

iheu ~a ~nga

distil, distillation (takenga mai: iheuheu – separate)

iheunga tauwehe

fractional distillation (takenga mai: iheunga – distillation; tauwehe – divide)

īhi

yeast (takenga mai: ī – ferment, turn sour; hī – rise; īhi - He kupu mino.)

iho

core (of the Earth) (takenga mai: iho – heart, inside, kernel)

iho

umbilical cord

iho roto

inner core

iho waho

outer core

ihu

nose

Ihu o Hineraumati

summer solstice (kupu kē atu: rā roa)

Ihu o Hinetakurua

winter solstice (kupu kē atu: rā poto)

ihu pāwera

hayfever

ika

fish, aquatic animal

ika moana

whale (kupu kē atu: tohorā*)

ika moana pāhau

baleen whale

ika moana whai niho

toothed whale

ika oneone

amphibian (takenga mai: ika – aquatic animal, fish; oneone – land)

ikarangi

galaxy (takenga mai: ika – cluster, band, troop, heap; Rangi – Sky, heavens, upper regions)

ikura

haemorrhage

imurangi

sundog, fragmentary rainbow

ine-aho

light meter

ine-ararua (iahiko)

galvanometer

ine-hikotū

electroscope

ine-huangō

peak flow meter

ine-iahiko

ammeter

ine-iraruke

Geiger counter

ine-kurahau

barometer (kupu kē atu: ine-pēhanga hau)

ine-mahana

thermometer

ine-matatini

multimeter

ine-ngaohiko

voltmeter

ine-pēhanga hau

barometer (kupu kē atu: ine-kurahau)

ine-pH

pH meter

ine-rū

seismograph (kupu kē atu: kauwhata rū)

ine-taumaha pūniko

spring balance

ine-taumaha tāhiko

electronic scale

ine-tere

speedometer

ine-terehau

anemometer

ine-tōpana

force meter

ine-ua

rain gauge

ine-wā tāhiko

electronic timer

ingo

diffusion (takenga mai: ingo – be diffused)

io kakara

olfactory nerve

io kanikani

sciatic nerve

io kapu

plantar nerve

io kōwhiti

ulna nerve

io mata

facial nerve

io mōwaho

peripheral nerve

io rongo

auditory nerve

io tāhau

tibial nerve

io tairongo

sensory nerve

io whakaneke

motor nerve

io whatu

optic nerve

io, ioio

nerve/s

iohere

tendon (takenga mai: io – nerve; here – tie, fasten with cords)

iohere kātete

hamstring

iohere punga

Achilles tendon

iorangi

cirrus cloud (kupu kē atu: pūrehurehu*)

ipu haurehu

gas jar

ipu matū wē

reagent bottle

ipu pere

bell jar

ipuipu

test tube

ipuipu nui

boiling tube

ipurau

beaker

ipuriki

vial

ira

gene (takenga mai: ira – life principle)

ira huna

recessive gene

ira tāpua

dominant gene (takenga mai: ira – gene; tāpua – prominent, significant, stand out)

irahiko

electron (takenga mai: ira – freckle, mole; hiko – electricity)

irahiko hohe

valence electron

irakē

genetic mutation (takenga mai: ira – gene; kē – different, of another kind)

iramoe

neutron (takenga mai: ira – freckle, mole; moe – sleep)

iranga tuku iho

genetic inheritance

iraoho

proton (takenga mai: ira – freckle, mole; oho – be awake)

iraruke ~nga

radioactive, radioactivity (takenga mai: ira [iraoho - proton, iramoe - neutron, irahiko - electon] - particle; ruke [rukeruke] - throw about, cast forth, discharge])

k

kaha

power

kaha (o te rū)

magnitude (of an earthquake)

kaha hiko

electrical power

kaha hōiho

horsepower (tohu: hp)

kahaoro

volume (of sound)

kahapā (o te rū)

intensity (of an earthquake)

kahautawa

iodide (tohu: I-) (takenga mai: ka [katote] – ion; hautawa – iodine) (kupu kē atu: aiotai [kupu mino])

kahiwi

trunk (of a tree) (kupu kē atu: tīwai*)

kahu

stillborn baby (kupu kē atu: materoto)

kāhuarau

metamorphosis (takenga mai: kāhua - form, appearance; rau - many)

kāhui whetū

constellation

kahukahu

amnion, foetal membrane

kahukano

seed coat, testa

kahuki

reflex

kahurua

short-sighted (kupu kē atu: kite tata)

kai tautika

balanced diet

kaikame

consumer (biological) (takenga mai: kai - to eat, consume; kame - food)

kaikiko

carnivore (takenga mai: kai - to eat; kiko - flesh)

kaikiota

omnivore (takenga mai: kai - to eat, consume; ki [kiko] - flesh; ota [otaota] - vegetation)

kaikōiwi

osteoarthritis

kaikonihi

predator (kupu kē atu: konihi)

kaimātai pūtaiao

scientist (kupu kē atu: kaipūtaiao)

kaiota

herbivore (takenga mai: kai - to eat, consume; ota [otaota] - vegetation) (kupu kē atu: kaitipu)

kaipōkai tuarangi

astronaut (takenga mai: kai – prefix denoting agent; pōkai – travel about; tuarangi – outer space)

kaiponapona

rheumatoid arthritis (kupu kē atu: pona kakā rūmātiki)

kaipūtaiao

scientist (kupu kē atu: kaimātai pūtaiao)

kaitātari

filter-feed (takenga mai: kai - to feed; tātari - strain, sift)

kaitiakitanga

stewardship

kaitipu

herbivore (kupu kē atu: kaiota)

kaituku

transmitter

kaiwhakapopo

decomposer

kaiwhao

mollusc

kaka

fibre (kupu kē atu: weu)

kaka

filament (of a flower)

kakā

inflamed, inflamation

kaka kaweaho

optical fibre (takenga mai: kaka – fibre; kawe – to carry; aho – light)

kaka kōata

fibreglass (takenga mai: kaka – fibre; kōata – glass)

kaka tipu

plant fibre

kākano

ovum

kākano

seed (kupu kē atu: purapura*)

kakapa manawa

pulse, heartbeat (kupu kē atu: mokowhiti)

kakau

control stick (takenga mai: kakau - handle of a tool, stem of a plant)

kakawe hiko

electrical conductor (kupu kē atu: pūkawe hiko)

kamiria

Chlamydia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kanapu

lightning (kupu kē atu: uira)

kano

ovule

kano

colour (kupu kē atu: tae)

kanohi kāhu

long-sighted (takenga mai: kanohi – eye; kāhu – hawk) (kupu kē atu: kite mao)

kanoirite

isotope

kanokāriki

chlorophyll

kanopī

legume (takenga mai: kano – seed; pī – pea)

kanorau koiora

biodiversity (takenga mai: kano - sort, kind; rau - multitude; koiora - biology) (kupu kē atu: rerenga rauropi)

kāpata haurehu tāoke

fume cupboard

kape

eye socket

kāpehu

compass (to show direction) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: tohu aronga)

kāpia

resin

kapiti

fibula, calf bone

kapiti hiko

electric socket (takenga mai: kapiti - joined, brought together, slot) (kupu kē atu: kōhao hiko)

kapo haukini

nitrification (takenga mai: kapo – catch; haukini – ammonia)

kapo hauota

nitrogen fixation (takenga mai: kapo – catch; hauota – nitrogen)

kapohau

wind turbine (takenga mai: kapo – catch; hau – wind)

kapoke

algae (kupu kē atu: pūkohu wai)

kapokorohū

steam turbine (takenga mai: kapo – catch; korohū – wind)

kapongao

turbine (takenga mai: kapo – catch; ngao – energy)

kapowai

water turbine (takenga mai: kapo – catch; wai – water)

kapua

cloud (kupu kē atu: ao*)

kapua hahaka

stratus cloud (takenga mai: kapua – cloud; hahaka – low)

kapua waenga

alto clouds (takenga mai: kapua – cloud; waenga – middle)

kapua whakapipi

cumulus cloud (takenga mai: kapua – cloud; whakapipi – heap, pile one upon another)

kapuni

natural gas (takenga mai: Kapuni - Ko te ingoa o te wāhi i Taranaki kei reira tētahi puna o tēnei momo haurehu.)

kāpunipuni

compressed natural gas (whakapotonga: CNG)

karā

basalt (kupu kē atu: ōnewa)

karāhe

glass (kupu kē atu: kōata)

karahīni

kerosene (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

karangatanga

class (classification of organism)

karawaka

measles, rubeola, morbilli

karawaka Tiamana

German measles, rubella

karere io

nerve impulse

karetao hiko

robot (takenga mai: karetao - puppet; hiko - electricity) (kupu kē atu: tiahiko, rōpata [kupu mino])

kārewa wainuku

water table (takenga mai: kārewa - surface [of water]; wainuku - groundwater)

karihi

nuclear (of energy etc.) (takenga mai: karihi – stone of a fruit, kernel)

karihi (ngota)

nucleus (of an atom) (takenga mai: karihi - stone of a fruit, kernel)

karihi (pūtau)

nucleus (of a cell) (takenga mai: karihi - stone of a fruit, kernel)

karori

calorie (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: cal)

karu

eye, eyeball (kupu kē atu: kanohi, whatu*)

karu kakapo

stroboscope (takenga mai: karu – eye; kakapo – catch at, flash)

karu tororunga

periscope (takenga mai: karu - eye; toro - extend, stretch, survey; runga - above)

karu whakarahi

microscope (kupu kē atu: karu whārahi)

karu whakatata

telescope (kupu kē atu: karu whātata)

karu whārahi

microscope (kupu kē atu: karu whakarahi)

karu whātata

telescope (kupu kē atu: karu whakatata)

karurua whakatata

binoculars

kati haurehu

gas tap

kati mahana

greenhouse effect (takenga mai: kati - close in, barrier, trap; mahana - warm)

katiara

circuit breaker, fuse (takenga mai: kati - block, obstruct; ara - pathway)

katote

ion (takenga mai: katote - displaced)

kātua

adult (animal)

kau

pupil (of an eye)

kauae

jawbone

kauae-timu

tetanus (takenga mai: kauae – jaw; timu – involuntary contraction of muscles)

kaumingomingo

entropy (takenga mai: kaumingomingo - to be in a state of confusion, disorder)

kaupeka o te tau

season

kaupekapeka

branch (of a tree) (kupu kē atu: peka*)

kauranga ika

aquarium

kaurori

fulcrum (takenga mai: kaurori – swing, turn on a pivot)

kāuru o te ngahere

canopy (of a forest)

kāuru-raro (o te ngahere)

subcanopy (of a forest)

kautaka

wilt (kupu kē atu: parohea)

kauti

gout (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: porohau)

kauwhata rū

seismograph (kupu kē atu: ine-rū)

kauwhiti

lever (takenga mai: kau [kakau] - handle of a tool; whiti - cross over, pass through, convey, turn over, prise as with a lever)

kawa

sour

kawakore

base (kupu kē atu: pāpāhua)

kawe ~a ~nga

conduct

kawehā

haemoglobin (takenga mai: kawe – carry; hā [hāora] – oxygen) (kupu kē atu: pūtoto)

kāwei

scurvy

kawenga

load (takenga mai: kawenga – burden)

kawenga pōkākā

heat conduction (takenga mai: kawe - carry, convey; pōkākā - hot, heat)

kēkēao

overcast, dark cloud

kene

sludge (kupu kē atu: kenepuru)

kenepuru

sludge (kupu kē atu: kene)

keo iri

stalactite (takenga mai: keo [keokeo] – peaked, pointed; iri – hang, be suspended)

keo tū

stalagmite (takenga mai: keo [keokeo] – peaked, pointed; tū – stand, be erect)

keratini

keratin (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kete rāpoi ngota whaiwaro

organic molecule kit

ketehae

anther

kiāria

Giardia (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kiato

density (takenga mai: kiato – compact) (kupu kē atu: apiapi)

kikiri

embryo

kikowhiti

forearm

kīrehe

animal, animalia (takenga mai: kīrehe – dog, quadruped)

kīrehe angawaho

arthropod (takenga mai: kīrehe – animal; angawaho – exoskeleton)

kīrehe whai tuaiwi

chordate (takenga mai: kīrehe – animal; whai tuaiwi – vertebrate)

kiri

skin (of an animal)

kiri moana

oceanic crust (takenga mai: kiri – skin; moana – sea)

kiri paparahi

continental crust (takenga mai: kiri – skin; paparahi – continent)

kiri totoka

lithosphere

kirihou

plastic (takenga mai: kiri - skin; hou - new)

kirihou kōmāmā

Plastic No.6, PS-E Polystyrene (Expanded Styrene) (kupu kē atu: kirihou-6)

kirihou rewarau

thermoplastic

kirihou-1

Plastic No.1, PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate)

kirihou-2

Plastic No.2, HDPE (High Density Polyethylene)

kirihou-3

Plastic No. 3, PVC Polyvinyl Chloride

kirihou-4

Plastic No. 4, LDPE (Low Density Polyethylene)

kirihou-5

Plastic No. 5, PP (Polypropylene)

kirihou-6

Plastic No. 6, PS-E Polystyrene (Expanded Styrene) (kupu kē atu: kirihou kōmāmā)

kirihou-7

Plastic No. 7, plastic e.g. (SAN, ABS, PC, Nylon)

kirihuna

camouflage (takenga mai: kiri - skin; huna - hide)

kirikā

fever

kirikamo

conjunctiva

kirikiri

gravel

kirimata

foreskin

kirinuku

crust (of the Earth) (takenga mai: kiri – skin; nuku – the Earth)

kiripuku

stomach lining

kiritahataha

scree (takenga mai: kiri [kirikiri] – gravel; tahataha – slope, steep bank)

kiritai

epidermis (kupu kē atu: kiriwaho)

kiritapu

hymen

kiritona

mole

kiriuhi

membrane

kiriuhi hūwareware

mucous membrane

kiriuhi uakakā

meningitis (takenga mai: kiriuhi - membrane; ua - backbone, neck, back of the neck; kakā - inflamed)

kiriwaho

epidermis (takenga mai: kiri - skin; waho - outer) (kupu kē atu: kiritai)

kiriwai

dermis, corium

kiriwhatu

cornea (takenga mai: kiri - skin; whatu - eye)

kirohure

kilojoule (tohu: kJ) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: manohure, manopūngoi)

kirowata

kilowatt (tohu: kW) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: manowata, mano waekaha)

kītanga

capacity (takenga mai: kī - full)

kite mao

long-sighted (takenga mai: kite - to see; mau [mamao] - distant) (kupu kē atu: kanohi kāhu)

kite tata

short-sighted (takenga mai: kite - tosee; tata - close) (kupu kē atu: kahurua)

kīwai

runner (of a plant)

koama

fontanelle (kupu kē atu: tamomo)

kōanga

spring (kupu kē atu: aroaromahana*)

kōata

glass (kupu kē atu: karāhe)

kōata hukahuka

frosted glass

kōata whakarahi

magnifying glass

kōataata

transparent (kupu kē atu: pūataata)

koeha

heartburn (kupu kē atu: taratarawai)

kōhao

vent, hole (kupu kē atu: kōwhāwhā)

kōhao hiko

electric socket (kupu kē atu: kapiti hiko)

kōhao pohutu

fumarole (takenga mai: kōhao – vent; pohutu – geyser)

kōhauhau

atmosphere (takenga mai: kō [kōpaki] - envelop; hau - gas)

kōhauhuri

troposphere (takenga mai: kōhau [kōhauhau] – atmosphere; huri – turn, turn around)

kōhaukatote

ionosphere (takenga mai: kōhau [kōhauhau] – atmosphere; katote – ion)

