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Welcome to PAEKUPU, words related to Te Marautanga o Aotearoa. Curriculum areas presently available on PAEKUPU: Toi Ataata, Puoro, Ngā Mahi a te Rēhia
 
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Puoro

Puoro

English → Māori

A

a cappella

waiata tahanga (takenga mai: tahanga - alone)

a rhythmic chant without actions

keka (kupu kē atu: pōkeka)

a traditional percussion instrument

tōkere (kupu kē atu: māpara)

a traditional percussion instrument

hue puruwai

a traditional percussion instrument

hopurangi

a traditional percussion instrument

hue rarā

a traditional percussion instrument

māpara (kupu kē atu: tōkere)

a traditional percussion instrument

tumutumu

a traditional percussion instrument

pākuru ~a (kupu kē atu: pānguru)

a traditional percussion instrument

poi

a traditional percussion instrument

poiāwhiowhio

a traditional string instrument

a traditional wind instrument

pūtahoro (kupu kē atu: kaea, koea, pūkaea, tētere)

a traditional wind instrument

pūtātara

a traditional wind instrument

kaea (kupu kē atu: koea, pūkaea, pūtahoro, tētere)

a traditional wind instrument

koea (kupu kē atu: kaea, pūkaea, pūtahoro, tētere)

a traditional wind instrument

tētere (kupu kē atu: kaea, koea, pūkaea, pūtahoro)

a traditional wind instrument

tuaroria

a traditional wind instrument

pūkaea (kupu kē atu: kaea, koea, pūtahoro, tētere)

a traditional woodwind instrument

pūpū harakeke (kupu kē atu: pūpū whakarongotaua)

a traditional woodwind instrument

pūrerehua (kupu kē atu: mamae, rangorango)

a traditional woodwind instrument

pūtōrino (kupu kē atu: pū)

a traditional woodwind instrument

rangorango (kupu kē atu: mamae, pūrerehua)

a traditional woodwind instrument

rehu

a traditional woodwind instrument

pūmotomoto

a traditional woodwind instrument

hue puruhau

a traditional woodwind instrument

pūpūrangi

a traditional woodwind instrument

karanga manu

a traditional woodwind instrument

karanga weka

a traditional woodwind instrument

kōauau

a traditional woodwind instrument

kōauau pōrutu

a traditional woodwind instrument

mamae (kupu kē atu: pūrerehua, rangorango)

a traditional woodwind instrument

nguru (kupu kē atu: pororua)

a traditional woodwind instrument

ororuarangi

a traditional woodwind instrument

pororua (kupu kē atu: nguru)

a traditional woodwind instrument

porotiti

a traditional woodwind instrument, nose flute

kōauau pongāihu

a traditional woodwind instrument, piccolo

pōrutu

accent

rīrā (tohu: ) (takenga mai: rīrā - strong) (kupu kē atu: taikaha)

accent

taikaha (kupu kē atu: rīrā)

accidental

tohu whakaauau (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; whakaauau - to modulate, affect change)

accompaniment

puoro tautoko

acoustic

orooro (takenga mai: pāorooro - resound)

acoustic bass

panguru orooro

acoustic guitar

kitā orooro

acoustic instrument

taonga orooro

acoustics (field of study)

mātai oro (takenga mai: mātai - inspect, examine; oro - sound)

action song

waiata ā-ringa

alto

reo pekerangi (takenga mai: reo - voice; pekerangi - a voice pitched above the rest in singing)

amplify, amplifier

whākaha (takenga mai: whā - causative prefix; kaha - strength, volume)

anthem

ngaringari

anxious

māharahara (kupu kē atu: anipā, āwangawanga, mānatunatu, manawapā, mānukanuka)

anxious

anipā (kupu kē atu: āwangawanga, māharahara, mānatunatu, manawapā, mānukanuka)

anxious

āwangawanga (kupu kē atu: anipā, māharahara, mānatunatu, manawapā, mānukanuka)

anxious

mānatunatu (kupu kē atu: anipā, āwangawanga, māharahara, manawapā, mānukanuka)

anxious

mānukanuka (kupu kē atu: āwangawanga, māharahara, mānatunatu, manawapā, anipā)

anxious

manawapā (kupu kē atu: anipā, āwangawanga, māharahara, mānatunatu, mānukanuka)

aria

āria (takenga mai: He kupu mino [Itāria].)

arpeggio

rauoro (tohu: ) (takenga mai: rau [raupapa] - put in order, sequence; oro - note)

articulation symbols

tohu whakapuaki (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; whakapuaki - express)

ascending scale

āwhata piki

audience

hunga mātakitaki (kupu kē atu: minenga, kaimātakitaki, hunga whakarongo)

audience

kaimātakitaki (kupu kē atu: hunga mātakitaki, hunga whakarongo, minenga)

audience

minenga (kupu kē atu: hunga mātakitaki, hunga whakarongo, kaimātakitaki)

audio workstation

taupuni hopuoro (takenga mai: taupuni - place of assignation; hopu - catch, seize; oro - sound)

audition

whakaaturanga kōwhiri (takenga mai: whakaatu - show, reveal, demonstrate; kōwhiri - choose, select)

auditorium

whare whakarauika (kupu kē atu: whare whakaari)

augmented fourth

whā piki

aural skill

pūkenga whakarongo

awareness

rongo ~hia (kupu kē atu: aroā, rangona [tūmahi hāngū])

