!
Welcome to PAEKUPU, words related to Te Marautanga o Aotearoa. Curriculum areas presently available on PAEKUPU: Toi Ataata, Puoro, Ngā Mahi a te Rēhia
 
X
Puoro

Puoro

Māori → English

a

aho

string (kupu kē atu: au)

aho maitai

steel string

aho ngaiaku

nylon string

āhuatanga puoro

musical elements (kupu kē atu: huānga puoro)

āmaimai

nervous (kupu kē atu: ongaonga, taiatea)

anipā

anxious (kupu kē atu: āwangawanga, māharahara, mānatunatu, manawapā, mānukanuka)

apakura

lament, song of grief for someone killed in battle

āpitihanga tārawa

ledger line (takenga mai: āpitihanga - supplement; tārawa - line or rail on which anything is hung [staff, stave in music])

āputa

interval

āputa ngātahi

harmonic interval (takenga mai: āputa - interval, gap; ngātahi - together)

āputa tauaru

melodic interval (takenga mai: āputa - interval, gap; tauaru - to follow, pursue)

āria

aria (takenga mai: He kupu mino [Itāria].)

ariā puoro

music theory

aroā

perceive, perception, awareness (kupu kē atu: rongo ~hia, rangona [tūmahi hāngū])

au

string (kupu kē atu: aho)

auaha ~tanga

creative, creativity (takenga mai: auaha - create, fashion, shape, thrill with passion, throb)

auaha ~tanga

innovative (takenga mai: auaha - create, fashion, shape, thrill with passion, throb)

auau (o te ngaru oro)

frequency (of sound wave) (takenga mai: auau - frequently, again and again)

aurau

harp (takenga mai: au - string, cord; rau - many)

(taonga) autangi

string (instrument) (takenga mai: au - string, cord; tangi - sound, give forth a sound)

awai

drag (of a song)

āwangawanga

anxious (kupu kē atu: anipā, māharahara, mānatunatu, manawapā, mānukanuka)

āwhata

(musical) scale (takenga mai: āwhata [arawhata] - ladder)

āwhata heke

descending scale

āwhata matua

major scale

āwhata piki

ascending scale

āwhata rikiriki

minor scale (takenga mai: rikiriki - gloomy, small)

āwhata rikiriki whakahī

harmonic minor scale (takenga mai: whakahī - raise the pitch in a song)

āwhata rikiriki whakahīrua

melodic minor scale (takenga mai: whakahī - raise the pitch in a song; rua - two)

āwhata rima

pentatonic scale

āwhata tokitoki

chromatic scale (takenga mai: tokitoki - altogether, without exception)

āwhata waru

diatonic scale

h

tone, timbre (takenga mai: hā - breath, taste, flavour, tone of voice, tenor of a speech)

hakirara

ditty, light song

hāmama

shout, yell (kupu kē atu: hāparangi)

hāmama

yell, shout (kupu kē atu: hāparangi)

hanganga (puoro)

(musical) form

hangaoro

synthesiser (takenga mai: hanga - make, fashion, create; oro - sound) (kupu kē atu: huioro)

hangaoro papā

percussion synthesiser, drum synthesiser

hanihani

song of scorn and derision

hāona

horn (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hāparangi

shout, yell (kupu kē atu: hāmama)

hāparangi

yell, shout (kupu kē atu: hāmama)

hārearea

faint sound (kupu kē atu: hīrea)

hari ~a ~nga

lead a song (kupu kē atu: hī, taki)

hari ~a ~nga

song, sing (kupu kē atu: maire, pao, pīoriori, takitaki, tau, waiata)

haruru

resound, echo (kupu kē atu: paoro, pāorooro)

hautipua

prodigy

(tangi)

out of tune (of a musical instrument)

herenga aho

bridge (stringed instrument) (takenga mai: here - tie; aho - string)

hī ~a ~nga

lead a song (kupu kē atu: hari, taki)

hīanga

solo parts of a song

hiere

sound of voices, singing (kupu kē atu: iere)

hīkarotanga (puoro)

(musical) extract (takenga mai: hīkaro - to extract)

hīmene

hymn (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

(puoro) hipihope

hip-hop (music) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hipihope ohia

freestyle (music or dance) (takenga mai: hipihope - hip-hop; ohia - to think on the spur of the moment)

hīrea

faint sound (kupu kē atu: hārearea)

hiringa

inspiration (kupu kē atu: kauanuanu)

hītawe

high (pitch) (kupu kē atu: tīkā)

hohō ~tanga

distort (sound)

hohō ~tanga

hum, buzz (kupu kē atu: huhū, mapu, rangorango, tamumu, wheo, wheowheo)

hoihoi

(be) loud (kupu kē atu: rarahi, tīwerawera)

hono tārawa

grand staff (takenga mai: hono - join; tārawa - line or rail on which anything is hung [staff, stave in music])

hopu oro

record sound

hopunga puoro

sound recording (takenga mai: hopu - catch)

hopunga taketake

original recording

hopuoro

microphone (takenga mai: hopu - capture, seize; oro - sound)

hopuoro

pickup (takenga mai: hopu - capture, seize; oro - sound)

hopuoro irirangi

radio microphone, wireless mircophone

hopurangi

a traditional percussion instrument

hou

sound (kupu kē atu: oro, reo)

huānga puoro

musical elements (kupu kē atu: āhuatanga puoro)

hue puruhau

a traditional woodwind instrument

hue puruwai

a traditional percussion instrument

hue rarā

a traditional percussion instrument

huhū

hum, buzz (kupu kē atu: hohō, rangorango, tamumu, wheo, wheowheo, mapu)

hui ahurei

festival (kupu kē atu: hui taurima, taiopenga)

hui taurima

festival (kupu kē atu: hui ahurei, taiopenga)