kōhaupapa

stratosphere (takenga mai: kōhau [kōhauhau] – atmosphere; papa – layer)

kōhauwaenga

mesosphere (takenga mai: kōhau [kōhauhau] – atmosphere; waenga – middle)

kohi

tuberculosis

kōhinu

petrol (kupu kē atu: penehīni)

kōhiti

new moon (kupu kē atu: kōhititanga o te Marama)

kōhititanga o te Marama

new moon (kupu kē atu: kōhiti)

kohuke

mineral (takenga mai: ko [kongakonga] - fragment; huke - expose by removing the earth, excavate) (kupu kē atu: manawa whenua)

kōhungahunga

infant, infancy

kohupara

smog (takenga mai: kohu – fog, mist; para – sediment, impurity, refuse, waste)

kōhuri

sapling (kupu kē atu: māhuri)

kōihi

adrenalin (takenga mai: kōihi - thrill with fear)

koiora

bio~, biological (takenga mai: koiora – life)

kōiwi

bone

kōkai

phloem (kupu kē atu: tarikai)

kōkawa

andesite

kōkeke

piston (takenga mai: kōkeke – wind about, move backwards and forwards)

koki hakoko

angle of refraction

koki whakaata

angle of reflection

koki whakapā

angle of incidence

koki whiu

launch angle

kōkiri

meteor, shooting star (kupu kē atu: unahi o Takero*)

koko

cochlea

koko ngingiha

combustion spoon

kōkōhiko

electric fan

kokohu

cramp (kupu kē atu: kuiki)

kōmaoa waewaha

foot and mouth disease (takenga mai: kōmaoa – ulcerated; wae – foot; waha – mouth)

kōmata

nipple (breast)

kōmata o te rangi

zenith

kōmatū

spatula (takenga mai: kō – dig, spoon; matū – chemical, substance)

kōngahungahu

foetus (kupu kē atu: kukune)

konganuku

metal (takenga mai: konga [kongakonga] - fragment, chip; nuku - the Earth) (kupu kē atu:  mētara [kupu mino])

konganuku ōkai

metal oxide (kupu kē atu: mētara ōkai [kupu mino])

konganuku taumaha

heavy metal

kongawaro

charcoal (takenga mai: konga [kongakonga] – crumb, fragment, chip; waro – burning coals, charcoal)

kōngohe

ductile (takenga mai: kōngohe – pliable)

konihi

predator (takenga mai: konihi - attack by stealth) (kupu kē atu: kaikonihi)

konoria

gonorrhoea (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

konu-kore

non-metal (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; kore – not, negative) (kupu kē atu: mētara-kore [kupu mino])

konuhinauri

titanium (tohu: Ti) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; hina – grey; uri – dark, deep in colour) (kupu kē atu: taitāniama [kupu mino])

konuhirimā

cadmium (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] - metal; hiri [hiriwa] - silver; mā - white)

konukarihi

uranium (tohu: U) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; karihi – nuclear) (kupu kē atu: ūreiniama [kupu mino])

konukawata

platinum (tohu: Pt) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; kawata – glisten, shine, gleam) (kupu kē atu: paratiama [kupu mino])

konukita

chromium (tohu: Cr) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; kita [kitakita] – intensely, brightly, of colours) (kupu kē atu: koromiama [kupu mino])

konukōhatu

lithium (tohu: Li) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; kōhatu – stone, rock) (kupu kē atu: ritiama [kupu mino])

konukōreko

nickel (tohu: Ni) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; kōreko – white, dazzled) (kupu kē atu: nīkara [kupu mino])

konukura

copper (tohu: Cu) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku]] – metal; kura – red ochre) (kupu kē atu: kapa [kupu mino])

konukura ōkai

copper oxide (tohu: CuO) (kupu kē atu: kapa ōkai [[kupu mino])

konukura pākawa pungatara

copper sulphate (tohu: CuSO4) (kupu kē atu: kapa hāwhate [kupu mino])

konukura pākawa waro

copper carbonate (tohu: CuCO3) (kupu kē atu: kapa kāponate [kupu mino])

konukura pūhaumāota

copper chloride (tohu: CuCl2) (kupu kē atu: kapa kōrai [kupu mino])

konukurahina

cobalt (tohu: Co) (takenga mai: konukura – copper; hina – grey, pale) (kupu kē atu: kaupata [kupu mino])

konumatā

lead (tohu: Pb) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; matā – lead) (kupu kē atu: rēti [kupu mino])

konumatā kahautawa

lead iodide (tohu: PbI2) (kupu kē atu: rēti aiotai [kupu mino])

konumatā ōkai

lead oxide (tohu: PbO) (kupu kē atu: rēti ōkai [kupu mino])

konumatā pākawa ota

lead nitrate (tohu: Pb(NO3)2) (kupu kē atu: rēti naiate [kupu mino])

konumatā pākawa pungatara

lead sulphate (tohu: PbSO4) (kupu kē atu: rēti hāwhate [kupu mino])

konumohe

aluminium (tohu: Al) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; mohe – soft, yielding) (kupu kē atu: aruminiama [kupu mino])

konumohe ōkai

aluminium oxide (tohu: Al2O3) (kupu kē atu: aruminiama ōkai [kupu mino])

konumohe pākawa pungatara

aluminium sulphate (tohu: Al2(SO4)3) (kupu kē atu: aruminiama hāwhate [kupu mino])

konumohe pūhaumāota

aluminium chloride (tohu: AlCl3) (kupu kē atu: aruminiama kōrai [kupu mino])

konuoi

mercury (tohu: Hg) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; oi – move continuously) (kupu kē atu: mēkuri [kupu mino])

konupango

manganese (tohu: Mn) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; pango – black) (kupu kē atu: makanihi [kupu mino])

konupora

magnesium (tohu: Mg) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; pora – a white stone) (kupu kē atu: makanīhiama [kupu mino])

konupora ōkai

magnesium oxide (tohu: MgO) (kupu kē atu: makanīhiama ōkai [kupu mino])

konupora pākawa ota

magnesium nitrate (tohu: Mg(NO3)2) (kupu kē atu: makanīhiama naiate [kupu mino])

konupora pākawa pungatara

magnesium sulphate (tohu: MgSO4) (kupu kē atu: makanīhiama hāwhate [kupu mino])

konupora pūhaumāota

magnesium chloride (tohu: MgCl2) (kupu kē atu: makanīhiama kōrai [kupu mino])

konupora waihā

magnesium hydroxide (tohu: Mg(OH)2) (kupu kē atu: makanīhiama haitorowai [kupu mino])

konupūmā

calcium (tohu: Ca) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; pūmā – whitish grey) (kupu kē atu: kāhiama [kupu mino])

konupūmā ōkai

calcium oxide (tohu: CaO) (kupu kē atu: kāhiama ōkai [kupu mino])

konupūmā pākawa ota

calcium nitrate (tohu: Ca(NO3)2) (kupu kē atu: kāhiama naiate [kupu mino])

konupūmā pākawa waro

calcium carbonate (tohu: CaCO3) (kupu kē atu: kāhiama kāponate [kupu mino])

konupūmā pūhaumāota

calcium chloride (tohu: CaCl2) (kupu kē atu: kāhiama kōrai [kupu mino])

konupūmā waihā

calcium hydroxide, limewater (tohu: Ca(OH)2) (kupu kē atu: kāhiama haitorowai [kupu mino], wairaima [kupu mino])

konurehu

potassium (tohu: K) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; rehu – spray, fine dust) (kupu kē atu: pautahiama [kupu mino])

konurehu kahautawa

potassium iodide (tohu: KI) (kupu kē atu: pautahiama aiotai [kupu mino])

konurehu pākawa ota

potassium nitrate (tohu: KNO3) (kupu kē atu: pautahiama naiate [kupu mino])

konurehu pākawa pungatara

potassium sulphate (tohu: K2SO4) (kupu kē atu: pautahiama hāwhate [kupu mino])

konurehu pākawa waro

potassium carbonate (tohu: K2CO3) (kupu kē atu: pautahiama kāponate [kupu mino])

konurehu pākawa waro-rua

potassium bicarbonate (tohu: KHCO3) (kupu kē atu: pautahiama paikāponate [kupu mino])

konurehu pūhaumāota

potassium chloride (tohu: KCl) (kupu kē atu: pautahiama kōrai [kupu mino])

konurehu waihā

potassium hydroxide (tohu: KOH) (kupu kē atu: pautahiama haitorowai [kupu mino])

konutai

sodium (tohu: Na) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; tai – the sea) (kupu kē atu: hautiama [kupu mino])

konutai pākawa ota

sodium nitrate (tohu: NaNO3) (kupu kē atu: hautiama naiate [kupu mino])

konutai pākawa pungatara

sodium sulphate (tohu: Na2SO4) (kupu kē atu: hautiama hāwhate [kupu mino])

konutai pākawa waro

sodium carbonate (tohu: Na2CO3) (kupu kē atu: hautiama kāponate [kupu mino])

konutai pākawa waro-rua

sodium bicarbonate, baking soda (tohu: NaHCO3) (kupu kē atu: hautiama paikāponate [kupu mino], pēkena houra [kupu mino])

konutai pūhaumāota

sodium chloride (tohu: NaCl) (kupu kē atu: hautiama kōrai [kupu mino])

konutai waihā

sodium hydroxide, caustic soda (tohu: NaOH) (kupu kē atu:  hautiama haitorowai [kupu mino] )

konutai winika

sodium acetate, sodium ethanoate (tohu: CH3COONa) (kupu kē atu: hautiama ahitate [kupu mino])

konutea

zinc (tohu: Zn) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; tea – white) (kupu kē atu: tīniki [kupu mino])

konutea pākawa ota

zinc nitrate (tohu: Zn(NO3)2) (kupu kē atu: tīniki naiate [kupu mino])

konutea pākawa pungatara

zinc sulphate (tohu: ZnSO4) (kupu kē atu: tīniki hāwhate [kupu mino])

konutea pākawa waro

zinc carbonate (tohu: ZnCO3) (kupu kē atu: tīniki kāponate [kupu mino])

konutea pūhaumāota

zinc chloride (tohu: ZnCl2) (kupu kē atu: tīniki kōrai [kupu mino])

konuuku

beryllium (tohu: Be) (takenga mai: konu [konganuku] – metal; uku – white clay) (kupu kē atu: peririama [kupu mino])

kōpana autōhiko

electromagnetic induction (takenga mai: kōpana – incite, urge; autōhiko - electromagnet)

kōpani

epiglottis (takenga mai: kōpani – shut up, close up, lid of a box)

kōpiro

intestine, gut, bowel (kupu kē atu: terotero)

kōpiro iti

small intestine

kōpiro nui

colon, large intestine

kōpū

womb, uterus (kupu kē atu: whare tangata)

Kōpū

Venus (kupu kē atu: Mere*)

kōpū whāngai

surrogate (takenga mai: kōpū - womb; whāngai - feed, nourish)

kōpukupuku

rash

kōpura

tuber

kōputa

pore

kora

fuel

kora horihori

synthetic fuel

kora koiora

biofuel

kora mātātoka

fossil fuel (kupu kē atu: koranehe)

koraha

desert

korahinu

fuel oil

korakora

particle (takenga mai: korakora – anything small)

korakora hihiko

charged particle

koranehe

fossil fuel (takenga mai: kora – fuel; nehe - ancient times) (kupu kē atu: kora mātātoka)

koranu

alloy (takenga mai: ko [konganuku] – metal; ranu - mix)

korara (aho)

dispersion (light)

korehāhā

extinct (kupu kē atu: whare ngaro)

korekore

vacuum (takenga mai: kore – nothingness)

kōrere

funnel

kōrere tātari

filter funnel

korohū

steam (kupu kē atu: koromahu*)

korohuhū

boil (kupu kē atu: koropupū*)

koroī

cone (of a tree) (takenga mai: koroī – fruit of white pine)

kōroke

constipation

korokoro

pharynx, throat

koromahu

steam (kupu kē atu: korohū*)

koropungapunga

porous

koropupū

fizz, fizzy

koropupū

boil (kupu kē atu: korohuhū)

koroputaputa

smallpox (takenga mai: variola)

kōtai

xylem (kupu kē atu: tariwai)

kotēpana

peristalsis (takenga mai: kotē – squeeze out; pana – expel, cause to come or go forth)

kotere

diarrhoea (kupu kē atu: tikotiko*)

kotikamo

choroid (takenga mai: koti – divide; kamo – eye)

kou whāiti

fine adjustment (takenga mai: kou – knob; whāiti – narrow, compact)

kou whānui

coarse adjustment (takenga mai: kou – knob; whānui – broad, wide)

kouawai

gall bladder

kōura

gold (tohu: Au) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

koutata

aerodynamic, streamlined (takenga mai: koutata – sleek, smooth)

kōwhāwhā

vent, hole (kupu kē atu: kōhao)

kōwhiti

ulna, forearm bone (takenga mai: kō [kōiwi] – bone; whiti [kikowhiti] – forearm)

kūao

young (of an animal)

kuhi ~nga

implant, implantation

kuhu haurehu

aerate

kūhuka

glucose (tohu: C6H12O6) (takenga mai: kū – thick liquid [me te rite anō o te tangi ki te 'glu' o te kupu Ingarihi]; huka - sugar)

kūhukahuka

glycogen

kuiki

cramp (kupu kē atu: kokohu)

kuku

forceps

kukū ~tanga

concentrate, concentration (takenga mai: kukū – firm, stiff, thickened, not fluid or watery)

kukune

foetus (kupu kē atu: kōngahungahu)

kukuti ~nga

contract, contraction (of a muscle)

kukuwhatanga

evolution (takenga mai: kuku [kukune] - swell as pregnancy advances, grow; whatanga [whanaketanga] - grow, move onwards or upwards)

kūnatu

digest, digestion (kupu kē atu: nakunaku)

kunāwhea

indigestion

kupenga a Taramainuku

clouds in strata

kura taupunga

water bath (takenga mai: kura – tank; taupunga – sink, submerge)

kurahau-awatea

cyclone, depression, low pressure (takenga mai: kurahau-awatea – cyclone, sign of bad weather)

kurahaupō

anticyclone (takenga mai: kurahaupō – sign of good weather)

kurahaupō

lunar rainbow (kupu kē atu: Hinekōrako)

kuratea

brass (takenga mai: kura [konukura] – copper; tea [konutea] – zinc)

kuru me te oko

pestle and mortar

kurupaku

schist

kurutangi

anvil (of the ear), incus

kurutene

gluten (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

kūtere

fluid, not solid

kūtorotoro

elastic, elasticity (takenga mai: kūtoro – stretched, at full length) (kupu kē atu: roroha)

m

mahana haere o te ao

global warming

māhanga

twin/s

mahere whetū

star chart

mahererangi

planisphere (takenga mai: mahere – map; Rangi - Sky)

māheri

margarine (takenga mai: māheri - he kipu mino; mā – white; heri [koheri] – whisk up)

māheuheu

weed (kupu kē atu: tarutaru)

māheuheu orotā

noxious weed (kupu kē atu: otaota orotā)

mahi ~a

work

mahi rata

medicine (profession)

māhuri

sapling (kupu kē atu: kōhuri)

