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Welcome to PAEKUPU, words related to Te Marautanga o Aotearoa. Curriculum areas presently available on PAEKUPU: Toi Ataata, Puoro, Te Reo Pāngarau, Ngā Mahi a te Rēhia
 
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Ngā Mahi a te Rēhia

Ngā Mahi a te Rēhia

English → Māori

A

a cappella

waiata tahanga (takenga mai: tahanga – alone)

abreast, even, in line, side by side

upane

accumulation

tāpiripiri (takenga mai: tāpiri – to add on, supplement, append)

acoustic

orooro (takenga mai: oro – sound; pāorooro – resound)

act (section of a play)

manga (takenga mai: manga - branch of a tree or river)

act in a defiant manner

mīreirei (kupu kē atu: whakamīrei)

act in a defiant matter

whakamīrei (kupu kē atu: mīreirei)

act, drama, play

whakaari ~hia (kupu kē atu: whakatautau, whakaataata)

act, perform, drama

whakaataata ~tia (kupu kē atu: whakaari, whakatautau)

action song

waiata ā-ringa (kupu kē atu: waiata kori)

actions in Māori weaponry (general term)

āhei

actor, thespian

kaiwhakaari (kupu kē atu: kaiwhakaatu, kiriwhakaari, kiriwhakaatu)

actor, thespian

kiriwhakaari (takenga mai: kiri - person; whakaari - drama, play) (kupu kē atu: kaiwhakaari, kaiwhakaatu, kiriwhakaatu)

adept, dexterous, deft

haratau (kupu kē atu: raka)

adorn with feathers, plume, top knot

puhi

adorn, make up, ornament

whakapaipai ~tia (takenga mai: whakapaipai – adorn, beautify, embellish)

alert, vigilant

mataara

(body) alignment

tīaroaro (tinana)

alliteration

orokati tārua (takenga mai: orokati – consonant; tārua – repeat)

amateur (unpaid person)

ringa utukore

amateur (unskilful)

rapa (takenga mai: rapa – awkward, unskilful, inexpert) (kupu kē atu: ringarapa)

amateur (unskilful)

ringarapa (takenga mai: ringa - hand; rapa - awkward, unskilful, inexpert) (kupu kē atu: rapa)

amusement, enjoyment, entertainment

rēhia (kupu kē atu: ngahau)

announcer, presenter, compère, master of ceremonies, narrator

kaiwhakataki

antagonist

kiritoariri

anxious, anxiety

āwangawanga (kupu kē atu: anipā, māharahara, manawapā, manawarū, mānukanuka)

anxious, anxiety

manawapā (kupu kē atu: anipā, āwangawanga, māharahara, manawarū, mānukanuka)

anxious, anxiety

mānukanuka (kupu kē atu: anipā, āwangawanga, māharahara, manawapā, manawarū)

anxious, anxiety

manawarū (kupu kē atu: anipā, āwangawanga, māharahara, manawapā, mānukanuka)

anxious, anxiety

anipā (kupu kē atu: āwangawanga, māharahara, manawapā, manawarū, mānukanuka)

anxious, anxiety

māharahara (kupu kē atu: anipā, āwangawanga, manawapā, manawarū, mānukanuka )

applaud, shout

umere

apprehension, tension, unease, trepidation

manawapā

apprentice, novice, trainee

pia (kupu kē atu: ika tauhou, tauhou)

apron (of a stage), proscenium

tuaaroaro (takenga mai: tua – e whai ana i te tua o te kupu tuarongo; aroaro – face, front)

aria

āria (takenga mai: He kupu mino [Itāria].)

arrowhead formation of a kapa haka group

kurutao

articulate, eloquent

wahapū

articulate, orator

pūkōrero (kupu kē atu: kākā wahanui)

aside

reo whakamahuki (takenga mai: whakamahuki – to explain, elucidate, enlighten)

assonance

oropuare tārua (takenga mai: oropuare – vowel; tārua – repeat)

assume superiority, haughty, put on airs

whakakake

asymmetrical

hikuwaru

atmosphere, mood, feeling

wairua (takenga mai: wairua – spirit)

audience

whakaminenga (kupu kē atu: hunga mātakitaki, hunga whakarongo, kaimātakitaki, minenga)

audience

minenga (kupu kē atu: hunga mātakitaki, hunga whakarongo, kaimātakitaki, whakaminenga)

audience, viewership

hunga mātakitaki (kupu kē atu: kaimātakitaki, minenga, whakaminenga)

audience, viewership

kaimātakitaki (kupu kē atu: hunga mātakitaki, hunga whakarongo, minenga, whakaminenga)

audio drama, radio drama

whakaari reo irirangi

audio monitor ~ing

aroturuki ā-oro

audio technician, audio engineer

pūkenga oro (takenga mai: pūkenga – skilled person; oro – sound)

audition

whakaaturanga kōwhiri (takenga mai: whakaatu – show, reveal, demonstrate; kōwhiri – choose, select) (kupu kē atu: whakamātau)

audition, test, trial

whakamātau ~ria

auditorium, theatre, house of entertainment

whare whakaari (kupu kē atu: whare whakaaturanga, whare rēhia)

augmentation

whakakaurahi (takenga mai: kaurahi – large)

avant-garde

para huarahi (takenga mai: para - to remove obstructions; huarahi - pathway)

avista

huringa pae matanui (takenga mai: huri – change; pae [pae whakaari] – set; matanui [tūmatanui] – open, public, without disguise)

awareness, perceive, perception

aroā (kupu kē atu: rongo)

awe-inspiring, thrilling, fearsome

wana

awkward (of movement), uncoordinated

ninipa (kupu kē atu: pōrahu)

(a) bunched together formation of a kapa haka

whakapiripiri

(at) ease, loose

tangatanga

(a) facial gesture in kapa haka

whakaheke

(a) facial gesture in kapa haka where the enlarged eyes stare in one direction and the tongue protrudes in the opposite direction

whakaruru

(audio) feedback

maiorooro (takenga mai: maiorooro - be unpleasant, discordant, jarring)

(a) foot movement in execution of the wero

pīkarikari

(a Māori) game resembling draughts

mū tōrere (kupu kē atu: tōrere)

(a Māori) game resembling draughts

tōrere (kupu kē atu: mū tōrere)

(a) haka expressing anger or pain, with no set movements

manawa wera

(a) haka stance

whakaheke

(a) haka to show force before a battle

whakarewarewa

(a) haka to welcome guests to a tangi

maimai

(a) kapa haka movement

kōkiri

(a) song of affection for the dead

maimai (kupu kē atu: maimai aroha)

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

panga (kupu kē atu: paka, ruke)

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

huri (kupu kē atu: huripapa)

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

huripapa (kupu kē atu: huri)

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

koropū (kupu kē atu: rāraki [rārangi])

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

piu

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

rāraki (kupu kē atu: rārangi)

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

ruke (kupu kē atu: paka, panga)

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

takitoru

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

takiwhā

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

paka (kupu kē atu: panga, ruke)

(a) traditional Māori club-like weapon

patu

(a) traditional Māori weapon used by a leader

toki poutangata

(a) type of foot movement in kapa haka

tīrakaraka

(a) type of foot movement in kapa haka

tūwaewae takahia

(a) type of foot movement in kapa haka

whakawhitiwhiti rua

(a Māori) weapon

wahaika

(a Māori) weapon

pouwhenua

(a Māori) weapon

kotiate

(a Māori) weapon

koikoi

(a Māori) weapon

taiaha

(a Māori) weapon

tewhatewha

B

(body) alignment

tīaroaro (tinana)

back lighting

tūrama muri

back stage worker

kaihāpai o muri (kupu kē atu: kaimahi tuaroa)

backdrop

tuarongo (takenga mai: tuarongo – back wall of a meeting house)

background lighting

tūrama tuarongo (takenga mai: tuarongo - back of the interior of a house, back wall)

background music

puoro tuarongo (takenga mai: tuarongo - back of the interior of a house, back wall)

backstage

tuaroa (takenga mai: tuaroa – back part of a house)

balance

taurite

ballad

waiata paki (takenga mai: paki – story)

ballet

ori hīteki

ballroom dancing

kanikani takirua ōkawa (takenga mai: takirua - in pairs; ōkawa - formal)

baton (of a conductor)

tira (takenga mai: tira - a wand used with various rituals and karakia)

beat

taki (takenga mai: taki – lead, bring along) (kupu kē atu: mita)

beat, rhythm of a poi

papatu (kupu kē atu: patu, rau)

beat, rhythm of a poi

patu (kupu kē atu: papatu, rau)

beguile, divert, seduce, entice

whakawai (kupu kē atu: whakawaiwai, pātaritari)

belt

tātua

bend

piko

bend and stretch body to relieve muscles, cool down

whakamakaka ~tia (kupu kē atu: whakamākakakaka)

bent knee stance (in haka)

turi whati (kupu kē atu: tū hengere)

bent knee stance in haka with straight back

tū hengere (kupu kē atu: turi whati)

black comedy, dark comedy

pukuhohe mōkinokino (takenga mai: pukuhohe – humour; mōkinokino – bleak, dismal, dreadful, grim)

black hole, black spot

tiwha tuauriuri (takenga mai: tiwha – be black, patch, spot; tuauriuri – be very dark, pitch black)

black spot, black hole

tiwha tuauriuri (takenga mai: tiwha – be black, patch, spot; tuauriuri – be very dark, pitch black)

blackout

tuauriuri (takenga mai: tuauriuri – be very dark, pitch black)

bodice, bra

pari

body adornment

taonga o wharawhara (kupu kē atu: taonga whakarākei, whakapaipai)

body adornment

taonga whakarākei (kupu kē atu: taonga o wharawhara, whakapaipai)

body awareness

aroā tinana

body base

tumu (tinana) (takenga mai: tumu – stump, base)

boom (of a microphone stand)

kauwhanga (takenga mai: kauwhanga – limb of a tree)

boring, lacklustre, limp, uninspiring

wana-kore (kupu kē atu: mehameha)

bow down, stoop, crouch

tuohu (kupu kē atu: tāupe)

break-dance

kanikani keretao (takenga mai: keretao - puppet, jumping jack, robot)