huinga pahū

drum kit (kupu kē atu: kohinga pahū)

huioro

synthesiser (takenga mai: hanga - make, fashion, create; oro - sound) (kupu kē atu: hangaoro)

hunga mātakitaki

audience (kupu kē atu: minenga, kaimātakitaki, hunga whakarongo)

huripokinga tuarua

second inversion (whakapotonga: huripokinga 2)

huripokinga tuatahi

first inversion (whakapotonga: huripokinga 1)

i

iere

singing, sound of voices (kupu kē atu: hiere)

ihirangaranga

vibrations felt in waiata

inetaki

metronome (takenga mai: ine - to measure; taki - beat) (kupu kē atu: takitaki)

inetaki tāhiko

electronic metronome

inetaki tārere

pendulum metronome

k

kaea

a traditional wind instrument (kupu kē atu: koea, pūkaea, pūtahoro, tētere)

kahaoro

volume

kaikōtui

conductor (takenga mai: kai - prefix denoting agent; kōtui - lace, interlace) (kupu kē atu: kaiarataki)

kaimātakitaki

audience (kupu kē atu: hunga mātakitaki, hunga whakarongo, minenga)

kaitito

composer

kaiwaiata

vocalist, singer (kupu kē atu: reo waiata)

kaiwhakatangitangi

musician (kupu kē atu: ringapuoro)

kakano (puoro)

(musical) texture

kamu ~a

to join in a song

kapa waiata

choir (kupu kē atu: koaea [kupu mino] , tira waiata, rōpū waiata)

karanga manu

a traditional woodwind instrument

karanga weka

a traditional woodwind instrument

katokato ~hia

pluck (an instrument) (kupu kē atu: tākirikiri)

katokato ~hia

pick (to play a stringed instrument)

kauanuanu

inspiration (kupu kē atu: hiringa)

kauwhanga

boom (of a microphone stand) (takenga mai: kauwhanga - limb of a tree)

keka

a rhythmic chant without actions (kupu kē atu: pōkeka)

kete (puoro)

(musical) repertoire (takenga mai: kete - kit, basket; puoro - music)

kitā

guitar (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: kutā, rakuraku)

kitā hiko

electric guitar

kitā orooro

acoustic guitar

kitā panguru

bass guitar

kōauau

a traditional woodwind instrument

kōauau pongāihu

a traditional woodwind instrument, nose flute

kōauau pōrutu

a traditional woodwind instrument

koea

a traditional wind instrument (kupu kē atu: kaea, pūkaea, pūtahoro, tētere)

kohinga pahū

drum kit (kupu kē atu: huinga pahū)

konohete

concert (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: whakangahau)

kōpae

compact disc, CD, record

kōpae ataata

digital versatile disk (DVD) (takenga mai: kōpae - disk; ataata - video)

kōpere

bow (to play a string instrument)

(puoro) kōrangaranga

blues (takenga mai: kōrangaranga - ache, be in pain, vexed; kōranga - raise, lift up)

kōrangaranga tapa tekau mā rua

twelve bar blues

korihi

chorus, refrain (takenga mai: korihi - sing [as birds], dawn chorus; korihi - chorus [kupu mino])

korihi

refrain, chorus (takenga mai: korihi - [as birds], dawn chorus; korihi - chorus [kupu mino])

korokoro tūī

sweet singer (takenga mai: korokoro - throat; tūī - parson bird) (kupu kē atu: rōreka)

korokoro tūī

melodious voice (takenga mai: korokoro - throat; tūī - parson bird) (kupu kē atu: rōreka)

kōwiri

tuning key (takenga mai: kōwiri - twist)

a traditional string instrument

kūkau

Jew's harp, mouth harp (kupu kē atu: rōria, tararī)

kūrarī

mandolin

kutā

guitar (kupu kē atu: kitā, rakuraku)

m

māharahara

anxious (kupu kē atu: anipā, āwangawanga, mānatunatu, manawapā, mānukanuka)

maimai

song of affection for the dead (kupu kē atu: maimai aroha)

maimai

haka to welcome guests at a tangi

maire

song, sing (kupu kē atu: hari, pao, pīoriori, takitaki, tau, waiata)

mamae

a traditional woodwind instrument (kupu kē atu: pūrerehua, rangorango)

manahau

enraptured, ecstatic, delighted (kupu kē atu: manawarū)

manatārua

copyright (takenga mai: mana - authority, control; tārua - copy, duplicate) (kupu kē atu: manatā)

mānatunatu

anxious (kupu kē atu: anipā, āwangawanga, māharahara, manawapā, mānukanuka)

manawakura

muse (takenga mai: manawa - heart, seat of affection; kura [māreikura, whatukura] - order of female/male supernatural beings; kura - something cherised, dearly loved)

manawapā

anxious (kupu kē atu: anipā, āwangawanga, māharahara, mānatunatu, mānukanuka)

manawarū

delighted, enraptured, ecstatic (kupu kē atu: manahau)

manawataki

rhythm, cadence (kupu kē atu: mita, ūngeri)

mānukanuka

anxious (kupu kē atu: āwangawanga, māharahara, mānatunatu, manawapā, anipā)

māpara

maraca, castanet (takenga mai: māpara - pieces of wood used as castanets) (kupu kē atu: tōkere)

māpara

a traditional percussion instrument (kupu kē atu: tōkere)

mapu

hum, buzz (kupu kē atu: hohō, huhū, rangorango, tamumu, wheo, wheowheo)

mārire

soft (of sound) (kupu kē atu: ririki)

mārū

low (pitch) (takenga mai: mārū - low in tone)

mata

(a) prophetic song

mātai oro

acoustics (field of study) (takenga mai: mātai - inspect, examine; oro - sound)