(a) prophetic song

mata

B

backing vocalist

reo tautoko

bagpipes

pūngawī (takenga mai: pū - pipe, tube; ngawī - squeal, howl)

balance

taurite

ballad

waiata paki (takenga mai: paki - story)

band

rōpū puoro (kupu kē atu: pēne)

band

pēne (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: rōpū puoro)

banjo

pakakū (takenga mai: pakakū - make a harsh grating sound; kū - a one stringed instrument played with a stick)

bar (music)

tapa (takenga mai: tapa - margin, edge)

bar line

paetapa (takenga mai: pae - boundary, region; tapa - bar [music])

baritone

reo mārū (takenga mai: reo - voice; mārū - low in tone)

bass (singer)

reo nguru (takenga mai: reo - voice; nguru [tanguru] - deep toned, gruff)

bass clef

tohu nguru (tohu: ) (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; nguru [tanguru] - deep toned) (kupu kē atu: tohu panguru)

bass drum

pahū nguru (takenga mai: nguru [panguru] - bass, gruff)

bass guitar

kitā panguru

bass, double bass

panguru (takenga mai: panguru - bass, gruff)

bassoon

pūhoru

baton

tira (takenga mai: tira - a wand used with various rites and karakia)

beat

taki ~na (takenga mai: taki - lead, bring along) (kupu kē atu: mita)

beat

mita (kupu kē atu: taki)

beat box

pūrere taki

beats per minute (BPM)

taki i te meneti

blues

(puoro) kōrangaranga (takenga mai: kōrangaranga - ache, be in pain, vexed; kōranga - raise, lift up)

body percussion

papaki ā-tinana

bongo drum

pahū tamarua

boom (of a microphone stand)

kauwhanga (takenga mai: kauwhanga - limb of a tree)

bow (to play a string instrument)

kōpere

brass ensemble

tira pūtētere

bridge (stringed instrument)

herenga aho (takenga mai: here - tie; aho - string)

burn (an electronic file to a disk)

tāmau ~tia (takenga mai: tā - causative prefix; mau - capture, hold fast)

buzzing sound

rangorango

(be) loud

hoihoi (kupu kē atu: rarahi, tīwerawera)

C

cadence (closure)

tatūnga (takenga mai: tatū - arrive, settle, be at ease)

cadenza

wāhanga takitahi (takenga mai: wāhanga - part, section; takitahi - single, solo)

call and response (music)

tautitotito ~a (takenga mai: tautitotito - sing songs in response to one another, recite alternately)

canon, round

rangi inaki (takenga mai: rangi - tune; inaki - overlap)

capo

whakakopa (takenga mai: whakakopa - clasp, clutch)

cello

whiranui (takenga mai: whira - fiddle [kupu mino]; nui - large)

chamber orchestra

taka puoro (takenga mai: taka - company of persons; puoro - music)

chant a song for keeping time

tautapa (kupu kē atu: umere)

chant a song for keeping time

umere (kupu kē atu: tautapa)

chant, song of derision

pātere

choir

rōpū waiata (kupu kē atu: kapa waiata, koaea [kupu mino], tira waiata)

choir

kapa waiata (kupu kē atu: koaea [kupu mino] , tira waiata, rōpū waiata)

choir

tira waiata (kupu kē atu: kapa waiata, koaea [kupu mino], rōpū waiata)

choral

waiata tira

chord

tangiata

chorus, refrain

korihi (takenga mai: korihi - sing [as birds], dawn chorus; korihi - chorus [kupu mino])

chromatic scale

āwhata tokitoki (takenga mai: tokitoki - altogether, without exception)

clap

pakipaki ~tia (kupu kē atu: paki, papaki)

clap

papaki ~a (kupu kē atu: paki, pakipaki)

clarinet

pūtahoro (kupu kē atu: rehu matangi)

clarinet

rehu matangi (kupu kē atu: pūtahoro)

classical music

puoro ōkawa (takenga mai: ōkawa - formal)

claves

tīare (takenga mai: tīare - hollow, empty, void) (kupu kē atu: poro rākau)

claves

poro rākau (kupu kē atu: tīare)

clef

tohu tārawa (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; tārawa - stave)

coda

whakakapinga (tohu: ) (takenga mai: whakakapi - to conclude, close, finish)

commission (a piece of art)

tono ~a (takenga mai: tono - to request, order, demand, bid)

commission (fee)

tiringa (takenga mai: tiri - share, portion)

common time

tohumita noa

compact disc, CD, record

kōpae

compose, composition

tito ~a ~nga

composer

kaitito

concert

konohete (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: whakangahau)

concert

whakangahau (kupu kē atu: konohete)

concerto

puoro whakatene (takenga mai: whakatene - sing the solo part of a song)

conch shell trumpet

potipoti (kupu kē atu: pūmoana, pūtātara)

conch shell trumpet

pūmoana (kupu kē atu: potipoti, pūtātara)

conductor

kaikōtui (takenga mai: kai - prefix denoting agent; kōtui - lace, interlace) (kupu kē atu: kaiarataki)

conga drum

pahū tāroa (takenga mai: tāroa - tall)

contrasting sound

oro tauaro (takenga mai: oro - sound, note; tauaro - opposite)

copy

tārua ~tia ~tanga

copyright

manatārua (takenga mai: mana - authority, control; tārua - copy, duplicate) (kupu kē atu: manatā)

cord

taura

counter-melody, counterpoint, contrapuntal

rangi pāhekoheko (takenga mai: rangi - melody; pāhekoheko - interact, combine)

country and western music

puoro tuawhenua mā-uru

country blues music

puoro tuawhenua kōrangaranga

country music

puoro tuawhenua

country pop music

puoro tuawhenua arotini

country rock music

puoro tuawhenua rakatū

country soul music

puoro tuawhenua kōmanawa

cover (song)

paorua (takenga mai: pao - sing; rua - two)

crash (cymbal)

tītukituki (takenga mai: tī [tīwēwē] - cymbal; tukituki - crash)

creative process

tukanga auahatanga

creative, creativity

auaha ~tanga (takenga mai: auaha - create, fashion, shape, thrill with passion, throb)

crotchet (pūnaha Ingarangi)

takitahi (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; tahi - one)

cue

tohuuru (takenga mai: tohu - signal; uru - enter, come in)

cymbal

tīwēwē (takenga mai: tīwēwē - scream, unrestrained, uncontrolled)