(a) bunched together formation of a kapa haka

whakapiripiri

busk

whakangahau pati (takenga mai: whakangahau - to entertain; pati - appeal, solicit)

butterflies in the stomach

puku āmaimai (takenga mai: āmaimai - nervous, anxious)

C

cadence, rhythm

manawataki (kupu kē atu: ūngeri)

camera crew

rōpū hopuata (takenga mai: rōpū – group; hopu – catch; ata – image)

camera operator

ringa hopuata (takenga mai: ringa – hand; hopu – catch; ata – image)

canon (movement)

neke inaki

cast (of a play)

kāhui kiriwhakaari (takenga mai: kāhui - company, cluster; kiriwhakaari – actor) (kupu kē atu: rōpū kiriwhakaari)

casting (characters for a play)

kōwhiringa kiriwhakaari

cat's cradle, string game

māui (kupu kē atu: hūhi, huhu, whai)

catharsis

whakamahea ~tia ~tanga (takenga mai: whakamahea – to allay, clear away, dispel, calm)

cat’s cradle, string game

hūhi (kupu kē atu: huhu, māui, whai)

cat’s cradle, string game

whai (kupu kē atu: hūhi, huhu, māui)

ceremonial haka (without weapons)

haka taparahi

(traditional) challenge

wero

champion, winner

whakaihuwaka

chant

pātere ~hia

chant, sing, song

pao ~a (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pīoriori, takitaki, tau, waiata)

character

kiripuaki (takenga mai: kiri – person, self; puaki – disclose, express)

charade

whakatakune

choir

tira waiata (takenga mai: tira - a wand used with various rituals and karakia) (kupu kē atu: kapa waiata, koea [kupu mino], rōpū waiata )

choir

kapa waiata (kupu kē atu: kōea [kupu mino], rōpū waiata, tira waiata )

choir

kōea (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: kapa waiata, rōpū waiata, tira waiata)

choir

rōpū waiata (kupu kē atu: kapa waiata, kōea [kupu mino], tira waiata)

choral

waiata tira (takenga mai: tira – baton, wand used with various rituals and karakia)

choreographer

kaitito nekehanga (kupu kē atu: kaitito kanikani)

choreographic device

nuka tito nekehanga (takenga mai: nuka - device, stratagem, ploy)

choreographic process

tukanga tito nekehanga

choreography

nekenekehanga (kupu kē atu: tito nekehanga)

choreography

tito nekehanga (takenga mai: tito – to compose, to make up; nekehanga – movement) (kupu kē atu: nekenekehanga)

chorus, refrain

korihi (takenga mai: korihi – sing [as birds], dawn chorus; korihi – chorus [kupu mino])

circular path (of movement)

ara āmio (o te nekeneke)

climax

karamata (takenga mai: karamata – high point, pinnacle, summit)

(to) close the eyes when performing haka and waiata

pōtētē

clown, jester, comedian

kiri hangareka (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; hangareka - to jest, make fun)

collaboration

mahi tahi

colloquialism, colloquial saying

kīwaha

colour filter

tātari kano

comb (adornment)

heru

comedian, clown, jester

kiri hangareka (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; hangareka - to jest, make fun)

comedy

whakaari pukuhohe

commission (a piece of art)

tono ~a (takenga mai: tono – to request, order, demand, bid)

commission (fee), royalty

tiringa (takenga mai: tiri – share, portion)

compact, restricted

kōpiri

company of people, group, team

kapa (kupu kē atu: rōpū)

competition

whakataetae (kupu kē atu: tātāwhāinga)

competition

tātāwhāinga (kupu kē atu: whakataetae)

compose, composition

tito ~a ~nga

composer

kaitito

compère, presenter, announcer, master of ceremonies, narrator

kaiwhakataki

concert

konohete (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: whakaaturanga, whakangahau)

concert, performance, recital

whakaaturanga (kupu kē atu: konohete, whakangahau)

conclude, conclusion

whakakapi ~a ~nga (kupu kē atu: whakatepe)

conclude, conclusion

whakatepe ~nga (kupu kē atu: whakakapi)

conflict

raru, raruraru (kupu kē atu: tutūnga o te puehu)

conflict

tutūnga o te puehu (kupu kē atu: raru, raruraru)

contemporary

o nāianei (takenga mai: o nāianei - of now, of the present)

contemporary dance

kanikani o nāianei

contemporary movement

neke o nāianei

context

horopaki

(to) contort the facial features, grimace

whakapī (kupu kē atu: whāitaita)

(to) contort the facial gestures, grimace

whāitaita (kupu kē atu: whakapī)

conventional formation of a haka group

matua (kupu kē atu: taparahi)

conventional formation of a kapa haka group

taparahi (kupu kē atu: matua)

coordinated, coordination

reretahi (takenga mai: rere – flow; tahi – one, as one)

copy, duplicate

tārua ~tia ~tanga

copyright

manatārua (tohu: ©) (takenga mai: mana – authority, control; tārua – copy, duplicate) (kupu kē atu: manatā)

core (of body)

riu (takenga mai: riu – belly, chest, abdomen, stomach)

cosmetics, make-up

panipani (takenga mai: panipani – to smear, daub, paint)

costume

kākahu (kupu kē atu: kahu, kaka, pūeru)

costume

pūeru (kupu kē atu: kahu, kākahu, kaka)

costume

kahu (kupu kē atu: kaka, kākahu, pūeru)

costume designer

kaihoahoa kahu whakaari

counterplot

tāhū taupatupatu (takenga mai: taupatupatu - to compete, vie with one another)

counterpoint (movement)

neke pāhekoheko (takenga mai: pāhekoheko - to combine, co-operate, interact)

crawl, creep

ngāoki (kupu kē atu: ngōki)

creative license

whakaaetanga auaha

creative process

tukanga auaha

creative, innovative, creativity

auaha ~tanga (takenga mai: auaha – throb, thrill with passion, shape, create, form, fashion)

crisis, predicament, danger, alarm

mōrearea

cross lighting

tūrama whakawhiti

crouch, stoop, bow down

tāupe (kupu kē atu: tuohu)

crowded, dense

apiapi

cue

tohuuru (takenga mai: tohu – signal; uru – enter, come in)

curl up the limbs

koropeke

curtain

ārai

curtain call

tūnga whakamihi (takenga mai: tūnga – stand; whakamihi – acknowledge, pay tribute to, acclaim, congratulate)

curve

kōpiko (kupu kē atu: hakoko)

curved path (of movement)

ara kōpiko (o te nekeneke)

curved, twisted

hakoko (kupu kē atu: kōpiko)