Māhutonga

Southern Cross (kupu kē atu: Taki o Autahi*)

maiohi

meiosis (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: whāiti pūira)

maitai

steel

maitai waikura-kore

stainless steel

mākōwaro

chlorofluorocarbon (whakapotonga: CFC) (takenga mai: mā [haumāota] – chlorine; kō [haukōwhai] – fluorine; waro – carbon)

mamaru

cloud (dark band)

manawa

heart

mānawa

mangrove

manawa raro

ventricle

manawa raro matau

right ventricle

manawa raro mauī

left ventricle

manawa runga

atrium

manawa runga matau

right atrium

manawa runga mauī

left atrium

manawa whenua

mineral (kupu kē atu: kohuke)

mānawanawa

aperture, space, gap (takenga mai: mānawanawa – aperture, space, gap)

māngaro

starch (takenga mai: māngaro – mealy)

māngohe

malleable

Mangōroa

Milky Way (kupu kē atu: Roiata)

mānia awa

river plain

maniua

manure (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: wairākau)

mano waekaha

kilowatt (tohu: kW) (takenga mai: mano – thousand; waekaha – watt) (kupu kē atu: kirowata, manowata)

mano waematihiko

kilobyte (tohu: KB) (takenga mai: mano - thousand; wae- unit of measurement; matihiko - digital) (kupu kē atu: kiropaita [kupu mino])

manohure

kilojoule (tohu: kJ) (takenga mai: mano – thousand; hure - He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: kirohure, manopūngoi)

manopūngoi

kilojoule (tohu: kJ) (takenga mai: mano – thousand; pūngoi [waeine pūngoi] – joule) (kupu kē atu: kirohure, manohure)

manowata

kilowatt (tohu: kW) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: kirowata, mano waekaha)

mānu

float

māori

native to New Zealand, natural

māotaota

evergreen (takenga mai: māota – fresh-grown, green) (kupu kē atu: raumāota)

māpara

marble (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

Marama

moon (kupu kē atu: Hina*)

Marama hua

waxing moon

Marama riko

waning moon (kupu kē atu: Marama roroku)

Marama roroku

waning moon (kupu kē atu: Marama riko)

maramara rino

iron filings

marangai

rain (kupu kē atu: ua)

mare tekekō

whooping cough, pertussis

maremare

phlegm

marū

bruise

mata kōpapa

meniscus (takenga mai: mata – surface; kōpapa – concave)

mata o te Marama

phases of the moon

mata tuaroa

retina (kupu kē atu:  āhuahua)

matahaehae

scalpel

matahua

fertile (of an organism) (kupu kē atu: pukuhua)

mātai

study, ~ology (takenga mai: mātai – inspect, examine)

mātai āhuarangi

climatology

mātai ahumāra

horticultural science

mātai ahupūngao

physics (takenga mai: mātai - inspect, examine; ahu – move, point in a certain direction; pūngao – energy)

mātai ahupūngao karihi

nuclear physics

mātai ahupūngao koiora

biophysics

mātai ahuwhenua

agricultural science

mātai aronuku

geology (field of study)

mātai arorangi

astronomy

mātai arotamariki

paediatrics

mātai arowahine

gynaecology

mātai arowai

hydrology

mātai aumoana

oceanography

mātai hākinakina

sports science

mātai hangarau koiora

biotechnology

mātai hauora

health science

mātai hauropi

ecology (field of study)

mātai huarere

meteorology

mātai iranga

genetics (field of study)

mātai kararehe

veterinary science

mātai karetao hiko

robotics (takenga mai: mātai - field of study; karetao - puppet; hiko - electricity) (kupu kē atu: tiahiko)

mātai kīrehe

zoology

mātai koiora

biology (takenga mai: mātai – inspect, examine; koiora – life)

mātai koiora moana

marine biology

mātai koiora moroiti

microbiology

mātai manu

ornithology

mātai mātātoka

palaeontology

mātai mate hinengaro

psychiatry

mātai mate pukupuku

oncology

mātai matū

chemistry (takenga mai: mātai – inspect, examine; matū – matter, chemical)

mātai matū koiora

biochemistry

mātai matū whaiwaro

organic chemistry

mātai nekeneke

dynamics (field of study) (takenga mai: mātai - study, ~ology; nekeneke - movement)

mātai niho

dentistry

mātai oneone

soil science

mātai oro

acoustics (field of study)

mātai papaneke

plate tectonics

mātai pūhanga

engineering (takenga mai: mātai – inspect, examine; pū – skilled, wise, expert; hanga – create, build)

mātai puia

volcanology

mātai rongoā

medical science

mātai rū whenua

seismology

mātai tāhiko

electronics

mātai tahumaero

epidemiology

mātai taka rongoā

pharmacology

mātai tinana

anatomy (field of study)

mātai tipu

botany

mātai tuarangi

cosmology (field of study)

mātai waipēhi

hydraulics (field of study)

mātai whaiaroaro

physiology

mātāira

gene pool (takenga mai: mātā – heap, layer; ira – gene) (kupu kē atu: puna ira)

mātaitai

food from the sea or other waterways

mātaitai

saline, salinity

mātakitaki ~na

observe (kupu kē atu: āta tirotiro)

matakōkiri

meteorite

mātāmuatanga

kingdom (classification of organism) (takenga mai: mātāmua – first, fore)

matanui

coarse-grained (of rock)

mataora

living world

matapā

infertile (of an organism) (kupu kē atu: pukupā)

matapae ~tia

predict

matāpango

graphite

mātāpono

principle

mātara

obsidian (kupu kē atu: tūhua)

matarehu

fine-grained (of rock)

matatara

dam (kupu kē atu: pāpuni)

matatika

ethics, ethical (takenga mai: matatika – right, straight)

matatika koiora

bioethics (takenga mai: matatika – right, straight; koiora – biology)

mātātoka

fossil (takenga mai: mātā – heap, layer; mātā [mātāniho] - print or mark of teeth; toka - stone, rock)

mātātuhi

image (takenga mai: mātā [mātāniho] – print or mark of teeth; tuhi – draw, write)

matawai

scanner (takenga mai: matawai - look closely)

mātāwainuku

aquifer (takenga mai: mātā [mātāpuna]- source; wainuku - groundwater)

mātāwainuku hamaruru

confined aquifer (takenga mai: mātā [mātāpuna] - source; wainuku - groundwater; hamaruru - to shut in, confine, restrict)

mātāwainuku tūraha

unconfined aquifer (takenga mai: mātā [mātāpuna] - source; wainuku - groundwater; tūraha - to be open, not confined)

Matawhero

Mars (kupu kē atu: Tūmatauenga)

mate

disease (kupu kē atu: tahumaero)

mate ārai-kore

AIDS, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (takenga mai: mate – sickness; ārai – ward off, screen; kore – no, not)

mate horapa

infectious disease (takenga mai: horapa - spread, disseminated) (kupu kē atu: mate urutā)

mate huka

diabetes

mate kōwhai

jaundice

mate marama

menstrual cycle

mate paipai

sexually transmitted disease, venereal disease

mate pāwera

allergy (takenga mai: mate – sickness; pāwera – sore, tender to the touch, affected)

mate pukukakī

goitre (kupu kē atu: tenga)

mate pukupuku

cancer

mate rere

contagious disease

mate urutā

infectious disease (kupu kē atu: mate hōrapa)

mate wahine

menstruation

mateīhi

thrush (takenga mai: mate – sickness; īhi – yeast)

materoto

stillborn, stillbirth (kupu kē atu: kahu)

matiti

summer (kupu kē atu: raumati)

matū

matter, chemical, substance, material (takenga mai: matū – gist, kernel of a matter)

matū horihori

synthetic material

matū koiora

biochemical

matū mimi

urea (kupu kē atu: tiomimi)

matū pararopi

organic matter

matū pararopi-kore

inorganic matter

matūmeha

solute (takenga mai: matū – substance; meha [memeha] – be dissolved)

matūriki

subatomic particle (kupu kē atu: ngotangota)

māturu ~hia

drop (of liquid), to drip

mauwha

shrub

māwhaiwhai kame

food web

mawhiti

crustacean (takenga mai: mawhiti – a marine crustacean)

meha

soluble (takenga mai: meha [memeha] – be dissolved)

meha-kore

insoluble

mehamehanga

solubility (takenga mai: memeha - be dissolved)

mehanga

solution (takenga mai: memeha – be dissolved)

mehanga kawehiko

electrolyte solution

mehanga kohura

saturated solution (takenga mai: mehanga – solution; kohura – full)

mehanga tote

brine, salt solution

mekamoutere

archipelago

memeha

dissolve (takenga mai: memeha – be dissolved)

Mere

Venus (kupu kē atu: Kōpū)

meroiti

plankton (takenga mai: meroiti – small, inconsiderable)

meroiti ika

zooplankton

meroiti tipu

phytoplankton

mētara

metal (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: konganuku)

mētara-kore

non-metal (kupu kē atu: konu-kore)

mewaro

methane (tohu: CH4) (takenga mai: me – He whakawhitinga o ngā pū i te kupu Ingarihi.; waro [waiwaro] – hydrocarbon)

miriona waematihiko

megabyte (tohu: MB) (takenga mai: miriona - million [kupu mino]; wae - unit of measurement; matihiko - digital) (kupu kē atu: mekapaita [kupu mino])

miru

alveolus

miru

vacuole (takenga mai: mirumiru – bubble)

mirumiru

bubble

miti ~a

absorb (takenga mai: miti – lick up; mimiti – swallowed up)

moe hōtoke

hibernate

moeao

nocturnal

mōhiti

lens (kupu kē atu: arotahi)

mōhiti haumaru

safety goggles

mōhiti kōpapa

concave lens, diverging lens (kupu kē atu: mōhiti tihoi)

mōhiti koropuku

convex lens, converging lens (kupu kē atu: mōhiti ūngutu)

mōhiti raro

objective lens

mōhiti runga

eyepiece

mōhiti tihoi

concave lens, diverging lens (kupu kē atu: mōhiti kōpapa)

mōhiti ūngutu

convex lens, converging lens (kupu kē atu: mōhiti koropuku)

moī ~a

ferment

mōkito

minimum

mōkitokito

microscopic (takenga mai: mōkitokito – minute, small)

moko

reptile (kupu kē atu: ngārara)

mokowā tōpana

force field (kupu kē atu: whaitua tōpana)

mokowhiti

pulse, heartbeat (kupu kē atu: kakapa manawa)

momi ~a

siphon

momo

species (takenga mai: momo – race, breed, blood)

momo māori

native species

momo rauhī

protected species

momo rāwaho

introduced species

momo taketake

endemic species

momo tata korehāhā

endangered species

mōmona

fertile (of the land) (kupu kē atu: haumako)

momorua

hybrid (takenga mai: momo – species, type; rua – two)

mongamonga

bone marrow

mongamonga ngako

yellow marrow

mongamonga toto

red marrow

mōrahi

maximum

more

taproot (kupu kē atu: tāmore)

moroiti

micro-organism, microbe (takenga mai: moroiti – small)

moroiti tahumaero

germ (takenga mai: moroiti - micro-organism; tahumaero - disease)

mōtepe

platelet, thrombocyte (takenga mai: mō [mōtete] – small piece, fragment; tepe – clot, coagulate)

mōtete takawai

silicon chip (takenga mai: mōtete – small piece, fragment; takawai – silicon)

mōtete whakauruuru

integrated circuit (takenga mai: mōtete - small piece, fragment; mōtete [mōtete takawai] - silicon chip; whakauruuru - to run together, mix, integrate, combine)

motuhanga

cross section

mōwhaki

brittle (kupu kē atu: mōwhakiwhaki)

muna

ringworm

muramura

flammable

muratahi

bunsen burner

muritai

sea breeze

n

nakunaku ~a

digest, digestion (takenga mai: nakunaku - reduce to fragments) (kupu kē atu: kūnatu)

nape

ligament

neke

motion (takenga mai: neke - to move, alter position) (kupu kē atu: nekeneke, nukunuku)

neke kōpiupiu

oscillating motion (takenga mai: neke - to move, alter position; kōpiupiu - to swing, oscillate)

neke māhorahora

free motion (takenga mai: neke - to move, alter position; māhorahora - without restraint, free)

neke porotaka

circular motion (takenga mai: neke - to move, alter position)

neke torotika

linear motion (takenga mai: neke - to move, alter position)

neke whakautuutu

reciprocal motion (takenga mai: neke - to move, alter position; whakautuutu - reciprocal, alternating speakers in whaikōrero)

niho kauoro

molar

niho tapahi

incisor

nihowhiti

cog, gear (takenga mai: niho - teeth; whiti - to transfer) (kupu kē atu: kōpaetara)

niutana

newton (tohu: N) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

nōhanga

habitat (kupu kē atu: ripoinga)

noni

vegetable oil

nonireka

glycerol, glycerine (takenga mai: noni – vegetable oil; reka – sweet)

nuku paparahi

continental drift (takenga mai: nuku – move; paparahi – continent)

nukuratarata

mantle (takenga mai: nuku – the Earth; ratarata – red hot)

ng

ngahere horomata

virgin forest

ngahere pārūrū

tropical rain forest

ngāhorohoro

erode, erosion (takenga mai: ngāhorohoro – fall off bit by bit)

ngahuru

autumn (kupu kē atu: tokerau)

ngāi kīrehe

fauna

ngāi tipu

flora

ngaiaku

nylon (takenga mai: ngai – dried leaves of raupō, flax etc.; akuaku – firm, strong)

ngako

fat, lipid

ngako hamanga

unsaturated fat (takenga mai: ngako – fat; hamanga – not full)

ngako kohura

saturated fat (takenga mai: ngako - fat; kohura - full)

ngakototo

cholesterol (takenga mai: ngako – fat; toto – blood)

ngāngara

insect (kupu kē atu: ngārara, pepeke)

ngao

energy (kupu kē atu: pūngao)

ngao wera

heat energy (kupu kē atu: pūngao pōkākā)

ngaohiko

voltage (tohu: V) (takenga mai: ngao – energy; hiko – electricity)

ngārara

reptile (kupu kē atu: moko)

ngaru autōhiko

electromagnetic wave

ngaru irirangi

radio wave

ngaru kama

gamma wave (takenga mai: ngaru – wave; kama - He kupu mino.)

ngaru katikati

ultra-violet wave (takenga mai: ngaru – wave; katikati – bite frequently, of action of the Sun)

ngaru mata

surface wave

ngaru oro

sound wave

ngaru pae

secondary wave, transverse wave (takenga mai: ngaru – wave; pae – transverse, horizontal)

ngaru pōkākā

infrared wave

ngaru pou

primary wave, longitudinal wave (takenga mai: ngaru – wave; pou [poutū] – vertical)

ngāwhā

geothermal (takenga mai: ngāwhā – boiling spring)

ngawhere

weathering (takenga mai: ngawhere – break up, crumble)

ngawhere wakuwaku

mechanical weathering (takenga mai: ngawhere – break up, crumble; wakuwaku – rub, scrape, abrade)

ngingiha

combust, burn, ignite (takenga mai: ngingiha – burn) (kupu kē atu: tahu)

ngingiha oti

complete combustion

ngingiha pahara

incomplete combustion

ngōine

pipette

ngōine katirere

burette

ngongo

tube (kupu kē atu: pū)

ngongo haurehu

gas tube

ngongo kirihou

plastic tube

ngongo kōata

glass tube

ngongo rapa

rubber tube

ngongo rauangi

capillary tube

ngongo whārahi

microscope tube

ngōpata

dropper (kupu kē atu: whakamāturu)

ngōrongo

Eustachian tube

ngota

atom (takenga mai: ngota – fragment, particle)

ngotangota

subatomic particle (takenga mai: ngota – fragment, particle; ngotangota – smashed to atoms) (kupu kē atu: matūriki)

ngote ū

mammal (kupu kē atu: whāngote)

ngū

neutral (takenga mai: ngū – silent)

ngutu (o tētahi manu)

beak, bill

ngutuawa

river mouth (kupu kē atu: wahapū)

o

Ō Ahupūngao

(relating to the) Physical World

Ō Kawekawe

(relating to the) Material World

ōkai

oxide (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

okewa

nimbus, rain cloud

oko me te kuru

mortar and pestle

oko whakaeto

evaporating basin

oko whakawera

crucible

one-raro

subsoil

oneone

soil

onepū

sand

onepū rino

ironsand

ōnewa

basalt (kupu kē atu: karā)

onge

rare

onorākau

silviculture (takenga mai: ono - to plant) (kupu kē atu: pokapoka rākau)

ora haurua

half life

oro

sound

oro ikeike

ultrasound (takenga mai: oro – sound; ikeike – high, lofty)

otaota

vegetation

otaota orotā

noxious weed (kupu kē atu: māheuheu orotā)