minenga

audience (kupu kē atu: hunga mātakitaki, hunga whakarongo, kaimātakitaki)

mita

beat (kupu kē atu: taki)

mita

rhythm, cadence (kupu kē atu: manawataki, ūngeri)

momo puoro

musical genre

mōteatea

traditional chant

mōteatea

folk song

mōteatea

poem

mōteatea

sung poetry

mōteatea

lament

n

nuka puoro

musical device (takenga mai: nuka - device, stratagem)

ng

ngaringari

anthem

ngaringari

song to make people pull together

ngātahi

in unison (together)

ngeri

haka with no set movements

ngū

rest (takenga mai: ngū - silent)

nguru

a traditional woodwind instrument (kupu kē atu: pororua)

ngutu

mouthpiece

o

ongaonga

nervous (kupu kē atu: āmaimai, taiatea)

ono matua

major sixth

ono rikiriki

minor sixth

oriori

lullaby, song composed for the birth of a child (kupu kē atu: taiapo)

oro

note (music) (takenga mai: oro - sound)

oro

sound (kupu kē atu: hou, reo)

oro matihiko

digital audio (takenga mai: mati - digit; hiko - electric)

oro matua

tonic, home note (kupu kē atu: [oro] paetahi)

oro tāhiko

electronic sound

oro tauaro

contrasting sound (takenga mai: oro - sound, note; tauaro - opposite)

oro tongi

dotted note

oronoa

natural (note) (tohu: ♮) (takenga mai: oro - note [music]; noa - ordinary)

orooro

acoustic (takenga mai: pāorooro - resound)

ororite

in unison (pitch) (takenga mai: rite - corresponding)

ororuarangi

a traditional woodwind instrument

orotaha

flat, out of tune (of a voice) (takenga mai: taha - to pass by)

orotau

in tune (of a voice) (takenga mai: tau - neat, becoming, suitable)

orotaunaki

sound effect (takenga mai: taunaki - reinforce, support)

(oro) paeono

submediant, sixth degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; ono - six)

(oro) paerima

dominant, fifth degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; rima - five)

(oro) paerua

supertonic, second degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; rua - two)

(oro) paetahi

tonic (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; tahi - one) (kupu kē atu: oro matua)

(oro) paetoru

mediant, third degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; toru - three)

(oro) paewaru

octave, eighth degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; waru - eight) (kupu kē atu: waruoro)

(oro) paewhā

subdominant, fourth degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; whā - four)

(oro) paewhitu

leading note, seventh degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; whitu - seven)

(oro) takitoru

triad (takenga mai: oro - note; takitoru - in threes)

(oro) waehaurua

semitone, half tone (takenga mai: oro - musical note, sound; wae - unit, division; haurua - half)

(oro) waetahi

tone (interval) (takenga mai: oro - musical note, sound; wae - unit, division; tahi - one)

p

(puoro) hipihope

hip-hop (music) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

(puoro) kōrangaranga

blues (takenga mai: kōrangaranga - ache, be in pain, vexed; kōranga - raise, lift up)

pā hāoro

tone control (takenga mai: pā [pātene] - button [kupu mino]; pā - touch; hā - tone; oro - sound)

pā kahaoro

volume control (takenga mai: pā [pātene] - button [kupu mino]; pā - touch; kahaoro - volume)

(oro) paeono

submediant, sixth degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; ono - six)

paeoro

key (tonal framework) (takenga mai: pae - region, boundary; oro - sound)

paeoro matua

major key (takenga mai: paeoro - key [music]; matua - main)

paeoro rikiriki

minor key (takenga mai: paeoro - key [music]; rikiriki - gloomy, small)

paepane

nut (of a guitar or similar instrument) (takenga mai: pae - perch, rest, lie across; pane - head)

(oro) paerima

dominant, fifth degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; rima - five)

(oro) paerua

supertonic, second degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; rua - two)

(oro) paetahi

tonic (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; tahi - one) (kupu kē atu: oro matua)

paetapa

bar line (takenga mai: pae - boundary, region; tapa - bar [music])

(oro) paetoru

mediant, third degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; toru - three)

paetumu

saddle (of a guitar or similar instrument) (takenga mai: pae - perch, rest, lie across; tumu - foundation, stump, post)

(oro) paewaru

octave, eighth degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; waru - eight) (kupu kē atu: waruoro)

(oro) paewhā

subdominant, fourth degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; whā - four)

(oro) paewhitu

leading note, seventh degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; whitu - seven)

pahū

drum (kupu kē atu: taramu [kupu mino])

pahū nguru

bass drum (takenga mai: nguru [panguru] - bass, gruff)

pahū rarā

snare drum (takenga mai: rarā - rattle)

pahū rino

kettle drum (takenga mai: rino - metal)

pahū rino

timpani (takenga mai: rino - metal)

pahū tamarua

bongo drum

pahū tametame

tomtom drum (takenga mai: tametame - tomtom [kupu mino])

pahū tāroa

conga drum (takenga mai: tāroa - tall)

pāitiiti

fade (of sound), decline (kupu kē atu: tāromaroma)

pakakau

xylophone, marimba (takenga mai: pakakau - two sticks with which a sort of tune is played)

pakakau rino

glockenspiel (takenga mai: pakakau - two sticks with which a sort of tune is played [xylophone]; rino - metal)

pakakū

banjo (takenga mai: pakakū - make a harsh grating sound; kū - a one stringed instrument played with a stick)

pakipaki ~tia

clap (kupu kē atu: paki, papaki)

pakō

resound, pop, bang, boom, a loud sudden noise (kupu kē atu: pakū, papā)

pākuru ~a

a traditional percussion instrument (kupu kē atu: pānguru)

pākuru ~a

strike (an instrument) (kupu kē atu: pao)

pane

head (of a guitar or similar instrument)

panguru

bass, double bass (takenga mai: panguru - bass, gruff)

panguru hiko

electric bass

panguru orooro

acoustic bass

pao ~a

popular song

pao ~a

impromptu topical song to entertain

pao ~a

ditty

pao ~a

song, sing (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pīoriori, takitaki, tau, waiata)

pao ~a

strike (an instrument) (kupu kē atu: pākuru)

pāorooro

resound, echo (kupu kē atu: haruru, paoro)

paorua

cover (song) (takenga mai: pao - sing; rua - two)