D

deep toned, gruff

tanguru

delighted, enraptured, ecstatic

manawarū (kupu kē atu: manahau)

demisemiquaver (pūnaha Ingarangi)

takihauwaru (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; hauwaru - eighth)

descending scale

āwhata heke

diatonic scale

āwhata waru

digital audio

oro matihiko (takenga mai: mati - digit; hiko - electric)

digital extraction, rip

tārua ā-matihiko (takenga mai: tārua - copy, duplicate; ā - after the manner of; matihiko - digital)

digital versatile disk (DVD)

kōpae ataata (takenga mai: kōpae - disk; ataata - video)

diminished fifth

rima taka (takenga mai: taka - flat [music], go downward)

disco

pekerangi (takenga mai: pekerangi - dance accompanied by song)

disco music

puoro pekerangi (takenga mai: pekerangi - dance accompanied by song)

distort (sound)

hohō ~tanga

ditty

pao ~a

ditty, light song

hakirara

dominant, fifth degree (of a scale)

(oro) paerima (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; rima - five)

dotted note

oro tongi

drag (of a song)

awai

drum

taramu (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: pahū)

drum

pahū (kupu kē atu: taramu [kupu mino])

drum kit

huinga pahū (kupu kē atu: kohinga pahū)

drum kit

kohinga pahū (kupu kē atu: huinga pahū)

drum machine

pūrere tāpatupatu

drumstick

rākau pahū (kupu kē atu: toko pahū)

drumstick

toko pahū (kupu kē atu: rākau pahū)

dub (music)

tārua ~tanga ~tia (puoro) (takenga mai: tārua - copy)

duet

takirua (kupu kē atu: tōrua)

duet

tōrua (takenga mai: tōrua - twofold, double thickness) (kupu kē atu: takirua)

dynamics (of sound)

taioro (takenga mai: tai - a prefix which sometimes denotes a qualifying force; oro - sound)

E

earphones

purutaringa (takenga mai: puru - plug)

echo pattern

tauira kārangaranga

eighth note (pūnaha Amerikana)

takihauwaru (tohu: )

electric bass

panguru hiko

electric guitar

kitā hiko

electronic

tāhiko (takenga mai: tā - causative prefix; hiko - electricity)

electronic metronome

inetaki tāhiko

electronic organ

pūkeru tāhiko

electronic sound

oro tāhiko

encore

turuki ~tanga (takenga mai: turuki - to come as a supplement, follow)

enraptured, ecstatic, delighted

manahau (kupu kē atu: manawarū)

ensemble, musical group

tira puoro

entertain, entertainment

whakangahau ~tia

equalisation (sound)

whakataurite oro (takenga mai: whakataurite - balance, matching; oro - sound)

equaliser

pūrere whakataurite oro (takenga mai: pūrere - device, machine; whakataurite - balance, match; oro - sound)

evocative, expressive

pūkare (takenga mai: pū [pupū] - break forth, spring up; kare [kare ā-roto] - emotion)

expert

rehe (takenga mai: rehe - expert, deft person)

(musical) extract

hīkarotanga (puoro) (takenga mai: hīkaro - to extract)

F

fade (of sound), decline

pāitiiti (kupu kē atu: tāromaroma)

faint sound

hārearea (kupu kē atu: hīrea)

faint sound

hīrea (kupu kē atu: hārearea)

falsetto

reohori (takenga mai: reo - sound, voice; hori - false, untrue)

fermata

whāroa (tohu: ) (takenga mai: whā - causative prefix; roa - long)

festival

taiopenga (kupu kē atu: hui ahurei, hui taurima)

festival

hui ahurei (kupu kē atu: hui taurima, taiopenga)

festival

hui taurima (kupu kē atu: hui ahurei, taiopenga)

fiddle (musical instrument)

whira (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

finger hole

wenewene

fingering (on a wind instrument)

pokipoki ~a

first degree (of a scale)

(oro) paetahi (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; tahi - one) (kupu kē atu: oro matua)

first inversion

huripokinga tuatahi (whakapotonga: huripokinga 1)

flat (musical notation)

taka (tohu oro) (tohu: ♭) (takenga mai: taka - fall, go downward)

flat (of a musical instrument)

(tangi) hē

flat, out of tune (of a voice)

orotaha (takenga mai: taha - to pass by)

flute

pūtōrino (kupu kē atu: pū)

folk song

mōteatea

(musical) form

hanganga (puoro)

formal musical notation

tohu puoro ōkawa

freestyle (music or dance)

hipihope ohia (takenga mai: hipihope - hip-hop; ohia - to think on the spur of the moment)

french horn

pūwīwī (takenga mai: pū - tube; wīwī [Wīwī] - France)

frequency (of sound wave)

auau (o te ngaru oro) (takenga mai: auau - frequently, again and again)

fret (stringed instrument)

ripa (takenga mai: ripa - ridge, side, edge, boundary) (kupu kē atu: tawā)

fret (stringed instrument)

tawā (kupu kē atu: ripa)

fretboard

paparipa (takenga mai: papa - flat surface; ripa - ridge [fret in music])

fusion

puoro kōmitimiti (takenga mai: kōmitimiti - combine, fuse, merge)

G

glockenspiel

pakakau rino (takenga mai: pakakau - two sticks with which a sort of tune is played [xylophone]; rino - metal)

grand staff

hono tārawa (takenga mai: hono - join; tārawa - line or rail on which anything is hung [staff, stave in music])