Ōturu

full moon (kupu kē atu: Rākaunui)

owaro

hexane (tohu: C6H14) (takenga mai: o [ono] – six; waro [waiwaro] – hydrocarbon)

ōwehenga matū

chemical composition (takenga mai: ōwehenga – ratio; matū – chemical)

p

pae karu

eyelid, blephara, palpebra (kupu kē atu: rewha)

pae koropupū

boiling point

pae moana

sea level

pae onepū

sand tray

pae pēhanga

isobar (takenga mai: pae – region, boundary; pēhanga – pressure)

pae porowhita

petrie dish

pae rewa

melting point (kupu kē atu: pū rewa)

pae whakatoka

freezing point (kupu kē atu: pū whakatio)

paemahana

temperature (takenga mai: pae [paepae] – threshold; mahana – warm) (kupu kē atu: pāmahana)

paemanu

clavicle, collarbone

paenga papaneke

plate boundary

paenga papaneke tihoi

divergent plate boundary

paenga papaneke ūngutu

convergent plate boundary

paenga papaneke whakarara

transform plate boundary

paenga paparahi

continental shelf

paeoro

larynx, voice box (kupu kē atu: pokorua)

paepae tuaki

dissecting tray (takenga mai: tuaki - to gut, disembowel, dissect)

paerongo

sensor (takenga mai: pae - perch, rest; rongo - sense, hear, feel)

paerongo aho

light sensor, light detector

paerongo autō

magnetic sensor

paerongo hou

sound sensor (takenga mai: paerongo - sensor; hou - sound)

paerongo kakara

olfactory epithelium

paerongo kite

visual sensor

paerongo neke

motion sensor (takenga mai: paerongo - sensor; neke - to move, alter position)

paerongo pōkākā

heat sensor

paerongo tāwara

taste bud

paerongo whakapā

touch sensor

paetara puku

stomach wall

paetara pūtau

cell wall

paetāwhirowhiro

rotor (takenga mai: pae – any transverse beam; tāwhirowhiro – whirl, spin)

paewīra

axle (takenga mai: pae - transverse beam; wīra - wheel [kupu mino])

pāhare

ester, salt (takenga mai: pāhare – bitter)

pahore o Rehua

equinox

pahū tokarewa

volcanic bomb

pahūnga whetū

supernova (kupu kē atu: whetū ahoaho)

paihana ~tia

poison, poisonous (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: paitini)

paitini ~hia

poison, poisonous (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: paihana)

pākākano

seed pod

pakanga ā-koiora

biological warfare

pākati pungatara

sulphite (tohu: SO32-) (takenga mai: pākati [pāhare – salt, ester], [kakati – sting, bite] – '~ite'; pungatara – sulphur) (kupu kē atu: hāwhiti [kupu mino])

pākau

scapula, shoulder blade

pākawa ota

nitrate (tohu: NO3-) (takenga mai: pākawa [pāhare - salt, ester], [waikawa - acid] – '~ate'; ota [hauota] – nitrogen) (kupu kē atu: naiate [kupu mino])

pākawa pungatara

sulphate (tohu: SO42-) (takenga mai: pākawa [pāhare – salt, ester], [waikawa – acid] - '~ate'; pungatara – sulphur) (kupu kē atu: hāwhate [kupu mino])

pākawa tūtaewhetū

phosphate (tohu: PO43-) (takenga mai: pākawe [pāhare – salt, ester], [waikawa – acid] - '~ate'; tūtaewhetū [pūtūtaewhetū] – phosphorus) (kupu kē atu: popoate [kupu mino])

pākawa waro

carbonate (tohu: CO32-) (takenga mai: pākawa [pāhare - salt, ester], [waikawa - acid] - 'ate'; waro - carbon) (kupu kē atu: kāponate [kupu mino])

pākawa waro-rua

bicarbonate (tohu: HCO3-) (takenga mai: pākawa [pāhare - salt, ester], [waikawa - acid] ~ 'ate'; waro - carbon) (kupu kē atu: paikāponate [kupu mino])

pākeho

limestone (kupu kē atu: raima [kupu mino])

pākewakewa

syphilis

pakiaka

root (of a plant)

pakiaka kaurapa

lateral root (takenga mai: kaurapa - extended sideways) (kupu kē atu: pakiaka kōtaha)

pakiaka kōtaha

lateral root (takenga mai: kōtaha - sideways) (kupu kē atu: pakiaka kaurapa)

pakohe

argillite

pakohu

cavity

pakohu ihu kakā

sinusitus (takenga mai: pakohu ihu – nasal cavity; kakā – inflamed)

pakohu roro

cranium

pāmahana

temperature (kupu kē atu: paemahana)

pāmu hau

wind farm

pāmu noke

worm farm, vermiculture

pāmu tautaiao

ecofarm (takenga mai: tau - befitting, calm, settled; taiao - environment; tautaiao - eco, environmentally friendly)

pana

switch (takenga mai: pana – cause to come or go forth)

pana ~ia

push (kupu kē atu: tōpana ue)

pānga riterite horipū

directly proportional relationship (takenga mai: pānga riterite - proportional relationship; horipū - direct)

pānga riterite kōaro

inversely proportional relationship (takenga mai: pānga riterite - proportional relationship; kōaro - inverse)

pānga tere whaiahu

relative velocity (takenga mai: pānga -in relation to; tere - speed; whai - to possess; ahu - direction)

panoni ~hia ~ tanga

change

panoni matū

chemical change

panoni ōkiko

physical change

panoni pūmau

permanent change

panoni rangitahi

temporary change

pao

hatch (egg) (kupu kē atu: paopao)

paopao

hatch (egg) (kupu kē atu: pao)

paoro ~tia

echo

pāorooro

sonar (takenga mai: pāorooro – resounding)

papa ārai ahi

fireproof board

papa hiko kōmaru

solar panel

papa ine-hiko (ā-whare)

meter board

papa ngahere

forest floor

papa tāhiko

circuit board (takenga mai: papa - flat board; tāhiko - electronic)

papa tāhiko matua

motherboard (takenga mai: papa tāhiko - circuit board; matua - principal, main)

pāpāhua

base (kupu kē atu: kawakore)

pāpaka

herpes

pāpākiri

scaly bark (of a tree)

pāpako ~hia

cultivate (soil) (kupu kē atu: tāmata, ngaki)

papaneke

tectonic plate (takenga mai: papa – anything broad, flat and hard, Earth floor, bed of a lake; neke – move)

papaneke moana

oceanic plate

papaneke paparahi

continental plate (kupu kē atu: papaneke whenua)

papaneke whenua

continental plate (kupu kē atu: papaneke paparahi)

paparahi

continent (takenga mai: papa – surface; rahi – large) (kupu kē atu: whenua rahi)

paparanga hāora-toru

ozone layer

paparanga ngahere

forest layer

paparanga otaota

litter layer (takenga mai: otaota - vegetation)

papariki tauhohe

spotting tile

papatipu

mass (takenga mai: papatipu – solid mass)

papatipu koiora

biomass

papatoiake

pelvis

Papatūānuku

Earth (kupu kē atu: ao)

papī

ooze, seep, leak

papu ~a

pump (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

papu korekore

vacuum pump

pāpuni ~tia

dam (kupu kē atu: matatara)

para

waste (takenga mai: para – sediment, impurity, refuse, waste)

para ahumahi

industrial waste

para hanga whare

construction and demolition waste

para haurehu

gaseous waste

para iraruke

radioactive waste

para kai

food waste

para kāinga

household waste, domestic waste

Para Kore

Zero Waste

para matū

chemical waste

para moana

marine debris

para mōrearea

hazardous waste

para muramura

flammable waste

para tāhiko

electronic waste, e-waste (kupu kē atu: ī-para)

para tākai

packaging waste

para takakino

pollutant (kupu kē atu: parakino)

para tāoke

toxic waste

para tauhokohoko

commercial waste

para tipu

green waste

para totoka

solid waste

para umanga

trade waste

para wē

liquid waste

paraehe ipuipu

test tube brush

parahanga

pollution

parahau ~tia

justify

parahua

silt (takenga mai: parahua – fresh alluvial deposit)

parakaingaki

sewage

parakino

pollutant (kupu kē atu: para takakino)

parakiwai

sediment (kupu kē atu: parataiao, waipara)

paranoke

vermicast (kupu kē atu: tūtae noke)

pararopi

organic waste (takenga mai: para – waste; ropi [rauropi] – organism)

pararopi-kore

inorganic waste

parataiao

sediment (takenga mai: para – sediment, impurity, waste; taiao – environment) (kupu kē atu: parakiwai, waipara)

paratau

spawn (kupu kē atu: toene)

paraumu

humus

parawhenua

tsunami

Pareārau

Jupiter (kupu kē atu: Hine-i-tīweka)

parenga hau

air resistance (kupu kē atu: ātetenga hau)

parenga iahiko

resistor, resistance (electrical) (tohu: ) (takenga mai: pare – turn aside, ward off, divert; iahiko – electric current)

parenga iahiko ngoiaho

light dependent resistor, photoresistor (tohu: ) (takenga mai: parenga iahiko – resistor; ngoi – strength, energy; aho – light)

parenga whakatina

variable resistor (tohu: ) (takenga mai: parenga [parenga iahiko] – resistor; whakatina – control)

pārurenga

prey

pārūrū

tropical, humid (takenga mai: pārūrū – sultry, hot)

pata

grain (food)

pata

drop (of liquid) (kupu kē atu: māturunga)

pata

spore (kupu kē atu: pua atua)

pata pūngao

mitochondrion (takenga mai: pata – seed, grain; pūngao – energy)

pata wai

water droplet

pātaka

cotyledon

pātaka-moke

monocotyledon (takenga mai: pātaka – storehouse; moke – solitary)

pātaka-rua

dicotyledon

patapata

granular (takenga mai: pata - seed, grain; patapata - drop [of rain])

patu hekaheka

fungicide (takenga mai: patu – subdue, kill; hekaheka – fungi)

patu huakita

disinfectant (takenga mai: patu – subdue, kill; huakita – bacteria)

patu otaota

herbicide (takenga mai: patu – subdue, kill; otaota – weed)

patu pepeke

insecticide (takenga mai: patu – subdue, kill; pepeke – insect)

patuero

antiseptic (takenga mai: patu – subdue, kill; ero – putrid)

pātūpoho

diaphragm (takenga mai: pātū – screen, wall; poho – chest)

paturiha

pesticide (takenga mai: patu – subdue, kill; riha – pest)

paturopi

antibody (takenga mai: patu – subdue, kill; ropi [rauropi] – organism)

pēhanga

pressure

pēhanga kōhauhau

atmospheric pressure

pēhanga toto

blood pressure

pei ~a ~nga

displace, displacement (takenga mai: pei – drive out, banish)

peka

branch (of a tree) (kupu kē atu: kaupekapeka*)

pekahau

bronchus

pekahau kakā

bronchitis

pekahau ririki

bronchiole

peke

humerus, upper arm bone (kupu kē atu: pūkaka)

pekerangi

ozone (tohu: O3) (kupu kē atu: hāora-toru, ōkai-toru [kupu mino])

penehīni

benzene, petrol (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: kōhinu, penehinu)

pepa tātari

filter paper

pepa tūrara

chromatography paper (takenga mai: pepa – paper; tūrara – spread out)

pepeke

insect (kupu kē atu: ngāngara, ngārara)

peruperu

wattle (of a bird) (kupu kē atu: werewere)

pētini

pepsin (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

petipeti

jellyfish

pewaro

pentane (tohu: C2H12) (takenga mai: pe – He whakawhitinga o ngā pū i te kupu Ingarihi.; waro [waiwaro] – hydrocarbon)

pia whakatipu

agar culture

piaka

rhizome (kupu kē atu: akakōare)

piakamo

vitreous humour (takenga mai: pia [piapia] - viscous, sticky; kamo - eye,eyelid)

piapia

viscous, viscosity (kupu kē atu: tatakī ~nga)

piauriuri

tar (takenga mai: pia – gum of trees; uriuri – dark, deep in colour)

piere

fissure

piha, pihapiha

gill

pihi

shoot (of a plant)

pīnohi

tongs

pīpīwai

humidity (kupu kē atu: takawai)

pirau

rotten (kupu kē atu: hanehane)

pirau

pus (kupu kē atu: ero)

pīrere ~tia

fledgling (bird), to migrate (of birds)

pirinoa

parasite, parasitic

piriona waematihiko

gigabyte (tohu: GB) (takenga mai: piriona - billion [kupu mino]; wae - unit of measurement; matihiko - digital) (kupu kē atu: kikapiata [kupu mino])

piripiri

velcro (takenga mai: piri – stick, adhere, cling)

piropiko

ileum (takenga mai: piro - intestine; piko - curved, bent)

pītau

frond, young shoot of a fern (kupu kē atu: tētē, rauhuru)

pītau ira

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) (takenga mai: pītau – perforated spiral carving, young succulent shoot of afern; ira – gene)

pito (autō)

pole (of a magnet)

pito kawehiko

electrode

pito raki

north pole (kupu kē atu: pito whakararo)

pito tonga

south pole (kupu kē atu: pito whakarunga, tōpito whakarunga)

pito tonga ā-rangi

south celestial pole

pito tōraro

negative terminal, cathode

pito tōrunga

positive terminal, anode

pito whakararo

north pole (kupu kē atu: pito raki)

pito whakarunga

south pole (kupu kē atu: pito tonga)

poare

stomata (takenga mai: poare – open)

pohokauiti

duodenum

pohutu

geyser

pōkai (waea)

coil (of wire), solenoid

pōkai ātea

space probe (takenga mai: pōkai - travel about; ātea - space)

pōkai tātea

epididymis

pōkaihuri

armature (takenga mai: pōkai - coil [of wire]; huri - to turn)

pōkākā

heat, hot (kupu kē atu: wera)

pokapoka rākau

silviculture (takenga mai: pokapoka - plant in holes; rākau - tree) (kupu kē atu: onorākau)

pokapū roto

hypocentre, focus point (takenga mai: pokapū – middle, centre; roto – inside)

pokapū waho

epicentre (takenga mai: pokapū – middle, centre; waho – outside)

pōkarekare

agitated, stirred up (of a liquid)

poke ~a

pollute (kupu kē atu: takakino)

pokopoko

nymph

pokorua

larynx, voice box (kupu kē atu: paeoro)

pona

joint

pona kakā

arthritis (takenga mai: pona – joint [of the body]; kakā – inflamed) (kupu kē atu: uruumu pona)

pona kakā rūmātiki

rheumatoid arthritis (kupu kē atu: kaiponapona)

pona kapunga

ball and socket joint

pona kaurori

pivot joint

pona kōpapa

saddle joint

pona kopi

hinge joint

pongāhau

nasal cavity, nasal passage (takenga mai: pongā [pongāihu] – nostril; hau [hau takiwā] – air)

pongāihu

nostril

pono

valid, validity

popo

decompose (takenga mai: popo – rotten, decayed, worm eaten)

popoki

patella, kneecap

pōpopo

biodegradable, decay (takenga mai: pōpopo – rotten, decayed, worm-eaten)