(taonga) papā

percussion (instrument) (kupu kē atu: [taonga] tāpatupatu)

papā

resound, pop, bang, boom, a loud sudden noise (kupu kē atu: pakō, pakū)

papa patooro

keyboard (music) (takenga mai: papa - anything broad or flat; pato [patopato] - to tap; oro - sound, note)

papahū

reverb, reverbertion (takenga mai: papahū - to resound, reverberate)

papaki ~a

clap (kupu kē atu: paki, pakipaki)

papaki ā-tinana

body percussion

paparipa

fretboard (takenga mai: papa - flat surface; ripa - ridge [fret in music])

paratī

splash (cymbal) (takenga mai: paratī - to splash up; tī [tīwēwē] - cymbal)

pātere

chant, song of derision

patō

staccato (tohu: ) (takenga mai: patō - emit a sharp sudden sound)

patooro

key (of a musical keyboard) (takenga mai: pato [patopato] - tap; oro - sound, note)

pekerangi

disco (takenga mai: pekerangi - dance accompanied by song)

pēne

band (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: rōpū puoro)

peru

machine head (of a guitar or similar instrument) (takenga mai: peru - head of a nail etc.)

piana

piano (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

piki (tohu oro)

sharp (musical notation) (tohu: ♯) (takenga mai: piki - ascend, go upward)

pīoriori

song, sing (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pao, takitaki, tau, waiata)

poi

a traditional percussion instrument

poiāwhiowhio

a traditional percussion instrument

poipoinga

protégé (takenga mai: poipoi - to nurture)

pōkeka

rhythmic chant without actions (kupu kē atu: keka)

poki wenewene

valve cap (takenga mai: poki - cover over, cap; wenewene - fingerhole in flute)

pokipoki ~a

fingering (on a wind instrument)

pokitaringa

headphones (takenga mai: poki - cover over)

poro rākau

claves (kupu kē atu: tīare)

pororua

a traditional woodwind instrument (kupu kē atu: nguru)

porotiti

a traditional woodwind instrument

pōrutu

a traditional woodwind instrument, piccolo

pōtaerua

hi-hat (cymbal) (takenga mai: pōtae - hat; rua - two)

potipoti

conch shell trumpet (kupu kē atu: pūmoana, pūtātara)

pipe, tube

puare pāorooro

sound hole (kupu kē atu: rua pāoro)

(taonga) pūhau

woodwind (instrument)

pūhōkai

trombone (takenga mai: pū - tube; hōkai - extend and retract alternately)

pūhoru

bassoon

pūkaea

a traditional wind instrument (kupu kē atu: kaea, koea, pūtahoro, tētere)

pūkare

evocative, expressive (takenga mai: pū [pupū] - break forth, spring up; kare [kare ā-roto] - emotion)

pūkenga puoro

musicianship

pūkenga whakarongo

aural skill

pūkeru

organ (takenga mai: pū - tube; pūkeru - blow) (kupu kē atu: ōkena [kupu mino])

pūkeru paipa

pipe organ

pūkeru tāhiko

electronic organ

pūkeru tohetohe

reed organ

pūmoana

conch shell trumpet (kupu kē atu: potipoti, pūtātara)

pūmotomoto

a traditional woodwind instrument

pūngawī

bagpipes (takenga mai: pū - pipe, tube; ngawī - squeal, howl)

pūnguru

tuba (takenga mai: pū - tube; nguru [tanguru] - deep toned, gruff)

puoro

music (kupu kē atu: pūoru)

puoro arotini

pop music (takenga mai: aro - attend to, favour, be inclined toward; tini - many)

puoro aunuku

world music (takenga mai: au [aumoana] - open sea; nuku - wide extent, the Earth)

puoro kōmanawa

soul music (takenga mai: kōmanawa - spring, well up, of water and thoughts)

puoro kōmitimiti

fusion (takenga mai: kōmitimiti - combine, fuse, merge)

puoro ōkawa

classical music (takenga mai: ōkawa - formal)

puoro pekerangi

disco music (takenga mai: pekerangi - dance accompanied by song)

puoro rakapioi

rock and roll music (takenga mai: raka [kupu mino] - rock; pioi - to shake, sway)

puoro rakatū

rock music (takenga mai: rakatū - He kupu mino.)

puoro taketake

indigenous music

puoro tautoko

accompaniment

puoro tuatini

symphony (takenga mai: tuatini - with many parts, of many strands)

puoro tuawhenua

country music

puoro tuawhenua arotini

country pop music

puoro tuawhenua kōmanawa

country soul music

puoro tuawhenua kōrangaranga

country blues music

puoro tuawhenua mā-uru

country and western music

puoro tuawhenua rakatū

country rock music

puoro ūngeri kōrangaranga

rhythm and blues

puoro whakaari

opera (kupu kē atu: ōpera [kupu mino])

puoro whakatene

concerto (takenga mai: whakatene - sing the solo part of a song)

pūoru

music (kupu kē atu: puoro)

pūpū harakeke

a traditional woodwind instrument (kupu kē atu: pūpū whakarongotaua)