D

dance

kori (kupu kē atu: harakoa, kanikani, ngahau)

dance

ngahau (kupu kē atu: harakoa, kanikani, kori)

dance

kanikani (kupu kē atu: harakoa, kori, ngahau)

dance elements

huānga kanikani

dance ensemble

rōpū kanikani

dance step, dance move

takahanga waewae

dance troupe

tira kanikani

(to) dance, sing a song to a dance

hari (kupu kē atu: maire, pao, kanikani, tau, waiata)

dancing, entertainment, enjoyment

harakoa (kupu kē atu: kanikani, kori, ngahau)

dark comedy, black comedy

pukuhohe mōkinokino (takenga mai: pukuhohe – humour; mōkinokino – bleak, dismal, dreadful, grim)

dart

pehu (kupu kē atu: neti, niti, teka)

dart

neti (kupu kē atu: niti, pehu, teka)

dart

niti (kupu kē atu: neti, pehu, teka)

dart

teka (kupu kē atu: neti, niti, pehu)

dart throwing

toro teka

decline, fade (of sound)

pāitiiti (kupu kē atu: tāromaroma)

deft, adept, dexterous

raka (kupu kē atu: haratau)

deft, expert

rehe

deliberate (movement)

hakune

dense, crowded

apiapi

derivative art

toi mino (takenga mai: mino – to borrow)

dexterity of the feet, fleet footed

rakanga waewae

dexterous, deft, adept

raka (kupu kē atu: haratau)

diagonal pathway (of movement)

ara hauroki (o te nekeneke) (kupu kē atu: ara hōkai)

diagonal shoulder belt, sash

tāpeka

dialect, diction, elocution, accent, register

mita (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

dialogue

whakawhitinga kōrero

diction, elocution, accent, dialect, register

mita (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

dignified, poise, presence

amaru

dilemma

matawaenga

dim out

whakauriuri (takenga mai: uriuri – dark)

diminish, reduce, shrink

whakakauriki (takenga mai: kauriki – small)

direction (of focus)

aronga

direction (of movement)

ahunga (o te nekeneke)

director

ringatohu (takenga mai: ringa – hand; tohu – command, signal)

disc jockey, DJ

kaituku waiata (kupu kē atu: ringa kōpae)

disco dancing, disco

pekerangi (takenga mai: pekerangi – dance accompanied by song)

distortion

kōrori ~tia (takenga mai: kōrori - to distort, twisted, warped)

distractor, playful extrovert in haka performance (male)

hako

ditty (light song)

hakirara

ditty, popular song, impromptu topical song to entertain

pao

docudrama

whakaari pakipūmeka (takenga mai: whakaari – play, drama; paki – story; pū – origin, source; meka – true)

dolly, trolley

tōneke (takenga mai: tō – to drag; neke – move)

double pointed spinning top

pōtaka kōtore rua (kupu kē atu: pōtaka tikitiki, pōtaka whero rua)

down lighting

tūrama aronuku (takenga mai: aro – face, direction; nuku – the Earth)

downfall, nemesis

whakahinga

drag (of a song)

awai

drama, play, act

whakatautau ~ria (kupu kē atu: whakaari)

drama, play, act

whakaari ~hia (kupu kē atu: whakatautau, whakaataata)

dread, feeling of awe, fear

wehi

dress rehearsal

whakaharatau whanotū (takenga mai: whakaharatau – rehearse, practice; whano – to be on the point of, nearly, looming, almost; tū – take place, convene)

duo, duet

takirua

duplicate, copy

tārua ~tia ~tanga

dynamics (of movement)

taineke (takenga mai: tai – a prefix which sometimes denotes a qualifying force; neke – move)

dynamics (of sound)

taioro (takenga mai: tai – a prefix which sometimes denotes a qualifying force; oro – sound)

(dance) motif

waitohu (kanikani) (takenga mai: waitohu – mark, symbol, brand, signature)

(drama) script

tuhinga (whakaari)

E

ear ornament

whakakai (kupu kē atu: pōhoi)

earphones

purutaringa (takenga mai: puru - plug, bung;)

(at) ease, loose

tangatanga

echo, resound

paoro, pāorooro (kupu kē atu: haruru)

ecstatic, enraptured

manawarū

elaborate, embellish, enhance

whakarākai ~tia (kupu kē atu: whakanakonako, whakaniko, whakanikoniko, whakapaipai, whakarākei)

elegant, graceful, suitable

huatau

element of surprise, surprise

whakaohorere ~tia

elements of drama/theatre

huānga whakaari

elocution, diction, accent, dialect, register

mita (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

eloquent, articulate

wahapū

embellish, enhance, elaborate

whakaniko, whakanikoniko ~hia (takenga mai: whakanikoniko - ornament with curves, adorn) (kupu kē atu: whakanakonako, whakarākai, whakarākei)

encore

turuki ~tanga (takenga mai: turuki – to come as a supplement, to follow)

encourage, instil confidence

whakamanawa ~hia

energetic, fearless

uekaha (kupu kē atu: mātātoa, tūkaha)

energetic, spirited, lively, envigorated

hihiko (kupu kē atu: hihiri, pākahukahu, whitawhita)

energy awareness

aroā ngoi

engaging, pleasurable, entertaining

āhuareka (kupu kē atu: pārekareka, whakarekareka)

enhance, embellish, elaborate

whakapaipai ~tia (kupu kē atu: whakanakonako, whakaniko, whakanikoniko, whakarākai, whakarākei)

enjoyment, amusement, entertainment

ngahau (kupu kē atu: rēhia)

enraptured, ecstatic

manawarū

entertain, entertainment

whakangahau ~tia (kupu kē atu: ngahau)

entertainer

kaiwhakangahau

entertaining, pleasurable, engaging

whakarekareka (kupu kē atu: āhuareka, pārekareka)

entertainment, amusement, enjoyment,

rēhia (kupu kē atu: ngahau)

entertainment, concert

ngahau (kupu kē atu: whakangahau)

entice, beguile, divert

pātaritari (kupu kē atu: whakawai)

enticing movement of a woman’s hips (in haka)

parepare

entrance item in a performance

whakaeke ~a ~nga

envigorated, energetic, spirited, lively

pākahukahu (kupu kē atu: hihiko, hihiri, whitawhita)

epilogue

turuki ~tanga (takenga mai: turuki - come as a supplement, follow)

equipment, prop

utauta (kupu kē atu: taputapu)

error, miscue, omission

hapa

even, in line, side by side, abreast

upane

excitement, power, thrill

ihi (kupu kē atu: ihiihi)

exemplify, illustrate

whakatauira ~tia

exhibit, exhibition, show, performance

whakakite ~a ~nga (kupu kē atu: whakaatu)

exit item in a performance

whakawātea ~tia

expert, deft

rehe

expert, professional (skilful, adept)

mātanga (kupu kē atu: ngaio)

expert, professional (skilled person)

ringarehe (kupu kē atu: ringa ngaio)

(to) expose the buttocks and private parts to show contempt

whakapohane

(to) expose the teeth

whakatetē ~tia

express, expression, say, utter

kī ~ia ~anga (kupu kē atu: puaki, whakapuaki)

express, expression, say, utter

whakapuaki ~na ~tanga (kupu kē atu: kī, kōrero, puaki)

express, expression, say, utter

puaki ~na ~tanga (kupu kē atu: kī, whakapuaki)

expression, saying

kīanga

expressive

ihiihi (kupu kē atu: pūkare)

expressive

pūkare (kupu kē atu: ihiiihi)

extra (actor), walk-on

kiriwhakaari tūpoto (takenga mai: kiriwhakaari – actor; tū – position, stand; poto – short)

F

facial expression

tā te kanohi

(a) facial gesture in kapa haka

whakaheke

(a) facial gesture in kapa haka where the enlarged eyes stare in one direction and the tongue protrudes in the opposite direction

whakaruru

fade (of sound), decline

tāromaroma (kupu kē atu: pāitiiti)

failure, flop (of a performance)

mūhore (takenga mai: mūhore - to be unsuccessful in an activity)

faint sound

hakiri (kupu kē atu: hārearea, hīrea)

faint sound

hārearea (kupu kē atu: hakiri, hīrea)

faint sound

hīrea (kupu kē atu: hārearea, hakiri)

falling intonation

hāheke

(to) falter or break the flow of words in a waiata or karakia

whati ~a

fear, dread, feeling of awe

wehi

fearless, energetic

mātātoa (kupu kē atu: tūkaha, uekaha)

fearless, energetic

tūkaha (kupu kē atu: mātātoa, uekaha)

(audio) feedback

maiorooro (takenga mai: maiorooro - be unpleasant, discordant, jarring)

feeling of awe, dread, fear

wehi

feeling, mood, atmosphere

wairua (takenga mai: wairua – spirit)

female idol, heroine, principal female actor

tuawahine

festival

hui taurima (kupu kē atu: hui ahurei, taiopenga)

festival

taiopenga (kupu kē atu: hui ahurei, hui taurima)

fiction, yarn, story

paki (kupu kē atu: kōrero paki, pakiwaitara)

figurative expression

kīpeha

film maker

kaihanga kiriata

film, movie, photographic slide

kiriata (takenga mai: kiri - skin; ata - shape, semblence, reflected image)

finale

whakamutunga

flashmob

urumaranga (takenga mai: urumaranga - ambush, surprise attack; uru – grove of trees; maranga – get up, arise)

flat (of a voice), out of tune

orotaha (takenga mai: oro – sound, note; taha – to pass by, miss the mark)

fleet footed, dexterity of the feet

rakanga waewae

floating (movement)

neke kārewa (takenga mai: kārewa - be buoyed, floating)

flood lighting

tūrama raharaha (takenga mai: raharaha – spread out)

flop (of a performance), failure

mūhore (takenga mai: mūhore - to be unsuccessful in an activity)

fly system (of a stage), theatrical rigging system

pūnaha tīrewa (takenga mai: punaha - system; tīrewa - scaffolding)

foldback (sound)

oro auraki (takenga mai: auraki – return)

foldback speaker, stage monitor

tukuoro auraki

(a) foot movement in execution of the wero

pīkarikari

free movement

neke māhorahora

freestyle (music or dance)

hipihope ohia (takenga mai: hipihope – hip-hop [kupu mino]; ohia – to think on the spur of the moment)

frenzy

hōkeka

front lighting

tūrama mua

front of house

whaitua matanui (takenga mai: whaitua – space, designated area; matanui [tūmatanui] – open, in public)

front row (of performing group)

aroākapa

fusion (dance)

kani kōmitimiti (takenga mai: kani [kanikani] – dance; kōmitimiti – merge, fuse, blend)