(musical) group, ensemble

tira (puoro) (takenga mai: tira - company of travellers)

guitar

rakuraku (kupu kē atu: kitā, kutā)

guitar

kitā (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: kutā, rakuraku)

guitar

kutā (kupu kē atu: kitā, rakuraku)

guitar strap

tātua kitā

H

haka to welcome guests at a tangi

maimai

haka with no set movements

ngeri

half note (pūnaha Amerikana)

takihaurua (tohu: )

harmonic cadence

tatūnga tangiata (takenga mai: tangiata - chord)

harmonic interval

āputa ngātahi (takenga mai: āputa - interval, gap; ngātahi - together)

harmonic minor scale

āwhata rikiriki whakahī (takenga mai: whakahī - raise the pitch in a song)

harmonic progression

raupapa tangiata (takenga mai: raupapa - sequence, order; tangiata - chord)

harmonica, mouth organ

pūtangitangi (takenga mai: pū - blow gently, pipe, tube, flute; tangitangi - make a sound)

harmonious, in harmony

reretau

harmony (music)

reo niko (takenga mai: reo - voice, sound; niko [whakaniko] - to adorn, enhance, embellish)

harp

aurau (takenga mai: au - string, cord; rau - many)

head (of a guitar or similar instrument)

pane

headphones

pokitaringa (takenga mai: poki - cover over)

headset

whakapiringa māhunga (takenga mai: whakapiringa - attachment)

hi-hat (cymbal)

pōtaerua (takenga mai: pōtae - hat; rua - two)

high (pitch)

hītawe (kupu kē atu: tīkā)

high (pitch)

(tangi) tīkā (takenga mai: tīkā - shrill) (kupu kē atu: hītawe)

high pitch

tangi tīkā (kupu kē atu: hītawe)

hip-hop (music)

(puoro) hipihope (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hoarse

whango

home chord

tangiata pū

home note

(oro) paetahi (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; tahi - one) (kupu kē atu: oro matua)

hook (catchy musical phrase)

puringa (takenga mai: puri - hold on to, keep in the memory)

horn

hāona (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

house of entertainment

whare mātoro (kupu kē atu: whare tapere)

house of entertainment

whare tapere (kupu kē atu: whare mātoro)

hum, buzz

rangorango (kupu kē atu: hohō, huhū, mapu, tamumu, wheo, wheowheo)

hum, buzz

hohō ~tanga (kupu kē atu: huhū, mapu, rangorango, tamumu, wheo, wheowheo)

hum, buzz

huhū (kupu kē atu: hohō, rangorango, tamumu, wheo, wheowheo, mapu)

hum, buzz

tamumu (kupu kē atu: hohō, huhū, mapu, rangorango, wheo, wheowheo)

hum, buzz

mapu (kupu kē atu: hohō, huhū, rangorango, tamumu, wheo, wheowheo)

hum, buzz

wheo, wheowheo (kupu kē atu: hohō, huhū, mapu, rangorango, tamumu)

hymn

hīmene (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

I

illegal copy

tārua whānako (takenga mai: tārua - copy, duplicate; whānako - steal, rob)

impromptu

tene

impromptu topical song to entertain

pao ~a

improvise

tito ohia (takenga mai: tito - compose; ohia - to think on the spur of the moment)

in tune (of a musical instrument)

(tangi) tika

in tune (of a voice)

orotau (takenga mai: tau - neat, becoming, suitable)

in unison (pitch)

ororite (takenga mai: rite - corresponding)

in unison (together)

ngātahi

indigenous music

puoro taketake

informal musical notation

tohu puoro ōpaki

innovative

auaha ~tanga (takenga mai: auaha - create, fashion, shape, thrill with passion, throb)

inspiration

hiringa (kupu kē atu: kauanuanu)

inspiration

kauanuanu (kupu kē atu: hiringa)

inspire

whakaohooho ~tia

instrumental

whakatangitangi (takenga mai: whakatangitangi - to play an instrument)

interval

āputa

irregular beat

taki whakahipahipa (takenga mai: whakahipahipa - irregular, of different lengths)

J

Jew's harp

rōria (kupu kē atu: kūkau, tararī)

Jew's harp, mouth harp

tararī (kupu kē atu: kūkau, rōria)

Jew's harp, mouth harp

kūkau (kupu kē atu: rōria, tararī)

jam session

tautangitangi (takenga mai: tangi - to sing, make a sound; tau [tautitotito] - sing songs in response to one another)

jazz (music)

(puoro) tautito (takenga mai: tautito [tautitotito] - sing songs in response to one another; tito [tito ohia] - improvise)

jingle

ruri

K

kettle drum

pahū rino (takenga mai: rino - metal)

key (of a musical keyboard)

patooro (takenga mai: pato [patopato] - tap; oro - sound, note)

key (tonal framework)

paeoro (takenga mai: pae - region, boundary; oro - sound)

key signature

tohu paeoro (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; pae - region, boundary; oro - sound)

keyboard (music)

papa patooro (takenga mai: papa - anything broad or flat; pato [patopato] - to tap; oro - sound, note)

L

lament

mōteatea

lament, song of grief for someone killed in battle

apakura

lead a song

taki (kupu kē atu: hari, hī, tākina [tūmahi hāngū])

lead a song

hari ~a ~nga (kupu kē atu: hī, taki)

lead a song

hī ~a ~nga (kupu kē atu: hari, taki)

leading note, seventh degree (of a scale)

