Ko te hunga ākonga e tīmata ana ki te pānui pukapuka. He mōhio ki te haere whakatematau o te tuhituhi, mai i runga o te whārangi ki raro. He mōhio ki te tangi o ngā pū, ngā kupu waiwai me ngā kupu anganui, ā, e ako ana i ngā rautaki whakamatara kupu. E whakawhirinaki ana ki ngā pikitia o roto i te pukapuka e mārama ai ia ki ngā kōrero.
Students who have started to learn how to read. They know about conventions of print such as left to right and top to bottom. They know the sounds of the letters, basic words and interest words, and are learning word attack strategies. They are still dependent on pictures to help with comprehension.