G

(a Māori) game resembling draughts

mū tōrere (kupu kē atu: tōrere)

(a Māori) game resembling draughts

tōrere (kupu kē atu: mū tōrere)

game, play

tākaro ~hia

genre

kātū (kupu kē atu: momo, tūmomo)

genre

momo (kupu kē atu: kātū, tūmomo)

genre

tūmomo (kupu kē atu: katū, momo)

geometric pattern

tauira āhuahanga

gesticulate

hūkari (kupu kē atu: tuone)

gesticulate, gesticulation, gesture, paralanguage

tuone (kupu kē atu: hūkari)

gig

konohete ōpaki (takenga mai: konohete – concert [kupu mino]; ōpaki – informal)

glide, move with an even motion

rōnaki (kupu kē atu: naki)

glide, move with an even motion

naki (kupu kē atu: rōnaki)

glide, skim

wawani (kupu kē atu: waniwani)

gourd spinning top

pōtaka hue

graceful, elegant, suitable

huatau

group, company of people, team

rōpū (kupu kē atu: kapa)

H

(a) haka expressing anger or pain, with no set movements

manawa wera

haka group, concert party

kapa haka

haka of triumph

kōtaratara

haka of welcome

haka pōhiri (kupu kē atu: haka pōwhiri)

haka or song of derision

kaioraora

(a) haka stance

whakaheke

haka stance, rocking backward and forward, with the right foot back

tū kōutuutu

haka stance, stretching backward with the weight on the right foot

tū tāneroa

haka stance, stretching forward with the right foot back

tū koutu

haka theatre

haka whakaari

(a) haka to show force before a battle

whakarewarewa

(a) haka to welcome guests to a tangi

maimai

haka with leaping, performed with long weapons

peruperu (kupu kē atu: puha, tūtū ngārahu, tūtū waewae)

haka with leaping, performed with long weapons

puha (kupu kē atu: peruperu, tūtū ngārahu, tūtū waewae)

haka with leaping, performed with long weapons

tūtū ngārahu (kupu kē atu: peruperu, puha, tūtū waewae)

hand, stick and string games

whakaraka (takenga mai: raka – adept, skilful)

harmony (music)

reo niko (takenga mai: reo – voice, sound; niko [whakaniko] – to adorn, enhance, embellish)

haughty, put on airs, assume superiority

whakakake

head band

tīpare

headphones

pokitaringa (takenga mai: poki – to cover)

headset

piri māhunga (takenga mai: piri – cling)

heavy (of movement)

māngaingai

hero, principal male actor, male idol

tuahangata

heroine, principal female actor, female idol

tuawahine

high movement

neke teitei

hip-hop

hipihope (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

hot spot, spotlight

tūrama arotahi (takenga mai: arotahi – focus on, zero in on) (kupu kē atu: tūrama tīwerawera)

house of entertainment for young people

whare mātoro

house of entertainment, place for performance under tikanga Māori

whare tapere

house of entertainment, theatre, auditorium

whare whakaari (kupu kē atu: whare whakaaturanga, whare rēhia)

humming top

pōtaka huhū (kupu kē atu: pōtaka kukume, pōtaka tākiri)

hymn

hīmene (takenga mai: He kupu mino.)

I

idiom

kīrehu

illegal copying, plagiarism

tārua whānako (takenga mai: tārua – copy, duplicate; whānako – steal, rob)

imitate, mimic

whakatau ~ria (kupu kē atu: tāwhai)

impromptu acting

whakaari tene

impromptu, ad-lib

tene

improvise

tito ohia (takenga mai: tito – compose; ohia – to think on the spur of the moment)

in line, abreast, even, side by side

upane

in tune (of a voice)

orotau (takenga mai: oro – sound, note; tau – neat, becoming, suitable)

in unison (of movement), simultaneous

(neke) ngātahi (kupu kē atu: korite)

inarticulate, incoherent, jumbled

nanu (kupu kē atu: tapepe)

incoherent, inarticulate, jumbled

tapepe (kupu kē atu: nanu)

inhibited, reserved

whakatōngā (kupu kē atu: nguengue)

innovative, creative, creativity

auaha ~tanga (takenga mai: auaha – throb, thrill with passion, shape, create, form, fashion)

inspiration

hiringa

instil confidence, encourage

whakamanawa ~hia

interact, interaction

taunekeneke (takenga mai: taunekeneke – interaction, relationship)

interlude, interval, intermission

whakamatua ~tanga

intermission, interlude, interval

whakamatua ~tanga

interval, intermission, interlude

whakamatua ~tanga

intonation

hā (takenga mai: hā - tone of voice)

introduce, introduction, exposition

whakataki ~na ~nga (kupu kē atu: taki )

introduce, introduction, exposition

taki (kupu kē atu: whakataki)

invert, inversion

huripoki ~a ~nga

J

jest, make fun

whakanene (kupu kē atu: hangarau, hangareka)

jester, comedian, clown

kiri hangareka (takenga mai: kiri - person, self; hangareka - to jest, make fun)

jewellery

whakapīwari (takenga mai: whakapīwari – bedeck, ornament) (kupu kē atu: taonga whakarākei)

jewellery

taonga whakarākei (kupu kē atu: whakapīwari, taonga whakapaipai)

(to) join in singing the chorus sections of a waiata

kamu

judge

kaiwhakawā (kupu kē atu: kaiwhiriwhiri)

(to) jump or hop about

tarapekepeke

jump up and down (with bent legs)

hūpekepeke

K

kapa haka competition

whakataetae kapa haka (kupu kē atu: tātāwhāinga kapa haka)

kapa haka costume

kahu kapa haka

kapa haka formation

tū ā-kapa

kapa haka formation with alternate rows standing in the gaps

taparere

(a) kapa haka movement

kōkiri

kapa haka performer

kaihaka

kilt worn from waist to knee

rāpaki

knuckle bones

kōruru (kupu kē atu: kaimakamaka, ruru)

knuckle bones

kaimakamaka (kupu kē atu: kōruru, ruru)

knuckle bones

ruru (kupu kē atu: kōruru, kai, makamaka)

krumping

kanikani tūtū (takenga mai: tūtū – move with vigour)

L

lacklustre, limp, boring, uninspiring

wana-kore (kupu kē atu: mehameha)

lacklustre, limp, boring, uninspiring

mehameha (kupu kē atu: wana-kore)

lament, song of grief for someone killed in battle

apakura

lament, traditional chant, folk song, sung poetry

mōteatea

lamp, light bulb

pūrama

launch, premiere

whakarewatanga (takenga mai: whakarewa – to set in motion, launch)

lead (a song)

hari ~a (kupu kē atu: hī, taki, tātaki)

lead (a song)

hī ~ia (kupu kē atu: hari, taki)

lead (a song)

taki (kupu kē atu: hari, hī)

lead, conduct

whakataki ~na ~nga (kupu kē atu: tātaki)

lead, conduct

tātaki ~na (kupu kē atu: whakataki)

leader of a haka or waiata

manukura (kupu kē atu: kaea, kaitātaki)

leader of a haka or waiata

kaea (kupu kē atu: kaitātaki, manukura)

leader of a haka or waiata

kaitātaki (kupu kē atu: kaea, manukura)

leap, skip

mawhiti

left and right turning of haka performers

ahuahungāroa

leg curtain, side curtain

ārai parirau (takenga mai: ārai – curtain; parirau – wing)

legend, myth, story

pūrākau

lens

arotahi

licence

raihana (takenga mai: He kupu mino.) (kupu kē atu: whakaaetanga)

licence

whakaaetanga (kupu kē atu: raihana)

life force, vital essence, source of emotions

mauri

light bulb, lamp

pūrama

lighting

tūrama (takenga mai: tūrama – give light to, illuminate)

lighting designer

kaihoahoa tūrama

lighting scaffold

tīrewa tūrama

lighting technician

pūkenga tūrama (takenga mai: pūkenga – skilled person; tūrama – light, lighting, illuminate)

limp, lacklustre, boring, uninspiring

wana-kore (kupu kē atu: mehameha)

line dance

kanikani matatira (takenga mai: matatira – be in a row; tira – company of people)

line, rank, row

kapa

linear narrative, sequential plot

tāhū raupapa

literary device

nuka reo (takenga mai: nuka - stratagem, ploy, device)

live performance

whakaaturanga mataora (takenga mai: mata – face; ora – alive)

live stream, live broadcast

pāhotanga mataora (takenga mai: pāho - broadcast; mata - face; ora - alive)

lively, energetic, spirited, envigorated

whitawhita (kupu kē atu: hihiko, hihiri, pākahukahu)

locomotor movement

ngatete (takenga mai: ngatete – to move)

long poi

poi roa

look askance or sideways

tiro kōtaha (kupu kē atu: tiro korotaha)

loose, (at) ease

tangatanga

loud

rarahi (kupu kē atu: tīwerawera)

loud (of sound)

tīwerawera (kupu kē atu: rārahi)

low movement

neke hahaka

M

Māori weaponry

ngā rākau a Tū (kupu kē atu: mau rākau, ngā rākau o te riri)