pūpūrangi

a traditional woodwind instrument

pūrere taki

beat box

pūrere tāpatupatu

drum machine

pūrere tuku irirangi

radio transmitter

pūrere whakataurite oro

equaliser (takenga mai: pūrere - device, machine; whakataurite - balance, match; oro - sound)

pūrerehua

a traditional woodwind instrument (kupu kē atu: mamae, rangorango)

puringa

hook (catchy musical phrase) (takenga mai: puri - hold on to, keep in the memory)

puru ~a

plug

purutaringa

earphones (takenga mai: puru - plug)

pūtahoro

clarinet (kupu kē atu: rehu matangi)

pūtahoro

a traditional wind instrument (kupu kē atu: kaea, koea, pūkaea, tētere)

pūtake tangiata

root position of a chord

pūtangitangi

harmonica, mouth organ (takenga mai: pū - blow gently, pipe, tube, flute; tangitangi - make a sound)

pūtātara

a traditional wind instrument

pūtātara

trumpet (musical instrument)

(taonga) pūtētere

wind (instrument), brass (instrument) (takenga mai: pū - tube; tētere - wind instrument, trumpet)

pūtohe

saxophone (takenga mai: pū - tube; tohe [tohetohe] - vibrating reed) (kupu kē atu: rehu kōkō)

pūtōiri

oboe (takenga mai: pū - tube; tōiri - tingle, vibrate, resound)

pūtōrino

a traditional woodwind instrument (kupu kē atu: pū)

pūtōrino

flute (kupu kē atu: pū)

pūwīwī

french horn (takenga mai: pū - tube; wīwī [Wīwī] - France)

(puoro) rangatū

march (music) (takenga mai: rangatū - to march, advance in order)

(puoro) rapi

rap (music) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

(puoro) tautito

jazz (music) (takenga mai: tautito [tautitotito] - sing songs in response to one another; tito [tito ohia] - improvise)

r

raihana

license (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: whakaaetanga)

rakapioi

rock and roll (takenga mai: raka - rock [kupu mino]; pioi - to shake, sway)

rakaraka ~ina

scratching

rākau pahū

drumstick (kupu kē atu: toko pahū)

rakuraku

guitar (kupu kē atu: kitā, kutā)

rāngai puoro

orchestra (takenga mai: rāngai - company, group; puoro - music)

rāngai puoro tuatini

symphony orchestra (takenga mai: rāngai - company, group; puoro - music; tuatini - with many parts, of many strands)

rangaranga (o te puoro)

(musical) structure (takenga mai: rangaranga - structure of a speech etc.)

(puoro) rangatū

march (music) (takenga mai: rangatū - to march, advance in order)

rangi

melody, tune

rangi inaki

canon, round (takenga mai: rangi - tune; inaki - overlap)

rangi pāhekoheko

counter-melody, counterpoint, contrapuntal (takenga mai: rangi - melody; pāhekoheko - interact, combine)

rangirua

out of time, out of sync (kupu kē atu: taki hē)

rangorango

buzzing sound

rangorango

hum, buzz (kupu kē atu: hohō, huhū, mapu, tamumu, wheo, wheowheo)

rangorango

a traditional woodwind instrument (kupu kē atu: mamae, pūrerehua)

(puoro) rapi

rap (music) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

rarā

shaker, rattle, clatter

rarahi

(be) loud (kupu kē atu: hoihoi, tīwerawera)

raraku ~a

strum (an instrument)

rauoro

arpeggio (tohu: ) (takenga mai: rau [raupapa] - put in order, sequence; oro - note)

raupapa tangiata

harmonic progression (takenga mai: raupapa - sequence, order; tangiata - chord)

rehe

virtuoso (takenga mai: rehe - expert, deft person)

rehe

expert (takenga mai: rehe - expert, deft person)

rehu

a traditional woodwind instrument

rehu

recorder (musical instrument)

rehu kōkō

saxophone (kupu kē atu: pūtohe)

rehu matangi

clarinet (kupu kē atu: pūtahoro)

rekereke

reggae (takenga mai: He kupu mino mai i te kupu rege-rege o te reo Hemeika.) (kupu kē atu: rēkei [kupu mino])

reo

voice

reo

sound (kupu kē atu: hou, oro)

reo iere

tenor (takenga mai: reo - voice; iere - sound of voices, singing)

reo mārū

baritone (takenga mai: reo - voice; mārū - low in tone)

reo nguru

bass (singer) (takenga mai: reo - voice; nguru [tanguru] - deep toned, gruff)

reo niko

harmony (music) (takenga mai: reo - voice, sound; niko [whakaniko] - to adorn, enhance, embellish)

reo pekerangi

alto (takenga mai: reo - voice; pekerangi - a voice pitched above the rest in singing)

reo tautoko

backing vocalist

reo tōiri

soprano (takenga mai: reo - voice; tōiri - tingle, vibrate, resound)

reo waiata

vocalist, singer (kupu kē atu: kaiwaiata)

reohori

falsetto (takenga mai: reo - sound, voice; hori - false, untrue)

rerenga (puoro)

