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Welcome to PAEKUPU, words related to Te Marautanga o Aotearoa. Curriculum areas presently available on PAEKUPU: Toi Ataata, Te Reo Matatini, Puoro, Te Reo Pāngarau, Te Reo Pūtaiao, Ngā Mahi a te Rēhia
 
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Te Reo Pūtaiao

totoka

solid

tūingoa, tūāhua

WHAKAMĀRAMA

Ko tētahi o ngā hanga e toru o te matū. Ka noho pūmau te āhua o te totoka me tōna rōrahi. He iti te pūngao neke o ngā ngota o te totoka, ka tūpanapana noa iho, kāore e nekeneke haere. Ko ētahi o ngā momo totoka matua ko te tioata (totoka katote), te konganuku me te waerau (ngā kirihou katoa, me ngā matū māori pērā i te pūtauhuka). Mā te whakawera i tētahi totoka e rewa ai, e huri ai hei wē. Mō ētahi totoka, pērā i te hauhā totoka (CO2), mā te whakawera e huri ai hei haurehu. Ka kīia tēnei tukanga ko te whāhaurehu.

One of the three states of matter. A solid retains a fixed shape and volume. The atoms of a solid have little kinetic energy, they vibrate rather than move freely. Some of the main types of solids are crystals (ionic solids), metals and polymers (all plastics and naturally occurring substances such as cellulose). By heating a solid it will melt and become a liquid. For some solids (such as dry ice or solid CO2), heating will result in a gas. This process is called sublimation.

Tauira KŌrero

He aha i mārō ai te totoka?

Raupapahia mai ngā totoka nei, mai i te mea he hahaka rawa te pae rewa, ki te mea he teitei rawa te pae rewa.

Nā te kiato o te noho mai o ngā ngota o tētahi totoka, ka pūmau tonu tōna āhua me tōna rōrahi.

WhakamĀrama Āpitihanga

Arā ētahi matū totoka he hungahunga, he puehu, he pata rānei te āhua. Kua nakunakua ēnei totoka ki te korakora iti, koia rānei te āhua māori o taua matū. Hei tauira, ko te puehu parāoa, ko te huka, ko te tote, ko te paura miraka, ko te maramara rino.

 

Takenga Mai

toka - stone, rock, solid

totoka - become solid, set

KUPU KĒ ATU

utoka

Tauira KŌrero

He aha i mārō ai te totoka?

Raupapahia mai ngā totoka nei, mai i te mea he hahaka rawa te pae rewa, ki te mea he teitei rawa te pae rewa.

Nā te kiato o te noho mai o ngā ngota o tētahi totoka, ka pūmau tonu tōna āhua me tōna rōrahi.

WhakamĀrama Āpitihanga