Māori weaponry

mau rākau (kupu kē atu: ngā rākau a Tū, ngā rākau o te riri)

main actor

kiriwhakaari matua (kupu kē atu: kiriwhakaari mātāmua)

main actor, main character

kiripuaki mātāmua (kupu kē atu: kiripuaki matua)

make a shrill high pitched noise in a haka or wero

ngangahu

make believe, pretend

whakataruna ~tia (kupu kē atu: māminga)

make fun, jest

hangareka ~tia (kupu kē atu: whakanene, hangarau)

make up, adorn, ornament

whakapaipai ~tia (takenga mai: whakapaipai – adorn, beautify, embellish)

make-up, cosmetics

panipani (takenga mai: panipani – to smear, daub, paint)

male idol, hero, principal male actor

tuahangata

marionette, puppet

karetao (kupu kē atu: keretao, korotao)

marshal

atoato

master of ceremonies, announcer, presenter, compère, narrator

kaiwhakataki

melodious, sweet sounding

wainene (kupu kē atu: rōreka)

melodrama

whakaari pehapeha (takenga mai: whakaari – play, drama; pehapeha – boast)

mental preparation, psych up

whakariterite ā-hinengaro

mentor

whakaruruhau (takenga mai: whakaruruhau – protector, shield, advisor, mentor) (kupu kē atu: pou)

mentor

pou (kupu kē atu: whakaruruhau)

metamorphosis, transform

whakaahua ~tia ~tanga

metaphor, simile

huahuatau (kupu kē atu: kupu whakarite)

microphone

hopuoro (takenga mai: hopu – capture, seize; oro – sound)

microphone stand

tīwai hopuoro (takenga mai: tīwai – trunk, main stem of a tree)

mime

whakaari ngū (takenga mai: ngū – be silent, speechless)

mimic, imitate

tāwhai ~tia ~tanga (kupu kē atu: whakatau)

mirroring

whakaata ~ngia

miscue, error, omission

hapa

monitor

aroturuki ~tia ~tanga (takenga mai: aro – to heed, pay attention to; turuki – to come as a supplement, follow, reinforce)

monologue

whaikī tōtahi (takenga mai: whaikī – to make a formal speech; tōtahi – solitary, single, alone)

monotone

hātahi (takenga mai: hā – tone of voice; tahi – one)

mood, feeling, atmosphere

wairua (takenga mai: wairua – spirit)

(dance) motif

waitohu (kanikani) (takenga mai: waitohu – mark, symbol, brand, signature)

motivate, inspire

whakahihiko ~tia (kupu kē atu: whakaohooho ~tia)

motivate, inspire

whakaohooho ~tia (kupu kē atu: whakahihiko)

move about aimlessly

whakatairangi

move about irregularly, wobble

hūkokikoki

move backwards and forwards

kōkeke

move briskly

haukori (kupu kē atu: tūtū)

move convulsively

hita

move easily or freely

whakaangi (kupu kē atu: angi)

move easily or freely

angi (kupu kē atu: whakaangi)

move easily to and fro

pīoioi (kupu kē atu: ori)

move easily to and fro

ori (kupu kē atu: pīoioi)

move feet to and fro

hīkaikai

move forward

paneke (kupu kē atu: kauneke)

move forward

kauneke (kupu kē atu: paneke)

move in an enchanting way in a performance

whakatautau ~ria

move quickly to and fro

kapekapetau (kupu kē atu: kapetau, takawheta)

move steadily

kaunuku

move stealthily

whakakoko (kupu kē atu: kōnihi, koropuku, ninihi, whakamokamoka, whakamōkihi)

move stealthily

whakamōkihi (kupu kē atu: kōnihi, koropuku, ninihi, whakakoko, whakamokamoka)

move stealthily

kōnihi (kupu kē atu: koropuku, ninihi, whakakoko, whakamokamoka, whakamōkihi)

move stealthily

koropuku (kupu kē atu: kōnihi, ninihi, whakakoko, whakamokamoka, whakamōkihi)

move stealthily

ninihi (kupu kē atu: kōnihi, koropuku, whakakoko, whakamokamoka, whakamōkihi)

move to and fro

piupiu (kupu kē atu: koiri, ngarue, ngāruerue, takaoreore)

move to and fro

takaoreore (kupu kē atu: koiri, ngarue, ngāruerue, piupiu)

move to and fro

ngarue (kupu kē atu: koiri, piupiu, takaoreore)

move with vigour

tūtū (kupu kē atu: haukori)

move, movement

kori (kupu kē atu: neke)

move, movement

neke ~hia ~hanga (kupu kē atu: kori, nekeneke)

movement awareness

aroā nekeneke

movement level

taumata nekeneke

movement of a haka group in two's

whiore taparua

movement phrase

rerenga nekehanga (kupu kē atu: rerenga kanikani)

movement vocabulary, dance vocabulary

pūkete nekehanga (takenga mai: pū - heap, stack; kete - kit) (kupu kē atu: pūkete kanikani)

movie star

whetū kiriata

movie, photographic slide, film

kiriata (takenga mai: kiri - skin; ata - shape, semblence, reflected image)

mumble, mutter

pararāwaha (kupu kē atu: hamumu)

mumble, mutter

hamumu (kupu kē atu: pararāwaha)

muse

manawakura (takenga mai: manawa – heart, seat of affections; kura [māreikura, whatukura] – order of female/male supernatural beings; kura – something cherished, dearly loved)

musical director

ringatohu puoro

musical, musical theatre, musical drama

whakaari puoro

myth, legend, story

pūrākau

N

narrate, recite

whakahua ~tia (kupu kē atu: kōrero, pānui, tātaki, whakataki)

narrate, recite

pānui (kupu kē atu: kōrero, tātaki, whakahua, whakataki)

narrate, recite

kōrero ~hia ~tia (kupu kē atu: pānui, tātaki, whakataki)

narrate, recite

whakataki ~na ~nga (kupu kē atu: kōrero, pānui, tātaki)

narrate, recite

tātaki ~na (kupu kē atu: kōrero, pānui, takitaki, takutaku, whakaaraara, whakataki)

narrator, master of ceremonies, announcer, presenter, compère

kaiwhakataki

neck ornament, necklace

tāhei (kupu kē atu: hei, whakakai)

necklace, neck ornament

whakakai (kupu kē atu: hei, tāhei)

nemesis, downfall

whakahinga

nervous

āmaimai (kupu kē atu: ongaonga, taiatea)

nervous

taiatea (kupu kē atu: āmaimai, ongaonga)

nervous

ongaonga (kupu kē atu: āmaimai, taiatea)

non-locomotor movement

koiri (takenga mai: koiri – to bend the body, sway, move to and fro)

non-sequential plot, non-linear narrative

tāhū whakahipahipa (takenga mai: whakahipahipa - irregular)

novice, apprentice, trainee

ika tauhou (kupu kē atu: tauhou, pia)

O

omission, miscue, error

hapa

one person play, solo performance

whakaari tōtahi (takenga mai: tōtahi - solitary, single, alone)

one-act play

whakaari manga-tahi (takenga mai: whakaari – drama, play; manga – branch of a tree; tahi – one)

onomatopoeia

kupu ororite (takenga mai: oro – sound; rite – similar)

orator, articulate

pūkōrero (kupu kē atu: kākā wahanui)

ornament, make up, adorn

whakapaipai ~tia (takenga mai: whakapaipai – adorn, beautify, embellish)

ornamented poi

poi awe (kupu kē atu: poi tāniko)

out of rank, uneven

kūreureu

out of time

rangirua (kupu kē atu: ia kore, rapa, taki hē)

out of time

taki hē (kupu kē atu: ia kore, rangirua, rapa)

out of time, ‘out of sync’

ia kore (kupu kē atu: rangirua, rapa, taki hē)

out of tune, flat (of a voice)

orotaha (takenga mai: oro – sound, note; taha – to pass by, miss the mark; taha [tipitaha] - to be awry, irregular)