pōpopo-kore

non-biodegradable

pori

phylum (classification of organism) (takenga mai: pori – tribe)

poro

prism

poro autō

bar magnet

poro kōata

glass prism

porohau

gout (kupu kē atu: kauti [kupu whakawhiti])

porokapa

podocarp (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

porotiti waro

carbon disc

porowhiu ~a

dispose of, disposable

pou tāwhirowhiro

axis of rotation

pouaka hihi

ray box

pouaka hiko

power pack

pouaka katiara

fuse box

pouaka rama

light box

pouhiko matua

pylon (takenga mai: pou - post; hiko - electricity; matua - main)

pōunga

lunar eclipse (kupu kē atu: āraitanga Marama)

poutūmārō

zenith, high point, pinnacle

powaro

propane (tohu: C3H8) (takenga mai: pō - He kupu mino.; waro [waiwaro] – hydrocarbon)

duct (takenga mai: pū – pipe, tube)

pū haurehu

delivery tube

pū rewa

melting point (kupu kē atu: pae rewa)

pū waiate

bile duct

pū waitātea

seminal vesicle

pū whakatio

freezing point (kupu kē atu: pae whakatoka)

pua

flower (kupu kē atu: puāwai, puaka)

pua atua

spore (takenga mai: pua – seed, flower; atua [whare atua] – mushroom) (kupu kē atu: pata)

pūaha mimi

urethra (takenga mai: pūaha - river mouth, opening; mimi - urine)

puaheiri

snow (kupu kē atu: hukarere*)

pūaho

photon (takenga mai: pū – origin, source, cause; aho – light)

pūaho

white light

puaka

flower (kupu kē atu: pua, puāwai)

puananī

wind-dispersed seed

puapua

vulva

puapua

pistil, carpel (kupu kē atu: hema-uwha)

puaroa

comet (kupu kē atu: unahiroa*)

pūata-kore

opaque (takenga mai: pūataata – transparent, clear)

pūataata

transparent (kupu kē atu: kōataata)

puāwai

flower (kupu kē atu: pua, puaka)

puehu tuarangi

nebulae

pūhanga hiko

electrical engineering (takenga mai: pū – skilled person; hanga – make, build; hiko – electricity)

pūhanga metarahi

civil engineering (takenga mai: pū – skilled person; hanga – make, build, fashion; metarahi – great)

puhanga puia

volcanic plume

pūhanga pūrere

mechanical engineering (takenga mai: pū – skilled person; hanga – make, build, fashion; pūrere – machine, device)

pūhanga tāhiko

electronic engineering (takenga mai: pū – skilled person; hanga – make, build, fashion; tāhiko – electronic)

pūhanga waipēhi

hydraulic engineering (takenga mai: pū – skilled person; hanga – make, build, fashion; waipēhi – hydraulics)

puhau ~tanga

buoyant, buoyancy (kupu kē atu: pūrewa ~tanga)

pūhaumāota

chloride (tohu: Cl-) (takenga mai: pū [pūhui] – compound; haumāota – chlorine) (kupu kē atu: kōrai [kupu mino])

pūhihi

antennae (of an insect)

pūhiko

battery (takenga mai: pū – origin, source; hiko – electricity)

pūhiko konukōhatu

lithium battery

pūhiko konukōreko pūmā

nickel cadmium battery

pūhiko waikawa konumatā

lead acid battery

pūhohe karihi

nuclear reactor (takenga mai: pū [pūrere] – device; hohe [tauhohe] – reaction; karihi – nucleus, nuclear)

pūhouhou

juvenile, hatchling

pūhui

compound (takenga mai: pū ‒ origin, source; hui ‒ come together, double up)

pūhui katote

ionic compound

pūhui matū

chemical compound

pūhui whaiwaro

organic compound

pūhuri

transducer (takenga mai: pū [pūrere] - device; huri - to convert, change)

pūhuri hiko

commutator (takenga mai: pū - source, origin, centre; huri - turn; hiko - electricity)

pūhuruhurutanga

puberty

puia

volcano

puia koeko

volcano (cone-shaped) (takenga mai: puia – volcano; koeko – cone)

puia kōpuku

volcano (dome) (takenga mai: puia – volcano; kōpuku – swelling, rounded)

puia korehāhā

extinct volcano

puia moe

dormant volcano

puia oho

active volcano

puia pākai

shield volcano (takenga mai: puia – volcano; pākai – bulwark, shield, screen)

pūira

chromosome (takenga mai: pū – source, origin; ira – gene)

pūkaha

motor, engine (takenga mai: pū – source, origin; kaha – strength)

pūkaha hiko

(electric) motor

pūkaha kōhinu

petrol motor

pūkaha torohaki

rocket engine (takenga mai: pūkaha - motor; torohaki - impel, thrust)

pūkahu kakā

pneumonia (takenga mai: pūkahu [pūkahukahu] ‒ lungs; kakā ‒ inflamed)

pūkahukahu

lung (kupu kē atu: pukapuka)

pūkai

oesophagus, gullet (takenga mai: pū - tube; kai - food)

pūkaka

femur, thigh bone

pūkaka

humerus, upper arm bone (kupu kē atu: peke)

pūkākano

fallopian tube, oviduct

pūkame

producer (takenga mai: pū ‒ origin, source; kame ‒ food)

pūkane

bromine (tohu: Br) (takenga mai: pū [pūmotu] – element; kane [kanekane] – pungent) (kupu kē atu: paraumini [kupu mino])

pukapuka

lung (kupu kē atu: pūkahukahu)

pūkāriki

chloroplast (kupu kē atu: pūmāota)

pūkawa

bitter (kupu kē atu: kawa, hīmoemoe)

pūkawe

conductor

pūkawe hiko

electrical conductor (kupu kē atu: kakawe hiko)

pūkawe pōkākā

heat conductor, thermal conductor

pūkawe whakatina

semiconductor (takenga mai: pūkawe - conductor; whakatina - to restrain, restrict, limit)

pūkawe-kore

non-conductor

pūkawekawe

superconductor

pūkohu

moss

pūkohu ngaruru

algal bloom (takenga mai: pūkohu [pūkohu wai] – algae; ngaruru – abundant, flourishing)

pūkohu ngaruru tāoke

toxic algal bloom

pūkohu wai

algae (takenga mai: pūkohu ‒ moss; wai ‒ water) (kupu kē atu: kapoke)

pukoko

lichen

pūkoro hua

egg case, egg sac

pūkoro raho

scrotum (takenga mai: pūkoro - pocket, pouch; raho - testes)

pūkorokoro

trachea, windpipe

pūkōwhai

fluoride (tohu: F-) (takenga mai: pū [pūhui] – compound; kōwhai [haukōwhai] – fluorine) (kupu kē atu: whuruai [kupu mino])

puku

stomach

pukuhiko

electrical generator (takenga mai: puku – stomach; hiko – electricity)

pukuhiko hohoko

alternator

pukuhiko māmā

dynamo

pukuhiko van de Graaff

van de Graaff generator

pukuhua

fertile (of an organism) (kupu kē atu: matahua)

pukupā

infertile (of an organism) (kupu kē atu: matapā)

pukupuku ngū

benign tumour

pukupuku orotā

malignant tumour

pūmāota

chloroplast (kupu kē atu: pūkāriki)

pūmārō

hard drive (takenga mai: pū - source, cause, foundation; mārō - hard, solid)

pūmatū

chemical substance (takenga mai: pū – origin, source, main stock; matū – chemical matter)

pūmatū hohe

reactant

pūmatū hua

product (of a chemical reaction)

pūmau o te papatipu

conservation of mass

pūmau o te pūngao

conservation of energy

pūmotu

element (takenga mai: pū ‒ origin, source; motu ‒ anything isolated)

pūmotu waiwai

trace element (takenga mai: pūmotu - element; waiwai - essential, vital, crucial)

pūmua

protein (takenga mai: pū ‒ origin, source; pūhui ‒ compound; mua ‒ front)

pūmua whākōkī

enzyme (takenga mai: pūmua ‒ protein; whākōkī ‒ catalyst)

puna ira

gene pool (kupu kē atu: mātāira)

puna manawa whenua

deep aquifer, artesian bore

puna wai

spring (water), well

pūnaha

system (takenga mai: pū – base, foundation; naha [nahanaha] – well arranged, in good order)

pūnaha arahau

respiratory system

pūnaha awhikiri

immune system

pūnaha hauropi

ecosystem (takenga mai: pūnaha ‒ system; hauropi ‒ ecology)

pūnaha hiko ā-motu

national grid

pūnaha ioio

nervous system

Pūnaha Kimi Taunga

Global Positioning System (GPS) (takenga mai: pūnaha ‒ system; kimi ‒ search; taunga ‒ location)

pūnaha kōiwi

skeletal system

pūnaha nakunaku kai

digestive system

pūnaha taiaki

hormonal system, endocrine system

pūnaha tairongo

sensory system

pūnaha toto

cardiovascular system, circulatory system

pūnaha tukupara

excretory system, urinary system

pūnaha tukupū

cosmos (kupu kē atu: tātai tuarangi)

pūnaha uaua

muscular system

pūnaha waitinana

lymphatic system

pūnaha whakahaere

control system

pūnaha whakaputa uri

reproductive system

pūnaha whakarōpū

taxonomy, classification system

punahiko

power station (takenga mai: puna – spring, well up, flow; hiko – electricity)

punahiko ngāwhā

geothermal power station

punahiko wai

hydroelectric power station

punahiko waro koranehe

coal-fired power station

pūnaku

lysosome (takenga mai: pū – origin, source; naku [nakunaku] – digestion)

pūnakunaku

digester (takenga mai: pū [pūrere] – machine, device; nakunaku – digest, reduce to fragments)

punga

tarsal, ankle bone

pūnga iahiko

capacitor (tohu: ) (takenga mai: pūnga ‒ lie in a heap; iahiko ‒ electric current)

pūngao

energy (kupu kē atu: ngao)

pūngao aho

light energy

pūngao autō

magnetic energy

pūngao hau

wind energy

pūngao hihi

radiant energy

pūngao hiko

electrical energy

pūngao hikowai

hydropower

pūngao karihi

nuclear energy, atomic energy

pūngao kē

alternative energy (takenga mai: pūngao – energy; kē – different, of another kind)

pūngao koiora

bioenergy

pūngao kōmaru

solar energy

pūngao kūtorotoro

elastic energy

pūngao matū

chemical energy

pūngao matū moe

chemical potential energy

pūngao moe

potential energy (kupu kē atu: pūngao torohū)

pūngao moumou

waste energy

pūngao neke

kinetic energy

pūngao ngāwhā

geothermal energy (kupu kē atu: pūngao puia)

pūngao oho

active energy

pūngao oro

sound energy

pūngao pōkākā

heat energy (kupu kē atu: ngao wera)

pūngao puia

geothermal energy (kupu kē atu: pūngao ngāwhā)

pūngao puta

energy output

pūngao tō ā-papa

gravitational energy

pūngao torohū

potential energy (kupu kē atu: pūngao moe)

pūngao uru

energy input

pūngao whaihua

useful energy

pūngao whakahou

renewable energy

pūngao whatungarongaro

non-renewable energy (takenga mai: pūngao – energy; whatungarongaro – disappear)

pungapunga

pumice

pungarehu

ash

pungatara

sulphur (tohu: S) (takenga mai: pungatara – native sulphur) (kupu kē atu: hawha [kupu mino], pūngāwhā*)

pungatara hāora-rua

sulphur dioxide (tohu: SO2) (kupu kē atu: hawha ōkai-rua [kupu mino])

pungatara hāora-toru

sulphur trioxide (tohu: SO3) (kupu kē atu: hawha ōkai-toru [kupu mino])

pūngāwhā

sulphur (tohu: S) (kupu kē atu: hawha [kupu mino], pungatara*)

pūnguru

corrode, corrosion (takenga mai: pūnguru – worn down, worn away)

pūniko

spring (mechanical)

pūnikoniko

slinky (takenga mai: pūniko – spring)

puninga

genus (classification of organism) (takenga mai: puninga – tribe, family)

punua poraka

tadpole

puoto

flask

puoto iheunga

distillation flask

puoto ine

measuring cylinder

puoto kakīroa

retort

puoto kapuni

gas cylinder

puoto koeko

conical flask

pūpuha

blowpipe

pupuhi

swell (of the body)

pūpukurua

inbreeding (kupu kē atu: aitata)

pupuri mahana

heat insulator, thermal insulator (kupu kē atu: ārai pōkākā)

pūrama

light bulb (tohu: )

pūrama haukura

neon bulb

pūrama kōnakonako

halogen bulb (takenga mai: pūrama – light bulb; kōnakonako – dazzling light, glare)

pūrama kōrekoreko

fluorescent bulb (takenga mai: pūrama – light bulb; kōrekoreko – dazzle)

pūrama ratarata

incandescent bulb

pūrama whāhutahi

LED (light emitting diode)

purapura

seed (kupu kē atu: kākano)

pūrehurehu

cirrus cloud (kupu kē atu: iorangi*)

pūrere awhi

incubator (takenga mai: pūrere - device; awhi - to sit on eggs, brood)

pūrere hiko

electrical device, appliance

pūrere whakawaho

centrifuge

pūrewa ~tanga

buoyant, buoyancy (kupu kē atu: puhau ~tanga)

puri ipuipu

test tube holder

pūroi

drug

pūroro

brain stem

pūroto

lagoon, pond (kupu kē atu: hāpua)

puru ~a

bung, plug

puru

pulp

puru hangatahi

virgin pulp

puru hiko

electric plug

pūrua tōkai-kore

clone (takenga mai: pūrua – do a second time; tōkai – copulate; kore – not, negative)

puruhekaheka

mould (fungi)

pūtahi o te manawa

aorta

pūtāhiko whakahaere

central processing unit (tohu: CPU) (takenga mai: pū - centre, source; tāhiko - electronic; whakahaere - control, manage)

pūtaiao ā-nuku

Earth science

putanga

symptom

pūtau

cell (takenga mai: pū – origin, source; tau – be able)

pūtau hema

gamete (kupu kē atu: tohuhema)

pūtau hema-toa

male gamete (takenga mai: pūtau – cell; hema – pudenda [external genital organs]; toa – male)

pūtau hema-uwha

female gamete (takenga mai: pūtau – cell; hema – pudenda [external genetial organs]; uwha – female)

pūtau hiko

cell (electric)

pūtau hiko kōmaru

solar cell

pūtau hua

zygote (kupu kē atu: huanga)

pūtau io

nerve cell, neuron

pūtau toto

blood cell, blood corpuscle

pūtau toto mā

white blood cell, leucocyte

pūtau toto whero

red blood cell, erythrocyte

pūtauhuka

cellulose (takenga mai: pūtau – cell; huka – sugar)

pūtautahi

unicellular, single-celled

pūtautau

tissue (of an organism)

pūtautau tariwai

vascular tissue (takenga mai: pūtautau – tissue; tariwai – xylem)

pūtautini

multicellular

pūtawa

Laetiporous portensosus (a type of fungi)

pūtiwha

boron (tohu: B) (takenga mai: pū [pūmotu] – element; tiwha – gleam) (kupu kē atu: pōrana [kupu mino])

pūtoi

order (classification of organism) (takenga mai: pūtoi – tribe, family)

pūtoto

haemoglobin (kupu kē atu: kawehā)

putunga waro

carbon sink

pūtūtaewhetū

phosphorus (tohu: P) (takenga mai: pūtūtaewhetū – phosphorescent substance) (kupu kē atu: poporahi [kupu mino])

pūwaro

butane (tohu: C4H10) (takenga mai: pū - He kupu mino.; waro [waiwaro] – hydrocarbon)

pūwero

syringe

r

Sun (kupu kē atu: Tamanuiterā)

day (kupu kē atu: rangi)