(oro) paewhitu (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; whitu - seven)

ledger line

āpitihanga tārawa (takenga mai: āpitihanga - supplement; tārawa - line or rail on which anything is hung [staff, stave in music])

legato, slur

rōnaki (takenga mai: ronaki - gliding easily)

license

raihana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: whakaaetanga)

license

whakaaetanga (kupu kē atu: raihana)

live performance

whakaaturanga mataora (takenga mai: mata - face; ora - alive)

(be) loud

hoihoi (kupu kē atu: rarahi, tīwerawera)

loud, intense

tīwerawera (kupu kē atu: hoihoi, rarahi)

loudspeaker

tukuoro (takenga mai: tuku - let go, send; oro - sound)

low (pitch)

mārū (takenga mai: mārū - low in tone)

low pitch

tangi mārū

lullaby, song composed for the birth of a child

taiapo (kupu kē atu: oriori)

lullaby, song composed for the birth of a child

oriori (kupu kē atu: taiapo)

M

(musical) extract

hīkarotanga (puoro) (takenga mai: hīkaro - to extract)

(musical) form

hanganga (puoro)

(musical) group, ensemble

tira (puoro) (takenga mai: tira - company of travellers)

machine head (of a guitar or similar instrument)

peru (takenga mai: peru - head of a nail etc.)

major chord

tangiata matua

major key

paeoro matua (takenga mai: paeoro - key [music]; matua - main)

major scale

āwhata matua

major second

rua matua

major seventh

whitu matua

major sixth

ono matua

major third

toru matua

mandolin

kūrarī

maraca, castanet

tōkere (kupu kē atu: māpara)

maraca, castanet

māpara (takenga mai: māpara - pieces of wood used as castanets) (kupu kē atu: tōkere)

march (music)

(puoro) rangatū (takenga mai: rangatū - to march, advance in order)

mediant, third degree (of a scale)

(oro) paetoru (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; toru - three)

melodic interval

āputa tauaru (takenga mai: āputa - interval, gap; tauaru - to follow, pursue)

melodic minor scale

āwhata rikiriki whakahīrua (takenga mai: whakahī - raise the pitch in a song; rua - two)

melodious voice

korokoro tūī (takenga mai: korokoro - throat; tūī - parson bird) (kupu kē atu: rōreka)

melody, tune

rangi

metronome

inetaki (takenga mai: ine - to measure; taki - beat) (kupu kē atu: takitaki)

metronome

takitaki (kupu kē atu: inetaki)

microphone

hopuoro (takenga mai: hopu - capture, seize; oro - sound)

microphone stand

tīwai hopuoro (takenga mai: tīwai - trunk, main stem of a tree)

minim (pūnaha Ingarangi)

takirua (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; rua - two)

minor chord

tangiata rikiriki (takenga mai: rikiriki - gloomy, sad, small)

minor key

paeoro rikiriki (takenga mai: paeoro - key [music]; rikiriki - gloomy, small)

minor scale

āwhata rikiriki (takenga mai: rikiriki - gloomy, small)

minor second

rua rikiriki

minor seventh

whitu rikiriki

minor sixth

ono rikiriki

minor third

toru rikiriki (takenga mai: rikiriki - gloomy, sad, small)

modulation, cadence

whakaauau ~tia (takenga mai: whakaauau - to modulate, effect change)

motivate, motivation

whakahihiko ~tia ~tanga

mouth harp

rōria (kupu kē atu: kūkau, tararī )

mouthpiece

ngutu

movement (in a piece of music)

tūārere (takenga mai: tūā - prefix to indicate a stage or part of something; rere - flow, offshoot of a family)

muse

manawakura (takenga mai: manawa - heart, seat of affection; kura [māreikura, whatukura] - order of female/male supernatural beings; kura - something cherised, dearly loved)

music

pūoru (kupu kē atu: puoro)

music

puoro (kupu kē atu: pūoru)

music theory

ariā puoro

musical device

nuka puoro (takenga mai: nuka - device, stratagem)

musical elements

āhuatanga puoro (kupu kē atu: huānga puoro)

musical elements

huānga puoro (kupu kē atu: āhuatanga puoro)

musical genre

momo puoro

musical instrument

taonga puoro (kupu kē atu: taonga whakatangitangi)

musical notation, tablature

tohu puoro

musician

ringapuoro (takenga mai: ringa - hand; puoro - music) (kupu kē atu: kaiwhakatangitangi)

musician

kaiwhakatangitangi (kupu kē atu: ringapuoro)

musicianship

pūkenga puoro

(musical) phrase

rerenga (puoro)

(musical) repertoire

kete (puoro) (takenga mai: kete - kit, basket; puoro - music)

(musical) scale

āwhata (takenga mai: āwhata [arawhata] - ladder)

(musical) structure

rangaranga (o te puoro) (takenga mai: rangaranga - structure of a speech etc.)

N

nasal

whango

natural (note)

oronoa (tohu: ♮) (takenga mai: oro - note [music]; noa - ordinary)

nervous

āmaimai (kupu kē atu: ongaonga, taiatea)

nervous

taiatea (kupu kē atu: āmaimai, ongaonga)

nervous

ongaonga (kupu kē atu: āmaimai, taiatea)

neutral clef

tārawa papā (takenga mai: tārawa - line or rail on which anything is hung [staff, stave in music]; papā - percussion)

note (music)

oro (takenga mai: oro - sound)

nut (of a guitar or similar instrument)

paepane (takenga mai: pae - perch, rest, lie across; pane - head)

nylon string

aho ngaiaku

O

oboe

pūtōiri (takenga mai: pū - tube; tōiri - tingle, vibrate, resound)

octave, eighth degree (of a scale)