P

pantomime

whakaari puoro pukuhohe

pause, rest

okioki

penalty for an error or fault

hapa tautuku (takenga mai: hapa - fault, error; tautuku - stoop, bend, to give away)

perceive, perception, awareness, feel

rongo ~hia (kupu kē atu: aroā)

percussive

whai taki (takenga mai: whai - possessing; taki - beat)

perform, drama, act

whakaataata ~tia (kupu kē atu: whakaari, whakatautau)

performance space, venue

whaitua o rēhia

performance, recital, concert

whakaaturanga (kupu kē atu: konohete, whakangahau)

performance, show, exhibit, exhibition

whakaatu ~ria ~ranga (kupu kē atu: whakakite)

performer (general)

kaiwhakaataata (takenga mai: whakaataata - to pretend, act out, perform)

performing arts

ngā mahi a te rēhia

peripheral vision

kitenga mōwaho (takenga mai: mōwaho - outward, peripheral to, on the outskirts)

photographic slide, movie, film

kiriata (takenga mai: kiri - skin; ata - shape, semblence, reflected image)

pirouette

huri hīteki (takenga mai: huri – turn; hīteki – hop on one foot, walk on tip-toe; hītekiteki – ballet)

pit

pārua (kupu kē atu: rua)

pit

rua (kupu kē atu: pārua)

plagiarism, illegal copying

tārua whānako (takenga mai: tārua – copy, duplicate; whānako – steal, rob)

play, act, drama

whakatautau ~ria (kupu kē atu: whakaari)

playwright

kaitito whakaari

pleasurable, entertaining, engaging

pārekareka (kupu kē atu: āhuareka, whakarekareka)

plot

tāhū (takenga mai: tāhū – ridge beam of a meeting house)

plume, adorn with feathers, top knot

puhi

poi (traditional instrument), swing (a poi), cultural item involving poi

poi

poi made from dried and curled strands of flax

poi patu (kupu kē atu: poi piu)

poi made from dried and curled strands of flax

poi piu (kupu kē atu: poi patu)

poise, presence, dignified

amaru

pop song

waiata arotini (takenga mai: aro – to heed, to pay attention; tini – many, multitude)

posture dance

haka ~ina

pout, put out the lips

tāperu (kupu kē atu: tupere)

pout, put out the lips

tupere (kupu kē atu: tāperu)

power, thrill, excitement

ihi (kupu kē atu: ihiihi)

practise the use of weapons

para whakawai

practise, rehearse

whakawai (kupu kē atu: parakitihi [kupu mino], whakaharatau, whakawaiwai)

praise, acclaim, accolade

whakamanahau

prance about, strut, walk on tiptoe

hītekiteki

predicament, crisis, danger, alarm

mōrearea

premiere, launch

whakarewatanga (takenga mai: whakarewa – to set in motion, launch)

(stage) presence

awenga (takenga mai: awenga – influence, power, presence)

presence, dignified, poise

amaru

presenter, compère, announcer, master of ceremonies, narrator

kaiwhakataki

pretend, make believe

whakataruna ~tia (kupu kē atu: māminga)

principal female actor, heroine, female idol

tuawahine

principal male actor, hero, male idol

tuahangata

principal stone in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

hai

private performance

whakaaturanga mataiti (takenga mai: mataiti [tūmataiti] - private)

prodigy, star, talented performer

hautipua (kupu kē atu: hautupua, ringa taiea)

producer

tumu whakaputa (takenga mai: tumu - dependable leader; whakaputa - produce)

professional (paid person)

ringa whaiutu (takenga mai: ringa – hand; whai – to have, acquire; utu – payment)

professional (skilful, adept)

ngaio ~tanga (kupu kē atu: mātanga)

professional (skilled person)

ringa ngaio (kupu kē atu: ringarehe)

projector

tukuata (takenga mai: tuku – send, release; ata – image)

prologue

wāhinga (takenga mai: wāhi – break open, disclose)

prompt

whāngai kupu

pronounce, pronunciation

whakahua ~tia

prop, equipment

taputapu (takenga mai: taputapu – gear, movable property) (kupu kē atu: utauta)

prophetic song

mata

proscenium, apron (of a stage)

tuaaroaro (takenga mai: tua – e whai ana i te tua o te kupu tuarongo; aroaro – face, front)

protagonist

kiritoa (takenga mai: kiri – person, self; toa – warrior)

(to) protrude or poke out the tongue

whātero (kupu kē atu: whētero)

(to) protrude or poke out the tongue

whētero (kupu kē atu: whātero)

protégé

poipoinga (takenga mai: poipoi – to nurture) (kupu kē atu: paruhi)

provocateur

kaiwhakapātari (takenga mai: whakapātari – to challenge, provoke, incite)

psych up, mental preparation

whakariterite ā-hinengaro

public performance

whakaaturanga matanui (takenga mai: matanui [tūmatanui] - public)

puppet, marionette

karetao (kupu kē atu: keretao, korotao)

puppeteer

ringa karetao

put on airs, haughty, assume superiority

whakakake

Q

quartet, quad

takiwhā

quiet, still

wahangū (kupu kē atu: hāngū, hū, noho puku, ngū)

quiet, still

noho puku (kupu kē atu: hāngū, hū, ngū, wahangū)

quiver, shake (of hands)

aroarowhaki (kupu kē atu: oreore, ori, tīkorikori, wiri)

quiver, shake (of hands)

tīkorikori (kupu kē atu: aroarowhaki, oreore, ori, wiri)

quiver, shake (of hands)

oreore (kupu kē atu: aroarowhaki, ori, tīkorikori, wiri)

quiver, shake (of hands)

ori (kupu kē atu: aroarowhaki, oreore, tīkorikori, wiri)

quiver, shake, wriggle

kareu (kupu kē atu: oioi, oreore)

R

radio drama, audio drama

whakaari reo irirangi

radio microphone

hopuoro irirangi

rank, row, line

kapa

recital, concert, performance

whakaaturanga (kupu kē atu: konohete, whakangahau)

recite

whakaaraara ~hia (kupu kē atu: takitaki, takutaku, tātaki, whakataki)

recite, narrate

takitaki ~na (kupu kē atu: takutaku, tātaki, whakaaraara, whakataki)

reduce, shrink, diminish

whakakauriki (takenga mai: kauriki – small)

refine

whakapai ake

refine, strengthen

whakapakari ~tia

refrain, chorus

korihi (takenga mai: korihi – sing [as birds], dawn chorus; korihi – chorus [kupu mino])

rehearse, practise

whakaharatau (kupu kē atu: parakatihi [kupu mino], whakawai, whakawaiwai)

repeating, repetition

tāruarua

repetitive movement

neke tāruarua

reprise

tukuruatanga (takenga mai: tukurua – to repeat)

reserved, inhibited

nguengue (kupu kē atu: whakatōngā)

resolution, denouement

tatūnga (takenga mai: tatū – to be settled, agreed)

resound, echo

haruru (kupu kē atu: paoro, pāorooro)

resound, loud

tiori (kupu kē atu: tīoriori)

rest, pause

okioki

retrograde (dance)

huri kōaro

reverberation, reverb

tōiriiri

revolving movement in kapa haka

taihuringa

rhyme

huarite (takenga mai: hua [whakahua] – pronounce; rite – similar)

rhythm of a poi, beat

rau (kupu kē atu: papatu, patu)

rhythm, cadence

ūngeri (kupu kē atu: manawataki)

rhythmic chant with no set movements

pōkeka (kupu kē atu: keka)

rhythmic chant with no set movements

keka (kupu kē atu: pōkeka)

rising intonation

hāpiki

rotate, turn

huri ~hia ~nga

rough cape of undressed kiekie or flax

pākē

row, rank, line

kapa

royalty, commission (fee)

tiringa (takenga mai: tiri – share, portion)

rush forward, charge

kōkiri

S

(stage) presence

awenga (takenga mai: awenga – influence, power, presence)

sash, diagonal shoulder belt

tāpeka

scale or size of movement

korahi (o te) nekehanga (takenga mai: korahi - size, extent, scope)

scene (of a play)

kāpeka (takenga mai: kāpeka – branch of a tree or river)

scenery

whakaariari (takenga mai: whakaariari – to show, expose to view)

screen

tauārai

screen (visual display)

mata (whakaata)