Rā kūtia

solar eclipse (kupu kē atu: āraitanga kōmaru)

rā poto

winter solstice (kupu kē atu: Ihu o Hinetakurua)

rā roa

summer solstice (kupu kē atu: Ihu o Hineraumati)

rahā

lahar (takenga mai: He kupu mino mai i te reo Javanese.)

raho

testes

rahoto

scoria (kupu kē atu: rangitoto)

rāihi kōataata

terrarium (takenga mai: rāihi – small enclosure; kōataata – transparent)

raima

concrete, limestone (takenga mai: He kupu mino)

rakarua

ambidextrous (kupu kē atu: ringarua)

rākau koroī

gymnosperm, conifer (takenga mai: koroī – fruit of white pine)

Rākaunui

full moon (kupu kē atu: Ōturu*)

rama

artificial light

rangi

day (kupu kē atu: rā)

rangitoto

scoria (kupu kē atu: rahoto)

rangitoto

lava (kupu kē atu: tahepuia)

ranu ~a ~nga

mix, mixture

Ranunga Taetohu

Universal Indicator (takenga mai: ranu – mix; tae – colour; tohu – mark, sign, show)

rapa

rubber (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

rāpoi ngota

molecule (takenga mai: rāpoi – cluster; ngota – atom)

rara

rib

rārangi hāngai

normal (perpendicular line)

rau

leaf

rauhoro

deciduous (takenga mai: rau – leaf; horo – drop off) (kupu kē atu: tokerauhoro)

rauhuru

frond (kupu kē atu: pītau, tētē)

raukōpaki

sepal

raumāota

evergreen (kupu kē atu: māotaota)

raumati

summer (kupu kē atu: matiti*)

raupapa kame

food chain (takenga mai: raupapa – put in order; kame – eat, food) (kupu kē atu: tāhuahua)

raupapa pūngao

energy chain

raupapatanga hohe

reactivity series (takenga mai: raupapa – put in order; hohe [tauhohe] – reaction [chemical])

raupua

petal

raurapa

broadleaf (takenga mai: rau – leaf; rapa – anything broad and flat)

rauropi

organism

rauropi papa

host organism

rauropi pūtautahi

protist, single-celled organism

rautaki para

waste strategy

rautātea

artificial insemination (takenga mai: rau – place in; tātea – semen)

rauwhero

bronze

rawa māori

natural resource

rawa taketake

raw material

rawa whakahou

renewable resource

rawa whatungarongaro

non-renewable resource (takenga mai: rawa – resource; whatungarongaro – disappear)

raweke ira

genetic engineering, genetic modification

rāwekeweke parakaingaki

sewage treatment

rāwekeweke – manipulate

dependent variable (takenga mai: taurangi – variable; whakamauru – lean upon)

rawhi

clip

rei

peat

rekareka

orgasm

renarena mata

surface tension (takenga mai: renarena – taut, close; mata – surface)

repe

gland

repe hūware

salivary gland

repe hūware pupuhi

mumps, infectious parotitis (takenga mai: repe – gland; hūware – saliva; pupuhi – swell)

repe kōihi

adrenal gland

repe noni

sebaceous gland (takenga mai: repe – gland; noni – oil)

repe taiaki huka

pancreas (takenga mai: repe – gland; taiaki huka – insulin)

repe tenga

thyroid gland

repe tōhau

sweat gland

repe tupu

pituitary gland

repe ure

prostate gland

repe waiū

mammary gland

repo

swamp

rere tipua

pyroclastic flow (takenga mai: rere – flow; tipua – object of awe or terror)

rerenga iakawe

convection current (takenga mai: rerenga [rere] – flow; iakawe – convection)

Rerenga o Tamanuiterā

solar system (kupu kē atu: Whānau a Tamanuiterā)

rerenga para

waste stream

rerenga rauropi

biodiversity (kupu kē atu: kanorau koiora)

rerewai

osmosis (takenga mai: rere – flow; wai – water)

rewa

melt

rewha

eyelid (kupu kē atu: pae karu, kupu putaiao: blepharon, palpebra)

rewharewha

influenza

riha

pest (takenga mai: riha – nit, bad)

riha rāwaho

introduced pest

ringarua

ambidextrous (kupu kē atu: rakarua)

rino

iron (tohu: Fe) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

rino kōwakawaka

corrugated iron (takenga mai: kōwakawaka - grooved, fluted)

rino ōkai

iron oxide (tohu: Fe2O3)

rino pākawa ota

iron nitrate (tohu: Fe(NO3)3) (kupu kē atu: rino naiate [kupu mino])

rino pākawa pungatara

iron sulphate (tohu: FeSO4) (kupu kē atu: rino hāwhate [kupu mino])

rino pūhaumāota

iron chloride (tohu: FeCl3) (kupu kē atu: rino kōrai [kupu mino])

rino waihā

iron hydroxide (tohu: Fe(OH)2) (kupu kē atu: rino haitorowai [kupu mino])

rinotō

magnetite, lodestone (takenga mai: rino – iron; tō – pull)

ripa hapa

fault line (takenga mai: ripa – ridge, boundary; hapa – fault, be in need of anything)

rīroi

rodent (takenga mai: rīroi – rat)

roa o te ngaru

wavelength

rohe kōreporepo

wetlands (kupu kē atu: kūkūwai)

rohe pātītī

tussock land

Roiata

Milky Way (kupu kē atu: Mangōroa*)

rokiroki (kai)

preserve (food)

rōnaki

slope, gradient

Rongo

Saturn

rongo kakara

sense of smell

rongo tāwara

sense of taste

rongo whakapā

sense of touch

rongoā āraimate

vaccine, vaccination (takenga mai: rongoā – remedy, preservative against sickness; ārai – ward off; mate – illness)

rongoā paturopi

antibiotic

roraha ~nga

diffract, diffraction (takenga mai: roraha – spread out, expanded, scattered about)

rōrahi

volume (of a substance or container) (takenga mai: rō [roto] – inside; rahi – size)

roro

brain

roro hiringa

cerebrum

roro tuarongo

cerebellum

roroha

elastic (kupu kē atu: kūtorotoro)

rou mamao

remote control (takenga mai: rou - a long stick used to reach anything, reach or procure by means of a pole; mamao - distant)

rou whakauru

input device (takenga mai: rou - a long stick used to reach anything, reach or procure by means of a pole; whakauru - to enter, put in)

rū ~hia

earthquake

rū whakawhiti

seismic wave (takenga mai: rū – earthquake, tremor; whakawhiti – convey across, cross over)

rua

crater

rua pango

black hole (kupu kē atu: āputa rangi)

ruahinetanga

menopause (kupu kē atu: tūpātanga)

ruahuru

hair follicle

ruakano

ovarian follicle (takenga mai: rua – pit, hole; kano [kākano] – seed)

ruapara

landfill, rubbish dump

ruinga kākano

seed dispersal

rūmua

foreshock

rūmuri

aftershock

rūpaku

tremor

t

tae

colour (kupu kē atu: kano)

tāhau

shin

tāhawahawa ~tia

contaminate

tahe

miscarriage, abortion

tahe

sap (kupu kē atu: tarawai)

tahe māori

spontaneous abortion, natural abortion

Tāhei Aorangi Iti

Asteroid Belt

tāhei konurua

bi-metal strip (takenga mai: tāhei – band, stripe; konu [konganuku] – metal; rua – two)

tahepuia

lava (takenga mai: tahe – exude, flow; puia – volcano) (kupu kē atu: rangitoto)

tahepuia rōwai

pillow lava (takenga mai: tahepuia – lava; rō – in; wai – water)

tahetoka

amber (takenga mai: tahe – sap of a tree; toka [totoka] – solid) (kupu kē atu: tarawai totoka)

tāhiko

electronic (takenga mai: tā – carve, fashion, causative prefix; hiko – electricity)

tahu ~na

combust, burn, ignite (kupu kē atu: ngingiha)

Tahu-nui-a-rangi

aurora australis

tāhuahua

sand dune

tāhuahua

food chain (kupu kē atu: raupapa kame)

tahumaero

disease (kupu kē atu: mate)

tāhuna

sandy shore (kupu kē atu: takutai onepū)

tai

tide

tai heke

ebb tide, low tide (kupu kē atu: tai timu*)

tai huki

spring tide (kupu kē atu: tai nunui*)

tai ninihi

neap tide (kupu kē atu: tai ririki*)

tai nunui

spring tide (kupu kē atu: tai huki*)

tai pari

high tide (kupu kē atu: tai tū*)

tai ririki

neap tide (kupu kē atu: tai ninihi*)

tai timu

ebb tide, low tide (kupu kē atu: tai heke*)

tai tū

high tide (kupu kē atu: tai pari*)

taiaho

laser (takenga mai: taiaho [taiahoaho] - very bright)

taiaki

hormone (takenga mai: tai – prefix sometimes with a qualifying force; aki [akiaki] – urge on)

taiaki huka

insulin

taiaki taihemahema

sex hormone, reproductive hormone

taiaki tāne

testosterone

taiaki tenga

thyroxine

taiaki tūmua

progesterone (takenga mai: taiaki – hormone; tūmua – precede)

taiaki tupuaka

rooting hormone

taiaki uwha

oestrogen

taiaki waiū

prolactin

taiaki whakahari

endorphin, endomorphin

taiao

environment

taihema toa

male reproductive organs

taihema uwha

female reproductive organs

taihemahema

reproductive organs, sexual organs

taihua

intertidal zone

taikoraha

mudflat

taiohi ~nga

adolescent, adolescence, youth

taioke

dioxin (takenga mai: oke [tāoke] - toxic; taioke - he kupu mino)

taiora ~nga

nutrient, nutrition

taitapa tīpako

quadrant frame

taiwhanga pūtaiao

science laboratory

Taka Pūmotu

Periodic Table (takenga mai: taka – lie in a heap; pūmotu – element)

tākahikahi

sedge

tākai ~tia

packaging

takakaha

tibia, shin bone

takakino ~hia

pollute (kupu kē atu: poke)

takapū

calf muscle

takawai

silicon (tohu: Si) (takenga mai: takawai – quartz) (kupu kē atu: hirikana [kupu mino])

takawai

humidity (kupu kē atu: pīpīwai)

takawhīwhiwhi

kaleidoscope (takenga mai: taka – revolve; takawhīwhiwhi – entangled, interlaced)

taketake

endemic

Taki o Autahi

Southern Cross (kupu kē atu: Māhutonga*)

tākihi

kidney

takini

sphincter

takirere

valve (takenga mai: taki – lead, bring along; rere – flow)

tākirirangi

rocket (takenga mai: tākiri – rush, charge; Rangi – Sky, heaven, upper regions)

takiwā kōpaka

ice age (takenga mai: takiwā - period of time; kōpaka - ice)

tākohu

water vapour (kupu kē atu: wairehu)

tākohukohu

volatile

takoki

sprain (kupu kē atu: tanoi)

takurua

winter (kupu kē atu: hōtoke*)

takutai onepū

sandy shore (kupu kē atu: tāhuna)

Tama-i-waho

Pluto (kupu kē atu: Whiro)

Tamanuiterā

Sun (kupu kē atu: Rā)

tāmata ~hia

cultivate (soil) (kupu kē atu: pāpako)

tāmeha

solvent (takenga mai: tā – causative prefix; meha [memeha] – be dissolved)

tāmi ahi

fire blanket

tamomo

fontanelle (kupu kē atu: koama)

tāmore

taproot (kupu kē atu: more)

tāmura

splint (takenga mai: tā – stem, causative prefix; mura – blaze)

tangai

vertebrae

tangai kakī

cervical vertebrae

tangai tuaiwi

lumbar vertebra

Tangaroa

Neptune

tangitene

tungsten (tohu: W) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tango katote

deioniser

tanoi

sprain (kupu kē atu: takoki)

tanuku

fault (geological) (kupu kē atu: hapa)

tāoke ~tia

toxic (takenga mai: tā – prefix having causative force; oke – ill, ailing)

taonga tautaiao

ecoproduct (takenga mai: taonga - property, goods, object; tau - befitting, calm, settled; taiao - environment; tautaiao - environmentally friendly)

tapuwae waro

carbon footprint

tara

vagina

tārahu hiko

electric hotplate (takenga mai: tārahu – native oven; hiko – electricity)

tarapu

stapes, stirrup

taratarawai

heartburn (kupu kē atu: koeha)

tārāuma

thorax

tarawai

sap (kupu kē atu: tahe)

tarawai totoka

amber (kupu kē atu: tahetoka)

tarawhiti

saddle (of a worm) (takenga mai: tarawhiti – hoop, ring, encircle)

tārere

pendulum

tārewa ~tanga

suspend, suspension (takenga mai: tārewa – hanging, afloat)

tarikai

phloem (takenga mai: tari – carry; kai – food) (kupu kē atu: kōkai)

taringa

ear

taringa roto

inner ear

taringa waenga

middle ear

taringa waho

outer ear

tariwai

xylem (takenga mai: tari – carry; wai – water) (kupu kē atu: kōtai)

tāroki

preservative (takenga mai: tā – causative prefix; roki [rokiroki] – preserve)

tarutaru

weed (kupu kē atu: māheuheu)

tātā

stem or stalk of a plant (kupu kē atu: tō)

tātai matū

chemical formula (takenga mai: tātai – calculate, arrange, set in order; matū – chemical)

tātai tuarangi

cosmos (kupu kē atu: pūnaha tukupū)

tātairanga kukū

titration (takenga mai: tātai – measure; kukū – concentration)

tatakī ~nga

viscous, viscosity

tātari ~tia ~tanga

filter, filtration (takenga mai: tātari – strain, sift, strainer, sieve)

tātari aho

light filter

tātari tae

colour filter

tatauranga para

waste audit

tātea

sperm

tātua poutiriao

zodiac (takenga mai: tātua - belt; poutiriao - spiritual guardian)

tāturi

earwax, cerumen

tau

year

tau aho

light year

tau iraoho

atomic number (takenga mai: tau – number; iraoho – proton)

tau karihi (o te ngota)