(musical) phrase

rerenga auau

riff, motif (musical) (takenga mai: rerenga - phrase; auau - frequently repeated)

reretau

harmonious, in harmony

rima arotau

perfect fifth (takenga mai: arotau - favourable, suitable)

rima taka

diminished fifth (takenga mai: taka - flat [music], go downward)

ringa rakaraka

turntablist (takenga mai: ringa - hand; rakaraka - to scratch)

ringapuoro

musician (takenga mai: ringa - hand; puoro - music) (kupu kē atu: kaiwhakatangitangi)

ripa

fret (stringed instrument) (takenga mai: ripa - ridge, side, edge, boundary) (kupu kē atu: tawā)

rīrā

accent (tohu: ) (takenga mai: rīrā - strong) (kupu kē atu: taikaha)

ririki

soft (of sound) (kupu kē atu: mārire)

rōnaki

legato, slur (takenga mai: ronaki - gliding easily)

rongo ~hia

perceive, perception (kupu kē atu: aroā, rangona [tūmahi hāngū])

rongo ~hia

awareness (kupu kē atu: aroā, rangona [tūmahi hāngū])

rōpū puoro

band (kupu kē atu: pēne)

rōpū waiata

choir (kupu kē atu: kapa waiata, koaea [kupu mino], tira waiata)

rōreka

sweet singing, melodious (kupu kē atu: wainene)

rōria

Jew's harp (kupu kē atu: kūkau, tararī)

rōria

mouth harp (kupu kē atu: kūkau, tararī )

rua matua

major second

rua pāoro

sound hole (kupu kē atu: puare pāorooro)

rua rikiriki

minor second

ruri

poem, short love ditty

ruri

jingle

t

(taonga) autangi

string (instrument) (takenga mai: au - string, cord; tangi - sound, give forth a sound)

(tangi)

out of tune (of a musical instrument)

(taonga) papā

percussion (instrument) (kupu kē atu: [taonga] tāpatupatu)

(taonga) pūhau

woodwind (instrument)

(taonga) pūtētere

wind (instrument), brass (instrument) (takenga mai: pū - tube; tētere - wind instrument, trumpet)

tahi arotau

perfect first (takenga mai: arotau - favourable, suitable)

tāhiko

electronic (takenga mai: tā - causative prefix; hiko - electricity)

taiapo

lullaby, song composed for the birth of a child (kupu kē atu: oriori)

taiatea

nervous (kupu kē atu: āmaimai, ongaonga)

taikaha

accent (kupu kē atu: rīrā)

taiopenga

festival (kupu kē atu: hui ahurei, hui taurima)

taioro

dynamics (of sound) (takenga mai: tai - a prefix which sometimes denotes a qualifying force; oro - sound)

taka (tohu oro)

flat (musical notation) (tohu: ♭) (takenga mai: taka - fall, go downward)

taka puoro

chamber orchestra (takenga mai: taka - company of persons; puoro - music)

taki

lead a song (kupu kē atu: hari, hī, tākina [tūmahi hāngū])

taki ~na

beat (takenga mai: taki - lead, bring along) (kupu kē atu: mita)

taki aruaru

syncopation (takenga mai: taki - beat; aruaru - chase, pursue, interrupt)

taki hē

out of time (kupu kē atu: rangirua)

taki i te meneti

beats per minute (BPM)

taki matua

on beat

taki nahanaha

regular beat (takenga mai: taki - beat ; nahanaha - be well arranged, in good order)

taki whai

off beat (takenga mai: whai - to follow)

taki whakahipahipa

irregular beat (takenga mai: whakahipahipa - irregular, of different lengths)

takihau-tekau mā ono

sixteenth note (pūnaha Amerikana) (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; hau-tekau mā ono - one sixteenth)

takihau-toru tekau mā rua

thirty-second note (pūnaha Amerikana) (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; hau-toru tekau mā rua - one thirty second)

takihaurua

quaver (pūnaha Ingarangi) (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; haurua - half)

takihaurua

half note (pūnaha Amerikana) (tohu: )

takihauwaru

demisemiquaver (pūnaha Ingarangi) (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; hauwaru - eighth)

takihauwaru

eighth note (pūnaha Amerikana) (tohu: )

takihauwhā

semiquaver (pūnaha Ingarangi) (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; hauwhā - quarter)

takihauwhā

quarter note (pūnaha Amerikana) (tohu: )

tākirikiri ~tia

pluck (an instrument) (kupu kē atu: katokato)

takirima

quintet (kupu kē atu: tōrima)

takirua

duet (kupu kē atu: tōrua)

takirua

minim (pūnaha Ingarangi) (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; rua - two)

takitahi

solo (kupu kē atu: tōtahi, whakatene)

takitahi

crotchet (pūnaha Ingarangi) (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; tahi - one)

takitahi

whole note (pūnaha Amerikana) (tohu: )

takitaki ~na

song, sing (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pao, pīoriori, tau, waiata)

takitaki

metronome (kupu kē atu: inetaki)

takitaki ~na

recite, recital (kupu kē atu: takutaku, whakataki)

takitoru

trio (kupu kē atu: tōtoru)

(oro) takitoru

triad (takenga mai: oro - note; takitoru - in threes)

takiwhā

quartet (kupu kē atu: tōwhā)

takiwhā

semibreve (pūnaha Ingarangi) (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; whā - four)

takutaku

recite, recital (kupu kē atu: takitaki, whakataki)

tāmau ~tia

burn (an electronic file to a disk) (takenga mai: tā - causative prefix; mau - capture, hold fast)

tamumu

hum, buzz (kupu kē atu: hohō, huhū, mapu, rangorango, wheo, wheowheo)

tangi

pitch (takenga mai: tangi - sound, resound)

tangi mārū

low pitch

tangi tīkā

high pitch (kupu kē atu: hītawe)

tangiata

chord

tangiata kauneke

pivot chord (takenga mai: tangiata - chord; kauneke - move forward)

tangiata matua

major chord

tangiata pū

home chord

tangiata rikiriki

minor chord (takenga mai: rikiriki - gloomy, sad, small)

tanguru

deep toned, gruff

taonga orooro

acoustic instrument

taonga puoro

musical instrument (kupu kē atu: taonga whakatangitangi)

tapa

bar (music) (takenga mai: tapa - margin, edge)

tapatoru

triangle (musical instrument)