(drama) script

tuhinga (whakaari)

secondary character

kiripuaki mātāmuri

secondary curtain

ārai mātāmuri (takenga mai: ārai – curtain; mātāmuri – last, latter; muri – behind)

sensual movement of the hips

tīonioni

sequence dance

kanikani nahanaha (takenga mai: nahanaha – well arranged, systematic, ordered)

sequential (movement)

raupapa (nekeneke)

sequential plot, linear narrative

tāhū raupapa

set (of a play)

pae whakaari (takenga mai: pae - perch, site; whakaari - drama)

set designer

kaihoahoa pae whakaari

setting

takiwā (takenga mai: takiwā – space, region, time, period)

shadow puppet

karetao atarau

shadow theatre

whakaari atarau

shake, move to and fro

ngāruerue

shake, quiver

wiri (kupu kē atu: aroarowhaki, oreore, ori, tīkorikori, whākapakapa)

shake, quiver

whākapakapa (kupu kē atu: wiri)

shake, quiver, wriggle

oioi (kupu kē atu: kareu, oreore)

short haka with no set movements

ngeri

short kilt or loin cloth

maro

short love ditty, poem, jingle

ruri

short poi

poi poto

shout, yell

hāmama (kupu kē atu: hāparangi)

show, exhibit, exhibition, performance

whakaatu ~ria ~ranga (kupu kē atu: whakakite)

shrink, reduce, diminish

whakakauriki (takenga mai: kauriki – small)

shudder, vibrate

ngateri

shuffle (the feet)

hōnekeneke (kupu kē atu: hōnukunuku, pikari)

shuffle (the feet)

pikari (kupu kē atu: hōnekeneke, hōnukunuku)

side curtain, leg curtain

ārai parirau (takenga mai: ārai – curtain; parirau – wing)

sign with the hands

rotarota

simile, metaphor

kupu whakarite (kupu kē atu: huahuatau)

simultaneous, in unison (of movement)

korite (kupu kē atu: [neke] ngātahi)

sing, song

waiata ~tia (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pao, pīoriori, takitaki, tau)

sing, song, chant

pao ~a (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pīoriori, takitaki, tau, waiata)

single file formation or movement of a haka group

whiore tapatahi (kupu kē atu: haukaiwahine)

single file formation or movement of a kapa haka group

haukaiwahine (kupu kē atu: whiore tapatahi)

size or scale of movement

korahi (o te) nekehanga (takenga mai: korahi - size, extent, scope)

skim, glide

wawani (kupu kē atu: waniwani)

skip, leap

mawhiti

skirt made from flax

piupiu

slow (of movement)

akutō

sluggish, unenergetic

pōngenge

soar, fly

hokahoka (kupu kē atu: hoka, topa)

soft (of sound)

mārire (kupu kē atu: ririki)

soft (of sound)

ririki (kupu kē atu: mārire)

soliloquy

kupu whaiaroaro (takenga mai: whaiaro – self, person)

solo

whakatene (kupu kē atu: takitahi, tōtahi)

solo

takitahi (kupu kē atu: tōtahi, whakatene)

solo

tōtahi (kupu kē atu: takitahi, whakatene)

solo parts of a song

hīanga

solo performance, one person play

whakaari tōtahi (takenga mai: tōtahi - solitary, single, alone)

solo performer

kiriwhakaari tōtahi

song

maire (kupu kē atu: hari, pao, pīoriori, takitaki, tau, waiata)

song

pīoriori (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pao, takitaki, waiata)

song

takitaki (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pao, pīoriori, tau, waiata)

song composed for the birth of a child

taiapo (kupu kē atu: oriori)

song composed for the birth of a child

oriori (kupu kē atu: taiapo)

song for encouraging and giving time for paddlers

toiere

song for inspiring workers

whakahauhau

(a) song of affection for the dead

maimai (kupu kē atu: maimai aroha)

song of lament

waiata tangi

song of satire and scorn

hanihani

song to make people pull together, anthem

ngaringari

song, sing

waiata ~tia (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pao, pīoriori, takitaki, tau)

song, sing

tau ~a (kupu kē atu: hari, maire, pao, pīoriori, takitaki, waiata)

song, sing, dance

hari (kupu kē atu: maire, pao, pīoriori, takitaki, tau, waiata)

sound

oro (kupu kē atu: hou, reo)

sound effects

orotaunaki (takenga mai: oro – sound; taunaki – reinforce, support)

sound of voices, singing

hiere (kupu kē atu: iere)

sound technician

ringa hopuoro (takenga mai: ringa - hand; hopu - to catch, capture; oro - sound)

sounds of voices, singing

iere (kupu kē atu: hiere)

space

whaitua (kupu kē atu: mokowā)

space

mokowā (kupu kē atu: whaitua)

sparse

tūrukiruki

spatial awareness

aroā whaitua (kupu kē atu: aroā mokowā)

spatial awareness

aroā mokowā (kupu kē atu: aroā whaitua)

speak, utter, say

kōrero ~hia ~tia (kupu kē atu: hamumu, kī)

(to) speak, utter, say

kī (kupu kē atu: hamumu, kōrero)

(to) speak, utter, say

hamumu (kupu kē atu: kōrero, kī)

special effect

ata mariko (takenga mai: ata - form, shape, semblence; mariko - unreal, illusory)

spinning top

pōtaka

spirited, envigorated, energetic, lively

hihiri (kupu kē atu: hihiko, pākahukahu, whitawhita)

spotlight, hot spot

tūrama arotahi (takenga mai: arotahi – focus on, zero in on) (kupu kē atu: tūrama tīwerawera)

(to) spring, leap, jump

hūpeke (kupu kē atu: tarapeke, peke)

squat

noho hītengitengi

stage

atamira

stage fright

hanepī (takenga mai: hanepī - to be dumbfounded)

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

panga (kupu kē atu: paka, ruke)

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

huri (kupu kē atu: huripapa)

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

huripapa (kupu kē atu: huri)

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

koropū (kupu kē atu: rāraki [rārangi])

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

piu

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

rāraki (kupu kē atu: rārangi)

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

ruke (kupu kē atu: paka, panga)

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

takitoru

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

takiwhā

(a) stage in the game of kōruru (knuckle bones)

paka (kupu kē atu: panga, ruke)

stage monitor, foldback speaker

tukuoro auraki

stage used for kapa haka preformance

papa whakatū waewae

stagecraft

takatū atamira (takenga mai: takatū – to prepare, make ready; atamira – stage)

stagger

hikoki (kupu kē atu: hirori, hurori, kōkeke)

stagger

hirori (kupu kē atu: hikoki, hurori, kōkeke)

stagger

hurori (kupu kē atu: hikoki, hirori, kōkeke)

stagger

kōkeke (kupu kē atu: hikoki, hirori, hurori)

stall for time

whakaroaroa ~tia (takenga mai: whakaroaroa - to delay, dither, hold up) (kupu kē atu: whakawhētōtō)

stammer

mamamama

stamp

takahi ~a

stance

stand upright

whakamatika

star, prodigy, talented performer

hautipua (kupu kē atu: hautupua, ringa taiea)

(to) stare wildly, dilate the eyes

whākana (kupu kē atu: pūkana)

(to) stare wildly, dilate the eyes

pūkana (kupu kē atu: whākana)

stick games

tī rākau (kupu kē atu: poi rākau , tītī tōrea , tītī tourea, tītī touretua)

stick games

poi rākau (kupu kē atu: tī rākau, tītī tōrea, tītī tourea, tītī touretua)

stick games

tītī tōrea (kupu kē atu: poi rākau, tī rākau, tītī tourea, tītī touretua)

still, quiet

hāngū (kupu kē atu: hū, ngū, noho puku, wahangū)

still, quiet

hū (kupu kē atu: hāngū, ngū, noho puku, wahangū)

still, quiet

ngū (kupu kē atu: hāngū, hū, noho puku, wahangū)

stoop, crouch, bow down

tuohu (kupu kē atu: tāupe)

story, fiction, yarn

paki (kupu kē atu: kōrero paki, pakiwaitara)

story, fiction, yarn

pakiwaitara (kupu kē atu: paki, kōrero paki)

story, fiction, yarn, story telling

kōrero paki (kupu kē atu: paki, pakiwaitara)

straight pathway (of movement)

ara torotika (o te nekeneke)

street performance

whakaaturanga tiriti

strengthen, refine

whakapakari ~tia

stretch

whātorotoro

stretch

toro ~na

string game, cat’s cradle

whai (kupu kē atu: hūhi, huhu, māui)

strut, prance about, walk on tiptoe

hītekiteki

stutter

kīkiki

sub-theme

kaupapa āpiti (takenga mai: āpiti – as well, in addition, supplement)

subplot

tāhū iti

superhero

tipua (kupu kē atu: tupua)

supernatural drama

whakaari mariko (takenga mai: whakaari – play, drama; mariko – be unreal, supernatural apparition)

support actor

kiriwhakaari taupua

support character

kiripuaki taupua

surprise, element of surprise

whakaohorere ~tia

suspense

pohopā (kupu kē atu: poho tārewa)

suspense

poho tārewa (takenga mai: poho - chest, seat of affections; tārewa - suspended, dangling, unresolved) (kupu kē atu: pohopā)

sway

pīoioi

sway up and down

tīemiemi

sweet sound, melodious

rōreka (kupu kē atu: wainene)

swing, skip

piu ~a

symmetry, symmetrical

hangarite (takenga mai: hanga – shape; rite – alike, corresponding)

synchronise, synchronisation

tukutahi (takenga mai: tukutahi - together, in unison, simultaneous)

T

(traditional) challenge

wero

(to) close the eyes when performing haka and waiata

pōtētē

(to) contort the facial features, grimace

whakapī (kupu kē atu: whāitaita)