(oro) paewaru (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; waru - eight) (kupu kē atu: waruoro)

octave, eighth degree (of a scale)

waruoro (takenga mai: waru - eight; oro - note, sound) (kupu kē atu: [oro] paewaru)

off beat

taki whai (takenga mai: whai - to follow)

on beat

taki matua

opera

puoro whakaari (kupu kē atu: ōpera [kupu mino])

orchestra

rāngai puoro (takenga mai: rāngai - company, group; puoro - music)

organ

pūkeru (takenga mai: pū - tube; pūkeru - blow) (kupu kē atu: ōkena [kupu mino])

original recording

hopunga taketake

out of time

taki hē (kupu kē atu: rangirua)

out of time, out of sync

rangirua (kupu kē atu: taki hē)

out of tune (of a musical instrument)

(tangi)

outro

whakatepe ~a ~nga (takenga mai: whakatepe - finish off, conclude)

P

pendulum metronome

inetaki tārere

pentatonic scale

āwhata rima

perceive, perception

rongo ~hia (kupu kē atu: aroā, rangona [tūmahi hāngū])

perceive, perception, awareness

aroā (kupu kē atu: rongo ~hia, rangona [tūmahi hāngū])

percussion (instrument)

(taonga) papā (kupu kē atu: [taonga] tāpatupatu)

percussion (instrument)

(taonga) tāpatupatu (kupu kē atu: [taonga] papā)

percussion ensemble

tira papā

percussion notation, beat chart

tohu papā (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; papā - percussion)

percussion synthesiser, drum synthesiser

hangaoro papā

perfect fifth

rima arotau (takenga mai: arotau - favourable, suitable)

perfect first

tahi arotau (takenga mai: arotau - favourable, suitable)

perfect fourth

whā arotau (takenga mai: whā - four; arotau - suitable)

perfect octave

waru arotau (takenga mai: arotau - favourable, suitable)

perform, performance

whakaatu ~ria ~ranga

(musical) phrase

rerenga (puoro)

phrase mark

tohu rerenga

piano

piana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

pick (to play a stringed instrument)

katokato ~hia

pickup

hopuoro (takenga mai: hopu - capture, seize; oro - sound)

pipe organ

pūkeru paipa

pipe, tube

pitch

tangi (takenga mai: tangi - sound, resound)

pivot chord

tangiata kauneke (takenga mai: tangiata - chord; kauneke - move forward)

play (an instrument)

whakatangi ~hia

play by ear

whakatangi ā-taringa

pluck (an instrument)

tākirikiri ~tia (kupu kē atu: katokato)

pluck (an instrument)

katokato ~hia (kupu kē atu: tākirikiri)

plug

puru ~a

poem

mōteatea

poem, short love ditty

ruri

pop music

puoro arotini (takenga mai: aro - attend to, favour, be inclined toward; tini - many)

pop song

waiata arotini (takenga mai: aro - to heed, to pay attention; tini - many, multitude)

popular song

pao ~a

prelude

tūāmua (takenga mai: tūā - prefix to indicate a stage or part of something; mua - in front, ahead)

prodigy

hautipua

produce two types of sound

whakarangirua ~tia

(a) prophetic song

mata

protégé

poipoinga (takenga mai: poipoi - to nurture)

Q

quarter note (pūnaha Amerikana)

takihauwhā (tohu: )

quartet

takiwhā (kupu kē atu: tōwhā)

quartet

tōwhā (takenga mai: tōrua - duet [twofold]; tōtoru - trio [threefold]) (kupu kē atu: takiwhā)

quaver (pūnaha Ingarangi)

takihaurua (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; haurua - half)

quintet

takirima (kupu kē atu: tōrima)

quintet

tōrima (takenga mai: tōrua - duet [twofold]; tōtoru - trio [threefold]) (kupu kē atu: takirima)

R

radio microphone, wireless mircophone

hopuoro irirangi

radio transmitter

pūrere tuku irirangi

raise the pitch

whakahī ~a

range

whānui

rap (music)

(puoro) rapi (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

recite, recital

takutaku (kupu kē atu: takitaki, whakataki)

recite, recital

takitaki ~na (kupu kē atu: takutaku, whakataki)

recite, recital

whakataki ~na ~nga (kupu kē atu: takitaki, takutaku)

record sound

hopu oro

recorder (musical instrument)

rehu

recording studio

taupuni hopuoro (takenga mai: taupuni - place of assignation; hopu - catch, seize; oro - sound)

reed

tohetohe

reed organ

pūkeru tohetohe

refrain, chorus

korihi (takenga mai: korihi - [as birds], dawn chorus; korihi - chorus [kupu mino])

reggae

rekereke (takenga mai: He kupu mino mai i te kupu rege-rege o te reo Hemeika.) (kupu kē atu: rēkei [kupu mino])

regular beat

taki nahanaha (takenga mai: taki - beat ; nahanaha - be well arranged, in good order)

rehearse, practise

whakaharatau (takenga mai: whakaharatau - practise, acquire dexterity)

remix (music)

whakarākei ~tia ~ tanga (puoro) (takenga mai: whakarākei - adorn, decorate, embellish)

repeat, repetition

tāruarua ~tia

(musical) repertoire

kete (puoro) (takenga mai: kete - kit, basket; puoro - music)

resound, echo

haruru (kupu kē atu: paoro, pāorooro)

resound, echo

pāorooro (kupu kē atu: haruru, paoro)

resound, pop, bang, boom, a loud sudden noise

pakō (kupu kē atu: pakū, papā)

resound, pop, bang, boom, a loud sudden noise

papā (kupu kē atu: pakō, pakū)

resounding, loud

tiori, tioriori

rest

ngū (takenga mai: ngū - silent)

reverb, reverbertion

papahū (takenga mai: papahū - to resound, reverberate)

reversion (music)

whakahou ~tia ~tanga (puoro)