(taonga) tāpatupatu

percussion (instrument) (kupu kē atu: [taonga] papā)

taramu

drum (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: pahū)

tararī

Jew's harp, mouth harp (kupu kē atu: kūkau, rōria)

tārawa

stave, staff (music) (takenga mai: tārawa - line or rail on which anything is hung)

tārawa papā

neutral clef (takenga mai: tārawa - line or rail on which anything is hung [staff, stave in music]; papā - percussion)

tāromaroma

to fade (of sound), decline (kupu kē atu: pāitiiti)

tārua ~tia ~tanga

copy

tārua ~tanga ~tia (puoro)

dub (music) (takenga mai: tārua - copy)

tārua ā-matihiko

digital extraction, rip (takenga mai: tārua - copy, duplicate; ā - after the manner of; matihiko - digital)

tārua ā-matihiko

rip, digital extraction (takenga mai: tārua - copy, duplicate; ā - after the manner of; matihiko - digital)

tārua whānako

illegal copy (takenga mai: tārua - copy, duplicate; whānako - steal, rob)

tāruarua ~tia

repeat, repetition

tatangi

tambourine (takenga mai: tatangi - jingle, rattle)

tātua kitā

guitar strap

tatūnga

cadence (closure) (takenga mai: tatū - arrive, settle, be at ease)

tatūnga manawataki

rhythmic cadence (takenga mai: manawataki - rhythm)

tatūnga tangiata

harmonic cadence (takenga mai: tangiata - chord)

tau

song, sing (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pao, pīoriori, takitaki, waiata)

tauira kārangaranga

echo pattern

taupuni hopuoro

audio workstation (takenga mai: taupuni - place of assignation; hopu - catch, seize; oro - sound)

taupuni hopuoro

recording studio (takenga mai: taupuni - place of assignation; hopu - catch, seize; oro - sound)

taura

cord

taurite

balance

tautangitangi

jam session (takenga mai: tangi - to sing, make a sound; tau [tautitotito] - sing songs in response to one another)

tautapa

chant a song for keeping time (kupu kē atu: umere)

(puoro) tautito

jazz (music) (takenga mai: tautito [tautitotito] - sing songs in response to one another; tito [tito ohia] - improvise)

tautitotito ~a

call and response (music) (takenga mai: tautitotito - sing songs in response to one another, recite alternately)

tawā

fret (stringed instrument) (kupu kē atu: ripa)

tāwariwari

vibrate, vibration (kupu kē atu: ihirangaranga, tōiri, tōiriiri)

tene

impromptu

tengitengi

waltz (takenga mai: hītengi - hop on one foot; tengi - three)

tere

tempo

tētere

a traditional wind instrument (kupu kē atu: kaea, koea, pūkaea, pūtahoro)

tīare

claves (takenga mai: tīare - hollow, empty, void) (kupu kē atu: poro rākau)

tīeke

ride (cymbal) (takenga mai: tī [tīwēwē] - cymbal; eke - ride)

(tangi) tika

in tune (of a musical instrument)

(tangi) tīkā

high (pitch) (takenga mai: tīkā - shrill) (kupu kē atu: hītawe)

tiora

viola (takenga mai: tiora - shrill; tiora - He kupu mino [Itāriana].)

tiori, tioriori

resounding, loud

tioro, tiorooro

shrill sound, shriek, screech

tīpako ~na

sample, sampling (takenga mai: tīpako - to pick out, select)

tira

baton (takenga mai: tira - a wand used with various rites and karakia)

tira (puoro)

(musical) group, ensemble (takenga mai: tira - company of travellers)

tira autangi

string ensemble

tira papā

percussion ensemble

tira pūhau

woodwind ensemble

tira puoro

ensemble, musical group

tira pūtētere

brass ensemble

tira waiata

choir (kupu kē atu: kapa waiata, koaea [kupu mino], rōpū waiata)

tiringa

royalty (takenga mai: tiri - share, portion)

tiringa

commission (fee) (takenga mai: tiri - share, portion)

tito ~a ~nga

compose, composition

tito ohia

improvise (takenga mai: tito - compose; ohia - to think on the spur of the moment)

titonga tōpū

score (musical) (takenga mai: titonga - composition; tōpū - be assembled, in a body, combined)

tītukituki

crash (cymbal) (takenga mai: tī [tīwēwē] - cymbal; tukituki - crash)

tīwai hopuoro

microphone stand (takenga mai: tīwai - trunk, main stem of a tree)

tīwerawera

loud, intense (kupu kē atu: hoihoi, rarahi)

tīwēwē

cymbal (takenga mai: tīwēwē - scream, unrestrained, uncontrolled)

tohetohe

reed

tohu nguru

bass clef (tohu: ) (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; nguru [tanguru] - deep toned) (kupu kē atu: tohu panguru)

tohu paeoro

key signature (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; pae - region, boundary; oro - sound)

tohu papā

percussion notation, beat chart (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; papā - percussion)

tohu puoro

musical notation, tablature

tohu puoro ōkawa

formal musical notation

tohu puoro ōpaki

informal musical notation

tohu rerenga

phrase mark

tohu tārawa

clef (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; tārawa - stave)

tohu tere

tempo marking

tohu tīkā

treble clef (tohu: ) (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; tīkā - high pitch)

tohu whakaauau

accidental (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; whakaauau - to modulate, affect change)

tohu whakapuaki

articulation symbols (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; whakapuaki - express)

tohumita

time signature (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; mita - accent, beat)

tohumita noa

common time

tohuuru

cue (takenga mai: tohu - signal; uru - enter, come in)

toiere

song for encouraging and giving time for paddlers

tōiri

vibrate, vibration (kupu kē atu: ihirangaranga, tāwariwari, tōiriiri)

tōiri

violin (takenga mai: tōiri - tingle, vibrate, resound)

tōiriiri

vibrato (takenga mai: tōiriiri - to resound, tingle, vibrate)