(atomic) mass number (takenga mai: tau – number; karihi – nucleus)

tau kuhurangi

leap year (takenga mai: tau – year; kuhu – insert, join; rangi – day)

tauhae

stigma

tauhangarua

recyclable (takenga mai: tau - be possible; hangarua - recycle)

tāuhi ā-hiko

electroplating (takenga mai: tā – causative prefix; uhi – cover; hiko – electricity)

tauhohe ~nga

reaction (takenga mai: tau – prefix denoting a reciprocal action; hohe [whakahohe] – energise, invigorate)

tauhohe karihi

nuclear reaction

tauhohe matū

chemical reaction (takenga mai: tau – prefix denoting a reciprocal action; hohe [whakahohe] – energise, invigorate; matū – chemical)

tauhohe ngingiha

combustion reaction

tauhohe ōheketanga

reduction reaction (takenga mai: tauhohe – reaction; heke – descend)

tauhohe ōhikitanga

oxidation reaction (takenga mai: tauhohe – reaction; hiki – lift up, raise)

tauhohe pāhiko

electrolysis (takenga mai: tauhohe – reaction; pā – touch, strike; hiko – electricity)

tauhohe pauwera

endothermic reaction (takenga mai: tauhohe – reaction; pau – consumed; wera – heat)

tauhohe putawera

exothermic reaction (takenga mai: tauhohe - reaction; puta – come forth, come out; wera – heat)

taumaha

weight (takenga mai: taumaha – heavy)

tāupe

variable (kupu kē atu: taurangi)

taupoki

cap

taupori

population (takenga mai: tau – count; pori – people, tribe)

taupuhipuhi ~nga

interdependent, interdependence (takenga mai: taupuhipuhi – lean on one another)

taupuni ātea

space station (takenga mai: taupuni – place of assignation; ātea – space)

taupuni hangarua

recycling centre (takenga mai: taupuni – place of assignation; hangarua – recycle)

taupuni whakawhiti para

transfer station

taura hiko

electric cord

tauraki ~tia

dehydrate, dehydrated (takenga mai: tauraki – dry by exposure to the sun, dried)

tauraki

drought

tauraki-tio

freeze-dry

taurangi

variable (takenga mai: taurangi – unsettled, changing, changeable) (kupu kē atu: tāupe)

taurangi rāwekeweke

independent variable (takenga mai: taurangi – variable; rāwekeweke – manipulate)

taurangi whakamauru

dependent variable (takenga mai: taurangi - variable; whakamauru - lean upon)

taurangi whakatina

control variable (takenga mai: taurangi – variable; whakatina – fasten, fix, put under restraint)

tauranu

miscible (takenga mai: tau – be possible; ranu – mix)

tauranu-kore

immiscible (takenga mai: tau – be possible; ranu – mix; kore – not, negative)

tauru

pulley (takenga mai: tauru – roller)

taurua

biennial

tautahi

annual

tautaiao

eco~, environmentally friendly (takenga mai: tau – befitting, calm, settled; taiao – environment)

tautini

perennial

tautohu ~a

identify

tautuhi ~tia

define, specify

tauwhata

point on a scale (takenga mai: tau - number; whata [āwhata] - scale)

tawhā

caldera (takenga mai: tawhā – crack, chasm)

tawhera whārahi

microscope slide (takenga mai: tawhera - to be open, gaping)

tawhiti

distance

Te Niao Ahi o Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa

Pacific Rim of Fire (takenga mai: niao – rim, edge; ahi – fire; Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa – Pacific Ocean)

Te Uri Māroa

Gondwanaland

teatea

sclera

teitei

altitude (takenga mai: teitei – high, lofty) (kupu kē atu: tiketike)

teitei

amplitude

tenga

goitre (kupu kē atu: mate pukukakī)

tepe

clot

tepetoto

blood clot

tēpu taiao

nature table

tere

speed

tere (o te) aho

speed of light

tere (o te) hou

speed of sound

tere mōrahi

terminal velocity (takenga mai: tere - speed; mōrahi - maximum, upper limit)

tere pūmau

constant speed

tere toharite

average speed

tere whaiahu

velocity (takenga mai: tere - speed; whai - to possess; ahu - direction)

tero

anus (kupu kē atu: tou*)

terotero

intestine, bowel, gut (kupu kē atu: kōpiro)

tētē

frond (kupu kē atu: pītau, rauhuru)

tetepe

coagulate

tewe pūkohu wai

algal film

tika

accurate, correct

tīkākā

sunburn

tiketike

altitude (kupu kē atu: teitei)

tikotiko

diarrhoea (kupu kē atu: kotere*)

timu

coccyx, tailbone

tinaku ~tanga

germinate, germination

tinei ~a

switch off (an electric current or device) (kupu kē atu: whakaweto, whakapoko)

tīngoingoi

villi (takenga mai: tīngoingoi – protuberance, knob)

tini

tin (tohu: Sn) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

tioata

crystal (takenga mai: tio – ice; ata [kōataata] – transparent)

tiomimi

urea (kupu kē atu: matū mimi)

tiori

resound, resonant

tīpona

node (takenga mai: tīpona – form a swelling or knot)

tīpona waitinana

lymph node

tipu

plant (takenga mai: tipu – shoot, bud, growth)

tipu kākano-kore

non-seedbearing plant

tipu māotaota

herbaceous plant (takenga mai: māotaota - be evergreen)

tipu pipiri

epiphyte (takenga mai: tipu – plant; pipiri – stick, adhere, cling)

tipu pua-kore

non-flowering plant

tipu whai kākano

seedbearing plant

tipu whaipua

flowering plant, angiosperm

tiriona waematihiko

terabyte (tohu: TB) (takenga mai: tiriona - trillion [kupu mino]; wae - unit of measurement; matihiko - digital) (kupu kē atu: terapaita [kupu mino])

titiwai

glow-worm

tītōhea

barren (land) (kupu kē atu: hahore)

tītongi ~tia

graze (takenga mai: tītongi – peck at, nibble)

tīwai

trunk (of a tree) (kupu kē atu: kahiwi*)

tiwha

iris

tō ~ia

pull

stem or stalk (of a plant) (kupu kē atu: tātā, kakau)

tō ā-papa

gravity (takenga mai: tō – pull; papa – the Earth)

toa

male (plant or animal)

toene

spawn, roe (kupu kē atu: paratau)

toenga tāoke

toxic residue

toenga whakapopo

detritus (takenga mai: toenga - left overs; whakapopo - cause to rot or decay)

toharite

mean, average (takenga mai: toha [tohatoha] – distribute; rite – balanced, equivalent)

tohorā

whale (kupu kē atu: ika moana*)

tohu aronga

compass (to show direction) (kupu kē atu: kāpehu)

tohu hihi

radiometer (takenga mai: tohu – sign, signal; hihi – ray, radiation)

tohu waikawa

litmus (takenga mai: tohu – mark, sign, show; waikawa – acid)

tohuhema

gamete (kupu kē atu: pūtau hema)

tohurau

Celsius

toi

vine (kupu kē atu: aka*)

tōiriiri ~nga

vibrate, vibration

toitū

sustainable (takenga mai: toitū – permanent)

toka

rock

toka kāhuarau

metamorphic rock (takenga mai: toka – rock; kāhua – form, appearance; rau – many)

toka kōngutu

igneous rock (kupu kē atu: toka ngiha)

toka konumohe

bauxite (takenga mai: toka – rock; konumohe – aluminium)

toka māhurehure

conglomerate (rock) (takenga mai: toka – rock; māhurehure – cut to pieces, reduced to fragments)

toka ngiha

igneous rock (takenga mai: toka – rock; ngiha – fire, burn) (kupu kē atu: toka kōngutu)

toka parataiao

sedimentary rock (takenga mai: toka – rock; parataiao - sediment)

toka puia

volcanic rock

toka rāroto

intrusive rock

toka rāwaho

extrusive rock

toka tukukore

impermeable rock (takenga mai: toka - rock; tuku - to release, let down, allow; kore - negative)

toka tukunoa

permeable rock (takenga mai: toka - rock; tuku - release, let down, allow; noa - unimpeded)

tokahuke

ore (takenga mai: toka – stone, rock; huke – dig up, expose by removing earth)

tōkai

sexual intercourse, copulate (kupu kē atu: ai*)

tokaparu

mudstone

tokapata

granite

tokarangi

asteroid (kupu kē atu: aorangi iti)

tokarewa

magma (takenga mai: toka – rock; rewa – melt)

tokerau

autumn (kupu kē atu: ngahuru)

tokerauhoro

deciduous (kupu kē atu: rauhoro)

tōkiri ~tia

thrust, propel (takenga mai: tōkiri - to shove, thrust lengthwise)

tōmiti

evaporate (kupu kē atu: whakaeto)

tona

nodule, wart

tōneke

trolley

tonetone

clitoris

tōngāmimi

bladder

tōngātiko

rectum

tōpana

force (takenga mai: tō – pull; pana – push)

tōpana ātete

drag (takenga mai: tōpana – force; ātete – oppose, resist)

tōpana autō

magnetic force

tōpana hiki

lift (takenga mai: tōpana – force; hiki – lift up, raise)

tōpana hikotū

electrostatic force

tōpana kore-pā

non-contact force

tōpana pā

contact force

tōpana papare

repulsive force

tōpana pēhi

compression force

tōpana pipiri

attractive force

tōpana pūmau

constant force

tōpana renarena

tension force

tōpana tapeke

net force

tōpana taurite

balanced force

tōpana ue

push (takenga mai: ue - to push, shove, shake) (kupu kē atu: pana)

tōpana whakahuri

torque (takenga mai: tōpana – force; whakahuri – turn)

tōpana whakaroto

centripetal force (takenga mai: tōpana - force; whakaroto - toward the inside)

tōpana whakarunga

upthrust (takenga mai: tōpana – force; whakarunga – upward direction)

tōpana whakawaho

centrifugal force (takenga mai: tōpana - force; whakawaho - in an outward direction)

tōpito kōpaka

polar ice cap

tōpuku

bulb (of a plant)

tōranga

polarity (takenga mai: tō - to pull; ranga - suffix forderived noun; tō [tōraro] - negative; tō [tōrunga] - positive)

tōraro

negative (takenga mai: tō – that of, pertaining to; raro – below, down)

tōrino

ear drum

toro ~na

probe

torohaki

thrust, jet, rocket

torohihi

hyphae

toroihi

bud (of a plant) (kupu kē atu: wana*)

torongū

larva

tōrunga

positive (takenga mai: tō – that of, pertaining to; runga – above)

tōtā ~tia

condense, condensation (takenga mai: tōtā – sweat, condensed vapour)

tōtāwairehu

precipitation (takenga mai: tōtā – condensation; wairehu – water vapour) (kupu kē atu: hekenga wai)

tote

salt (kupu kē atu: pāhare)

toto

blood

toto hāora-kore

deoxygenated blood

toto hāoraora

oxygenated blood

totohu

sink

totoka

solid (takenga mai: toka – stone, rock, solid; totoka – become solid, set) (kupu kē atu: utoka)

totoka koiora

biosolids

tou

anus (kupu kē atu: tero*)

tuaiwi

backbone, spine

tuaiwi-kore

invertebrate

tuaka

axis (of a graph)

tuaka

midrib (of a leaf)

tuakaihautanga o Tamanuiterā

solstice

tuakoi raki

northern hemisphere (takenga mai: tuakoi – divide, separate, boundary, division; raki – north)

tuakoi tonga

southern hemisphere (takenga mai: tuakoi – divide, separate, boundary, division; tonga – south)

tuangahere

deforestation (takenga mai: tua - to fell, cut down; ngahere - forest) (kupu kē atu: whakarake)

tuarangi

space (kupu kē atu: ātea)

tūātupu

stage of growth (of an organism) (takenga mai: tūā – period, stage; tupu – grow)

tūāwhiorangi

spectrum (takenga mai: tūāwhiorangi – rainbow or personification thereof)

tūāwhiorangi autōhiko

electromagnetic spectrum

tuha ~ina ~nga

ejaculate, ejaculation

tūhoto

solder (takenga mai: tūhoto – join)

tūhua

obsidian (kupu kē atu: mātara*)

tūhura ~tia ~tanga

investigate, investigation

tūhuratanga ā-ringa

practical investigation

tuipūmua

ribosome (takenga mai: tui – bind; pūmua – protein)

tukanga

process

tukanga toitū

Close the Loop (takenga mai: tukanga – process; toitū – sustainable)

tuku ~na

transmit

tuku awhikiri

immunise, immunisation, inoculate

tuku hauota

denitrification

tuku rongoā āraimate

vaccinate, vaccination

tuku-auahi pango

black smokers

tukukano

ovulate, ovulation

tukukore

impermeable (takenga mai: tuku – allow, let; kore – not, negative)

tukumate

pathogen

tukunga iho

heredity

tukunoa

permeable (takenga mai: tuku – allow, let; noa – without restraint)

tukuoro

loudspeaker (takenga mai: tuku - to release, give off; oro - sound)

tukupara

excrete (kupu kē atu: whakatikotiko)

tukupūngao

respiration (takenga mai: tuku – release, let go; pūngao – energy)

tukurua ~tia

recycle (kupu kē atu: hangarua)

tukutaritari

semipermeable (takenga mai: tuku – allow, let; taritari – strain, sift)

tukuwai

transpire, transpiration (takenga mai: tuku – let go; wai – water)

Tūmatauenga

Mars (kupu kē atu: Matawhero)

tūmau kano

mordant (kupu kē atu: whakaū kano)

tūnga whakakopa

retort stand

tūngoungou

pupa

tūpātanga

menopause (kupu kē atu: ruahinetanga)

tūpuhi

storm (kupu kē atu: āwhā*)

tūpuku

inertia

tūrama

light (radiant) (kupu kē atu: aho*)

tūranga hauropi

ecological niche

ture tātai

formula (takenga mai: ture – rule; tātai – calculate)

turipona

knee joint

tūtae noke

vermicast (kupu kē atu: paranoke)

tūtanga

segmented (takenga mai: tūtanga - portion, segment)

tutu ~a

preserve (in fat)

tūwhenua

land breeze (kupu kē atu: hauwhenua*)

u

ua ~ina

rain (kupu kē atu: marangai*)

ua arotuki

frontal rain (takenga mai: aro – front; tuki [tukituki] – batter, dash)

ua ikeike

orographic rain (takenga mai: ikeike – high, lofty)

ua kawa

acid rain (takenga mai: ua – rain; kawa [waikawa] – acid)

ua kōtore

gluteus maximus

ua pākau

trapezius

ua pārūrū

convectional rain (takenga mai: ua – rain; pārūrū – sultry, hot)

ua pokohiwi

deltoid

ua whatu

hail (kupu kē atu: hukātara*)

uarei

pectoral muscle

uarua

biceps

uatoru

triceps

uaua

muscle

uaua aunoa

involuntary muscle (takenga mai: uaua – muscle; au – current; noa – spontaneously)

uaua autaki

voluntary muscle (takenga mai: uaua – muscle; au – current; taki – lead, bring along)

uaua manawa

cardiac muscle

uawhā

quadriceps

uhi angiangi

cover slip (takenga mai: uhi - to cover over; angiangi - thin, fine)

uira

lightning (kupu kē atu: kanapu*)

uku

clay

unahi o Takero

meteor, shooting star (kupu kē atu: kōkiri*)

unahiroa

comet (kupu kē atu: puaroa*)

ure

penis

ure tora

erection

uri

progeny, off spring (kupu kē atu: aitanga)

ururua

undergrowth, shrub layer

urutau ~nga

adapt, adaptation (takenga mai: uru – enter; tau – settle down)

urutaunga hanganga

structural adaptation

urutaunga whaiaroaro

functional adaptation, physiological adaptation

urutaunga whanonga

behavioural adaptation

uruumu pona

arthritis (kupu kē atu: pona kakā)

utoka

solid (kupu kē atu: totoka)

uwha

female (plant or animal)

w

wā ā-nuku

geologic time (kupu kē atu: tuauri whāioio)

wae iahiko

ampere (amp) (tohu: A) (takenga mai: wae [waeine] - unit of measurement; iahiko – electric current)

wae ngaohiko

volt

wae pāoro

decibel (tohu: dB) (takenga mai: wae [waeine] – unit of measurement; pā [kahapā] – intensity; oro – sound)

wae parehiko

ohm (tohu: Ω) (takenga mai: wae [waeine] - unit of measurement; pare – turn aside, ward off, divert; hiko – electricity)

wae pūngoi

joule (tohu: J) (takenga mai: wae [waeine] - unit of measurement; pū – source, origin; ngoi – energy) (kupu kē atu: hure [kupu mino])

waea

wire

waea ārai hiko

insulated wire

waea hiko

power lines

waea katiara

fuse wire (takenga mai: waea – wire; kati – block up, obstruct, barrier; ara – way, path, means of conveyance)

waea rauangi

filament (of a light bulb)

waea whakatipu moroiti

inoculating loops

waehanga

component (takenga mai: wae – part; hanga – build, make, fashion)

waeine

unit of measurement

waekaha

watt (takenga mai: wae [waeine] – unit of measurement; kaha – power) (kupu kē atu: wata)

waematihiko

byte (takenga mai: wae - unit of measurement; matihiko - digital) (kupu kē atu: paita [kupu mino])

waerau

polymer (takenga mai: wae – unit; rau –multitude, number)

waetoru

tripod (takenga mai: wae [waewae] – foot; toru – three)

waha kōpū

cervix

wāhanga pūtau

organelle (takenga mai: wāhanga – part; pūtau – cell)

wahapū

estuary (kupu kē atu: ngutuawa)

wai

water (tohu: H2O)

wai ewaro

methylated spirits (takenga mai: wai – liquid; ewaro – ethane)

wai kūnatu

digestive juices (kupu kē atu: wai nakunaku)

wai nakunaku

digestive juices (kupu kē atu: wai kūnatu)

wai papī

leachate (takenga mai: wai - water, liquid; papī - ooze, leak, seep) (kupu kē atu: wai whakapākeka)

wai rere noa

runoff (takenga mai: wai - water; rere - to flow; noa - without restraint)

wai whakapākeka

leachate (takenga mai: pākeka – land that has been exhausted by cultivation) (kupu kē atu: wai papī)

waiate

bile

waihā

hydroxide (tohu: OH-) (takenga mai: wai – water; hā [hāora] – oxygen) (kupu kē atu: haitorowai [kupu mino])

waihā ewaro

ethanol (tohu: C2H5OH)

waihonga

nectar

waikahu

amniotic fluid (takenga mai: wai – water, liquid; kahu – membrane enveloping a foetus)

waikaru

aqueous humour

waikawa

acid (takenga mai: wai – water, liquid; kawa – bitter, sour, unpleasant taste)

waikawa amino

amino acid (takenga mai: waikawa – acid; amino - He kupu mino.)