rhythm and blues

puoro ūngeri kōrangaranga

rhythm, cadence

ūngeri (kupu kē atu: manawataki, mita)

rhythm, cadence

manawataki (kupu kē atu: mita, ūngeri)

rhythm, cadence

mita (kupu kē atu: manawataki, ūngeri)

rhythmic cadence

tatūnga manawataki (takenga mai: manawataki - rhythm)

rhythmic chant without actions

pōkeka (kupu kē atu: keka)

ride (cymbal)

tīeke (takenga mai: tī [tīwēwē] - cymbal; eke - ride)

riff, motif (musical)

rerenga auau (takenga mai: rerenga - phrase; auau - frequently repeated)

rip, digital extraction

tārua ā-matihiko (takenga mai: tārua - copy, duplicate; ā - after the manner of; matihiko - digital)

rock and roll

rakapioi (takenga mai: raka - rock [kupu mino]; pioi - to shake, sway)

rock and roll music

puoro rakapioi (takenga mai: raka [kupu mino] - rock; pioi - to shake, sway)

rock music

puoro rakatū (takenga mai: rakatū - He kupu mino.)

root position of a chord

pūtake tangiata

royalty

tiringa (takenga mai: tiri - share, portion)

S

saddle (of a guitar or similar instrument)

paetumu (takenga mai: pae - perch, rest, lie across; tumu - foundation, stump, post)

sample, sampling

tīpako ~na (takenga mai: tīpako - to pick out, select)

saxophone

pūtohe (takenga mai: pū - tube; tohe [tohetohe] - vibrating reed) (kupu kē atu: rehu kōkō)

saxophone

rehu kōkō (kupu kē atu: pūtohe)

(musical) scale

āwhata (takenga mai: āwhata [arawhata] - ladder)

score (musical)

titonga tōpū (takenga mai: titonga - composition; tōpū - be assembled, in a body, combined)

scratching

rakaraka ~ina

second inversion

huripokinga tuarua (whakapotonga: huripokinga 2)

semibreve (pūnaha Ingarangi)

takiwhā (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; whā - four)

semiquaver (pūnaha Ingarangi)

takihauwhā (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; hauwhā - quarter)

semitone, half tone

(oro) waehaurua (takenga mai: oro - musical note, sound; wae - unit, division; haurua - half)

shaker, rattle, clatter

rarā

sharp (musical notation)

piki (tohu oro) (tohu: ♯) (takenga mai: piki - ascend, go upward)

shout, applaud

umere

shout, yell

hāparangi (kupu kē atu: hāmama)

shout, yell

hāmama (kupu kē atu: hāparangi)

shrill sound, shriek, screech

tioro, tiorooro

singing, sound of voices

iere (kupu kē atu: hiere)

sixteenth note (pūnaha Amerikana)

takihau-tekau mā ono (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; hau-tekau mā ono - one sixteenth)

snare drum

pahū rarā (takenga mai: rarā - rattle)

soft (of sound)

mārire (kupu kē atu: ririki)

soft (of sound)

ririki (kupu kē atu: mārire)

solo

takitahi (kupu kē atu: tōtahi, whakatene)

solo

tōtahi (kupu kē atu: takitahi, whakatene)

solo

whakatene ~a (kupu kē atu: takitahi, tōtahi)

solo parts of a song

hīanga

song for encouraging and giving time for paddlers

toiere

song for inspiring workers

whakahauhau

song of affection for the dead

maimai (kupu kē atu: maimai aroha)

song of lament, dirge

waiata tangi

song of scorn and derision

hanihani

song to make people pull together

ngaringari

song, sing

hari ~a ~nga (kupu kē atu: maire, pao, pīoriori, takitaki, tau, waiata)

song, sing

takitaki ~na (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pao, pīoriori, tau, waiata)

song, sing

tau (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pao, pīoriori, takitaki, waiata)

song, sing

maire (kupu kē atu: hari, pao, pīoriori, takitaki, tau, waiata)

song, sing

waiata ~tia (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pao, pīoriori, takitaki, tau)

song, sing

pao ~a (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pīoriori, takitaki, tau, waiata)

song, sing

pīoriori (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pao, takitaki, tau, waiata)

soprano

reo tōiri (takenga mai: reo - voice; tōiri - tingle, vibrate, resound)

soul music

puoro kōmanawa (takenga mai: kōmanawa - spring, well up, of water and thoughts)

sound

hou (kupu kē atu: oro, reo)

sound

reo (kupu kē atu: hou, oro)

sound

oro (kupu kē atu: hou, reo)

sound effect

orotaunaki (takenga mai: taunaki - reinforce, support)

sound hole

rua pāoro (kupu kē atu: puare pāorooro)

sound hole

puare pāorooro (kupu kē atu: rua pāoro)

sound of voices, singing

hiere (kupu kē atu: iere)

sound recording

hopunga puoro (takenga mai: hopu - catch)

splash (cymbal)

paratī (takenga mai: paratī - to splash up; tī [tīwēwē] - cymbal)

staccato

patō (tohu: ) (takenga mai: patō - emit a sharp sudden sound)

stave, staff (music)

tārawa (takenga mai: tārawa - line or rail on which anything is hung)

steel string

aho maitai

strike (an instrument)

pākuru ~a (kupu kē atu: pao)

strike (an instrument)

pao ~a (kupu kē atu: pākuru)

string

aho (kupu kē atu: au)

string

au (kupu kē atu: aho)

string (instrument)

(taonga) autangi (takenga mai: au - string, cord; tangi - sound, give forth a sound)

string ensemble

tira autangi

(musical) structure

rangaranga (o te puoro) (takenga mai: rangaranga - structure of a speech etc.)

