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Welcome to PAEKUPU, words related to Te Marautanga o Aotearoa. Curriculum areas presently available on PAEKUPU: Toi Ataata, Te Reo Matatini, Puoro, Te Reo Pāngarau, Te Reo Pūtaiao, Ngā Mahi a te Rēhia
 
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Te Reo Pūtaiao

toka

rock

tūingoa

WHAKAMĀRAMA

He wāhanga o te kirinuku o Papatūānuku kua hangaia ki te kohuke, ki te matū rānei i takea mai i te pararopi kua totoka i roto i te huringa o te hia miriona tau. Ko te hurihanga toka te tukanga e haere tonu ana i ngā wā katoa, e puta ai he toka hou, e ngawhere ai he toka hei oneone.

A part of the Earth’s crust composed of minerals or material of organic origin which has solidified over a period of many years. The rock cycle is ongoing, constantly creating new rocks and breaking down old rocks to form soil.

Tauira KŌrero

He aha ngā momo toka matua e kitea mai ana i te takiwā o te kura?

Wehea ngā toka ki ngā rōpū matua e toru, arā, te toka ngiha, te toka parataiao me te toka kāhuarau.

Ka ngawhere te toka, ā, ka āpiti atu ngā korakora ki te matū pararopi, kia hua mai ai he oneone.

WhakamĀrama Āpitihanga

E toru ngā momo toka matua:

Ko te toka ngiha:
 Ka takea mai i te tokarewa ka puta i tētahi puia. Ka tere mātao te tokarewa, ā, ka hua mai he toka matarehu pērā i te ōnewa, te tokapata, te kōkawa me te tūhua. He mārō, ā, ka papare anō i te  tukanga ngawhere. Ko ngā momo toka ngiha pērā i te ōnewa me te kōkawa ngā mea pai hei mahi hāngi:

Ko te toka parataiao:
Ka hua mai i ngā parataiao e kawea ana i te wai, i te hau rānei. Ka whakaputu haere he paparanga parataiao hou i roto i te takanga o te wā roa, ā, mā te kaha tonu o te pēhanga ka hua mai ai he toka. Ko te hōanga, te tokaparu me te pākeho ētahi o ngā momo toka parataiao. Ka whakamahia hei whakakoi i te mata o ngā taputapu, pērā i te whao, te toki me te māripi. Ko te hōanga utoka te toka hōanga he tino mārō nei te hanga. Ka whakamahia hei hanga toki. Ko te toka māhurehure tētahi momo toka parataiao, he matanui te āhua:

 

Ko te toka kāhuarau:
Ko te momo toka ka hua mai ina huri te hanga me te āhua o tētahi atu o ngā toka mā te pā mai o te wera me te pēhanga i roto i te takanga o te wā roa. Hei tauira, ka huri te pākeho hei māpara. He tino mārō te toka kāhuarau, hei tauira, ko te māpara me te kurupaku:

I te takanga o te hia miriona tau, ka hangaia he toka hou, ā, ka ngawhere anō he toka hei oneone. Ka kīia ko te hurihanga toka tēnei tukanga:

 

Tauira KŌrero

He aha ngā momo toka matua e kitea mai ana i te takiwā o te kura?

Wehea ngā toka ki ngā rōpū matua e toru, arā, te toka ngiha, te toka parataiao me te toka kāhuarau.

Ka ngawhere te toka, ā, ka āpiti atu ngā korakora ki te matū pararopi, kia hua mai ai he oneone.

WhakamĀrama Āpitihanga