waikawa ewaro

ethanoic acid, acetic acid (tohu: CH3COOH) (kupu kē atu: waikawa winika)

waikawa hauota

nitric acid (tohu: HNO3) (kupu kē atu: waikawa naiate [kupu mino])

waikawa kohuke

mineral acid

waikawa mewaro

methanoic acid, formic acid (tohu: HCOOH)

waikawa ngako

fatty acid

waikawa pūhaumāota

hydrochloric acid (tohu: HCl) (kupu kē atu: waikawa kōrai [kupu mino])

waikawa puku

gastric acid

waikawa pungatara

sulphuric acid (tohu: H2SO4) (kupu kē atu: waikawa hāwhate [kupu mino])

waikawa rēmana

citric acid, hydrogen citrate (tohu: C6H8O7)

waikawa tātariki

tartaric acid (tohu: C4H6O6) (takenga mai: tātariki - he kupu mino)

waikawa waiū

lactic acid (tohu: C3H6O3)

waikawa waro

carbonic acid (tohu: H2CO3) (kupu kē atu: waikawa kāpona [kupu mino])

waikawa whaiwaro

organic acid

waikawa winika

ethanoic acid, acetic acid (tohu: CH3COOH) (kupu kē atu: waikawa ewaro)

waikura ~tia

rust

waimeha ~tia

dilute

wainuku

ground water (takenga mai: wai - water; nuku - earth)

waipāhua

alkali (takenga mai: wai – water; pāhua [pāpāhua] – base)

waipara

sediment (kupu kē atu: parataiao, parakiwai)

waipēhi

hydraulic (takenga mai: wai - water; pēhi - to press down)

waipiro

alcohol (kupu kē atu: waiwaihā)

wairākau

compost (takenga mai: wairākau – manure)

wairehu

water vapour (kupu kē atu: tākohu)

waitātea

semen (takenga mai: wai - fluid; tātea - sperm)

waitepe

cytoplasm (takenga mai: wai – water, liquid; tepe – congeal, coagulate)

waitinana

lymph (takenga mai: wai - liquid, fluid; tinana - body)

waiwaha

sleet

waiwaihā

alcohol (kupu kē atu: waipiro)

waiwaro

hydrocarbon

waka ātea

spacecraft (kupu kē atu: waka tuarangi)

waka kōpiko tuarangi

space shuttle (takenga mai: waka – vehicle; kōpiko – go alternately in opposite directions; tuarangi – space)

waka tuarangi

spacecraft (kupu kē atu: waka ātea)

wākihi

wax (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: harare)

waku ~a

friction (takenga mai: waku – rub, scrape, abrade)

wana

bud (of a plant) (kupu kē atu: toroihi*)

wana

seedling

waro

carbon (tohu: C) (takenga mai: waro – burning coals, charcoal) (kupu kē atu: kāpona [kupu mino])

waro

coal (kupu kē atu: waro koranehe)

waro hāora-rua

carbon dioxide (tohu: CO2) (kupu kē atu: hauhā, kāpona ōkai-rua [kupu mino])

waro hāora-tahi

carbon monoxide (tohu: CO) (kupu kē atu: haukino, kāpona ōkai-tahi [kupu mino])

waro koranehe

coal (kupu kē atu: waro)

warowaihā

carbohydrate (takenga mai: waro – carbon; wai – water; hā [hāora] - oxygen)

wata

watt (takenga mai: He kupu mino) (kupu kē atu: wae kaha)

wāwāhinga matū

chemical decomposition

wāwāhinga pōkākā

thermal decomposition

wawaro

octane (tohu: C8H18) (takenga mai: wa [waru] – eight; waro [waiwaro] – hydrocarbon)

liquid (kupu kē atu:  wai)

wē tātari

filtrate (takenga mai: wē – liquid; tātari – filter)

wehekarihi

fission (takenga mai: wehe – separate; karihi – nucleus, nuclear)

wehenga pūtau

cell division (takenga mai: wehe – detach, divide; pūtau – cell)

weheruatanga o te ao

equator (takenga mai: weherua – divide into two)

wera

heat, hot (kupu kē atu: pōkākā)

werewere

wattle (of a bird) (kupu kē atu: peruperu)

weri

tentacle

weri

root hair

wētoto

plasma (takenga mai: wē – liquid; toto – blood)

weu

fibre (kupu kē atu: kaka)

weu uaua

muscle fibre

winika

ethanoate, acetate, vinegar (tohu: CH3CO2-) (takenga mai: winika – vinegar [kupu mino]) (kupu kē atu: ahitate [kupu mino])

wīra-ine

trundle wheel

wh

whāhaurehu

sublimation (takenga mai: whā – causative prefix; haurehu – gas)

whāhutahi

diode

whai rino

ferrous, containing iron (takenga mai: whai - to have, possess; rino - iron)

whai tuaiwi

vertebrate (takenga mai: whai – possessing, equipped with; tuaiwi – backbone)

whaihanga ~tia

simulation (takenga mai: whaihanga - make, construct, manipulate; whai [tāwhai] -copy; hanga - construct)

whāiti pūira

meiosis (takenga mai: whā – causative prefix; iti – small; pūira – chromosome) (kupu kē atu: maiohi [kupu mino])

whaitua autō

magnetic field

whaitua hiko

electric field

whaitua irahiko

electron shell (takenga mai: whaitua – region, space; irahiko – electron)

whaitua tō ā-papa

gravitational field

whaitua tōpana

force field (takenga mai: whaitua – region, space; tōpana – force) (kupu kē atu: mokowā tōpana)

whaiwaro

organic (containing carbon) (takenga mai: whai - to have, possess; waro - carbon)

whakaaraara para

waste recovery (takenga mai: whakaaraara - to lift, raise up, awaken; para - refuse, waste)

whakaaraara rawa tawhito

resource recovery

whakaata ~nga

mirror

whakaata ~hia ~nga

reflect, reflection

whakaata kōpapa

concave mirror

whakaata koropuku

convex mirror

whakaatu tīkorikori

oscilloscope

whakaehu ~nga

emulsify, emulsion (takenga mai: whakaehu – disperse)

whakaeto ~a ~nga

evaporate (kupu kē atu: tōmiti)

whakahā

exhale

whākaha

amplifier (takenga mai: whā – causative prefix; kaha – strength)

whakahaumako ~tia

fertiliser (takenga mai: whaka – causative prefix, to make; haumako – rich, fertile)

whakahaumako horihori

artificial fertiliser

whakahaumako māori

natural fertiliser

whakahohoro ~tia ~tanga

accelerate (kupu kē atu: whakatere)

whakahuri horipū

direct drive, direct transmission (takenga mai: whakahuri - to turn; horipū - direct)

whakahuri tātua

belt drive, belt transmission (takenga mai: whakahuri - to turn; tātua - belt)

whakaira ~nga

conceive, conception

whakaiti para

waste reduction

whakakā ~ngia

switch on (an electric current or device)

whakakī ngoine

pipette filler

whakakopa ~ina

clamp

whakakopa pūrama

bulb holder (takenga mai: whakakopa - to clasp, clutch; pūrama - bulb)

whakamakoha

expand (kupu kē atu: whakanui)

whakamakuru tipu

plant propagation (takenga mai: whakamakuru – make abundant, multiply; tipu – plant)

whakamamae

labour (birth)

whakamaroke

desiccator (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; maroke - dry)

whakamātau ~ria

experiment, test, trial

whakamātau tika

fair test

whakamatua ~tia

control, keep steady

whakamāturu

dropper (kupu kē atu: ngōpata)

whakamāunu

moult

whakamemeke

polio (takenga mai: whakamemeke – wasting, shrivelling of the limbs)

whakanaotanga toitū

sustainable production (takenga mai: whakanao – manipulate, operate on, make; toitū – sustainable)

whakangā

inhale

whakangū ~tia ~tanga

neutralise, neutralisation

whakanui ~a

expand (kupu kē atu: whakamakoha)

whakapae ~tia

hypothesis

whakapākeka ~tia

leach

whakapōauau

narcotic (takenga mai: whaka – causative prefix; pōauau – mistaken, confused)

whakapoko ~a

switch off (an electric current or device) (kupu kē atu: whakaweto ~a, tinei ~a)

whakapoko ahi

fire extinguisher (takenga mai: whakapoko - to put out, extinguish; ahi - fire)

whakapōturi

decelerate, deceleration (takenga mai: whaka – causative prefix, to make; pōturi – slow)

whakapōturi pūmau

constant deceleration

whakaputa uri

reproduction

whakaputa uri tōrua

sexual reproduction (takenga mai: whakaputa uri – reproduction; tō – be conceived; rua – two, double)

whakaputa uri tōtahi

asexual reproduction (takenga mai: whakaputa uri – reproduction; tō – be conceived; tōtahi – single, alone)

whakarake ~a

whakarake (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; rake - bare, bald, barren) (kupu kē atu: tuangahere)

whakarau pūngao

metabolism (takenga mai: whakarau – cause to germinate, multiply; pūngao – energy)

whakarōpū ~ngia ~tanga

classify, group

whakatahe ~a

induced abortion

whakatau ~ria ~nga

conclude, decide, determine

whakatau wā ā-nuku

geological dating

whakatere ~a ~nga

accelerate (kupu kē atu: whakahohoro)

whakatere ~a ~nga

navigate, navigation

whakaterenga pūmau

constant acceleration

whakatīaho

translucent

whakatiki ~a

diet (restriction of food consumed) (takenga mai: whakatiki – keep short of food)

whakatina koiora

biological control (takenga mai: whakatina – overcome, confine, put under restraint; koiora – biology)

whakatio ~hia

solidify, freeze (kupu kē atu: whakatoka, whātoka)

whakatō ~kia ~nga

fertilise, fertilisation (takenga mai: whakatō – cause to conceive, plant, insert)

whakatoka ~hia

solidify, freeze (kupu kē atu: whakatio, whātoka)

whakatōnga mōwaho

in vitro fertilisation

whakatōtā

condenser (of water vapour)

whakatupu ā-pia

inoculate (takenga mai: whakatupu – grow; pia – agar)

whakatupu ā-wai

hydroponic

whakaū kano

mordant (kupu kē atu: tūmau kano)

whakaū mahana

thermostat (takenga mai: whakaū - make firm; mahana - warm, warmth)

whakauru kukune

embryo insertion

whakawē ~nga

liquefy

whakaweto ~a

switch off (an electric current or device) (kupu kē atu: tinei ~a, whakapoko ~a)

whakawhānau ~tia

birth

whakawhiti ~a ~nga

transition

whakawhitinga para

waste exchange

whakawhitinga pōkākā

heat transfer

whakawhitinga pūngao

energy transfer

whākōkī

catalyst (takenga mai: whā - causative prefix; kōkī [kōkīkī] - fast)

whākōkī hūware

amylase (takenga mai: whākōkī - catalyst; hūware - saliva)

whākōkī nakunakuu

digestive enzyme (takenga mai: whākōkī - catalyst; nakunaku - to digest food)

whākōkī ngako

lipase (takenga mai: whākōkī – catalyst; ngako – fat, lipid)

whana hiko

electrical charge (takenga mai: whana – thrust, impel, charge, rush; hiko – electricity)

whana tōraro

negative charge

whana tōrunga

positive charge

whānau

family (classification of organism) (takenga mai: whānau – offspring, family group)

whānau ariki

celestial bodies

whānau kōaro

breech birth (takenga mai: whānau [whakawhānau] – birth; kōaro – inverted, turned right around)

whānau poka

Caesarean section (takenga mai: whānau [whakawhānau] – birth; poka – cut out)

whāngote

mammal (takenga mai: whāngote – suckle, cause to suck) (kupu kē atu: ngote ū)

whāngote waewae-rua

primate (takenga mai: whāngote – mammal; waewae-rua – two-legged)

whāomo ~tanga

efficient, efficiency (takenga mai: whāomo [whāomoomo] – tend, use sparingly, husband)

whāomo oneone

soil conservation (takenga mai: whāomo [whāomoomo] – conservation; oneone – soil)

whāomo wai

water conservation (takenga mai: whāomo [whāomoomo] – conservation; wai – water)

whāomoomo ~tia

conserve, conservation (takenga mai: whāomoomo – tend, use sparingly, husband)

whāomotanga pūngao

energy efficiency (takenga mai: whāomo – efficient; pūngao – energy)

whārahi karurua

binocular microscope

whare mātai ātea

observatory

whare ngaro

extinct (of a species) (kupu kē atu: korehāhā)

whare pua atua

sporangium (takenga mai: whare [whare tangata] - womb, uterus; pua atua - spore)

whare rangihori

planetarium

whare tangata

whare tangata (kupu kē atu: kōpū)

whare tautaiao

ecohouse

whare tūngoungou

cocoon

wharekano

ovary

whāriki waetoru

gauze mat

whārite matū taurite

chemical equation (balanced)

whārite matū tītaha

chemical equation (unbalanced)

whata ipuipu

test tube stand

whātata whakaata

reflecting telescope

whātoka

solidify, freeze (takenga mai: whā - causative prefix; toka - to be firm, solid) (kupu kē atu: whakatoka, whakatio)

whatungarongaro

non-renewable (takenga mai: whatungarongaro – disappear)

whaturei

sternum, breastbone

whāū pūira

mitosis (takenga mai: whā – causitive prefix; ū – be firm, fixed; pūira - chromosome) (kupu kē atu: maitohi [kupu mino])

whēkau

organ

whenua

land, country, ground

whenua

placenta, afterbirth (kupu kē atu: ewe)

whenua rahi

continent (kupu kē atu: paparahi)

Whērangi

Uranus

whetū

star

whetū ahoaho

supernova (takenga mai: whetū – star; ahoaho – pure white, shining) (kupu kē atu: pahūnga whetū)

whetū matarau

the pointers (stars)

whetū punarua

binary stars

wheua ngohe

cartilage

whiringa kai

diet (food consumed) (takenga mai: whiri [whiriwhiri] – select, choose; kai – food)

whiringa māori

natural selection

Whiro

Pluto (kupu kē atu: Tama-i-waho)

whitiārai

transistor

whitihiko

transformer

whiu para

waste disposal