(to) contort the facial gestures, grimace

whāitaita (kupu kē atu: whakapī)

(to) dance, sing a song to a dance

hari (kupu kē atu: maire, pao, kanikani, tau, waiata)

(to) expose the buttocks and private parts to show contempt

whakapohane

(to) expose the teeth

whakatetē ~tia

(to) falter or break the flow of words in a waiata or karakia

whati ~a

(to) join in singing the chorus sections of a waiata

kamu

(to) jump or hop about

tarapekepeke

(to) protrude or poke out the tongue

whātero (kupu kē atu: whētero)

(to) protrude or poke out the tongue

whētero (kupu kē atu: whātero)

(to) speak, utter, say

kī (kupu kē atu: hamumu, kōrero)

(to) speak, utter, say

hamumu (kupu kē atu: kōrero, kī)

(to) spring, leap, jump

hūpeke (kupu kē atu: tarapeke, peke)

(to) stare wildly, dilate the eyes

whākana (kupu kē atu: pūkana)

(to) stare wildly, dilate the eyes

pūkana (kupu kē atu: whākana)

talented performer, prodigy, star

hautipua (kupu kē atu: hautupua, ringa taiea)

talk fast, burble

kaihoro (i te kupu)

tap dance

kanikani patō (takenga mai: patō - to emit a sharp sudden sound)

team, group, company of people

kapa (kupu kē atu: rōpū)

technical director

ringatohu hangarau

television drama

whakaari pouaka whakaata

tempo

tere

temporary moko

moko rangitahi (takenga mai: rangitahi – transient, short-lived)

tension, apprehension, unease, trepidation

manawapā

test, trial, audition

whakamātau ~ria

theatre company

pūtoi whakaari (takenga mai: pūtoi – kinship group, tribe, family) (kupu kē atu: rōpū whakaari)

theatre company

rōpū whakaari (kupu kē atu: pūtoi whakaari)

theatre sports

whakataetae whakaari tene

theatre troupe

tira whakaari (takenga mai: tira – travelling party)

theatre, auditorium, house of entertainment

whare whakaari (kupu kē atu: whare whakaaturanga, whare rēhia)

theatrical rigging system, fly system (of a stage)

pūnaha tīrewa (takenga mai: punaha - system; tīrewa - scaffolding)

theme

kaupapa

thespian, actor

kiriwhakaari (takenga mai: kiri - person; whakaari - drama, play) (kupu kē atu: kaiwhakaari, kaiwhakaatu, kiriwhakaatu)

(to) thrash about, move quickly to and fro

takawheta (kupu kē atu: kapekapetau, kapetau)

thrill, excitement, power

ihi (kupu kē atu: ihiihi)

thrilling, awe-inspiring, fearsome

wana

(to) thrust the belly forward, amusing impromptu dance performed by women

kopikopi

time awareness

aroā rerewā (takenga mai: aroā – comprehended, be understood; rere – flow; wā – time)

to spring, leap, jump

tarapeke (kupu kē atu: hūpeke, peke)

tongue-tied

arero whīwhiwhi (takenga mai: arero - tongue; whīwhiwhi - entangled) (kupu kē atu: whīwhiwhi te arero)

tongue-tied

whīwhiwhi te arero (takenga mai: whīwhiwhi – entangled; arero – tongue) (kupu kē atu: arero whīwhiwhi)

top knot, plume, adorn with feathers

puhi

toss about, writhe

takawhitiwhiti (kupu kē atu: oke, okeoke)

totter, unsteady on the feet

tatutatu

traditional

o nehe (takenga mai: o nehe - of the past) (kupu kē atu: tuku iho)

(a) traditional Māori club-like weapon

patu

traditional Māori weapon

mere

(a) traditional Māori weapon used by a leader

toki poutangata

traditional chant

waiata koroua (kupu kē atu: waiata tahito, waiata tawhito)

traditional chant

waiata tawhito (kupu kē atu: waiata koroua, waiata tahito)

traditional movement

neke o nehe

tragedy

whakaari aituā

trainee, novice, apprentice

tauhou (kupu kē atu: ika tauhou, pia)

transfer

whakawhiti ~a ~nga

transform, metamorphosis

whakaahua ~tia ~tanga

transition

whakawhiti ~a ~nga

trap door

kōpani (o te pokorua) (takenga mai: kōpani – lid, cover)

trap room

pokorua (takenga mai: pokorua – pit, hollow, crevasse)

travelling entertainment troupe

whare karioi

travelling group (of entertainers), troupe

tira

trepidation, tension, apprehension, unease

manawapā

trial, test, audition

whakamātau ~ria

tribal dialect

reo ā-iwi

trio

takitoru

trolley, dolly

tōneke (takenga mai: tō – to drag; neke – move)

troupe, travelling group (of entertainers)

tira

turn, rotate

huri ~hia ~nga

turning point

taihuringa (takenga mai: tai – tide; huri – turn)

twirl

hurihuri (kupu kē atu: porotiti)

twirl

porotiti (kupu kē atu: hurihuri)

twist

takawiri

(a) type of foot movement in kapa haka

tīrakaraka

(a) type of foot movement in kapa haka

tūwaewae takahia

(a) type of foot movement in kapa haka

whakawhitiwhiti rua

typecast actor

kiriwhakaari toka (takenga mai: kiriwhakaari – actor; toka – rock, be firm)

U

uncoordinated, awkward (of movement)

pōrahu (kupu kē atu: ninipa)

underdress, under costume

kahu raro

understudy

piki (takenga mai: piki – second, support in a duel; piki tūranga – successor)

unease, tension, apprehension, trepidation

manawapā

unenergetic, sluggish

pōngenge

uneven, out of rank

kūreureu

uninspiring, lacklustre, limp, boring

wana-kore (kupu kē atu: mehameha)

unsteady on the feet, totter

tatutatu

unusually innovative, ‘out there’

aronga whanokē (takenga mai: aronga – direction; whanokē – be peculiar, weird, different)

up lighting

tūrama arorangi (takenga mai: aro – face, direction; rangi – sky)

upright haka stance with both feet together

tū ā-Hinetītama

upright stance in haka with feet side by side, slightly apart

tū kapa (kupu kē atu: tū wahine)

upright stance in haka with feet side by side, slightly apart

tū wahine (kupu kē atu: tū kapa)

upright stance in haka with the left foot back

tū whakarehu

upright stance in haka with the right foot back

tū kakara (kupu kē atu: tū tāne)

upright stance in haka with the right foot back

tū tāne (kupu kē atu: tū kakara)

usher

kaiārahi (kupu kē atu: kaiwhakanohonoho)

usher

kaiwhakanohonoho (kupu kē atu: kaiārahi)

V

venue, performance space

whaitua o rēhia

verse for children

rotarota

vibrations felt in waiata

ihirangaranga

video monitor ~ing

aroturuki ā-ata

viewership, audience

hunga mātakitaki (kupu kē atu: kaimātakitaki, minenga, whakaminenga)

vital essence, life force, source of emotions

mauri

voice-over

reo āpiti (takenga mai: āpiti – to add, supplement)

volume

kahaoro

volume control

pā kahaoro (takenga mai: pā [pātene] – button [kupu mino]; pā - touch; kahaoro - volume)

W

walk on tiptoe, prance about, strut

hītekiteki

walk-on, extra (actor)

kiriwhakaari tūpoto (takenga mai: kiriwhakaari – actor; tū – position, stand; poto – short)

waltz

tengitengi (takenga mai: hītengi - hop on one foot; tengi - three)

wardrobe

puni kahu (whakaari) (takenga mai: puni - place of encampment, company of persons; kahu - costume, clothing, garment)

warm up

whakamahana ~tia

(a Māori) weapon

wahaika

(a Māori) weapon

pouwhenua

(a Māori) weapon

kotiate

(a Māori) weapon

koikoi

(a Māori) weapon

taiaha

(a Māori) weapon

tewhatewha

whip for a spinning top, (to) whip a spinning top

tā ~ia (kupu kē atu: kare)

whip for a spinning top, (to) whip a spinning top

kare (kupu kē atu: tā)

wide-eyed stare

putē (kupu kē atu: whetē)

wild-eyed stare

whetē (kupu kē atu: putē)

wings (of a stage)

parirau (kupu kē atu: paetaha)

wings (of a stage)

paetaha (kupu kē atu: parirau)

winner, champion

whakaihuwaka

witty speaker

kōkō tātākī (takenga mai: kōkō - tūī, parson bird; tātākī - to be talkative, witty)

wobble, move about irregularly

hūkokikoki

woman who performs on the side of a haka group to encourage and energise the performers

manu ngangahu

wriggle, quiver, shake

oreore (kupu kē atu: kareu, oioi)

writhe, toss about

oke, okeoke (kupu kē atu: takawhitiwhiti)

Y

yell, shout

hāparangi (kupu kē atu: hāmama)

Z

zig-zag pathway (of movement)

ara kōpekapeka(o te nekeneke)