strum (an instrument)

raraku ~a

subdominant, fourth degree (of a scale)

(oro) paewhā (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; whā - four)

submediant, sixth degree (of a scale)

(oro) paeono (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; ono - six)

sung poetry

mōteatea

supertonic, second degree (of a scale)

(oro) paerua (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; rua - two)

sweet singer

korokoro tūī (takenga mai: korokoro - throat; tūī - parson bird) (kupu kē atu: rōreka)

sweet singing, melodious

rōreka (kupu kē atu: wainene)

sweet singing, melodious music

wainene (kupu kē atu: rōreka)

symphony

puoro tuatini (takenga mai: tuatini - with many parts, of many strands)

symphony orchestra

rāngai puoro tuatini (takenga mai: rāngai - company, group; puoro - music; tuatini - with many parts, of many strands)

syncopation

taki aruaru (takenga mai: taki - beat; aruaru - chase, pursue, interrupt)

synthesiser

hangaoro (takenga mai: hanga - make, fashion, create; oro - sound) (kupu kē atu: huioro)

synthesiser

huioro (takenga mai: hanga - make, fashion, create; oro - sound) (kupu kē atu: hangaoro)

T

tambourine

tatangi (takenga mai: tatangi - jingle, rattle)

tempo

tere

tempo marking

tohu tere

tenor

reo iere (takenga mai: reo - voice; iere - sound of voices, singing)

theatre, auditorium

whare whakaari (kupu kē atu: whare whakarauika)

thirty-second note (pūnaha Amerikana)

takihau-toru tekau mā rua (tohu: ) (takenga mai: taki - beat; hau-toru tekau mā rua - one thirty second)

tie

tūhono ~a (takenga mai: tūhono - join)

time signature

tohumita (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; mita - accent, beat)

timpani

pahū rino (takenga mai: rino - metal)

to fade (of sound), decline

tāromaroma (kupu kē atu: pāitiiti)

to join in a song

kamu ~a

tomtom drum

pahū tametame (takenga mai: tametame - tomtom [kupu mino])

tone (interval)

(oro) waetahi (takenga mai: oro - musical note, sound; wae - unit, division; tahi - one)

tone control

pā hāoro (takenga mai: pā [pātene] - button [kupu mino]; pā - touch; hā - tone; oro - sound)

tone, timbre

hā (takenga mai: hā - breath, taste, flavour, tone of voice, tenor of a speech)

tonic

(oro) paetahi (takenga mai: pae [kaupae] - rung on a ladder; tahi - one) (kupu kē atu: oro matua)

tonic, home note

oro matua (kupu kē atu: [oro] paetahi)

traditional chant

mōteatea

transpose

whakawhiti ~a ~nga (paeoro)

treble clef

tohu tīkā (tohu: ) (takenga mai: tohu - symbol; tīkā - high pitch)

triad

(oro) takitoru (takenga mai: oro - note; takitoru - in threes)

triangle (musical instrument)

tapatoru

trio

takitoru (kupu kē atu: tōtoru)

trio

tōtoru (takenga mai: tōtoru - threefold, a few) (kupu kē atu: takitoru)

trombone

pūhōkai (takenga mai: pū - tube; hōkai - extend and retract alternately)

trumpet (musical instrument)

pūtātara

tuba

pūnguru (takenga mai: pū - tube; nguru [tanguru] - deep toned, gruff)

tune (an instrument)

whakatika ~hia (takenga mai: whaka - causative prefix; tika - correct)

tuning key

kōwiri (takenga mai: kōwiri - twist)

turntablist

ringa rakaraka (takenga mai: ringa - hand; rakaraka - to scratch)

twelve bar blues

kōrangaranga tapa tekau mā rua

U

ukulele

ukurere (takenga mai: He kupu mino [Hawai'i].) (kupu kē atu: ukarere)

V

valve cap

poki wenewene (takenga mai: poki - cover over, cap; wenewene - fingerhole in flute)

verse

whiti

vibrate, vibration

tāwariwari (kupu kē atu: ihirangaranga, tōiri, tōiriiri)

vibrate, vibration

tōiri (kupu kē atu: ihirangaranga, tāwariwari, tōiriiri)

vibrate, vibration

tōiriiri (kupu kē atu: ihirangaranga, tāwariwari, tōiri)

vibrations felt in waiata

ihirangaranga

vibrato

tōiriiri (takenga mai: tōiriiri - to resound, tingle, vibrate)

viola

tiora (takenga mai: tiora - shrill; tiora - He kupu mino [Itāriana].)

violin

tōiri (takenga mai: tōiri - tingle, vibrate, resound)

virtuoso

rehe (takenga mai: rehe - expert, deft person)

vocalist, singer

reo waiata (kupu kē atu: kaiwaiata)

vocalist, singer

kaiwaiata (kupu kē atu: reo waiata)

voice

reo

volume

kahaoro

volume control

pā kahaoro (takenga mai: pā [pātene] - button [kupu mino]; pā - touch; kahaoro - volume)

W

waltz

tengitengi (takenga mai: hītengi - hop on one foot; tengi - three)

whole note (pūnaha Amerikana)

takitahi (tohu: )

wind (instrument), brass (instrument)

(taonga) pūtētere (takenga mai: pū - tube; tētere - wind instrument, trumpet)

woodwind (instrument)

(taonga) pūhau

woodwind ensemble

tira pūhau

world music

puoro aunuku (takenga mai: au [aumoana] - open sea; nuku - wide extent, the Earth)

X

xylophone, marimba

pakakau (takenga mai: pakakau - two sticks with which a sort of tune is played)

Y

yell, shout

hāmama (kupu kē atu: hāparangi)

yell, shout

hāparangi (kupu kē atu: hāmama)