tōiriiri

vibrate, vibration (kupu kē atu: ihirangaranga, tāwariwari, tōiri)

tōkere

a traditional percussion instrument (kupu kē atu: māpara)

tōkere

maraca, castanet (kupu kē atu: māpara)

toko pahū

drumstick (kupu kē atu: rākau pahū)

tono ~a

commission (a piece of art) (takenga mai: tono - to request, order, demand, bid)

tōrima

quintet (takenga mai: tōrua - duet [twofold]; tōtoru - trio [threefold]) (kupu kē atu: takirima)

toru matua

major third

toru rikiriki

minor third (takenga mai: rikiriki - gloomy, sad, small)

tōrua

duet (takenga mai: tōrua - twofold, double thickness) (kupu kē atu: takirua)

tōtahi

solo (kupu kē atu: takitahi, whakatene)

tōtoru

trio (takenga mai: tōtoru - threefold, a few) (kupu kē atu: takitoru)

tōwhā

quartet (takenga mai: tōrua - duet [twofold]; tōtoru - trio [threefold]) (kupu kē atu: takiwhā)

tūāmua

prelude (takenga mai: tūā - prefix to indicate a stage or part of something; mua - in front, ahead)

tūārere

movement (in a piece of music) (takenga mai: tūā - prefix to indicate a stage or part of something; rere - flow, offshoot of a family)

tuaroria

a traditional wind instrument

tūhono ~a

tie (takenga mai: tūhono - join)

tukanga auahatanga

creative process

tukuoro

loudspeaker (takenga mai: tuku - let go, send; oro - sound)

tumutumu

a traditional percussion instrument

turuki ~tanga

encore (takenga mai: turuki - to come as a supplement, follow)

u

ukurere

ukulele (takenga mai: He kupu mino [Hawai'i].) (kupu kē atu: ukarere)

umere

shout, applaud

umere

chant a song for keeping time (kupu kē atu: tautapa)

ūngeri

rhythm, cadence (kupu kē atu: manawataki, mita)

w

(oro) waehaurua

semitone, half tone (takenga mai: oro - musical note, sound; wae - unit, division; haurua - half)

(oro) waetahi

tone (interval) (takenga mai: oro - musical note, sound; wae - unit, division; tahi - one)

wāhanga takitahi

cadenza (takenga mai: wāhanga - part, section; takitahi - single, solo)

waiata ~tia

song, sing (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pao, pīoriori, takitaki, tau)

waiata arotini

pop song (takenga mai: aro - to heed, to pay attention; tini - many, multitude)

waiata tangi

song of lament, dirge

waiata tira

choral

wainene

sweet singing, melodious music (kupu kē atu: rōreka)

waruoro

octave, eighth degree (of a scale) (takenga mai: waru - eight; oro - note, sound) (kupu kē atu: [oro] paewaru)

wh

whā arotau

perfect fourth (takenga mai: whā - four; arotau - suitable)

whā piki

augmented fourth

whakaaetanga

license (kupu kē atu: raihana)

whakaatu ~ria ~ranga

perform, performance

whakaaturanga kōwhiri

audition (takenga mai: whakaatu - show, reveal, demonstrate; kōwhiri - choose, select)

whakaaturanga mataora

live performance (takenga mai: mata - face; ora - alive)

whakaauau ~tia

modulation, cadence (takenga mai: whakaauau - to modulate, effect change)

whākaha

amplify, amplifier (takenga mai: whā - causative prefix; kaha - strength, volume)

whakaharatau

rehearse, practise (takenga mai: whakaharatau - practise, acquire dexterity)

whakahauhau

song for inspiring workers

whakahī ~a

raise the pitch

whakahihiko ~tia ~tanga

motivate, motivation

whakahou ~tia ~tanga (puoro)

reversion (music)

whakakapinga

coda (tohu: ) (takenga mai: whakakapi - to conclude, close, finish)

whakakopa

capo (takenga mai: whakakopa - clasp, clutch)

whakangahau ~tia

entertain, entertainment

whakangahau

concert (kupu kē atu: konohete)

whakaohooho ~tia

inspire

whakapiringa māhunga

headset (takenga mai: whakapiringa - attachment)

whakarākei ~tia ~ tanga (puoro)

remix (music) (takenga mai: whakarākei - adorn, decorate, embellish)

whakarangirua ~tia

produce two types of sound

whakataki ~na ~nga

recite, recital (kupu kē atu: takitaki, takutaku)

whakatangi ~hia

play (an instrument)

whakatangi ā-taringa

play by ear

whakatangitangi

instrumental (takenga mai: whakatangitangi - to play an instrument)

whakataurite oro

equalisation (sound) (takenga mai: whakataurite - balance, matching; oro - sound)

whakatene ~a

solo (kupu kē atu: takitahi, tōtahi)

whakatepe ~a ~nga

outro (takenga mai: whakatepe - finish off, conclude)

whakatika ~hia

tune (an instrument) (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; tika - correct)

whakawhiti ~a ~nga (paeoro)

transpose

whango

nasal

whango

hoarse

whānui

range

whare mātoro

house of entertainment (kupu kē atu: whare tapere)

whare tapere

house of entertainment (kupu kē atu: whare mātoro)

whare whakaari

theatre, auditorium (kupu kē atu: whare whakarauika)

whare whakarauika

auditorium (kupu kē atu: whare whakaari)

whāroa

fermata (tohu: ) (takenga mai: whā - causative prefix; roa - long)

wheo, wheowheo

hum, buzz (kupu kē atu: hohō, huhū, mapu, rangorango, tamumu)

whira

fiddle (musical instrument) (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

whiranui

cello (takenga mai: whira - fiddle [kupu mino]; nui - large)

whiti

verse

whitu matua

major seventh

whitu rikiriki

minor seventh